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Worlds Leading Genomics Conference | Global Meetings …

Posted: September 22, 2016 at 7:44 pm

ConferenceSeries LLC provides the perfect platform for global networking and we are truly delighted to invite you to attend our 6thInternational Conference on Genomics & Pharmacogenomics, during July 13-14, 2017 Chicago, USA. Genomics-2017 is a global platform to discuss and learn about Genomics & Pharmacogenomics and its allied areas Bioinformatics, Transcriptomics, Biotechnology, Molecular Biology, Molecular Genetics and Genetic Engineering.

Track 1:Cancer Genomics

TumorGenomicsis the investigation ofhereditarytransformationsin charge of malignancy, utilizinggenomesequencingandbioinformatics. Diseasegenomicsis to enhance growth treatment and results lies in figuring out which sets of qualities and quality associations influence diverse subsets of tumors. UniversalCancer GenomeConsortium (ICGC) is a deliberate experimental association that gives a discussion to joint effort among the world’s driving growth andgenomic analysts.

RelatedConferences: InternationalConference onNext Generation Sequencing, July 21-22, 2016 Berlin, Germany; 4th InternationalConferenceonIntegrativeBiology, July 18-20, 2016, Berlin, Germany, InternationalConferenceonClinicalandMolecularGenetics, November 28-30, 2016 Chicago, USA; InternationalConferenceonMolecularandCancerBiomarkers, September 15-17 2016, Berlin, Germany; 5th InternationalConferenceonCellandGeneTherapy, May 19-21, 2016 San Antonio, USA;CancerGenome(Q1), February 7-11, 2016, Alberta, Canada; 18th InternationalConference onCancer Genomics, January 26 – 27, 2016, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; Enhancer Malfunction in Cancer (Q6), February 21-24, 2016, New Mexico, USA;DNA Damage, Mutation & Cancer, March 13-18, 2016, Ventura, USA; Chromatin andEpigenetics, 20 March 2016, Dubrovnik, Croatia;

Track 2:Functional Genomics

UtilitarianGenomicsuse incomprehensible abundance of information created bygenomic transcriptomictasks to portray quality capacities and cooperations. Patterns inFunctional Genomicsare Affymetrix developed as an early trend-setter around there by imagining a commonsense approach to examine quality capacity as a framework.

RelatedConferences: WorldCongressonHumanGeneticsOctober 31- November 02, 2016 Valencia, Spain; 4th InternationalConferenceonIntegrativeBiology, July 18-20, 2016, Berlin, Germany; InternationalConference onMolecularBiology, October 13-15, 2016 Dubai, UAE; InternationalConferenceonGeneticCounselingandGenomicMedicine August 11-12, 2016 Birmingham; 5th InternationalConferenceonCellandGeneTherapyMay 19-21, 2016 San Antonio, USA; InternationalSymposiumon RiceFunctionalGenomics, Sept 21-24, 2015, China;Ribosome structureand function 2016, 610 July 2016 | Strasbourg, France; 5thGeneticsand Genomics Conference, June 1-3, 2016, Nanjing, China; Chromatin,Non-codingRNAsandRNAPIIRegulationinDevelopmentandDiseaseConference,29 March 2016, Austin, USA;Maintenance ofGenome Stability2016, March 7-10, 2016, Panama, Central America

Track 3:Next Generation Sequencing

Cutting edge sequencing(NGS) is regularly alluded to as greatly parallel sequencing, which implies that a large number of little parts ofDNAcan be sequenced in the meantime, making a gigantic pool of information. Cutting edge sequencing (NGS), hugely parallel or profound sequencing is connected terms that portray aDNA sequencinginnovation which has upsetgenomic research.

RelatedConferences: InternationalConference onNext Generation Sequencing, July 21-22, 2016 Berlin, Germany; 4th InternationalConference onIntegrative Biology, July 18-20, 2016, Berlin, Germany; 6th InternationalConferenceonGenomicsandPharmacogenomics, September 12-14, 2016 Berlin, Germany; InternationalConferenceonGeneticCounselingandGenomicMedicineAugust11-12,2016 Birmingham; InternationalConferenceonMolecular Biology, October 13-15, 2016 Dubai, UAE; 6thNext GenerationSequencingConference, May 25-26, 2016, Boston, USA;GeneticsinForensicsCongress, 14-15, March 2016, London, UK; ICHG 2016, April 3-7, 2016, Japan;GenomeEditingandGene ModulationCongress, 6-8 April, 2016, Oxford, UK; 4th InternationalConferenceonBioinformaticsand Computational Biology, February 2-3, 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Track 4:Biomarkers & Molecular Markers

Biomarkerscan be trademark organic properties or particles that can be distinguished and measured in parts of the body such as the blood or tissue.Biomarkerscan be particular cells, atoms, or qualities, quality items, chemicals, orhormones.Atomicmarkeris a section of DNA that is connected with a specific area inside of thegenome. Atomic markers are utilized as a part of sub-atomic science andbiotechnologyto distinguish a specific grouping of DNA in a pool of obscure DNA.

RelatedConferences: InternationalConferenceonMolecularandCancerBiomarkersSeptember 15-17, 2016 Berlin, Germany; 4th InternationalConference onIntegrative Biology, July 18-20, 2016 Berlin; 7th InternationalConferenceonBiomarkersandClinicalResearch, November 28-30, 2016 Baltimore, USA; InternationalConferenceonBiochemistryOctober 13-15, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; InternationalConference onProteinEngineering, October 26-28, 2015 Chicago, USA;BiomarkerSummit, 2123 March 2016, San Diego, United States; 18th InternationalConference on Biomarkers andClinical Medicine, 16-17 May, 2016, Paris, France;Circulating Biomarkers World Congress2016, 21-22 March, 2016, Boston, USA;The Biomarker Conference, 18 – 19 February 2016, San Diego, USA;CancerMolecular Markers, 7-9, March 2016, San Francisco, USA

Track: 5Pharmacogenomics & Personalized Medicine

Pharmacogenomicsis a piece of a field called customized solution that means to tweak human services, with choices and medications custom-made to every individual patient inside and out conceivable.Pharmacogenomicsandpharmacogenomicsmanages new developments in the field of customized meds and advancements in modified medication revelation utilizingproteomeinnovation.

RelatedConferences: 5th InternationalConferenceonMetabolomics, May 16-18, 2016 Osaka, International Conference onGeneticCounselingandGenomicMedicineAugust 11-12, 2016 Birmingham; Japan; 5th InternationalConferenceonTissueScienceandRegenerativeMedicine September 12-14, 2016 Berlin, Germany; InternationalConferenceonRestorativeMedicine October 24-26, 2016 Chicago, USA; InternationalConferenceonMolecularGenetics, November 28-30, 2016 Chicago, USA; Golden Helix Symposium, January 14-16, 2016, Mansoura, Egypt;ThePersonalized Medicine, World Conference 24-27 January, 2016, San Francisco, USA; 14thAsia-PacificFederationforClinicalBiochemistryand LaboratoryMedicineCongress, November 26-29, 2016,Taipei, Taiwan;Personalized Medicine, July 10-15, 2016, Hong Kong, China; 18th InternationalConferenceonPharmaceuticalEngineeringandPharmacogenetics, March 30 – 31, 2016, Istanbul, Turkey

Track 6:Clinical Genomics

Clinical Genomicsis the utilization of genome sequencing to educate understanding analysis and care.Genome sequencingis relied upon to have the most effect in: portraying and diagnosinghereditary infection; stratifying patients for fittingmalignancytreatment; and giving data around an individual’simaginable reactionto treatment to lessen antagonistic medication responses.

RelatedConferences: ThePersonalized Medicine, World Conference24-27 January, 2016, San Francisco, USA; InternationalConferenceonClinicalandMolecularGenetics, November 28-30, 2016 Chicago, USA; 5th InternationalConferenceandExhibitiononMetabolomics, May 16-18, 2016 Osaka, Japan; InternationalConference onRestorativeMedicine October 24-26, 2016 Chicago, USA; 5th InternationalConferenceonTissue ScienceandRegenerativeMedicineSeptember 12-14, 2016 Berlin, Germany;AmericanCollege ofMedicalGeneticsandGenomics(ACMG)Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting, March 8-12, 2016, Tampa, USA; BelgianSocietyofHumanGeneticsandDutchSocietyforHumanGeneticsJoint Meeting 2016 (NVHG BESHG 2016), February 4-5, 2016, Leuven, Belgium; An International theAssociation ofBiomolecularResourceFacilities, February 20-23, 2016, Florida, USA; 14th Asia-PacificFederation forClinicalBiochemistryandLaboratoryMedicineCongress, November 26-29, 2016,Taipei, Taiwan;Personalized Medicine, July 10-15, 2016, Hong Kong, China

Track 7:Micro RNA

MicroRNAscomprise a novel class of small, non-coding endogenous RNAs that regulategene expressionby directing their targetmRNAsfor degradation or translational repression. miRNAs represent smallRNA moleculesencoded in thegenomesofplantsand animals. These highly conserved 22 nucleotides longRNA sequencesregulate the expression of genes by binding to the 3′-untranslated regions (3′-UTR) of specific mRNAs. A growing body of evidence shows that mRNAs are one of the key players in cell differentiation and growth, mobility andapoptosis.

