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The Evolutionary Perspective
Category Archives: Eczema
Posted: February 20, 2017 at 6:46 pm
A picture says a thousand words, but onsocial media, they dont always tell the whole story.
Gray posted two side-by-side photos on of her face last week, calling the post a reality check. The first image, she wrote, ishow you see me when my eczema is under control, Ive done my makeup and Im feeling sassy. The second, she said, was taken when my eczema isnt under control, its very blotchy, sore and I cant wear any makeup.
Gray acknowledged that social media is a great way to show the good parts of people and their lives, but she wanted to use this image to remind her 139,000 followers that what you see on social media is not the full story, its not how that person will look or be alllllll the time!
Indeed. Eczema is common skin condition that affects over 30 million Americans. Symptoms can include redness, itching, inflammation, oozing and swelling of the skin. Promising trialsshow that relief may be on the way for some, and there are dermatologist-approved remediesand productsthat help people with eczema cope. Still, theres currently no cure.
The condition is still a big insecurity for Gray, she admits, but she said shes learning to accept myself knowing that everyone has their own struggles and insecurities and thats what makes us unique and special.
Posted: at 10:48 am
New hope for eczema
New hope for eczema. Approved treatment is the first new prescription for chronic, inflammatory atopic dermatitis in kids in more than a decade. February 01, 2017. By Lisette Hilton. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has announced its approval …
Posted: at 3:47 am
Everyone struggles withtheir own body insecurities, and most of us wouldn’t dream of broadcasting them on social medialet alone to more than 135,000 followers. But that’s exactly what Carys Gray, a fitness Instagramstar from Wales,did when she shareda photo ofan eczema flare-up on her face yesterday.
Gray’s post featured two side-by-side selfies:In the snapshot on the left, her makeup is on point, and she looks, well, flawless. In the picture on the right, the upper half of her face is covered in red patches.
We all have good days and we all have bad days,” Gray wrote in the caption. “I have a skin condition called eczema and sometimes my skin is happy as Larry and sometimes it has flare ups!!
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Eczema (also known as atopic dermatitis) is estimated to affect as many as 35 million Americans. “[It’s]a genetic condition where the skin barrier is not functioning as well as it should, making it more susceptible to environmental allergies, irritation, and infection,” dermatologist JoshuaZeichner, MD, explained in a prior interview with Health. “The skin cannot maintain hydration and becomes inflamed, leading to characteristic red, scaly rashes as well as significant itch.”
In a cruel twist, the mental toll of living with the conditioncan exacerbate the symptoms. “Stress can certainly impact the disease and make it worse,” said Dr. Zeichner, who is the director of Cosmetic and Clinical Research in Dermatology atMount Sinai Hospital in New York City.
Gray noted that when her eczema isn’t under control, her face is “very blotchy, sore, and I can’t wear any makeup.” She called it a “big insecurity,” and said she struggles with self-acceptance during a flare.
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The Instagram star ended her post with a reminder thatthe pictures wesee on social media don’t show how people look “alllllllthe time.” She hopes her side-by-side selfieswill serve as a reality check. “I’m learning to accept myself knowing that everyone has their own struggles and insecurities,” she wrote,”and that’s what makes us unique and special.”
Read the original post:
This Instagram Star Showed How Painful It Is to Have Eczema on … – Health.com
Posted: February 15, 2017 at 8:48 pm
DR CATHY STEPHENSON
Last updated05:00, February 16 2017
The common symptoms of eczema include red, dry, itchy, weepy or cracked skin.
Eczema is one of the most common health problems in childhood more than1 in 10 kids will have eczema at some point, and that rate is almost doubled for Maori and Pacific Island children.
Although not life-threatening, the effects of eczema can be devastating and wide-reaching: time off school, sleepless nights, and frequent medical appointments can all place immeasurable pressures on families and caregivers.
However, the good news is that often eczema can be controlled, if not cured, so here are some facts and tips that might be of use if you or your child are suffering:
*Eczema is a recurring, non-infectious, inflammatory skin condition; it is closely linked to other “atopic” conditions such as asthma and hayfever, and can often run in families.
