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Ed’s Guide to Alternative Therapies – pathguy.com

Posted: December 8, 2016 at 5:10 pm

f Ed’s Guide to Alternative Therapies

Contents:

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I’m a board-certified anatomic and clinical pathologist and operator of the largest one-person medical information site on the web. As a pathologist, it’s my job (among others) to examine tissue, tell what’s the matter, and predict the behavior of the disease and response to therapy. Like most other pathologists, I’m extremely successful at this. Like most other pathologists, I take a lot of pride in this. (Call us arrogant if you like. I am an honest physician who engages in public debates. When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me “arrogant” or “elitist” and claim I am secretly in the pay of the wicked pharmaceutical companies.) And if I screw up even once, I’m in MAJOR trouble.

Unlike many M.D.’s, I’m open-minded about what’s known as “alternative medicine”, i.e., therapies that are not recognized by mainstream medicine. During the 1980’s, I reviewed alternative medicine and found there was little to recommend. As the alternative medical community has responded to pressure to defend its claims by the usual methods of science, some areas have improved.

This site aims to let the public know what empirical evidence is available for various alternative remedies, especially studies published in refereed journals. This will enable people who must make decisions to rely on more than anecdotes and advertising.

This site will always be under intensive construction. Only a fool pretends to know everything. I cannot buy or read a book, but I am interested in your personal experiences (“anecdotes”), and especially in real work by real scientists (i.e., people taking serious precautions against self-deception.) Unless you specify otherwise, I’ll feel free to quote you.

I would be remiss without placing links to Quackwatch . The fact that I am less likely than some members to dismiss alternative claims out-of-hand probably reflects our differing life experience. Remember there are plenty of bad doctors in both “mainstream medicine” and “alternative medicine”.

Here’s the ranking system that this site will use:

The remedy has a plausable mechanism and has been given some basic tests, and/or has solidly passed two good, clear, controlled studies

The remedy makes sense pathophysiologically, and there is at least impressive anecdotal evidence

The anecdotal evidence seemed interesting to me, but that’s all there was.

I can see why somebody might have thought of this. But if this actually works better than a placebo and a little human kindness, we are all going to have to make some major readjustments in how we think about health and disease. Don’t spend too much money, or get your hopes up.

Bold indicates the remedy has passed a controlled, reasonable-sounding study for this use. Underlining means it failed. Claims that lack substantial testing are unmarked.

Here are some things that are NOT “alternative medicine”.

People who believe their own claims will make every effort to do controlled studies. If their therapy works, it should pass some controlled study sooner or later. If positive results are obtained, some other scientist will always try to duplicate the work. If this succeeds, the claim is “reproduced”, and you can present a truthful, honest claim to the public.People who don’t believe their own claims will start complaining about “lack of funding”, “the Heisenberg uncertainty principle”, “placebos are valuable and ethical too”, “politics in science”, “social causation”, “you create your own reality”, “Thomas Kuhn”, “closed-minded medical establishment”, “persecuted geniuses”, “we will NEVER treat individual whole-persons as statistics”, etc., etc.

Another very popular claim by charlatans, who admit they have no placebo-controlled studies, is to observe that the vast majority of today’s therapies have not been placebo-controlled. These people either don’t understand or are lying about the central model of a modern medical study — clinical equipoise. The control group isn’t people receiving no treatment. It is people receiving the most popular standard treatment. To be ethical, there must also be a reason to think the treatment will be superior.

“The Beautiful Truth” / “Dying to have known”: In Max Gerson’s era, no child was ever cured of leukemia. To demand that in 2009 we randomize children with leukemia between the modern therapy that cures that vast majority, and a “treatment” group getting only a magic raw-liver-and-vegetable-based diet and coffee enemas, without even an animal model, would be a crime against humanity. Go ahead and call me an unspiritual corrupt brainwashed bigot if you want — I’ve stopped answering my crank mail.

When lives are at stake, I don’t think asking for a controlled study is asking too much. Do you?

If there are published, controlled studies, find out what they showed.

If the statistical effect is pronounced and reproducible, you can be confident we have something real. If it is not reproduced, there may have been some intentional or unintentional bias in the original lab.

CAUTION: As charlatans become more sophisticated, you occasionally find books that list refereed journal publications by the dozen. For example, somebody promoting oral superoxide dismutase to prevent aging will cite references to the substance’s activities in the body, the harmful effects of free radicals, and so forth. This is the old salesman’s technique of telling a bunch of truths, so you won’t notice the lies… (1) Superoxide dismutase isn’t going to make it from your stomach into your cells, but will be destroyed; (2) free radicals may contribute to degenerative disease, but they do not cause aging; (3) animals that produce huge amounts of superoxide dismutase age as fast as others. If you’re in doubt, feel free to phone the authors of the papers that are cited in the dubious book… I’ve done so occasionally, and they have been VERY unhappy to learn that…

Possibility 2: Everybody knows it works. I’d like to illustrate this with an example. I like working out, and in the late 1980’s, I obtained an EMS unit that I’d heard could accelerate my muscle growth. The anti-quackery literature listed this as fraudulent, but it made sense biologically, and I decided to do a pilot study, using the EMS unit only on the right side of my body. The end-point would be three people telling me (without my asking) that I was asymmetric. This took about a month. I decided to report my study in a letter to the JAMA, but first I went again to the refereed literature and I discovered an article that described EMS as generally known to be effective in accelerating muscle hypertrophy.

Possibility 3: Nobody stands to make a buck. Nowadays I really doubt it. The unpatentable alternative remedies that obviously work (melatonin, DHEA, creatine, St. John’s wort, strontium for osteoporosis) are widely marketed, presumably for just a modest profit.

Any proposed mechanism of action can be wrong. For example, I was taught totally-wrong mechanisms of action for bismuth anti-ulcer remedies, dandruff shapoos, nitroglycerine for angina, and nitroprusside for hypertension. (I congratulate myself for having been skeptical as a student.) So if a proposed mechanism for an “alternative remedy” sounds wrong or even silly, don’t dismiss the remedy out-of-hand.

Be skeptical about remedies that cannot work by any means presently known to science or religion. I’m open to the reality of the supernatural — in fact, as a Christian, I’m committed to it (though not necessarily to the effectiveness of intercessory prayer or laying-on-of-hands.) Enough of this for now.

Acai Berries

The fruit of the acai palm tree, which like everything else contains some biologically active molecules, was presented as a multi-level marketing scheme in 2004. Claims included weight loss and “cleansing”. The shady work of the marketers is now history, as is Oprah’s successful lawsuit against them. A pilot study of acai for weight loss was a miserable and total failure (Nutr. J. 10: 45, 2011). At least the juice seems not to be toxic or carcinogenic (Toxicology 278: 46, 2010. There junk journal claims (“adding it to cigarets prevents emphysma in mice”), etc., etc.

Acupuncture

References to follow.

Many people who have experienced acupuncture treatment believe that it caused physiologic changes beyond just suggestion and relaxation. As acupuncture moves from folk medicine into real scientific therapeutics, physicians will insist on sorting out the placebo effect and the cultural overlay.

Acupuncture appears to have effects on neurally-mediated reflexes. Because the reflexes are so subtle, studies will remain empirical for a long time to come. Positive studies will need to be replicated, especially since the strong feelings that some people have in favor of acupuncture may introduce bias. This will probably happen soon, but to date, there are no findings of effectiveness (i.e., this particular acupuncture procedure works in this particular situation) that are robust after being replicated in several different series.

Serious studies of whether traditional acupuncture is actually more effective than placebo now use sham acupuncture as the control. In “sham” acupuncture, the operator deliberately needles the wrong points. This isn’t double-blind, but it’s a start. There are positive results (i.e., real acupuncture is significantly more effective than sham acupuncture) for nausea and vomiting after gynecologic surgery (weak), epicondylitis, anxiety in the emergency pre-hospital care setting, and even parental anxiety during anesthesia induction in a child. In one study of nausea and vomiting after tonsillectomy, the control group did better and the sham group did worse than those not treated at all.

In a few instances, acupuncture has proved superior to a standard medication. One example is an electrical technique for post-operative nausea and vomiting after cosmetic surgery. In another instance, stimulation of a particular needle-point proved as effective as a standard anti-emetic for post-operative nausea and vomiting in children. Another study obtained a similar result for children undergoing anesthesia in the dentist’s office.

In the anesthetized patient, the placebo phenomenon is less likely to be operating. Electro-acupuncture is now widely used in Europe to reduce the need for anesthetic agents, and the effect was strongly significant in a US double-blind study.