RelatedConferences: InternationalConferenceonClinicalandMolecularGenetics, November 28-30, 2016 Chicago, USA; InternationalConferenceonNextGenerationSequencingJuly 21-22, 2016 Berlin, Germany; 7th InternationalConferenceandExpoonProteomicsOctober 24-26, 2016 Rome, Italy; InternationalConferenceonStructuralBiologyJune 23-24, 2016 New Orleans, USA; InternationalConference onTranscriptomicsAugust 18-20, 2016 Portland, Oregon USA; InternationalConferenceonMolecular BiologyOctober 13-15, 2016 Dubai, UAE; 18th InternationalConferenceon ExtracellularBiomarkers, 22 23 April, 2016, London, United Kingdom; The 21st Annual Meeting of the RNA Society, June 28-June 2, 2016, Kyoto, Japan;NoncodingRNAsinHealthandDisease, February 21-24, 2016, New Mexico, USA;Small RNASilencing: Little Guides, Big Biology, January 24-28, 2016, Colorado, USA;MicroRNAas Biomarkers and Diagnostics, Positive-Strand RNAViruses, May 1-5, 2016, Texas, USA

Track 8:mRNA Analysis

mRNAis a subtype of RNA. AmRNAatom conveys a segment of the DNA code to different parts of the cell for preparing.mRNAis made amid interpretation. Amid the translation handle, a solitary strand ofDNAis decoded by RNA polymerase, and mRNA is incorporated. Physically, mRNA is a strand of nucleotides known asribonucleiccorrosive, and is single-stranded.

RelatedConferences: InternationalConferenceonClinicalandMolecularGenetics, November 28-30, 2016 Chicago, USA; InternationalConferenceonNextGenerationSequencingJuly 21-22, 2016 Berlin, Germany; 7th InternationalConferenceandExpoonProteomicsOctober 24-26, 2016 Rome, Italy; InternationalConferenceonStructuralBiologyJune 23-24, 2016 New Orleans, USA; InternationalConference onTranscriptomicsAugust 18-20, 2016 Portland, Oregon USA; InternationalConferenceonMolecular BiologyOctober 13-15, 2016 Dubai, UAE; FromCellBiologytoPathology, January 24-27, 2016, New Mexico, USA; Complex Life of mRNA, 58 October 2016, Heidelberg, Germany;Genome Editingand Gene ModulationCongress2016, 6-8 Apr 2016, Oxford, United Kingdom;NGS2015 Sheffield Conference, 18-19 November, 2015, Sheffield, USA;QuantitativemethodsinGeneRegulation-III, 7-8 December, 2015, Cambridge, UK

Track9:BioinformaticsinGenomics

Bioinformaticsis the exploration of gathering and breaking down complex organic information, for example,hereditary codes. Sub-atomic solution requires the joining and examination of genomic, sub-atomic, cell, and additionallyclinical informationand it in this way offers a momentous arrangement of difficulties to bioinformatics.

RelatedConferences: 5th InternationalConferenceonComputationalSystemsBiologyAugust 22-23, 2016 Philadelphia, USA; 6th InternationalConferenceonBioinformaticsMarch 29-30, 2016 Valencia, Spain; 7th InternationalConferenceonBioinformaticsOctober 27-28, 2016 Chicago, USA; 2nd InternationalConference onTranscriptomics August 18-20, 2016 Portland, Oregon USA; InternationalConferenceonNext GenerationSequencingJuly 21-22, 2016 Berlin, Germany; The FourteenthAsia PacificBioinformaticsConference, 11th-13 January 2016, San Francisco, USA; 18th InternationalConferenceonBioinformatics andBiotechnology, 19 20 May 2016, Berlin, Germany; IEEEconference onComputationalIntelligenceinBioinformaticsandComputationalBiology, October 5-7, 2016, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 7th InternationalConferenceonBioinformaticsModels,MethodsandAlgorithms, 21- 23 Feb, 2016, Rome, Italy;Bio banking2016, 57 January 2016, London, United Kingdom

Track 10:Comparative Genomics

SimilarGenomicsandgenomicmedicinenewfieldofnaturalexaminationinwhichthegenomegroupins of variousspecies- human, mouse and a wide assortment of different life forms from yeast to chimpanzees-are looked at. The assessment of likenesses and contrasts betweengenomesof various life forms; can uncover contrasts in the middle of people and species and also transformative connections.

RelatedConferences: WorldCongressonHumanGeneticsOctober 31- November 02, 2016 Valencia, Spain; 4th InternationalConferenceonIntegrativeBiology, July 18-20, 2016, Berlin, Germany; InternationalConference onMolecular Biology, October 13-15, 2016 Dubai, UAE; InternationalConferenceonGenetic Counseling andGenomicMedicineAugust 11-12, 2016 Birmingham; 5th InternationalConference onCellandGeneTherapyMay 19-21, 2016 San Antonio, USA; 20th Annual InternationalConferenceonComputationalMolecularBiology, April 17-21, 2016, Santa Monica, USA; 8th InternationalConferenceonBioinformaticsandComputationalBiology, April 4-6, 2016, Nevada, USA; Visualizingbiological data, 911 March 2016, Heidelberg, Germany; Chromatin andEpigenetics, March 20-24, 2016, British Columbia, Canada; Game ofEpigenetics,April 24-28, 2016 in Dubrovnik

Track 11:Plant Genomics

Late mechanical headways have generously extended our capacity to dissect and comprehendplantgenomesand to diminish the crevice existing in the middle of genotype and phenotype. The quick advancing field of genomics permits researchers to dissect a huge number of qualities in parallel, to comprehend the hereditary building design ofplant genomesfurthermore to separate the qualities in charge oftransformations.

RelatedConferences: InternationalConferenceonPlantPhysiologyJune 09-11, 2016 Dallas, USA ;GlobalSummit onPlant ScienceNovember 28-30, 2016 Baltimore, USA; 5th InternationalConferenceonAgricultureand HorticultureJune 27-29, 2016 Cape Town, South Africa ; 6th InternationalConferenceonGenomicsand PharmacogenomicsSeptember 22-24, 2016 Berlin, Germany; InternationalConferenceonGreen Energy& ExpoNovember 28-30, 2016 Baltimore, USA;PlantGenomes andBiotechnology: from genes to networks Dec ember 02-05, 2015 Berlin, Germany; Plant Genome Evolution 2015 September, 6 – 8 2015 Amsterdam, The Netherlands; The 3rdPlant GenomicsCongressSeptember 14-15,2015 Missouri, USA; ProkaGENOMICS EuropeanConferenceonProkaryoticandFungalGenomics29 September-2 October 2015 Gttingen, Germany; InternationalMeetingonBioinformaticsand OMICs October 27- 30,2015 Varadero, Cuba; The 2ndPlant GenomicsCongress: September 14-15, 2015 MO, USA; GETGlobal ConferenceSeptember17-19, 2015 Vienna, Austria

Track 12:Personal Genomics

Individualgenomicsis the branch of genomics worried with thesequencingand examination of the genome of a person. Thegenotypingstage utilizes diverse strategies, includingsingle-nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) examination chips or incomplete or fullgenome sequencing.

RelatedConferences: 4th InternationalConferenceonIntegrativeBiology, July 18-20, 2016, Berlin, Germany; 2nd InternationalConferenceonTranscriptomicsAugust 18-20, 2016 Portland, Oregon USA; InternationalConferenceonNextGenerationSequencingJuly 21-22, 2016 Berlin, Germany;WorldCongress onHumanGeneticsOctober 31- November 02, 2016 Valencia, Spain; 18th InternationalConference onHuman Genetics, February 25 – 26, 2016, London, United Kingdom;Visualizing biological data, 911 March 2016, Heidelberg, Germany; 1st Annual InternationalCongressofGenetics, April 25-28, Dalian, China;ChromatinandEpigenetics, March 20-24, 2016, British Columbia,Canada;GameofEpigenetics, April 24-28, 2016 in Dubrovnik

Track 13:Microbial Genomics

MicrobialGenomicsappliesrecombinantDNA,DNAsequencingroutines,andbioinformaticsto succession, gather, and dissect the capacity and structure of genomes in organisms. Amid the previous 10 years, genomics-based methodologies have profoundly affected the field ofmicrobiologyand our comprehension of microbial species. In view of their bigger genome sizes,genome sequencingendeavors on growths and unicellular eukaryotes were slower to begin than ventures concentrated on prokaryotes.