*Eczema can appear in babies as early as a few weeks of age; many children will grow out of it by adulthood, but around 50 per centwill still have some symptoms by 20 years of age.
READ MORE: *Eczema can blight a childhood *How to manage eczema *Itching for a solution for eczema
* Eczema is characterised by dry skin, inflammationand a breakdown of the skin’s “barrier” function this leads to an increased risk of infection with staphylococcus bacteria, as well as a heightened response to irritants.
* The common symptoms of eczema include red, dry, itchy, weepy or cracked skin; the areas typically affected include face, neck, chest, behind the knees, inside the elbows and ankles, although any part of the body may be involved.
*Complications of eczema include skin infections, which can become very serious if left untreated, poor sleep which in turn can affect school performance, low self-esteem and anxiety.
* “Flare ups” of eczema can be caused by all sorts of things, including temperature changes, stress, illnessor exposure to “irritants” such as chemicals, soaps, water, pollens, moulds, dust and pet hair; for some children, diet may be a trigger too, especially foods containing dairy, wheat, eggs, nuts, seafood, preservatives and additives. Working out what particular triggers your child is susceptible to by keeping a diary of their symptoms is one of the most effective things you can do to help.
* Treatment should be aimed at minimising both the frequency and severity of flare-ups, rather than getting rid of symptoms completely. For treatment to be successful, parents and children need not only good, timely education about eczema and how to manage it, but ongoing support as well your doctor should be able to help, and can refer you to a local eczema nurse if required.
* Other than identifying and avoiding triggers, the mainstay of treatment for eczema is emollients (or special moisturisers) applied to the skin as frequently as is feasible. These moisturisers restore the skins barrier function as well as rehydrating it. Inadequate emollient use is the most likely reason for a flare-up or deterioration in symptoms.
*There are lots of emollients available on prescription, many of which are fully subsidised. It’s important to find the one that works best for you and your child creams or ointments that are too hard or time-consuming to put on will probably sit in the cupboard unused, so I always advise patients to try a few and let me know which one they prefer. They should be applied at least three times a day if possible, in generous quantities on average, a young child should use about 250g of emollient per week, while an older child should get through around 500g, or one big container. One way to help your child as they get older is to “decant” some of the cream or ointment into a smaller, clean container and encourage them to apply it during lunchtime at school, thus avoiding the skin getting too dried out. To avoid getting dangerous bugs into the cream, use a clean spoon to scoop it out, rather than your fingers.
* Some emollients specifically aqueous cream and emulsifying ointmentcan be used instead of soap; they should be mixed with warm water in a bath or shower, and applied to skin to both clean and hydrate it.
* Topically applied corticosteroids are used to treat “flares” in more severe eczema. Ideally, your doctor should help you work out the lowest-potency steroid cream or ointment needed to manage your symptoms it is important to use it as directed until the symptoms settle, and then stop use to give your skin “a break”. For some children with very severe eczema, treating with steroids for two days every week can prevent flare-ups occurring.
Oral antihistamines (to stop the itch-scratch cycle), oral antibiotics, oral steroidsor theapplication of creams using a method called “wet-wrapping” can all be helpful for children whose eczema is hard to control.
For more information visit allergy.org.nz
Dr Cathy Stephenson is a GP and forensic medical examiner.
Go here to see the original:
How to get a handle on childhood eczema – Stuff.co.nz
Posted: at 8:48 pm
Early Exposure Could Lead To Increased Asthma Risk
When the baby has eczema, and the allergen, dog, cat, dust, peanut, flour, wheat, comes in through that broken skin, it promotes sensitization, meaning more allergy later, and that leads to the development of respiratory symptoms, explains Dr …
View original post here:
Early Exposure Could Lead To Increased Asthma Risk – CBS Local
Posted: February 14, 2017 at 10:49 am
By Robert Preidt
MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) — It’s still flu season, and not too late to get your flu shot. But a new study suggests that people with eczema should request the vaccine be given into the muscle, rather than just under the skin.