There are also numerous negative studies, in which particular techniques applied to particular clinical problems showed no significant effect. This is in spite of the fact that acupuncture proponents might be reluctant to share a negative study. An electrical technique failed for low back pain. Another electrical technique failed to reduce the need for anesthetics. A major study showed no effect for asthma. Urologists were unable to obtain any benefits by needling the “kidney-ureter-bladder” meridian. “Minute sphere acupuncture” failed to help postoperative pain or morphine use. Despite an apparent effect in one study of cocaine addicts, acupuncture did not outperform relaxation or sham treatment for cocaine addiction in a second study. Unlike some other complementary therapies, acupuncture did not show an effect in a major study of chronic low back pain. Although two non-blinded studies of acupuncture for tinnitus suggested an effect, four blinded ones showed no significant effect.

Some large studies have actually not included a sham-acupuncture group when it would be easy to do so. These do help make it clear that acupuncture is relatively safe. Recent studies without a sham control but with positive results compared to no-acupuncture include one for low back pain in the elderly, another for nausea and vomiting during cyclophosphamide infusion for rheumatic disease, another for wheelchair-user’s shoulder, another for childhood constipation, and another for labor pain. Two British studies found that a trip to the acupuncturist gave good results for chronic headache patients at relatively low cost to the health care system. The question was, “Is this worth the money?” rather than “Is this anything more than a placebo?” The authors characterized their own approach as “pragmatic”. In turn, there are ethical questions involved in placebo treatment, even to make people feel good.

Some studies of electroacupuncture claiming to show a benefit (i.e., for low back pain, nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, nausea and vomiting of myeloablative chemotherapy) have used as controls a non-electrical apparatus, which is not really blinding.

Physiologists are starting to characterize the reflexes involved in needle insertion. One surprising finding, awaiting confirmation, is the induction of mirror-image electrical activity when a myofascial trigger point is stimulated. Controlled studies showing no clinical benefit (for example, post-stroke leg spasticity) still showed curious reflex effects from treatment. Animals have reflexes in response to acupuncture treatment that may be abolished by certain medications.

Despite the training they receive, several acupuncturists examining the same patient are likely to recommend widely different needle placements. This was demonstrated in a test using a low-back- pain patient, and perhaps this is no different from other physicians. Practice is likely to become more standardized as the scientific work continues. Acupuncturists will need to decide how much to retain of the cultural trappings and imaginative physiology. We can expect that most will regard the “theory” as something to be treasured as a bygone age’s attempt to understand the riddles of the body. Instead, its practitioners will recognize that the effects are really mediated by subtle reflexes that are not fundamentally unlike the other processes by which the body maintains its health.

Acupuncture seems to be safe overall. One acupuncturist perforated the right ventricle of the heart causing hemopericardium, and there have been several instances of pneumothorax. I have been pleasantly surprised with how few other complications have been reported during the last few years. My friends in oriental medicine asked me to mention that it’s now standard to use single-use, presterilized, disposable needles.

Artemisinin for cancer

The anti-malarial drug artemisinin and its relatives are being promoted by the alternative-medicine community for cancer in general. There is some interest in their possible anti-cancer properties, and a few decent papers, mostly focusing on which patterns of gene expression predict that the drug will kill cells in tissue culture (Pharmacogenetics Journal 6: 269, 2006). They’re well-known to do this, because they are poisons, and the fact that they kill cancer cells (J. Med. Chem. 49: 2731, 2006, from the Hop) should come as no surprise. Especially, they may have activity as angiogenesis blockers.

The foremost proponent in the US seems to be Dr. Henry Lai, whose professional degree is in psychology and who teaches in the department of bioengineering at U. Wash. His focus on the effects of non-ionizing fields on humans seems to have led him into fringe medicine, and he has been writing papers about artemisinin as an anti-cancer agent since 1995. He notes that breast cancer cells reportedly (a few old papers in obscure journals) tend to have more surface transferrin (iron-binder) than their benign counterparts. So artemisinin (which generates toxic free radicals when exposed to iron) could induce apoptosis selectively in breast cancer. He managed to demonstrate this effect in a culture of breast cancer cells awash in iron-binder (Life Sciences 70: 49, 2001). Artemisinin alone was a dismal failure. At least he’s honest. It sounds to me as if the breast cancer cells simply were more adherent for the iron-binder; the experiment does not support the claim that they have greatly increased transferrin surface levels. However, around this time, Dr. Lai speculated about how one could saturate the allegedly-increased transferrin molecules with enough iron, not mentioning that flooding the body with iron is itself dangerous. The iron-bearing pigment that accumulates in malaria is orders-of-magnitude richer in iron than one could possibly accumulate simply from having extra surface transferrin. (At least, both are ferric.)

Readers should know that there are no reports to date (despite ten years of interest, especially by Dr. Lai) of artemisinin inducing even a partial remission of any cancer in any animal system. The claim that there are 350 papers showing an effect on cancer is just another lie. The 88 that I found were mostly cell-culture studies without benign cells as controls. Conspiracy buffs who assume that the drug companies have shunned artemisinin since it’s a naturally-occurring substance and therefore less profitable should note that taxol (a similar case) became part of mainstream breast cancer therapy as soon as it proved to work.

There just might be an effect. Dr. Lai actually got a chance to try it as a breast cancer preventative in mice in 2006 (Cancer Letters 231: 43, 2006). This was the only in vivo study I could find. He claimed an effect with p

If you want to try artermisinin for cancer prevention or treatment, it’s your decision.

UPDATE: 2011. The discussion continues. A correspondent who believes herself to have been cured of breast cancer entirely by artemisinin brought to my attention a very lively ongoing discussion as to whether the substance produces neurotoxicity (see Clin. Inf. Dis. 43: 1618, 2006.) This actually does not reference the index case. Dr. Lai continues to publish both on animals and cell culture and has findings that are interesting. There are still no reports of cancer regression in an animal system, but Cancer Letters 231: 43, 2006 (which is an elite journal) published the results of a model in which the treated animals got fewer / smaller tumors after treatment with a carcinogen (anti-cancer effect, altered carcinogen metabolism, or someting else?) I’m going to stand by my statement, “There just might be an effect”, and wait with hope for the success of Dr.Lai, an investigator who is obviously a sincere and decent person.

Beta-mannan to reverse dysplasia of the cervix

Beta-mannans are presently being promoted by one individual as able to reverse most cases of dysplasia (pre-cancer) of the cervix. The principal promoter bases his claim on anecdotal evidence, but does claim 95% success.

Mannans are found in tomatoes and may have something to do with their empirical link to a lower rate of some cancers. They may prevent some of the mutations that accumulate to cause cancers. It’s harder to see how they would reverse the mutations once they have happened. (“That’d be like reversing loss of virginity.”) The promoter claims instead that beta-mannan stimulates the immune system, which is weak in Americans because of our alleged poor diet and smoking habits.

To his credit, the principal proponent has a side-note that urges women with frank cancer to get the required surgery.

People considering this “complementary remedy” need to know the facts.

Until I see a publication, I’ll reserve final judgement. But I’m very much afraid this one won’t work out.

The principal promoter of this complementary remedy is none other than the author of the old “Phantom Notes”, which I found very helpful when I was on my surgery rotation. They were a superb resource; curiously, we had to send away for them and get them delived to us by mail. A few months later, a sheaf of “Bible Prophecy” stuff “that proved the truth of the Christian religion” was mailed to our PO boxes from “The Phantom”. My Jewish friends especially did not appreciate this. “Bible Prophecy” still appears on the “beta mannan for cervical dysplasia” site. Again, you’ll need to draw your own conclusions. In September 2003, a correspondent shared with me the court decision in a lawsuit against Dr. _______ for plagairism in connection with the Phantom notes. The judge had some very harsh things to say about him even back in the 1970’s.

Anti-Malignin Antibody Test for Cancer

See my notes. This allegedly is an extremely sensitive and specific way of determining whether cancer is present in the body, and its proponents talk about its making pap smears, mammograms, and so forth obsolete. But after more than 20 years, only the original “discoverer” has described this substance as really existing. In a short (unrefereed) letter in “Lancet” announcing that his serum stains three different kinds of cancer cells, the discoverer failed to mention any control using any benign cells. (If the fundamental idea is correct, benign cells would be unstained.) I’m ready to draw the obvious conclusion. To the lab’s credit, there is no talk of “conspiracies” or “cover-ups” or “persecution”.