RelatedConferences: InternationalConferenceonMolecular BiologyOctober 13-15, 2016 Dubai, UAE; 4th InternationalConferenceonIntegrativeBiologyJuly 18-20, 2016 Berlin, Germany; InternationalConference onMicrobial Physiology and Genomics October 20-22, 2016 Rome, Italy; 4th InternationalConference onClinicalMicrobiologyandMicrobialGenomics October 05-07, 2015 Philadelphia, USA; 2ndWorld CongressandExpoonAppliedMicrobiologyOctober 31-November 02, 2016 Istanbul, Turkey; 18th InternationalConferenceonClinicalMicrobiologyandMicrobialGenomics, June 9 – 10, 2016, San Francisco, USA; 18th InternationalConferenceonMicrobialGenomeResources, February 11 – 12, 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 18th InternationalConferenceonMicrobialGenomeResourcesand Clinical Microbiology, January 12 – 13, 2016, Zurich, Switzerland; 18th InternationalConference onMolecular Geneticsand Microbiology, February 25 – 26, 2016, London, United Kingdom

Track 14:Future trends in Genomics

Genomics researchholds the way to meeting a considerable lot of the difficulties of the coming years. Right now, the greatest test is in information investigation. We can produce a lot of information modestly, yet that overpowers our ability to comprehend it. The significant test of theGenomeResearch is we have to imbuegenomic datainto restorative practice, which is truly hard.

RelatedConferences: InternationalConferenceonClinical and Molecular Genetics, November 28-30, 2016 Chicago, USA; 2nd InternationalConferenceonTranscriptomicsAugust 18-20, 2016 Portland, Oregon USA;International ConferenceonNextGenerationSequencingJuly 21-22, 2016 Berlin, Germany; The FourteenthAsia PacificBioinformaticsConference, 11th-13 January 2016, San Francisco, USA;WorldCongress onHumanGeneticsOctober 31- November 02, 2016 Valencia, Spain; 18th InternationalConference onGeneticsand Genomics, June 9 – 10, 2016, San Francisco, USA; NGS 16Genome Annotation, April 4 6, 2016, Barcelona, Spain; Maintenance of Genome Stability 2016, March 7-10, 2016, Panama, Central America;Epigenomics: new marks, new horizons, December 2015, 2 December 2015, UK;Human GenomeMeeting, 28 February 2 March 2016, Houston, USA

Track15:GenomicMedicine GenomicMedicineas “a developing restorative train that includes utilizinggenomicdataaround a person as a major aspect of their clinical consideration (e.g., for demonstrative or remedial choice making) and the wellbeing results and strategy ramifications of that clinical use.” Already,genomic medicationis having an effect in the fields ofoncology,pharmacology, uncommon and undiscovered maladies, and irresistible illness.

RelatedConferences: InternationalConferenceonMolecularandCancerBiomarkersSeptember 15-17, 2016 Berlin, Germany; 4th InternationalConferenceonIntegrativeBiology, July 18-20, 2016 Berlin; 7th InternationalConferenceonBiomarkers & Clinical Research, November 28-30, 2016 Baltimore, USA; InternationalConferenceonBiochemistryOctober 13-15, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; InternationalConference onProtein Engineering, October 26-28, 2015 Chicago, USA;BiomarkerSummit, 2123 March 2016, San Diego, United States; 18th InternationalConferenceonBiomarkersandClinicalMedicine, 16-17 May, 2016, Paris, France; Circulating Biomarkers World Congress 2016, 21-22 March, 2016, Boston, USA; The Biomarker Conference, 18 – 19 February 2016, San Diego, USA; CancerMolecular Markers, 7-9, March 2016, San Francisco, USA

Track 16:Genomics Market

Genomicsis the study of thegenetic materialor genomes of an organism. Analysts forecast theGlobal Genomicsmarketwill grow at a CAGR of 11.21% over the period 2013-2018. According to the report, the most important driver of the market is an increase in the demand for consumables. The growing adoption ofgenetictestingfor various applications, especially in regions such as the APAC, and an increase ingenetictestingvolumes in North America and Western Europe is increasing the demand for consumables.

RelatedConferences: 5th InternationalConferenceonComputationalSystemsBiologyAugust 22-23, 2016 Philadelphia, USA; 6th InternationalConferenceonBioinformaticsMarch 29-30, 2016 Valencia, Spain; 7th InternationalConference onBioinformaticsOctober 27-28, 2016 Chicago, USA; 2nd InternationalConference onTranscriptomicsAugust 18-20, 2016 Portland, Oregon USA; InternationalConferenceonNext GenerationSequencingJuly 21-22, 2016 Berlin, Germany; The FourteenthAsia PacificBioinformaticsConference, 11th-13 January 2016, San Francisco, USA; 18th InternationalConference on Bioinformatics andBiotechnology, 19 20 May 2016, Berlin, Germany; IEEEconference onBioinformaticsandComputationalBiology, October 5-7, 2016, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 7th InternationalConferenceonBioinformaticsModels, MethodsandAlgorithms, 21- 23 Feb, 2016, Rome, Italy;Bio banking2016, 57 January 2016, London, United Kingdom.

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Virtual Reality Takes On the Videoconference – WSJ

Posted: September 20, 2016 at 7:12 pm

Sept. 18, 2016 10:06 p.m. ET

Get ready for your next conference callin virtual reality.

With equipment for virtual-reality viewing now on the consumer market, public tech companies and venture capitalists are exploring possible applications in everything from videogames to medicine. And some are betting that virtual-reality headsets could be the next big thing in business-meeting software, upending the dreaded videoconference call.

Some of virtual realitys potential as a meeting and collaboration tool is suggested in a video recently recorded at the NYU Media Research Lab. In the video, lab researchers strap on Samsung SSNHZ0.00% Gear VR headsets with antler-like sensors attached to thegoggles. The headsets usher the researchers into a virtual-realityenvironment in which they see digital avatars of themselves movingaround a simulated environment. Soon, using hand-held electronicwands, the researchers are drawing 3-D models together.

Ken Perlin, a computer-science professor at New York University anddirector of the research lab, has been studying collaboration inthe virtual world for the past two years, attempting to understandhow virtual reality might change societyincluding the workplace.

Of course were going to embrace any technology that makes us feel more connected, Prof. Perlin says.

A global survey of attitudes toward technology in the workplace suggests he may be right. The survey, in a report from Dell Inc., Intel Corp. INTC -0.05% and consultants Penn Schoen Berland, found that 57% ofemployees around the world prefer face-to-face conversations withcolleagues. But more than half said that better communicationstechnology could make such interactions obsolete in the future.Millennials particularly were open to using virtual- andaugmented-reality products at work, with 77% saying they would tryit.

Jeremy Bailenson, the founding director of Stanford Universitys VirtualHuman Interaction Lab, says business calls using virtual-realitytechnology can offer many benefits over videoconferencing.

VR meetings will allow for nuanced nonverbal communicationproper eye contact, subtle cues such as interpersonal distance, and eventually virtual touch and smell (when desired), Prof. Bailenson writes in a recent email.

For most companies investing in the medium, virtual-reality meetings are still experimental. Employees from the Bank of Ireland BIR 0.00 % and National Grid NGG -0.16% PLC, the British utility, have tweeted about their earlysampling of virtual-reality meeting software. Mike Harlick, head ofthe Bank of Ireland Worklab, said to him it felt like the futureof collaboration.

Mr. Harlick told The Wall Street Journal that his firm has been experimenting with several virtual conferencing centers. He said he doesnt see virtual reality replacing video calls, but that it provides functions that other office collaboration tools do not offer. He said he thinks it will help his team be more effective in how they communicate.

In the context of office meetings you now have a whole virtual environment where you can co-create and interact, he wrote in an email. So you may have white boards on one wall, a shared document on another.

The National Grid employee who tweeted, David Goldsby, said a team he presented to was seriously impressed by the technology. However, he said the Wi-Fi in their hotel presented challenges. The company didn’t respond to a request for comment.

Still, for many companies, experts say virtual-reality meetings may offer real improvements over the typical videoconference experience.

Some of the earliest adopters are in videogaming and the virtual-reality industry itself. Neil Glenister, founder of a London-based gaming company called 232Studios, says his team has typically conducted lengthy weekly groupmeetings on Skype. But the team, he says, is tired ofvideoconferencing. It doesnt make them feel as if they are in thesame room, he says, and they have trouble seeing each others handgestures.

Instead, Mr. Glenister and his team recently tried an app called vTime, which allows people to meet in virtual environments using avatars. From a menu of possible settings, Mr. Glenister and his employees chose to meet in a simulation of outer space.

At times, he says, they struggled to focus on work-related topics because they were distracted by the planets surrounding them.

Still, he says, that sense of presence was really good. The dynamics of the calls through Skype werent as friendly.

Skype, which is owned by Microsoft Corp. MSFT -0.21% , didnt say if it has developed a virtual-realityapplication, but a spokesman says the company is testing the watersin augmented reality, a close cousin of virtual reality in which aviewer sees digital images imposed over real-world environments.Skype says it has developed an application for the HoloLens,Microsofts augmented-reality device that is currently onlyavailable to developers.