That’s because the effectiveness of flu shots in people with eczema appears to vary, depending on how it’s given, researchers report.
The problem seems to lie with the fact that the cracked, dry skin of eczema patients is often colonized by Staphylococcus bacteria. And that seems to dampen the immune response from the flu vaccine — if the shot is given into the skin, the researchers said.
“Staphylococcus infections are a widespread problem among [eczema] patients, with up to 90 percent of patients with severe disease colonized by the bacteria,” lead researcher Dr. Donald Leung, of National Jewish Health in Denver, said in a hospital news release. He’s head of pediatric allergy and immunology at the medical center.
Leung’s team believes that people with eczema “are likely to get the most protection from traditional intramuscular influenza vaccines, rather than intradermal vaccines.”
Eczema is the most common chronic skin disease in the United States, affecting more than 15 percent of children. The condition persists into adulthood for about half of them.
As the researchers explained, intradermal (into the skin) flu vaccines were first approved for use in U.S. adults in 2011. Needle-phobics no doubt prefer them, because they involve smaller needles that penetrate less deeply and, “use significantly less material to achieve similar immunologic effects in most people,” according to the news release.
But Leung’s team wondered if intradermal shots would be as effective in people with eczema. So, the researchers tracked immune responses for 202 people with eczema and 136 people without the skin condition.
About half of the study participants got an intradermal flu vaccine, while the other half received the intramuscular shot.
The result: About a month later, only 11 percent of those who received an injection in the skin had developed protection against the strain of flu targeted by the vaccine, compared with 47 percent of those who received an injection into the muscle.
Leung’s team note that skin swabs taken from 42 percent of participants also tested positive for staph bacteria.
The researchers said it’s not yet clear if the presence of the bacteria was the cause of the lower flu immunization rate for those who got the intradermal shot.
However, the researchers pointed to prior studies that have shown that colonization of the skin by staph infections can cause immune cells to “retreat” from the skin. Staph bacteria also produce toxins that typically inhibit the activity of certain immune-system cells, the study authors explained.
Dr. Nika Finelt is a dermatologist at Northwell Health in Manhasset, N.Y. She called the study “important,” highlighting the need for special care when immunizing people with eczema.
Dr. Leonard Krilov, chair of pediatrics at Winthrop-University Hospital in Mineola, N.Y., agreed. He also believes the study highlights why children with eczema, especially, should get the flu shot.
“This emphasizes potential immune weakness in children with eczema, which could also put them at risk for more severe illness from influenza,” Krilov said. “Thus, these individuals should be targeted to receive influenza vaccine.”
The study was published online Feb. 13 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
WebMD News from HealthDay
SOURCES: Nika Finelt, MD., dermatologist, Northwell Health, Manhasset, NY; Leonard Krilov, MD, chairman of pediatrics and chief of the division of pediatric infectious disease, Winthrop-University Hospital, Mineola, NY; National Jewish Health, Denver, news release, Feb. 13, 2017
See the rest here:
Eczema May Leave Some Flu Shots Less Effective – WebMD
Posted: at 10:49 am
Abstract written by Katherine Heighway, medically reviewed by Dr. Robert Carlson, M.D.
Looks like you can put down that expensive moisturizer the cheap stuff will do the trick.
Using inexpensive petroleum jelly to moisturize newborns is effective in preventing eczema, according to a study published Dec. 5 by Northwestern University in JAMA Pediatrics. About 20 percent of children get the skin disorder and families may spend as much as 35 percent of their earnings to treat it.
The study was done by comparing the price of the moisturizers to how well they prevented eczema based on previous research.
Dr. Steve Xu, a physician at Northwestern University, said that eczema can lead to a higher risk of infections and sleep problems. So, if a cheap moisturizer can help prevent the skin disorder and save families money at the same time, Dr. Steve Xu is all for it.
Information on funding was not available.
Cheap Moisturizers Can Prevent Eczema in Infants – dailyRx