Botanicals for Diabetes

There is presently an online promotion of a “secret” natural remedy for both type I and type II diabetes. You’ll have to find the site yourself, but the claims are obviously bogus.

A supposed scientific article is appended to the site. It is clear that this was not accepted for publication, even by a non-refereed junk journal. For starters, the composition of the remedy is not given. Second, the authors mention at least three previous studies but do not cite references. Third, there are no controls. There are also illiterate expressions. (“There is a remarkable phenotypic difference in Type 2 Diabetes. The connective importance of the genetic and environment causes of type 2 diabetes varies between people.”) These people claim, in their ad, to make pancreatic islands regrow, but there are no tissue studies in the article. This is a sensational claim, and if there were any reason to think it were true, some scientific journal would have grabbed up the evidence. The shabby quality of the work is shown by the ad page, which states “The clinical study further concluded, ‘… treatment with _____ partially brought about a regenerative capability for the damaged endocrine tissues as evidenced by increased islet cell numbers and resulted in restoration of near normal architecture of pancreatic islet (sic.).'” Anyone who reads the fine print will see that this is simply untrue. The study cited shows nothing of the sort, but simply makes this statement about a second, unreferenced study. Even the name of the “independent lab” that supposedly did the tests is concealed from the reader.

If you want to send these people a few hundred dollars for their secret mix, that is your business.

Right now (2005), current articles in the genuine scientific literature on the use of “natural” remedies for diabetes are conspicuous by their absence. For a review of how herbalists design complementary therapy for diabetics, see Acta. Diab. 41: 91, 2004. “The ten most frequently suggested herbal remedies were gymnema, psyllium, funagreek, bilberry, garlic, Chinese ginseng, dandelion, burdock, prickly pear cactus, and bitter melon. The ten most frequently recommended dietary supplements were biotin, vanadium, chromium, vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc, selenium, alpha-lipoic acid, and fructo-oligosaccharides.” The reviewers felt some of these might help at least some. This is far from the grandiose claims made by the current promotion.

Bromelain / pineapple for goiter and so forth

Bromelain is an enzyme in pineapple that, as it happens, pathologists use in blood bank testing. In July 2010 I was alerted to promotion of magic pineapple juice, especially as a treatment for goiter (enlarged thyroid gland). This is very, very surprising. If enough bromelain were to get through your gut mucosa to have any effect, it would start by gravely altering your red cell antigens, like it does in lab.

Just to be sure, I ran a check of the NIH database that would find any study — even a mouse study in a bottom-class junk journal — on bromelain / pineapple and thyroid disease. Exactly nothing.

Various plants contain various chemicals that can enlarge thyroid glands. There may perhaps be something in some plant that has as as-yet-unknown effect on thyroid glands. The burden of proof is on the person trying to sell you the magic pineapple extract. It’s your money.

If you have a goiter, the most important thing to find out is “Why?” Common nodular goiter often responds well to conventional treatment with thyroid supplementation. Medical disease of the thyroid is likely to kill if not diagnosed properly. And of course there’s plenty of thyroid cancer. It’s your life.

Follow-up: When I originally heard of the claim, I did not believe that any bromelain would make it through the gut mucosa. A correspondent brought to my attention Am. J. Phys. 273: G139, 1997. After taking 3 grams of bromelain a day, plasma levels reached as high as 5,000 picograms/mL. A picogram is one trillionth of a gram. I did the arithmetic and assuming a serum half-life of one day, one molecule of bromelain out of 600,000 will be absorbed. No drug company would issue an oral preparation with such a poor level of absorption. I stand corrected, and would invite the promoters of magic pineapple juice to take some of the stuff, or pure bromelain, intravenously and see how much good it does them. By the way, when I was in the blood bank, technicians were warned against inhaling bromolein powder because many people (maybe 50% of technicians) become allergic to it by this route and develop skin and lung problems.

Cesium Chloride for cancer

Cesium is an ion that cannot bond covalently with any other atom or molecule under any circumstances in a living body. Except for its ability to interact with electrical membranes, with potentially lethal results especially in the presence of kidney failure or if given by vein, it is as inert a substance as you can introduce into your body. However, taking a large dose is presently being touted as a cancer preventative or remedy, especially by a group representing itself as the “Life Science University Medical Center” or the “Life Science Universal Medical Center”. (One must be a misprint, which is surprising in their own publication. I’ve taught in accredited medical schools for a quarter-century and I have never heard of them.) The author claims to conduct experiments in Rockville, Maryland, suggesting to the unwary that they are affiliated with the National Institues of Health. These people report an uncontrolled series of 50 end-stage cancer patients who were given cesium chloride plus other “holistic” remedies. The reported results are hard to understand:

An overall 50% recovery from cancer by the Cs. therapy was determined in the fifty patients treated. Data from the autopsy (sic.) indicated the absence of tumors in patients dying within fourteen days of the Cs-treatment.

One wonders what killed the people who died if they had no tumors. The author is a person using the pen name “Annie Appleseed” who admits to having no medical qualifications, but apparently claiming she performed and supervised these activities in 1981-2. It is hard to understand how the three patients in coma were fed whole grains and vegetables. Even harder to understand is why, if these accounts are true, there was never a publication, not even in an unrefereed junk journal. Further, why was this not noticed by the communist nations? Cancer was rampant in Russia and China, and they had an effective spy network. The supposedly-corrupt profit-driven capitalist medical establishment would have had no way of stopping the use of an effective cancer remedy which (had it worked) would have been a masterful stroke in the propaganda war against the West.

Of course, there is no refereed-journal publication on cesium chloride’s anti-cancer effects. The explanation of how cesium chloride is supposed to work is obvious baloney. Supposedly, cesium in the extracellular milieu causes the pH of the cell to increase. Cesium chloride is cited as an alkaline salt, which raises the pH of the fluid itself. Cesium can supposedly enter a cancer cell but not a benign cell, and neutralize the acids that supposedly cause cancer. Finally, they claim that the pH in a cancer cell is “as low as 5.5”, and that cesium in the milieu raises the pH to 8.0 which results in cell death within hours.

People considering this proposed mechanism should remember their high school biology. Simply because a cell is not dividing does not cause it to die. (Consider your healthy brain, heart, muscle, and most other cells.) Cesium chloride is not an alkalinizing agent any more than is table salt. Ask a grammar-school chemistry teacher. The claim that cesium can enter cancer cells but not benign cells is referenced only to the work of Brewer, a mid-1900’s cancer charlatan with a physics background and if its own proponents believed it, they could easily test their own claim in any tissue-culture lab and publish in one of the junk journals for an honest reference. Of course they have not done so. The idea that unnamed acids cause cancer and can be neutralized is like saying the moon is made of green cheese. The claim that a cancer cell might have an internal pH of 5.5 is ridiculous. (Below 6.5 will kill any cell in a few minutes. And the dyes I use to stain cancer cells include pH indicators similar to litmus; of course no such pH change is evident.)

Of course, there are anecdotes. One patient whose cancer supposedly was observed by the author to shrivel to almost nothing within one hour after cesium administration. (Regrettably, soon afterwards she fell and broke her neck from a cancer-related hip fracture.) If this had actually happened anywhere near the National Institutes of Health, it would have been stolen by one of the research piranhas and published in a real journal. Of course there is no such publication, and “Annie Appleseed” cites a massive conspiracy.

Other sites repeat the grossly false claim that Otto Warburg’s 1931 Nobel Prize was awarded for demonstrating that anaerobiasis causes cancer. He actually distinguished between aerobic and anaerobic metabolism and figured out how the cytochromes work. You can read his Nobel Prize lecture for yourself if you still don’t realize that these people are trying to sucker you. Not surprisingly, these people also repeat the false claims that the Hunza people and reservation-dwelling Hopi people have a remarkably low incidence of cancer, attributed this time to abundant cesium in the diet.

Cesium chloride is a common chemical that costs almost nothing, though there might be a fee for administering it orally. If the proposed mechanism is accurate, then it should be sufficient therapy to provide a cancer cure. However, its proponents say it only works when given with other holistic remedies and a diet, typcially of uncooked foods, and under the supervision of a holistically-minded nutritionist.

Cesium in combination with aloe vera went to law in Maryland after a physician and two other people pretending to be physicians promised cures for cancer and AIDS. They went to prison. It used to be described at the Maryland Attorney General’s site. At his site on coral calcium, Steve Barrett claims the regimen actually killed some people, but I couldn’t find anything to support this.