Something else that virtual reality provides that video calls typically dont: eye contact. Though theyre looking through their avatars eyes, participants in a virtual-reality meeting get the feeling they are making eye contact, says Eric Romo, chief executive of AltspaceVR Inc., a Redwood City,Calif., company that designs environments for virtual-realitymeetings using avatars. Some virtual-reality companies areexperimenting with eye-tracking technology that would allow thegoggles to better track users eye movements and convey even morerealistic eye contact.

In a typical video call, by contrast, a participant may think he or she is making eye contact, but to the other person they appear to be looking down. Instead of looking directly at each others image, you have to look into the camera for the other person to get the feeling you are looking into their eyes.

Other kinds of physical cues missing from most telecommunication may be incorporated into virtual-reality calls as well. While arms are frequently out of sight in video chats when people are sitting close to the camera, some virtual-reality headsets are able to capture arm and hand gestures that are then imitated by an avatar. Participants can get visual insights into group dynamics, as well, such as how close certain avatars stand to one another.

There are all these nonverbal cues we have physically that we dont have in [most] communication technologies except for VR, Mr. Romo says.

One of the biggest challenges today for companies creating meeting spaces in virtual reality is to make avatars that realistically capture and instantly reflect the users emotions. Some companies are putting transitional technologies, like emojis, into their virtual environments. But companies are experimenting with technologies that would allow avatars to capture facial expressions.

Another hurdle that technologists are addressing is capturing fine movements. With hand controllers, avatars can imitate simple gestures, like waving a hand. Researchers and businesses are pushing to capture finger movements.

Other impediments remain as well. Even if a person or a business invests in the equipment needed to hold a virtual-reality meeting, the equipment is still relatively rare. Others have to invest as well for meetings to be possible. Early headsets that use mobile phones also have very limited battery life, connectivity issues and can overheat.

If virtual-reality meetings do catch on, researchers are at odds over whether they will dramatically change the amount of business that people conduct in person. Prof. Bailenson says he believes that adoption of virtual-reality meetings will result in a major decline in commuting.

Prof. Perlin, meanwhile, says the impact of virtual-reality meetings will be similar to other communication technologies that have come before.

I think its important also to keep in mind when you look at historical trends, the more weve embraced new kinds of telecommunication media, things like Skype, the more weve traveled, he says. The more we feel connected to people, the more we want to physically be together.

Ms. Zakrzewski is a reporter in The Wall Street Journals San Francisco bureau. She can be reached at cat.zakrzewski@wsj.com.

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Virtual Reality Takes On the Videoconference – WSJ

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Infographics – Futurism

Posted: at 7:06 pm

Our space probes have reached nearly every corner of the Solar Systemso our restless species sets its sights on remoter shores. The recent discovery of a potentially habitable planet around our nearest stellar neighbor has us wondering: what else is out there? Here’s a look at the most intriguing targets in the Solar Neighborhood.

It’s been said that to apply one’s imagination to the possibilities of the future is a valuable spiritual exercise. We heartily agreeand what could be more spiritually gratifying than to imagine the future possibilities of human evolution? Come along as we take a journey into the strange and unfamiliar country of our species’ evolutionary future.

There’s a new space race, a multilateral contest between many nations to conquer the high frontier. It’s the sort of competition that avails the entire species, and as it accelerates with newer entrants we all inch a little closer to the stars. Here’s a look at the past, present, and future projects of the world’s top space agencies.

Our homes are getting “smarter” every day. They have smart security systems, smart lighting, smart bedshell, even the toilets are smart. And don’t get us started on the heuristic thermostats and smartwatch-controlled cars. The home of the future is here today, so come along with us for a tour of the futuristic House of 2016.

An entire country powered by nothing but renewable sources of energy. Sounds impossible? In 2015, Costa Rica did just thatrunning fossil-free for 299 days. By 2021, this Central American republic hopes to be fully carbon neutral. Here’s a breakdown of how Costa Rica is pioneering country-wide environmental sustainability.

Deep sea exploration isn’t just for marine biologists anymore. Saturn’s moon Titan is covered in seas of liquid hydrocarbons, and Europa and Enceladus likely harbor immense subglacial oceans. Here’s a look at some of the space submarine concepts devised by NASA and others to explore our Solar System’s alien seas.

It may be NASA’s most ambitious deep space mission yet: rendezvous with a potentially Earth-impacting asteroid, map its features and orbital parameters, and snag a piece of its surface in a dangerous “touch-and-go” maneuver. We’ve got the entire OSIRIS-REx mission spelled out for you in this handy infographic.

Gigantic tsunamis, deadly bolides, seismic shocks, raging firestorms and a nuclear winterthese were just a few of the headaches the dinosaurs had to experience about 66 million years ago. We’ve broken down some of the signal events of that fateful day that cleared the Earth for the Rise of the Mammals.

In the U.S. alone, the incidence of children swallowing dangerous “button batteries” is on the rise. But a new technology involving ingestible “pill robots” may be the solution to these hazardssomeday, just popping a robot-packed pill could be the answer to the accidental ingestion of deadly foreign objects.

Giant cephalopods. Ancient sharks. Fang-filled maws, fossil species, and missing links. The deep ocean is an alien world within a worldand we’ve barely scratched its surface. Come along as we descend into the abyss, and discover some of its strangest denizens.

In China, they have a new motto for defeating traffic congestion: rise above it. And they mean that quite literally. Here’s a look at the car-swallowing, traffic jam-defeating “Transit Elevated Bus”the next evolution in urban public transportation.

They tug, transit, eclipse, reflect, and microlense. Some shine faintly in the infrared. The bottom line is: exoplanets are hard to find. But astronomers have developed some pretty clever techniques for detecting these elusive worldsand we’ve put together this infographic to show you how it’s done.

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Infographics – Futurism

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Daily Science Fiction :: Space Travel

Posted: September 18, 2016 at 8:30 am

by Edoardo Albert

Lars Caron had only taken over as mission commander because Pete Boardman had died. We were the most scanned, checked, and examined group of human beings in history–after all, on the first mission to Mars, you don’t want someone falling ill or freaking out on the way–and Pete had checked out clearer than any of us. Then, seven days before departure, he went and died. The autopsy said his heart gave out, but I knew, from speaking to the doctors, that they could not find anything wrong with him. Dead, he presented as perfect a physical specimen as he had when alive. Me, I think he collapsed under the burden of hope that was placed upon him; mission commander, new world, new beginning. So, I grant Lars Caron had some big shoes to fill. But three months into the voyage, we were all getting thoroughly sick of the chip on his shoulder, the unspoken assumption that we had caused every problem laid in front of him. Space is like that: stuff happens. So, the slight sigh and the lowering of his head when he saw me approaching came as no surprise. “Now what’s wrong?” he asked.

Published on Aug 7, 2014

by J.W. Alden

They tell you not to wear the uniform in public these days. Folks don’t like to be reminded of the war. Not long ago, things were looking grim. Defense exercises lit up the night sky every other week. The skirmishes drew nearer to home with every engagement. Doomsayers were out in force everywhere you looked, screaming about imminent invasion. Things are different now. The enemy is on the run. We’re winning. But the war has shaken the public’s sense of security, maybe for good. I feel the eyes on me as the hostess leads me to my table. I’m used to it. Half of them are regulars, but they still gawk like they’re surprised to see me. The war had just begun when I first started coming here. People used to stare back then too, but the expressions were different. They didn’t turn their heads when I looked. They smiled. Some of them would even shake my hand and thank me for my service. That doesn’t happen anymore.

Published on Dec 26, 2013

by Leslie Jane Anderson

It was only an affair because he was the captain and Maria was a cadet. If they had been the same rank it might just be a mistake. The other cadets will probably call her a slut now. She hides in her room and the computer pours her a cup of tea. She looks out her window at the earth, spinning. Spinning. She dreams. The concrete basement of her parent’s home has flooded, and the racks of their old clothes have fallen under the water. Wires fall from the ceiling and the electricity skitters across the surface like angry white spiders. There was no way to fix this. No way. Everything was ruined. She dreams she is bleeding into the secret caverns of herself.

Published on Dec 20, 2012

by Helena Leigh Bell

Year Zero Pilot Martha Stevenson could not bring her mother’s piano, its keys yellowed and stained. Her husband chided her as she brushed away the dust, telling it goodbye.

Published on Jun 20, 2014

by Annie Bellet

The boys lay on their backs side by side staring up through the open roof of the abandoned building. Dylan clutched Meek’s hand in anticipation as the ground shook and a roar filled the air. Tiny pebbles danced up from the ground around them and dust ran like water off the crumbling walls. “Ten nine eight seven six five,” Dylan whispered, “four three two one.”

Published on Dec 17, 2010

by Nicky Drayden

***Editor’s Note: Be forewarned: the imagery may be unsettling, some language would not fit at an elegant tea.*** With a fine bone knife I make my incision, cutting back the sticky membrane of Our Tjeng’s hull. I slip my hand inside and carefully widen the tear until it’s big enough for me to step through. Our Tjeng has blessed Kae and me with gills to breathe within his walls. The viscous liquid is clear and burns my eyes, tart and slick on my tongue.

Published on Aug 16, 2011

by M. E. Garber

Jandara’s famed purple-red plains swelled in the antiquated pleasure cruiser’s windscreen as the ship lurched downward. The explosion that killed Seema’s husband, Arun, had damaged the steering mechanisms of his beloved antique, and Seema fought the craft as shudders wracked it. Vibrations from the steering gears tingled, throbbed, and finally shook her arms. In the passenger compartment, Natesha, her seven-year-old daughter, wailed, echoing Seema’s fear: Without Arun, I cannot survive. The ship’s belly bumped the ground, rose up, and dove hard. Tearing metal shrieked louder than Natesha. Seema buffeted in her restraints as a series of booms shook what remained of the ship. Then it settled, hissing, to the ground.

Published on Aug 25, 2014

by JT Gill

They hug for what will be the last time.

Published on Sep 15, 2015

by Richard E. Gropp

I stood on the deck of the ship and watched as my planet fell dark, receding into the distance. “This is certainly the long way ’round,” the ship whispered in my ear. “We have stations on both sides–you could have stepped right through. We could have folded you all the way.”

Published on Oct 3, 2012

by James E Guin

You stand there watching me try on this blouse. “It looks nice,” you say, and this time you’re actually paying attention.

Published on Dec 4, 2013

by Amber Hayward

I… am. I suppose I am. I have words waiting to awaken. I see something in front of me. I say, “hand,” and so it is.

Published on May 11, 2015

by Benjamin Heldt

The flickering light of the television cast Henry’s shadow across the darkened room, and across me. Through the speakers a steady voice called time to t minus zero. The rockets fired. Henry gasped, though he didn’t move. He was too close, as always, sitting cross-legged on the floor not two feet from the screen. Huge sheets of ice cracked, and fell from the scaffolding and fuel tanks, vaporizing in the blanket of smoke and fire blooming out from the launch site. “Buddy,” I said, trying to keep my voice from breaking, “come sit with dad on the couch.”

Published on Mar 4, 2013

by Miriah Hetherington

In the shadow of SciCorp’s Public Relations building, Kai leaned on his cane and waited for the press conference to end. A sea of reporters separated him from his daughter Suukyi, standing proudly on a podium with the other twelve colonists. Twelve brilliant, highly trained, and fertile Eves; earth’s Adams would be represented on the colony ship by a sperm bank.

Published on Jul 10, 2015

by Rebecca Hodgkins

The Rocketeer leans against the chrome bar, nursing a drink. She has a few choices of scenery–bad choices, in her opinion. Like always, the Rocketeer picks the best of the worst; the view out the window of the space station orbiting Mars. She looks down at the red surface polka-dotted with rockets, shiny silver spears pointing back at her, at the station, at the stars beyond. Just a quick jump down, then into a rocket, and back out into the Black again. And none of these bucks taking up the rest of the bar know what they’re in for, she thinks.

Published on Sep 9, 2014

by Brian Lawrence Hurrel

Jump flash, blinding but brief. Alpha Centauri A swims into view. It takes only a few minutes after our emergence into realspace for the receiver to align itself with Earth. A long burst of static roars, fades. A voice mutters indistinctly, distorted as if bubbling up from deep under water, then suddenly rings out in shrill clarity. ” and this so-called Daedalus drive is not only a scientific impossibility, but a perfect example of misappropriated resources.”

Published on May 3, 2011

by K.G. Jewell

“Fifty-Nine, baby! Fifty-Nine!” Ted chortled, chipping a chunk of rock off Fenrir’s surface and dumping it into the sample bag clipped to the hip of his spacesuit. He looked up at Saturn hanging overhead and flashed two fingers. Two moons to go. He was that close. He deactivated his ground anchor and stepped his aging, creaky bones towards the boxy tangle that was his ship.

Published on Jan 13, 2012

by Rachael K. Jones

My best friend LaToya was utterly fearless. In middle school she could jump farther than any kid. We’d compete for hours after school on the playground, waiting for our dads to pick us up, she in her green-soled Nikes and me in my Reeboks, digging our heels into gravel as we counted down together: “Three–two–one–go!” Then a cloud of dust. We raced three steps and launched heels-first into the sand, ploughing long ditches, stretching our gangly adolescent legs to hit the farthest mark. LaToya usually won. “Best of three,” I’d say, and then amend it: “Best of five?”

Published on Jun 23, 2015

by K T

It took tens of thousands of engineers ten million man-hours and over a trillion dollars spread over the course of ten years. There had been political sacrifice, financial sacrifice, even marital sacrifice. Five people died, including a mother, a teacher, and a grandfather of twenty-five. Perhaps, by diverting the same resources, we could have finished the war in Afghanistan twenty years ago. But at last, and not without luck, a man stood atop Olympus Mons. To be that man required years of study in physics, math, chemistry, biology, geology, and languages; including English, Russian, Chinese, and C++. At minimum. It required the eyes of an eagle, the muscles of a Navy SEAL, and the brain of Deep Blue. No TV, no hobbies, no girlfriend, no family. Just blood, sweat, tears, and neurons to live the dream of every bright young male since 1957. Only the brightest, most athletic, most determined polyglot autodidactic polymathic genii could even enter the competition against one thousand equally infallible candidates from every continent.

Published on May 12, 2011

by Will Kaufman

***Editor’s Note: Adult language in the story that follows*** Chapter One

Published on Apr 25, 2014

by Sara Thustra

“Now you stop it,” snapped the sister. “You sit there and you smile and you tell him you miss him, damn you. Space exploration is a hard job, and one we should be proud of. It’s not his fault this seems so often to us.” The camera came on. The warble of great distance and stranger forces, too, played with the image. The man it showed was quite old, and dressed in a uniform from decades ago. “…Sally?” he said hesitantly.

Published on Jan 2, 2012

by Brynn MacNab

We deployed on February 14, Saint Valentine’s Day, named for the saint who performed forbidden marriages. I stood in line next to a guy named Wallace Ault. Around us was much wailing and gnashing of teeth, a lot of people sobbing on each other’s necks. Wallace and I weren’t falling apart. He had a girl, a nice lean thing with good legs in a swirling brown knee-length skirt. She kissed him goodbye real quick and ran. I figured maybe they were secretly married themselves.

Published on Aug 5, 2014

by Caw Miller

Fleet Commander Yazle picked her way through the debris of a destroyed city on the planet Unlivil. Beside her walked the High Grasper, the leader of the largest hive on the planet. Commander Yazle wondered why she had been invited to go on this perambulation with the pale, octopus-like being. She had expected hatred, possibly a murder attempt; not grateful politeness. The High Grasper flashed three tentacles at a small winged scavenger, which took flight. The High Grasper picked up the mostly eaten carcass of a hexipod and placed it in a pouch.

Published on Aug 12, 2016

by Devin Miller

“My job as a father, Jalel,” he told me one morning, “is to leave you better off than I was.” It was a cold morning. On this planet, called Apella, the winters lasted years. Frost clung to some of the heartiest vegetation ever studied, and in their shadows, small animals sent up puffs of white dust in their quest for buried food.

Published on Mar 18, 2013

by KC Myers

The year EarthFed discovered hyperspace sickness was the year Jace McCallister’s father never came home from outer space. They brought him back Earthside wrapped up in cotton and gauze so he wouldn’t hurt himself, but his mind was still out there, caught in that strange between-place that nobody really understood, but into which spacegoers were expected to fling themselves so they could traverse the otherwise non-traversable distances between solar systems. No one knew how to treat him; no one knew why the jump had affected him that way in the first place. Jace was six. She was too little to understand why Daddy had gone out into the black, or why she couldn’t visit him in the hospital now that he’d returned. She didn’t understand that he hadn’t returned at all. Not really.

Published on Apr 29, 2016

by Bridget A. Natale

***Editorial Advisory: Yes, there’s adult language in the story that follows*** “I can’t go to Bellingham with you. Not right now.”

Published on May 1, 2013

by Ruth Nestvold

Published on Feb 2, 2012

by Jonathan Fredrick Parks

This is Tomorrow speaking. The voice came from the Eleven O’ Thirty radio. The left bar flashed painting the storage room a green color. Are you listening? I turned the dial two clicks to the right. You are me from the future, right?

Published on Sep 2, 2011

by Ernesto Pavan

To those who were called and replied “I’ll go” To those who filled the void between the stars with dreams of hope

Published on Nov 27, 2014

by Craig Pay

Something blue. Celeste: 25, Joseph: 26, Susie: 5

Published on Nov 15, 2011

by L.L. Phelps

We’re falling fast through the atmosphere, what’s left of the station shaking violently as it breaks apart. “We have to get to the escape pods,” Natayla screams at me. I can barely hear her over the roar around us, but I can read the words on her lips as fear dances wild in her eyes. “Now!” she screams, shaking me.