Some of the cesium chloride sites accuse mainstream physicians of willful ignorance, attribute the vilest motives to them, compare them all to Hitler, etc., etc. If you still wish to become involved with the cesium chloride people, that is your business.

Citrus bergamot for dyslipidemia

The oil from the peel of an exotic orange has been used for decades by aromatherapists for various reasons. It is pungent and fragrant. The oil components also have some pharmacologic activity; it contains naringin, the bitter substance in grapefruit which is known to have a host of pharmacologic actions and especially drug-interactions.

One article from Spain in 2009 has been much-cited but I could not find it in a literature search, reports are that it has no controls, and the results seem too good to be true (which usually means they won’t be verified.)

The one article in a NIH-listed journal (the obscure Fitotherapia 82: 309, 2011, from the med school in Catanzaro, Italy) gives results of oral trial on rats and people; there was a moderate cholesterol-lowering effect and some tendency to lower blood glucose in diabetics. The effects were most marked in folks with the metabolic syndrome. The authors simply called for some real, quality studies on humans because the kind of work they were doing is prone to false-positives. They did note that the oil inhibits HMG-CoA reductase just like today’s statins.

That’s it so far. Remedies that actually work generally get snapped up by the research piranhas and become mainstream, even when nobody stands to make a lot of money.

There’s also a rat study in which the oil, injected into the blood, made the rats excited; no surprise. I eat orange peel myself sometimes, and if you want to try this out, it’s your choice.

Clay Eating / Clay Therapy

Using clay as an aid to health. Special miracle clays from exotic locations (some of which supposedly concentrate cosmic energies) are sold to the “alternative and complementary community.” There are probably some reasonable uses for clays in cosmetics, and I can’t address the use of clay as a deodorant.

The claims are extremely diverse. Common sense would suggest that clay-eating would alter the gut flora and physical properties. For many years, a kaolin clay-based formulation has been in use in mainstream medicine as a diarrhea remedy, and some obscure journals are now looking at bentonite as well. Clay is included in some animal feeds, and some species consume certain clays selectively. Pilot studies are just now starting to appear in support of some of the more reasonable health claims for humans.

A study out of U. Az. confirmed the common-sense idea that components of clay are ‘cidal for some pathogenic bacteria (J. Antimicrob. Chemo. 61: 353, 2008. Some obscure journals are looking at other clays especially for control of functional bowel syndrome, and it’s not surprising that some clays adsorb and thus protect from mycotoxins. Thanks to my correspondent Kjell K. for bringing these to my attention.

Clay eating is known medically as “geophagia”, a variant of pica. It’s seen among the mentally ill, and in some places it’s a cultural phenomenon, mostly among the poor (do we dare say “ignorant”?) See J. Roy. Soc. Med. 95: 143 and 274, 2002; South. Med. J. 95: 1228, 2002. One group in J. Exp. Bio. 207: 319, 2004 speculates how the widespread practice may have developed (trace-mineral availability, diarrhea control). Known hazards are intestinal obstruction (Archives de Pediatrie 11: 461, 2004), perforated colon (Acta Chir. Belg. 99: 130, 1999), lead poisoning (Clin. Ped. 43: 189, 2004; Amb. Ped. 3: 37, 2003), hypokalemia (a young mother-to-be’s agonizing misadventure: Ob. Gyn. 102: 1169, 2003), and toxacara roundworm infection (you can get it in the US: South. Med. J. 91: 882, 1998; massive problem in Sri Lanka: Southeast Asia Journal of Tropical Medicine 34: 7, 2003; Brazil Curr. Op. Ophth. 12: 450, 2001; in Trinidad TRS Trop Med 96:139, 2002; several others).

Given that many members of the “alternative medicine community” believe that mercury in dental fillings is a terrible health hazard, it is surprising that there was no outcry after eating certain clays was found to produce clinical mercury poisoning (Conn. Med. 61: 207, 1997) or that there are no assays for mercury levels or other poisons on the clay promotion websites. If the consumers were clear thinkers, you’d think they’d demand to know.

I was able to find single hard-science study of a health claim for clay. A clay-based product was promoted for sheep to protect from locoweed toxicosis. It failed a controlled test miserably (J. Animal Science 75: 1867, 1997). As a food additive, there are two small controlled studies showing benefits for pigs and rats respectively. There may be more such in the future, with positive results.

One article that really helped me understand how people adopt their “cherished beliefs” was MMWR 47(43): 928, 1998. A lady from an anti-immunization family almost killed her baby by putting “health and beauty clay” on the umbilical stump, causing a dreadful anaerobic infection and neonatal tetanus. The clay was of course laced with tetanus spores, probably from decades of horse manure. When the baby recovered, the mother refused to have the child immunized because of “concerns about potential adverse effects”.

Clay-eating is widespread and most people seem not to be harmed. Please be sure your clay comes from someone you have good reason to trust.

Colonic Irrigation for “Autointoxication”

Colonic irrigation with saline with or without phosphate is standard for a variety of diseases of the large intestine, including chronic fecal incontinence and the acute management of some mechanical and functional problems.

Presently there is a resurgence of interest in the old claim that the colon contents produce poisons that damage the rest of the body. This is actually true in liver failure, in which enemas and laxatives help appreciably with the brain malfunctions. (Octopamine and other bacterial products from the gut, if allowed to bypass the liver, act as false neutransmitters, sort-of-like “reverse prozac”). Evidence that anything like this happens when the liver is healthy hasn’t been forthcoming.

I own a popular book promoting colonic irrigation. It showcases pictures of barium enema x-ray photos, and states that the areas where the colon is narrow are sites of “toxic bowel settlement”, a substance (variously described as “slimy” and “cement-like”) that accumulates on the wall of the colon, and that colonic irrigation removes. This is just a bold lie. The pictures represent the narrowings by which the colon propels its contents (“peristalsis”). As a pathologist, I have opened hundreds of colons and never seen anything like “toxic bowel settlement”.

Read more from the original source:

Ed’s Guide to Alternative Therapies – pathguy.com

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The Plan and Process of Ascension – Spiritual Evolution

Posted: December 7, 2016 at 8:06 am

The Plan and Process of Ascension Ascension

From 2016

But for the presence of the Galactic Beings, you would now have been living under very restricted conditions, and imprisoned and controlled by the dark Ones. However, they were never going to be allowed to exercise such control over you, as you future had been planned to end with complete success and the opportunity to ascend.

This is normal at the end of a cycle providing the Light has reached the required level. It means that Ascension is assured for those who aspire to rise up, and have been able to do so above the challenges that have been given them. (Mike Quinsey, Sept. 9, 2016.)

The joy you will experience in Reality, at Home in the Presence of God, is WAY beyond your ability as humans to even conceive of, and it is to that that you will awaken. (Jesus through John Smallman, Aug. 1, 2016.)

This life is about ascension. This life is about the fulfillment of the Mothers Plan, the anchoring and the renewal of love upon the planet. Not in some esoteric, religious manner, but in your everyday life, in your actions, in your thoughts, in your behaviors, in your interactions, in your relationships, in your structures, in your institutions, in your societies, in your nations and in your body.

So, are there many distractions? Is there a great deal of both the pot boiling over and simmering on the back burner? Yes. Ignore it. Look at it, perhaps turn the burner down, remove the pot, and then ignore it because that is not what you are here for. You are here to surrender to your love, to the love and to your love, and you do that by being vigilant as participant and observer of yourself to start with. (“Surrender: The Next Step to Ascension with St. Germaine and Steve Beckow,” 7/23/2016 athttp://goldenageofgaia.com/2016/07/31/transcript-st-germaine-ahwaa-surrender-next-step-ascension-july-14-2016/.)

Yearn, desire because it is the precursor for creation and the coming together and bringing forth in form, anchoring upon Gaia, Nova Earth, wondrous things. (Archangel Michael in a personal reading with Steve Beckow through Linda Dillon, July 1, 2016.)

This special occasion … will not be repeated again for a very long time. (“A Message from my Higher Self,” channelled by Mike Quinsey. April 8, 2016, at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2016/04/08/mike-quinsey-message-higher-self-18-4/.)

Please remember that imagination is fifth dimensional thought that flows from your Multidimensional Mind. Also remember that Unconditional Love constantly flows from your High Heart.

It is the activation of your fifth dimensional imagination and your fifth dimensional Unconditional Love that is the precursor to your flashing into Lightbody. If you all knew how very close you were to this experience, you would be greatly surprised. (“Suzanne Lie: The Arcturians Remembering What You Always Knew. Part 1,” March 22, 2016, http://goldenageofgaia.com/2016/03/22/suzanne-lie-arcturians-remembering-always-knew-part-1/.)

You are at a point of what has been termed ascension, shift, awakening, heart consciousness, bliss, ecstasy, it matters not. The terminology is infinite and you love to have your own expression, as do we. The realization of your divinity, the contentment with who you are in totality in your divine human self, is truly awakened. (“Transcript: Archangel Michael Returns to AHWAA: Whats It Like to be an Archangel? March 17, 2016,” at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2016/03/27/transcript-archangel-michael-returns-ahwaa-whats-like-archangel-march-17-2016/.)

The restoration of Love upon this planet is Ascension. There are many explanations of how and where and when and what Ascension is and looks like and feels like. So again, in the spirit of simplification, we tell you that Ascension, individually and collectively, is the experience, the anchoring, and the embodiment of Love, in its totality, in its divinity, in its expression, in its actions.

Now you say to me, Gabby, what on earth does that mean? And what I suggest to you, as an Archangel that is often considered quite vociferous, is that what it means is is you accepting the truth of who you are. Long ago we have, through this channel, said to you that the keys to heaven are Love, trust, forgiveness, unity, connectedness, and balance. Now you may take that as an explanation of what does the embodiment of Love look, feel, taste and smell like.

It is not simply to be kind, although kindness is a much underrated quality upon your planet and elsewhere, at times. If you are loving then you are kind, you are gentle, you are considerate, you are compassionate. It is the practice, it is the action, it is the intention, it is the stillpoint, it is putting yourself completely, consistently, eternally, infinitely, in the expression and the experience of Love. It is bliss, it is ecstasy, it is common sense, it is being grounded; it is not being a space cadet walking around and doing nothing. …

So, I come this day to plead with you, to absolutely plead with you to come and turn to us and allow us to fill you with Love. Now you say, Oh thats okay; I know that I am in the Love. Dearest hearts, you have only just begun; there is always more.

So, on behalf of the Mother in the honoring of who you are and the honoring of the divine, the Mother/Father One, can you let us do our job? Could you call on us, the entire Council of Love and let us fill you and bring you to a higher realm, to anchor your feet firmly in the 7th dimension of Love? We are not waiting. (Archangel Gabrielle: Who is the Council of Love and What is Its Purpose? Feb. 28, 2016, at http://goldenageofgaia.com/?p=273441.)

Now is a new, more evolved, never before experienced energetic time on earth. (The Arcturian Group. Channelled by Marilyn Raffaele. January 10, 2016. http://goldenageofgaia.com/2016/01/11/the-arcturian-group-via-marilyn-raffaele-january-10-2016/)

From 2015

Steve Beckow: Its very interesting, I notice that we just accept the words you use, but I dont know if we necessarily know what you mean. For instance, you say expand your consciousness. What does it mean to expand ones consciousness? What exactly does that refer to?

Arcturians: What it means to expand ones consciousness is to create a conscious road, pathway from your third-dimensional consciousness of your everyday life into your fourth-dimensional consciousness of your higher everyday life, and then into your fifth-dimensional consciousness. And then once you are able to create that initial portal from your physical self up to the portal into your fifth-dimensional consciousness, then you have a much easier ride into higher and higher frequencies of reality. (“Transcript ~ The Arcturians on AHWAA: Mastering What Jesus Knew, December 24, 2015,” at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2016/01/05/transcript-the-arcturians-on-ahwaa-mastering-what-jesus-knew-december-24-2015/.)

That expansion of consciousness, if maintained for a period of time, will begin to create new neurons within the physical brain and even for us in the multi-dimensional mind, which is the fifth dimensional, what we call separate hard drive.

Then, every time one of our grounded ones has that experience, it is easier to have that experience again. (“Transcript ~ The Arcturians on AHWAA: Mastering What Jesus Knew, December 24, 2015,” at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2016/01/05/transcript-the-arcturians-on-ahwaa-mastering-what-jesus-knew-december-24-2015/.)

The civilization which you are a part of has the opportunity to move and explore beyond all levels of spiritual evolution and unity with the Creator that have ever been experienced upon the Earth.

This is why you are present now and have been present within many of this planets previous civilizations. You are preparing yourself to experience the Creator beyond anything which has been explored at a physical level before. Your role and purpose in this lifetime is immense and its foundation lies with your ability to create and manifest from the core of your soul, which is where the divine plan of the Creator is embedded. (The Celestial White Beings: Creating the Future of Ascension, Channeled by Natalie Glasson, December 23, 2015, http://goldenageofgaia.com/2015/12/25/the-celestial-white-beings-via-natalie-glasson-creating-the-future-of-ascension/.)

We, the members of humanity, are endeavoring to expand into our own fifth dimensional Lightbody so that we can become the population that inhabits this wonderful, revised, updated version of our beloved planet Gaia. (Suzanne Lie: Thirty Veils Of Illusion. The Arcturians Birthing New Earth Part 1 & Veil #7, The Illusion of Constancy. December 12, 2015.http://suzanneliephd.blogspot.co.uk/.)

SB: There are actually some people who interpret the fact that they may not have felt something or they have not felt very much as meaning that they are excluded from Ascension. Could you address that please?

AAM: And I address those particularly who are feeling this way for this is an age-old problem. And so I thank you for bringing this to the forefront. You are my family, each and every one of you who listens this night; you are friend, you are ally but you are also part, not only of our family but of my family. I claim you as sibling, as friend, as dearest heart.

You say to me, But Michael, Mi-ka-el, I am not an archangel. I would say to you, Do you mean to deny your angelic heritage? Do you choose to deny your magnificence? I am born of the Mother/Father One and so are you. My dearest heart, brothers and sisters all, so why, why then do some of you have these wondrous experiences and then why are some of you left feeling as if you are left behind crying in the shadows and doubting your worthiness, your very worth?

Sweet angels, let me be clear once more, and I speak on behalf of our Mother: None are excluded from this process of Ascension, for this upliftment into higher, different, inclusive realms, where you are headed, all of you, is inclusive. The Mother did not decide to banish some and favor others; be very clear about that. (“Transcript ~ Archangel Michael on AHWAA: No One Will be Excluded from Ascension, October 15, 2015,” at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2015/11/19/transcript-archangel-michael-on-ahwaa-no-one-will-be-excluded-from-ascension-october-15-2015/.)

Philipp: How are enlightenment, awakening and Ascension related?

Archangel Michael: What you are asking is to stratify, to see Ascension, enlightenment, shift, opening as different things, different events.

But let us suggest that, yes, it is a continuum, but at this point in time it is more like the flow of an infinity sign. So you want to be in the flow. Now let us explain.

You move through your Ascension work, letting go of the core issues, of the vasanas, of that which has blocked you from the complete joy of heart, the complete love of your sweet self and everything else.

Then you are flowing through the Ascension portal, into enlightenment, looping back around, back through the Ascension portal, holding the enlightenment that you have gained, holding the abilities that you have gained as your interdimensional, expanded self, bringing it back into what you are thinking of as current reality, or physicality, anchoring it into your body, into your mental form, into who you are and how you view the world.

Except that, as you come back, your ability to see us, to perceive us, to talk with us, to expand with us, has already been anchored. So you are bringing this back into what you have thought of as the Third Dimension, the renewed Third-Dimensional reality to share with the human race. But your frequency is already higher. (Archangel Michael in a personal reading with Philipp S. through Linda Dillon, Sept. 2015, at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2015/10/03/the-flow-of-ascension/.)

It is Gaias desire and intention that her planetary body be restored to its original health and beauty and Earths humankind flourish in abundance and live in harmony with each other and all of Nature. And so it shall be! Planetary ascensionthe world transformation process that you went to Earth to assist inis assured! Personal ascension is a choice that each person makes. (Matthew’s Message, Oct. 19, 2015.)

It is time for silence and trust. Give yourselves permission to do absolutely nothing and just be. Old concepts bind mankind to the belief that time spent doing nothing reflects laziness. The result is a world full of people racing through each day who have lost contact with and awareness of their own quiet place of rest and renewal within. Spend time in nature even if only a small park in the city. Seek out the places where you can simply be, without distractions and noise. Learn to just listen to the silence.

In the midst of busy family and working life, finding quiet time is often very difficult. However, if you make the effort, you will soon discover yourself able to center more easily and quickly and that you carry a peace with you throughout your day. There are those who get up in the middle of the night for contemplation and meditation because that is their only quiet time. (The Arcturian Group, Sept. 20, 2015.)