Published on Mar 24, 2014

by Cat Rambo

Day One After the men in dark sunglasses ushered Djuna outside, spring’s chill chased her up the steps into the bus’s welcome heat. She wavered on the last step, suitcase in front of her like a wall, thinking, “My fiftieth spring on Earth, can I really leave that?” Someone pushed at her and she went in.

Published on Feb 24, 2012

by Stephen V. Ramey

Stardate 2025:325. We touch down on Mars. Flesh-colored dust settles around the capsule as the creaking, cooling fuselage ticks down to silence. Your face is pale inside the helmet; your hand grips the armrest between us. I think of your fingernails digging into my back, a shock of pain-pleasure distantly penetrating a mind preoccupied with release. The window onto this world is so small, yet the vista is endless. I breathe into my helmet until the visor fogs.

Published on May 6, 2015

by Stephen V. Ramey

Our paranoia is infinite today. And not without reason. We have just endured a journey to and from Mars orbit in full view of the world. Areas of the ship that were supposed to be off-limits were not. Every bowel movement, every wet dream and dry heave, a veritable sampler of trysts–it has all been broadcast, sprinkled across the globe like so much Hollywood glitter. The ultimate Reality Show, with our crew of six as unaware actors. Jimmy found the first pinhole camera. He brought it to me, pinched between his fingers like an insect with overlong legs. A frown fixed on his blocky face. His blue eyes blinked and blinked again.

Published on Apr 17, 2012

by Shane D. Rhinewald

Jerry sits in his favorite chair–the one with the red, plastic back. He says the others just don’t feel right. His eyes dart around the room with boyish wonder, but they’re a man’s eyes, milky with cataracts, edged with wrinkles. He looks at the black and white pictures on the wall depicting historic events and gives me the date (down to the time of day in some cases) for everything from the Kennedy assassination to the shooting at Columbine. “Jerry, how do you feel today?” I ask, tapping my pen. Every session starts with a similar line of questioning; Jerry likes the routine. “Do you know how you feel?”

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Daily Science Fiction :: Space Travel

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New photo from Hubble telescope captures beauty of nearby …

Posted: at 8:13 am

This breathtaking new image from the Hubble Space Telescope captures electric-blue wisps of gas and bright stars in the early stages of birth.

ESA/Hubble & NASA

A spectacular new image captured by the Hubble Space Telescope shows bright-blue wisps of glowing gas and hot, sparkling, young stars within a satellite dwarf galaxy known as the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC).

The LMC is one of the smallersatellite galaxies that orbit the Milky Way, and its among a collection of galaxies known as the local group. It is one of the closest galaxies to Earth, at about 163,000 light-years away.

5 Photos

Astronomers revisit iconic nebula for a different look from 20 years ago

This dazzling new Hubble image peers into a stellar nursery known as N159, which measures more than 150 light-years across and houses many hot, newborn stars. [Hubble in Pictures: Astronomers Top Picks (Photos)]

These stars are emitting intense ultraviolet light, which causes nearby hydrogen gas to glow, and torrential stellar winds, which are carving out ridges, arcs and filaments from the surrounding material, Hubble researcherssaid in a statementwhen debuting the photo.

Within this stellar nursery lies a butterfly-shaped cosmic cloud known as the Papillon Nebula. The region consists of vast amounts of dense gas that give way to the birth of new stars.

N159 is located south of the Tarantula Nebula, which is designated heic1402 another region known for massive star birth within the LMC. The Tarantula Nebula is located 170,000 light-years from Earth and is believed tohouse hundreds of thousands of stars. Inside the Tarantula Nebula lies an incredibly bright region known as 30 Doradus, which is considered a hotspot for star formation, according to the statement, released jointly by NASA and the European Space Agency.

This beautiful new image, one of many taken by the Hubble telescope, was captured using Hubbles Advanced Camera for Surveys.

Follow Samantha Mathewson@Sam_Ashley13. Follow us@Spacedotcom,FacebookandGoogle+. Original article onSpace.com.

Space.com. All rights reserved.

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New photo from Hubble telescope captures beauty of nearby …

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Terraforming of Mars – Space Colonization Wiki – Wikia

Posted: at 8:10 am

Artist’s conception of a terraformed Mars.

The Terra-forming of Mars is the hypothetical process by which the climate, surface and known properties of Mars would be deliberately changed with the goal of making it habitable by humans and other terrestrial life; and thus providing the possibility of safe and sustainable colonization of large areas of the planet.

Terra-forming is when you alter the current environment of a planet’s topography to create a living and habitable biosphere.

Based on experiences with Earth, the environment of a planet can be altered deliberately; however the feasibility of creating an unconstrained planetary biosphere is undetermined. At present the economic resources required to execute such methods as are required for terraforming are far beyond that which any government or society is willing to allocate to such a purpose. An open source space colonization strategy may be the only viable solution under the current economic climate.

In the not-too distant future, population growth and demand for resources may create pressure for humans to colonize new habitats such as the surface of the Earth’s oceans, the sea floor, near-Earth orbital space, the moon and nearby planets, as well as mine the solar system for energy and materials. Thinking far into the future (in the order of hundreds of millions of years), some scientists point out that the Sun will eventually grow too hot for Earth to sustain life, even before it becomes a red giant star, because all main sequence stars brighten slowly throughout their lifetimes. When this happens, it will become imperative for humans to migrate away to areas farther from the sun if they have any hope of surviving. Through terraforming, humans could make Mars habitable long before this ‘deadline’. Mars could then be in the habitable zone for a while, giving humanity some thousand additional years to develop further space technology to settle on the outer rim of the solar system, before Mars becomes uninhabitable due to the sun’s increasing heat.

Ascension Island style terraforming is terraforming by implanting suitable species, without any prior violent geological alterations. On Mars, trenches and craters do have sufficient atmospheric pressure to give water some liquidity range, and seasonal liquid water do occur in such places at the warmer latitudes.

Plants need some amount of oxygen to germinate and survive the night, and the soil on Mars contains corrosive hydrogen peroxide, but it is possible to “turn lemons into lemonade” by implanting bacteria capable of producing catalysts that speed up the transformation of hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. There are many different types of bacteria, and even if no species can do it, it could still be solved by genetically engineering bacteria. If Mars is warmed first, even this may not be necessary since it is known that oxygen levels on Earth increased sharply at the end of Snowball Earth, most likely because of the hydrogen peroxide-derived oxygen stored in the ice over millions of years of ultraviolet radiation that was suddenly released when the ice melted. That makes the soil livable for tough plant species as well as producing oxygen enough for plants to germinate and survive the night (and for insects and worms to breathe). To keep the soil good, the bacteria should be engineered in a way that makes the catalysts fairly persistent, enough to last a whole Martian freeze season. The oxygen would also form a rudimentary ozone layer as well as shielding against much ionizing radiation due to the denser atmosphere. That denser atmosphere would also widen the range where liquid water can exist at the warmer latitudes during the warmer seasons, so the bacteria in question could spread throughout the tropics barring high mouintains.

The next step is implanting suitable plant species. The plants would have to be fairly UV tolerant because of the still rudimentary ozone layer, but such plants do grow in mouintainous regions on Earth. There is not enough atmospheric CO2 on Mars for the plants to convert into a human-breathable atmosphere (and trying would remove a precious greenhouse gas, probably eliminating the tepid season altogether), but that can be solved by introducing genetically engineered mykorrhiza fungi capable of extracting CO2 from minerals, which they then provide into the roots of the plants. That would, apart from of course releasing oxygen, turn mineral carbon into biomass carbon, founding an ecosystem that can survive without plate tectonics. It is possible that such ecosystems exist naturally on exoplanets without plate tectonics, an argument against the Rare Earth hypothesis.

Warmer temperatures can be achieved by introducing plants and animals that produce strong greenhouse gasses such as methane and nitrous oxide.

Terraforming Mars would require building up the atmosphere and keeping it warm. Mars has a very thin atmosphere thus very low surface pressure (0.6 kPa). 95% of Mars’ atmosphere is carbon dioxide, 3% is nitrogen and 1.6% is argon, it contains traces of oxygen, water and methane. Since its atmosphere consists mainly of CO2, a known greenhouse gas, once the planet begins to heat, more CO2 enters the atmosphere from the frozen reserves on the poles, adding to the greenhouse effect. This means that the two processes of building the atmosphere and heating it would augment one another, favoring terraforming. However, on a large scale, controlled application of certain techniques over enough time to achieve sustainable changes, would be required to make this theory a reality.

As to how to achieve the warming, many ideas have been suggested. Some have suggested using very strong greenhouse gases like CFC, but they have the disadvantage of being ozone-destroying. A cocktail effect of many more moderate greenhouse trace gases like methane, ammonia and nitrous oxide may do it (different greenhouse gases blocks different parts of the infrared heat radiation spectrum, making their combined effect much stronger than the sum of the gases). The production of such gases can, after successful terraforming, be kept going by organisms and keep the planet warm. Another solution would be satellites (mirror, lens or prism) focusing light on the poles, heating them to release the frozen CO2. It would also be possible to warm the frozen CO2 by covering the poles in albedo-lowering black pigments (preferably small particles to spread over large surfaces but heavy to sink into the polar caps as they vaporize instead of blowing away, in other words high density black particles). The “painting” can be combined with light focusing. “Painting” can also be applied to areas with much water ice or even generally over Mars. In the latter case, the particles would blow all over the place and making them heavy would be less important.

To build the atmosphere on Mars, We would need the importation of water (not necessarily since there is lots of frozen water on Mars). Adding water as well as heat would be the key of changing this dry world into a world suitable for life. Depending on the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, importation and reaction of hydrogen would produce heat, water and graphite. Alternatively, reacting hydrogen with the carbon dioxide atmosphere would make methane and water. Another way is importation of methane or other hydrocarbons, that are usual in Titan’s atmosphere. The methane could be vented into the atmosphere where it would act to compound the greenhouse effect.

Just like oxygen levels increased abruptly at the end of Earth’s snowball period, most likely due to hydrogen peroxide-derived oxygen stored in the ice over millions of years of ultraviolet radiation and released suddenly when the ice melted, so would a thawing of Mars be likely to immediately produce an oxygen-rich atmosphere. However, photosynthesis would be important for keeping the atmosphere oxygen-rich in a longer run. That may not be a problem, since the combined elimination of hydrogen peroxide from the soil and formation of an oxygen-rich atmosphere with some degree of ozone layer would make it much easier to introduce plants.

There’s no point in spending time, money, and resources building up an atmosphere on Mars if it’s just going to blow away. Even to this day, solar wind is still blowing away what little atmosphere the Red Planet has left.

Mars is geologically dead. The core solidified a long time ago. Without a dynamo in the core, Mars has no magnetic field.

There are various ways to fix the magnetic field problem, and maybe we should do that before taking any other steps in the terraforming process (though the atmospheric loss is slow, so postponing the magnetic field a few centuries past terraforming does hardly any harm at all). The first, and easiest way would be to place a network of artificial satellites in orbit around Mars to generate and create an artificial magnetic field. That would, however, require the function of the satellites and should mostly be considered a preliminary solution.

The other, “impossible” way would be to start up the core again. Planting nuclear bombs in the center of Mars would not blow the planet apart since no known nuke is strong enough to overcome the mass and gravity of Mars. Nuking Mars core into action could be done by serially inserting many relatively small devices and blowing them up one by one and not simultaneously, which is also more realistic in terms of manufacturing. The radioactive material produced would stay in the core and help a more long-term heating similar to that in Earth’s core. One other way would be to put large, dense objects in orbit around Mars and heat the planet via tidal forces. Mars already has two such objects: Phobos and Deimos. That’s not enough. We might need Ceres, in addition to a few more asteroids. However, not only mass matters but also orbital eccentricity, so even just making the orbits of Phobos and Deimos more eccentric may do the trick. And even if that is not enough, the imported worlds need not be as big as Ceres, as long as they are made eccentric enough. Manipulated spacetimes would be another way to create tides. Sonic or artificial “seismic” waves could also be used to create friction heating inside Mars.

In the future, if we terraform Mars or other popular planets, there will be people who do not want these planets to be terraformed (for issues such as the natural preservation, or preserving possible undiscovered alien life), and people who do may spark conflict between them and the people who want to terraform.

Another argument is, “We’ve nearly destroyed our own planet. Why destroy another?”

The anti-congestion argument counter-criticisms the conflict notion as well as the myth of Humans being inherently destructive, but it does not counter-criticism environmental conservation.

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Terraforming of Mars – Space Colonization Wiki – Wikia

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Psoriasis Prevention

Posted: at 8:09 am

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder. It causes skin cells to grow abnormally fast and to build up on top of the skin. These extra cells produce thick, shiny scales with dry, itchy red patches that are sometimes painful. The patches can be small or large and may vary in intensity over time.

About7.5 millionpeople in the United States have psoriasis. The exact cause of psoriasis isnt known. However, psoriasis is more common among those with a family history of the condition.

The symptoms of psoriasis may vary from person to person. Some of the more common symptoms include:

The symptoms of psoriasis may come and go, but theres no cure for the condition. The best way to prevent symptoms is to avoid known triggers. Psoriasis triggers vary from person to person. So its important to identify the specific factors that make your symptoms worse and that help relieve them. Here are some things you can do to prevent psoriasis flare-ups:

The daily stresses of life can have a negative impact on anyone, but they are particularly problematic for people with psoriasis. The body tends to have an inflammatory reaction to stress. This response can cause a psoriasis flare-up.

Its important to reduce the amount of stress in your life as much as possible. You can try:

Certain medications can interfere with the bodys autoimmune response and cause inflammation, which can trigger psoriasis. These medications include:

Make sure you speak with your doctor about any prescription or over-the-counter medications youre taking. Your doctor may switch you to another medication or change your dosage if they suspect your medication is causing psoriasis outbreaks. Dont stop taking your medication without talking to your doctor first, even if you believe your medication is triggering a flare-up.

Injuries to the skin can trigger psoriasis in some people. This is known as the Koebner phenomenon. Common skin injuries that trigger psoriasis include sunburns and scratches.

Taking good care of your skin can help prevent these types of injuries. When doing activities that may cause skin injury, you should always take extra precautions, including:

Call your doctor right away if you notice psoriasis symptoms after a skin injury. When its caught early, the Koebner phenomenon can be treated effectively.

Infections are known to trigger psoriasis because they put stress on the immune system, causing an inflammatory reaction. Strep throat in particular is associated with the onset of guttate psoriasis, especially in children. However, psoriasis flare-ups may occur after an earache, tonsillitis, or a respiratory or skin infection.

Its important to seek treatment right away if you suspect you have an infection. If you have a skin injury, such as a cut or wound, make sure to clean it properly and keep it covered to prevent infection. Other ways to prevent an infection include:

Being obese or overweight appears to make psoriasis symptoms worse. So its important to manage your weight by exercising and eating a healthful diet. If you have trouble with this, you may want to see a nutritionist for assistance. A nutritionist will help you figure out how much food and what particular foods you should eat every day to lose weight.

Certain foods appear to cause inflammation in the body, which can trigger psoriasis symptoms in some people. Other foods seem to help reduce inflammation and the occurrence of flare-ups.

Foods that may cause inflammation include:

Foods that may reduce inflammation include:

You may also benefit from taking vitamins or supplements if your diet is lacking certain nutrients. Make sure to consult your doctor or a nutritionist before adding vitamins or supplements to your diet. Some may interfere with the effectiveness of certain medications.

Identifying your triggers is critical for reducing or preventing symptoms of psoriasis. It may not always be possible to prevent psoriasis symptoms. But sticking to your treatment plan and avoiding triggers can help keep your symptoms to a minimum. Talk to your doctor if you need help identifying your triggers or want suggestions on how to reduce your outbreaks.

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Psoriasis Prevention

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Transhumanism Australia

Posted: September 14, 2016 at 1:11 am

[Update 2016.06.20] -Treat ageing as a disease – let’s spread the word on election day!

Meow-Ludo Disco Gamma Meow-Meow Really Wants You To Care About Science -The Huffington Post

Chip Implants – The New Credit Cards?

[Update 2016.05.21]- Triple H FM radio interview with transhumanist and Science Party Candidate for Berowra, Brendan Clarke!

[Update 2016.05.18] – Matt Barrie Supports Science Party

[Update 2016.05.10]- Podcast with Questionable Content – AI For Prime Minister!

[Update 2016.05.05]- Coverage of Zoltan Istvan and the Transhumanist Partyby Vocativ!

[Update 2016.04.27]- Transhumanism Australia Update blog is up!Science Party Candidates, Design Workshops, Biohackers, Effective Altruism and More!

[Update 2016.04.09]- “CRISPR: A Genetic Cut and Paste Tool” from The Verge

[Update 2016.03.21]- Blog update is up! Future Day, Biohack+Ethereum, Basic Income and More!

[Update 2016.03.20] – The Tiny Key To Ageing

[Update 2016.03.18]- Dr Brian Greene in Sydney, Luna Park During Q&A

[Update 2016.03.12]- Real Future: Meet Zoltan Istvan, the Transhumanist Running For President (Episode 5)

Cleaned up homepage and moved old stuff to Archives

[Update 2016.3.01]- Happy Future Day! The videos from the Sydney event are up!

[Update 2016.02.26] – Transhumanism Australia on Vice AU!

[Update 2016.02.25]- Zoltan on The Feed – SBS 2!