Where possible rest easy now and take everything in your stride, and we know it is easier said than done. Your worries will soon be a thing of the past when you will be able to fully enjoy your life. (SaLuSa, Sept. 18, 2015.)

The creation of a new realitydoesnt mean that the world around you will suddenly be transformed and new. It signifies that your consciousness, beliefs andperspectives will alter and shift, giving the impression, as well as allowing you, to recreate and recognise your reality outside ofyou in new ways. …

This can be labelled Ascension or Enlightenment and yet it issomething which has very rarely been experienced on the Earth before the merging and marriage of the physical body withthe divine essence. You are already experiencing this. You know you are a soul in a physical body. However, greater aspects ofthe soul will download into your physical body causing your body to advance, becoming its greatest potential. This means yourbody will no longer be restricted developing new abilities, skills and freedom. …

Archangel Michael is also [wishing to share] with you [about] the journey which is being taken by all to become aDivine Human upon the Earth; the marriage of the Divine Consciousness with the physical body, which is transforming into adivine physical body….

Observe your body, it is charged with light and transforming beyond your imagination. Observe your heart and mind, they areopen and clear, as the consciousness of the Creator penetrates. My energy is here always to guide you. Remember nothing onthe Earth can create an identity for you; your true identity is your soul and the Creator. You know this in your mind, now is thetime to experience it! (“Celestial White Beings and Archangel Michael: The Journey of the Divine Human, Channelled through Natalie Glasson.September 18, 2015. http://www.omna.org/Latest_Free_Weekly_Message.html.)

The collective decision has already been made by humanity to awaken! You know that, because, along with the fact that at the depths of your beingness that knowledge is eternally embedded, you have also been told by unimpeachable sources on numerous occasions that this is so. Humanity is very firmly established on the path to its awakening from which there is no turning back, no retreat. You have a phrase: the tipping point. Humanity is at that point. The dark ones, the ones you frequently refer to as the Dark Cabal, are desperately trying to prevent the balance from shifting out of their control, but they have lost their footing, they have lost their grip, and the balance has shifted irrevocably towards the Light.

The fact that so many appear to be so dumbly asleep is rather like in the well known fairy tale The Sleeping Beauty, where the whole court fell asleep at the moment that the princess did. When the prince arrives and kisses her everyone awakens, and that is the tipping point. The decision to awaken was taken when the prince began to hack his way through the jungle of undergrowth, and having finally reached the castle he will shortly find the princess, and as she responds to his kiss Divine Grace and wakes up so will everyone else. (Jesus through John Smallman, Feb. 11, 2015.)

From 2014

Steve Beckow: …What about what you have described as the ignition? What is the ignition, and approximately, just approximately, when might that be occurring? Is that in the near future, or?

AAM: Yes, it is.

… Ignition is the feeling, the awareness, the understanding and many of you already have this that you are love, that you are completely in your heart consciousness, that you are in the joy even when there appears to be a morass of chaos around you, and that your focus is completely on creation, the creation of the new.

And it is the turning of a switch, of the collective. (“Archangel Michael: Ignition is the Awareness that You Are Love,” channeled by Linda Dillon, October 28, 2014, http://goo.gl/29ZGhf.)

We are in the process of shifting our reality. We say we for all dimensions, realities and worlds are shifting into a higher frequency of expression. As it is for the least, it is for the greatest.

Hence, as the third/fourth dimension releases itself from the shackles of the third dimensional reality of illusion and shifts into the fifth dimension of the light of cosmic truth, all the dimensions above the fifth also shift into their next higher dimensional expression.

As we make this transition, there is a release, a letting go, of what has been our predominant expression of self. For example, we Arcturians are expanding our baseline frequency from the eighth through tenth dimensions into the eleventh and twelfth dimensions.

In the same manner, your human baseline frequency will shift form the third/fourth dimension into the fifth dimension, which was once your higher expression of SELF. In the case of Earth, the third/fourth dimensions will gradually become less and less inhabitable.

You will find that just as it once took effort to consciously experience the fifth dimension, it will become increasingly difficult to consciously experience the third/fourth dimension. Even now, your consciousness may appear to be wandering off into what appears to be a trancelike state. This trancelike state feels so natural that you do not want to leave it.

Also, as this shift continually accelerates your consciousness, you will gain a new perspective on your physical world. This higher viewpoint will enable you to perceive your 3D reality from up above it rather than stuck within it. In other words, you will be able observe your ego from your Higher SELF.

Once your Multidimensional SELF is in charge, you will be able to make some important decisions that make YOU the creator of your life. You will also become aware of many of your higher dimensional, alternate or parallel realities.

While you are swimming in the illusion of the third dimension, you see only what surrounds you. However, as you regain a higher perspective of your life, many of your priorities will change. Your ego will no longer tell you to let go of your meditations and creative expression so that you can get back to the business of your real life.

With your Higher SELF at the helm, you will realize that what you have perceived as just your imagination is actually your real life. Then slowly, or quickly, you will want to let go of many of our your lower frequency chores, responsibilities and jobs.

In this manner, you can more easily remain in the unconditional light and love of the fifth dimension. Of course you will still take care of 3D business, but your priorities will greatly alter as your consciousness expands into the higher dimensions. (Sue Lie, “Being A Multidimensional Leader,” Aug. 2014, at http://www.multidimensions.com/multidimensional-leadership-school/.)

As you continue your Ascension process, you will move out of alignment with the third-dimensional holographic projection of Earth and into alignment with Gaias true Planetary SELF in the fifth dimension and beyond. In your other Ascension lives all of you (even those who are now lost in darkness) have had Ascension experiences.

Ascension does not make you a Saint. Ascension merely means that you have returned your consciousness to the frequencies of your Multidimensional SELF that resonate above the illusions of the third/fourth dimensional realities. What is different in your present timeline is that the third/fourth dimensional holographic projection of Earth is closing. Gaia and all Her inhabitants are returning to their true Multidimensional SELF. (“Arcturian Message Keeping the Lights ON, channelled by Suzanne Lie, August 6, 2014 at http://suzanneliephd.blogspot.co.uk/.)

Eventually some souls whose negative deeds dropped them from the light used their free will to downgrade the DNA of newer, less experienced civilizations. The changes made dense bodies with DNA containing electrons, which have much less light and vibrate at much lower frequencies than photons. The reduction in light caused corresponding reductions in those civilizations consciousness, brain functioning and life span. They lost all knowledge of their Beginnings, their weakened bodies were vulnerable to disease, and their temperaments included fear and all of its negative byproducts like cruelty, greed, anger, lust for power, unjustness, impoverishment, divisiveness and hatredhatred is not the opposite of love, it is the absence of love, or light. Those are the conditions of third density civilizations.

It is not that no bodies on Earth have photons, and an unimaginable quantity is in the atmosphere. But electrons are dominant in the vast majority of your populacethat is why they are lagging in awakening spiritually and consciouslyand throughout your worldthat is why you have electric and electronic appliances and pay to use them instead of having photons free energy. The way to ascend into planes where photons outnumber electrons is by increasing the amount of light in the collective consciousness.

Energy is neutral. It is the thought forms that get attached to energy streamers that are positivewith lightor negativewithout light. The forms are created by every beings thoughts, feelings and actions, and collectively those determine a civilizations density, or spiritual and conscious evolvement status. That is one universal definition of density; the other is mass or the location of a mass, and the two dont necessarily go together. That is why Earth, a fifth density soul spiritually and consciously, can be in the initial stages of fourth density location-wise and most of her people are at third density evolvement status. Animals and plants are absorbing more light than most of humankind; at this moment, the light in people varies from brilliant to just enough to keep bodies alive.

Now then, every person and every thing in your world emits vibrations in consonance with each forms consciousness level, and that is determined by the amount of light in each. The atoms in inanimate objectssay a pebble, football, nail and chairhave minimal consciousness; exceptions are crystals and gold, which have a high degree. The consciousness level of soil is higher than objects and so is that of slugs, worms and short-lived insects; higher on the scale are the species of insects that have a well-developed hierarchy and clearly-defined working system within it.

The plant kingdom has a very high level of consciousness. Trees have intelligence and emotions that few people would even consider possible and extend far beyond the acorn that knows how to become a mighty oak and the apple seed that knows how to bear fruit. Tiny flower seeds know their colors and whether to blossom for a season or flourish year after year. The generally unseen, therefore unknown souls in the Devic kingdom, who work hand-in-hand with all of Nature, also are highly advanced consciously and emotionally.

Humans and other high orders in the animal kingdom have the highest level of consciousnessinstinct, intuition, memory, learning and reasoning capability, and the widest range of feelingsbut only humankind also is endowed with conscience and Creators gift of free will. Although each living being and each inanimate thing serves a purpose in the evolutionary process of all, it is the human population that sets the pace.

Whereas all other life forms on Earth operate within their respective innate guidelines that work in harmony with Nature, people can choose to act in godly ways or not, to heed conscience or not; and their collective choices determine the civilizations evolvement status. As humankind evolves via the light in spiritual and conscious awareness, so do all the other forms on the planet, and the collective vibratory emissions advance the entire world. And, as a world advances, life becomes increasingly simpler and joyous! It is only in third densitys lower vibrations that a civilization creates all the complexities born of negativity. (Matthew’s Message, Aug. 3, 2014.)

What Ascension is about … is about not being stuck in your body, but having the integration of all parts of your being, and having it anchored in your body in such outrageous, miraculous joy that you want to be in body; that it isnt a struggle or an obligation, or even a responsibility, it is simply joy. (Archangel Michael: You are God Having an Experience of You, June 27, 2014, at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2014/06/27/archangel-michael-you-are-god-having-an-experience-of-you/.)

It is the awakened human that acknowledges that they are inter-galactic or galactic; that they are part angelic or archangelic; that they are sheer energy and a spark of life; that they have been the most grievous sinner and the most beatific saint. It is that integration into the aware human being, and from that place of being able to create Nova Earth, because what we can only refer to as the old human, the human had very dim memory and was not the human that decided to take this leap of faith into Ascension. (Archangel Michael: You are God Having an Experience of You, June 27, 2014, at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2014/06/27/archangel-michael-you-are-god-having-an-experience-of-you/.)

So you, in your consciousness, right now, are realizing that Source, that Mother/Father/God/One, however you are thinking about it, is having the experience of you in all those forms integrated into your body and more specifically your expanded field, because that is truly who you are. And at the same time you are having an experience of God no, not full reunion, but you are experiencing the love and the connection, the joy, the sweetness, the elevation. So you are returning to the original design. (Archangel Michael: You are God Having an Experience of You, June 27, 2014, at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2014/06/27/archangel-michael-you-are-god-having-an-experience-of-you/.)

But many of you came to think that you were as powerful a creator and forgot the piece that you were of creation. Because the angelics are of creation. There is no veil or illusion of that separation.

And that is what you are all now going through remembering. That is truly what a very significant part of the renewal and the Ascension process is about. It is remembering and re-embracing the fact that you are nothing more than love, and that you have always been connected to the Mother/Father/One, however you conceive of it, whatever your culture or your background or your religious patterning has been. (“Archangel Michael: You are God Having an Experience of You,” channeled by Linda Dillon, June 26, 2014, at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2014/06/27/archangel-michael-you-are-god-having-an-experience-of-you.)

The Arcturians: Its about the frequency of consciousness. That is the protection against the dark ones getting just as much [as lightworkers] and having the same thing happen. The players change but the light and dark still exist. This is a leg-up out of polarity.

Steve: So really we should be concentrating on our frequency. Thats how important it is.

A: Whatever anyone believes about anything, our grounded ones [ground crew] are best served by concentrating on their frequency.

Because as they expand their frequency, they contribute that to the Earth. And then the Earth expands the frequency. And as the Earth expands her frequency, those of a very dense frequency will not be able to tolerate this Earth. They will get diseased. They will die. They will not be able to live. It will be too high of a light for them to tolerate.

They [the off-planet controllers of the dark] will have to pull their members up and take them off to a darker planet. (The Arcturtians through Sue Lie, “Did the Illuminati Bring Down Both Malaysian Planes?” July 24, 2014, at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2014/07/24/did-the-illuminati-bring-down-both-malaysian-planes/.)

Ascension occurs within your consciousness, so that your perceptions can expand far beyond your Earth vessels third dimensional reality. As you continue your Ascension process, you will move out of alignment with Earths third-dimensional holographic projection and into alignment with Gaias true Planetary SELF in the fifth dimension and beyond.

In your other Ascension lives, as all of you even those who are now lost in darkness have had Ascension experiences, Ascension does not make you a Saint. Ascension merely means that you have returned your consciousness to the frequencies of your Multidimensional SELF that resonate above the illusions of the third/fourth dimensional realities. (“Message from the Arcturians: Happy Summer Solstice Becoming Masters,” channelled by Suzanne Lie. June 21, 2014 at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2014/06/22/message-from-the-arcturians-via-suzanne-lie-happy-summer-solstice-becoming-masters/.)

On Earth there are challenges all of the time and whilst you learn them the hard way, it is also the quickest way to progress. Remember that you always have your helpers around you, and they are ready to assist you when help is needed. However, it is not their place to impose themselves upon you, and you need to ask for help to get a response. It may not always be exactly as you desire and remember that there is always your life plan to consider. Certainly you have freewill, but at the same time you have undertaken a certain life plan that is your path for any one incarnation. It is to ensure that you progress in a sensible manner as quickly as possible. However, you can always have further experiences if needed, and these can cover any area of your life plan that has not been successful. (SaLuSa, May 23, 2014.)

Now let us back up even a little more. Many, we would suggest thousands and thousands and thousands of people have ascended and have had the experience of the ecstasy, the bliss, and the significant shift within their very cores insofar as they do not see or experience being human or being in Gaia in the way that they had previously. Let me explain.

These souls and yes, they are everyday people; they are not those who have been vying for sainthood, but they acknowledge their mastery, and part of each of you ascending is acknowledging your mastery but they have basically gone through the Ascension portal.

They are primarily way-showers. They have anchored in the higher dimensional energy Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and so on.

They have what we have called made a U-turn and are still exhibiting on planet, in form, in everyday reality, because their promise as part of their sacred journey, and as part of the collectives commitment, decision is that they would be the way-showers for the rest of humanity.

So they have, shall we say, Ascension Lite, insofar as that they have experienced the bliss, the higher realms. They have released the sense of restriction. They have embraced the sense of their inter-dimensionality, their ability to create and co-create.

Now, each individual is having, and will have, a different experience of Ascension. Now I am going to describe, in general terms, what this Ascension looks, feels like and what that experience is like. But it does not mean, even though you come as a collective, it does not mean that each of you perceives and experiences this sacred union, the rising up through a higher-dimensional realm, in the same way…

When you ascend, it is important that you anchor with and on Gaia. Otherwise your feet, quite literally, are not on the ground. So when people can experience and go, jump, to the higher dimensions available within the human experience, it is important in the Ascension, both individual and collective, that you stay connected with Gaia.

Think of yourself as a helium balloon and Gaia is holding your string. So, as you ascend you will be at this time within the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, brushing the Eighth, brushing the Third, but not really in those dimensions. So for people to think that they are going to ascend and simply go directly to the Eleventh or Twelfth would not be fully correct.

Now, once you have done your Ascension, are you free to move about? Of course you are. But the building and the creation of Nova Earth and we are talking about the human piece of Nova Earth, the human co-creation of Nova Earth, because the kingdoms and Gaia are already creating Nova Earth, and they are already participating in the higher dimensional reality but if you have your mission and purpose to assist, or desire to assist in the anchoring of what you, my friend, and I have called the Golden Age of Gaia, then you are primarily going to anchor in the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh dimension.

Now, at some future date will there be a further Ascension? Yes, she is already inching up, as it were. And that will occur. And yes, there will be some who, once they have completed their commitment, shall we say, to the Mother, of Ascension in form and the ripple effect throughout the multiverse, the anchoring, the full anchoring of the love, then they may say, Well, I think now I am going to primarily go back to my comfort zone, or my home zone of an alternate dimension. That is fine.

But the fulfillment of the promise of this phase of the Mothers plan is for the humans to accompany Gaia and all into the higher dimensional reality, and particularly into the love. (“Archangel Michael: You are About To Reach Ascension,” channeled by Linda Dillon, May 15, 2014, at http://goldenageofgaia.com/2014/05/18/archangel-michael-you-are-about-to-reach-ascension/.)

Please do know that Ascension is not an event that is happening on a certain day or a specific date, like for example a birthday party that is taking place on a certain date and that if you are too late on this party that you cannot participate in its joy of the moment, or that if it is even possible to be too late for it.

Ascension is not an event that can be postponed or something that could not go through, for it is an ongoing process that takes place every single day, every single second of your existence. It is your cells, your being, your every now moment of change and integration, realization, growth, insights.