[Update 2016.01.26] – New AI blog on Sightings from the Edge: Artificial Intelligence – January 2016. See our page dedicated to AI

[Update 2016.01.23] – How Will You Die? (Unless We Do Something About It)

Sign the petition to deem ageing as a disease.

[Update 2016.01.10]- Update to our page onAutomation. Enjoy!

[Update 2016.01.06] – Podcast with Questionable Content onSimulated Transhuman Overlords!

[Update 2016.01.02] -We’ve started uploading videos on our Facebook page and YouTube channel!

[Update 2015.12.31] – Zoltan’s 2015 wrap up!

[Update 2015.12.30] -Join the chat group on Slack for all transhumanists around the world! If you haven’t received an invite already, send an email to info@transhumanism.com.au

[Update 2015.11.29] -Check out our new page onTranshumanism in pop culture!

[Update 2015.11.09]

Join us in signing this petition to deem ageing as a disease!

[Update 2015.10.17]Transhumanist Leandro Brun joins Sunday Night Safran on Triple J radio! (Skip to 43:45)

INTRO

Welcome to the official site shared by Transhumanism Australia – the nonprofit organisation, and Transhumanist Party Australia – the Australian political organisation.

TRANSHUMANISM

Transhumanism(abbreviated as H+ or h+) is an international cultural and intellectual movement with an eventual goal of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities.

Transhumanismis a positive philosophy about the future based in optimism, rational thinking and the application of science and technology to improve the human condition. We seek to live longer, stay healthier, and become smarter and even more physically fit. We want to develop tools and technologies to help ourselves and others do the same.

Here’s a well designed FAQ on What Is Transhumanism.

TRANSHUMANISM AUSTRALIA

Transhumanism in Australia is a nonprofit organisation dedicated to our communities which educate and invest in scientific research and technologies enhancing the human biological condition.

Get involved with the Transhumanist movement today!

For a timeline of Transhumanism throughout history, check out the coverage by The Verge.

TRANSHUMANIST PARTY AUSTRALIA (TPAU)

TPAU is an Australian political organisation dedicated to putting science, health, and technology at the forefront of the Australian political agenda.

TPAU aims to uphold the energy and political might of millions of transhumanist advocates around the world who desire to usescience and technology to significantly improve our lives.

The co-founders of TPAU arelisted here. Join ourFacebook groupto meet our existing TPAU admins and the transhumanist community in Australia!

Our party’s core ideas and goals can be found in theTranshumanistDeclaration.The Transhumanist Party in the United States wasfoundedby futurist and philosopherZoltan Istvanon October 7, 2014 as a nonprofit organisation. Istvan manages the party and is its 2016 US Presidential candidate.

Check out thecalendarfor a list of upcoming events, and please considervolunteering for the partyormaking a donation.

Together we can vastly improve Australia through effective policy and investment in science, health and technology. Help us create a better future for all Australians.

Become a member today!

Find out more about us belowand get to know our team.

TPAU is not currently registered with the AEC. We have an alliance with theScience Partyto pool our votes and therefore contribute to shaping the policies of the Science Party. The Science Party’s values are aligned with ours and you can find out about their policieshere.

Please support us by clicking on the sponsored ad below or throughout the website, or by making a donation!

GLOBAL NETWORK OF TRANSHUMANISTS

Transhumanist Party Globalis an organisation co-founded byAmon TwymanandZoltan Istvan,dedicated to supporting Transhumanist Parties around the world and encouraging effective cooperation between them.

H+Pedia is a wiki for a single source of truth on all things transhumanism, created by Chris Monteiro and David Wood

2045 Initiative

MAKING TRANSHUMANISM MAINSTREAM

Transhumanism is becoming more and more popular every day, and we hope to desensitise the term itself so that people can understand what the movement is about. Here’s a video fromRhett & LinkfromGood Mythical Morningthat did a great job of this:

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Transhumanism Australia

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Offshore Definition | Investopedia

Posted: September 11, 2016 at 5:30 pm

What is ‘Offshore’

Offshore identifies any item that is located or based outside of one’s national boundaries. The term “offshore” is used to describe foreign banks, corporations, investments and deposits. A company may legitimately move offshore for the purpose of tax avoidance or to enjoy relaxed regulations. Offshore financial institutions can also be used for illicit purposes such as money laundering and tax evasion.

Offshore can refer to a variety of foreign-based entities or accounts. In order to qualify as offshore, the accounts must be based in any country other than the customers or investors home nation, existing somewhat separately from the persons other resources and assets.

In the terms of business activities, offshoring is often referred to as outsourcing. This is the act of establishing certain portions of the business functions, such as manufacturing or call centers, in a nation other than the one in which the business most often does business. This is often done to take advantage of more favorable conditions in a foreign country, such as lower wage requirements or looser regulations, and can result in significant cost savings for the business.

Offshore investing can involve any situation in which the investors reside outside of the nation in which they are investing. This may require the creation of accounts in the nation in which the investor wishes to participate.

Offshore banking involves the securing of assets in financial institutions in foreign countries. This practice, which may be limited by the laws of the customers home nation, can be used to avoid certain unfavorable circumstances should the funds be kept in a financial institution in the home nation. This can include the avoidance of tax obligations as well as making it more difficult for these assets to be seized by a person or entity in the home nation. For those who work internationally, the ability to save and use funds in a foreign currency for international dealings can be a benefit. This can provide a simpler way to access funds in the needed currency without have to account for rapidly changing exchange rates.

Due to the fact that banking regulations vary from nation to nation, it is possible the country in which your funds are located does not offer the same protections as other nations.

Businesses with significant sales overseas, such as Apple Inc. and Microsoft Corp., may take the opportunity to keep related profits overseas in markets with lower tax burdens. In 2015, it was estimated that $2.10 trillion in profits were held overseas, across 304 U.S. corporations, which was an 8% rise when compared to 2014.

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Offshore Definition | Investopedia

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Eczema – National Library of Medicine – PubMed Health

Posted: at 5:19 pm

Evidence reviews Effects of antihistamines on eczema

Eczema is a common chronic disease. Itch is the most important symptom, and eczema is often accompanied by dry skin. Skin lesions include rash, redness, swelling of the skin, crusts, oozing, and sometimes also bleeding as a consequence of persistent scratching. Although the disease can resolve during childhood, it might also recur in or persist into adult life. The cause of eczema is considered to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Moisturisers, topical corticosteroids, and topical immunomodulators are the mainstay during treatment of eczema, while more severe cases might need UV light therapy or systemic immunosuppressants. Itch is very difficult to treat and leads to scratching, which leads to more inflammation of the skin, and often people with eczema end up in a vicious circle of itching and scratching. The role of histamine in itching associated with eczema is not fully elucidated, but oral H1 antihistamines have been used for many years in the treatment of eczema. These might have been used largely for their sedative action, with highly sedative antihistamines, e.g. chlorpheniramine and hydroxyzine. However, oral H1 antihistamines are widely used in the treatment of allergic disorders, such as urticaria, allergic rhinitis, and allergic conjunctivitis, but their efficacy in alleviating itch and eczema remains unclear. This systematic review sought evidence for the effects and safety of the use of oral antihistamines for eczema, to guide their use in clinical practice.

Atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis or childhood eczema) is a big problem worldwide. The skin of people with atopic eczema often contains high numbers of a bacterium called Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus).

This review of clinical trials aimed to find out whether topical pimecrolimus is better than topical corticosteroids or tacrolimus for treating eczema in infants, children and adults by assessing the improvement of eczema and adverse events associated with treatments.

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Eczema is a common chronic disease. Itch is the most important symptom, and eczema is often accompanied by dry skin. Skin lesions include rash, redness, swelling of the skin, crusts, oozing, and sometimes also bleeding as a consequence of persistent scratching. Although the disease can resolve during childhood, it might also recur in or persist into adult life. The cause of eczema is considered to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Moisturisers, topical corticosteroids, and topical immunomodulators are the mainstay during treatment of eczema, while more severe cases might need UV light therapy or systemic immunosuppressants. Itch is very difficult to treat and leads to scratching, which leads to more inflammation of the skin, and often people with eczema end up in a vicious circle of itching and scratching. The role of histamine in itching associated with eczema is not fully elucidated, but oral H1 antihistamines have been used for many years in the treatment of eczema. These might have been used largely for their sedative action, with highly sedative antihistamines, e.g. chlorpheniramine and hydroxyzine. However, oral H1 antihistamines are widely used in the treatment of allergic disorders, such as urticaria, allergic rhinitis, and allergic conjunctivitis, but their efficacy in alleviating itch and eczema remains unclear. This systematic review sought evidence for the effects and safety of the use of oral antihistamines for eczema, to guide their use in clinical practice.

Probiotic supplements for pregnant women and babies can prevent the development of eczema in some children. Probiotics have been better researched than prebiotics.

Atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis or childhood eczema) is a big problem worldwide. The skin of people with atopic eczema often contains high numbers of a bacterium called Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus).

See all (40)

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Eczema – National Library of Medicine – PubMed Health

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