Ascension is taking place within you every now moment of your existence, it is in laughter, it is in joy, it is in bliss, it is in love, it is in meditation, participation in love, it is Self Love, acceptance, allowance, inner knowing, wisdom, freedom, expansion, it is all of the beauty within you reflected on the outside of the world. It is the knowing of, and the realization that you ARE GOD, that you are Divine, that you are consciousness, that you are All That Is. It is the embracing of all of your multifaceted features and the being that you are in the now and in all of your existence.

Ascension is liberty, respect, your inner temple and sun into this being. It is all that you have dreamed of and yearned for and it is YOU. So as YOU are every day, every now moment in this existence, as you ARE existence and consciousness it is YOU that you yearn for from the heart and so that makes your Ascension in its entire being. BE your Ascension by Being, and Ascension will be every now moment. It will never be too late nor will it ever be postponed nor canceled for it is always YOU as YOU are infinite and existing. If you see that Ascension is you, you are already free. (“Saint Germain: Ascension is YOU,” channeled by Mline Lafont, April 20, 2013 at http://pleiadedolphininfos.blogspot.com/.)

The dark night of the soul is the final cleansing that must occur before you can live within the NOW of Ascension. This dark night of the soul is when you go through your daily life being fully aware of what you are doing wrong, aware of your fear, aware of your anger, aware of your pain.

You move through your life knowing that YOU are the creator of your life. You have created the situations that make you unhappy and pull you from the NOW. You are the creator of the situations that take you out of the ONE and trap you into the 3D hologram.

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The Plan and Process of Ascension – Spiritual Evolution

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Jeff Bewkes: ‘Real threat’ to First Amendment from Democrats …

Posted: at 7:58 am

Jeff Bewkes. Screenshot/Business Insider

Time Warner CEO Jeff Bewkes told Business Insider’s Henry Blodget on Tuesday that the “real threat” to the First Amendment did not come from President-elect Donald Trump during the campaign, but rather from the Democratic Party.

Bewkes was speaking at Business Insider’s annual IGNITION conference, during which he was asked about Trump’s frequent campaign threats to open up libel laws.

Trump has also set his sights on Bewkes’ own media property, CNN, which he consistently ridiculed along the campaign trail and even after Election Day.

“Do you worry about that at all?” Blodget asked.

Bewkes said he didn’t “think that’s a serious thing,” adding that “we should all worry” if someone were seeking to change the First Amendment. He suggested that came from the Democratic Party, which “had a campaign plank to change the First Amendment, and they were doing it in the guise of campaign finance reform.”

“And that was worrying me more,” Bewkes said. “The press tends to miss that because they tend to lean that way, and therefore they were supporting what they were viewing I think overly charitably as something in cleaning up money in politics when in fact what it would do is restrain multiple voices.”

Democrats, including Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders and Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton, vowed to engage in campaign finance reform following the election a cause that has been bolstered in recent years by the Supreme Court’s Citizens United decision. The 2010 ruling deemed that corporations and labor unions were people who could flex First Amendment rights in contributing to campaigns, and it led to the advent of so-called super PACs.

“So I thought the real threat to the First Amendment came from the Democrats’ side more,” Bewkes said. “There’s not going to be a serious effort on the Republican side.”

Watch the whole Bewkes interview right here, scroll to 1:05:45.

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FBI and NSA Poised to Gain New Surveillance Powers Under …

Posted: December 2, 2016 at 12:24 pm

The FBI, National Security Agency and CIA are likely to gain expanded surveillance powers under President-elect Donald Trump and a Republican-controlled Congress, a prospect that has privacy advocates and some lawmakers trying to mobilize opposition.

Trumps first two choices to head law enforcement and intelligence agencies — Republican Senator Jeff Sessions for attorney general and Republican Representative Mike Pompeo for director of the Central Intelligence Agency — are leading advocates for domestic government spying at levels not seen since the aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

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An already over-powerful surveillance state is about to be let loose on the American people, said Daniel Schuman, policy director for Demand Progress, an internet and privacy advocacy organization.

In a reversal of curbs imposed after Edward Snowdens revelations in 2013 about mass data-gathering by the NSA, Trump and Congress may move to reinstate the collection of bulk telephone records, renew powers to collect the content of e-mails and other internet activity, ease restrictions on hacking into computers and let the FBI keep preliminary investigations open longer.

Read more: Apple, the FBI and encryption — a QuickTake

A first challenge for privacy advocates comes this week: A new rule is set to go into effect on Dec. 1 letting the FBI get permission from a judge in a single jurisdiction to hack into multiple computers whose locations arent known.

Under the proposed rules, the government would now be able to obtain a single warrant to access and search thousands or millions of computers at once; and the vast majority of the affected computers would belong to the victims, not the perpetrators, of a cybercrime, Senator Ron Wyden, an Oregon Democrat who serves on the Intelligence Committee, said in a statement.

Wyden is one of seven senators, including libertarian Republican Rand Paul, who have introduced a bill, S. 3475, to delay the new policy until July to give Congress time to debate its merits and consider amendments.

Sessions, Pompeo and officials with national security and law enforcement agencies have argued that expanded surveillance powers are needed, especially because of the threat of small, deadly terrorist plots that are hard to detect, like the killing of 49 people at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, in June and 14 people in San Bernardino, California, last year.

The FBI had at one point opened a preliminary investigation into the Orlando killer, Omar Mateen, but didnt have the authority to keep it going for lack of evidence of wrongdoing.

Whats needed is a fundamental upgrade to Americas surveillance capabilities, Pompeo and a co-author wrote in a Wall Street Journal commentary in January. Legal and bureaucratic impediments to surveillance should be removed.

Pompeo and Sessions want to repeal a 2015 law that prohibits the FBI and NSA from collecting bulk phone records — metadata such as numbers called and dates and times — on Americans who arent suspected of wrongdoing.

“Congress should pass a law re-establishing collection of all metadata, and combining it with publicly available financial and lifestyle information into a comprehensive, searchable database,” Pompeo wrote.

Press aides for Sessions and Pompeo declined to comment.

Sessions has opposed restraints on NSA surveillance and said in June that he supported legislation to expand the types of internet data the FBI can intercept without warrants.

Congress is also expected to consider legislation early next year that would renew the governments ability to collect the content of e-mail and other internet activity from companies such as Google and Facebook Inc.

Under the Prism program, investigators pursuing suspected terrorists can intercept the content of electronic communications believed to come from outside the U.S. without specific warrants even if one end of the communications is inside the country or involves an American.

Prism came under criticism when it was exposed by Snowden, the former NSA contractor who stole hundreds of thousands of documents on agency surveillance programs. Section 702 of the USA Patriot Act, under which Prism and other spy programs are conducted, is set to expire at the end of 2017 if it isnt reauthorized by Congress.

James Comey, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, has said he also wants to renew a debate early next year about whether Apple and other companies can resist court warrants seeking to unlock encrypted communications. The agency went to court trying to force Apple to create new software to crack password protection on a phone used by the shooter in San Bernardino.

Boycott Apple until they give up the information, Trump said at a rally in South Carolina in February. He said Tim Cook, Apples chief executive officer, is looking to do a big number, probably to show how liberal he is. Apple should give up.

While the FBI dropped that case against Apple after buying a tool to hack into the phone, the increasing use of encryption on mobile devices and messaging services remains a challenge to national security and law enforcement agencies.

Republicans led by Senate Intelligence Committee Chairman Richard Burr of North Carolina are expected to re-introduce legislation requiring companies to give investigators access to encrypted communications.

The FBI is also seeking legislation that would allow it to obtain non-content electronic communication transactional records, such as browsing histories and computer Internet Protocol addresses, without court oversight or a warrant.

Sessions and Burr supported the legislation earlier this year, while it was opposed by major technology groups as well as Google and Facebook.

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Singularity University – Wikipedia

Posted: November 29, 2016 at 1:30 am

Singularity University (abbreviated SU) is a Silicon Valley think tank that offers educational programs and a business incubator.[2][3] According to its website, it focuses on scientific progress and “exponential” technologies.[4] It was founded in 2008 by Peter Diamandis and Ray Kurzweil at the NASA Research Park in California, United States.[5]

Singularity University initially offered an annual 10-week summer program and has since added conference series, classes, and a business incubator for startups and corporate teams.[6]

Instruction is offered in eleven areas.[7][8] Singularity University was created in 2009 based on Ray Kurzweil’s theory of “technological singularity.” Kurzweil believes that emerging technologies like nanotechnology and biotechnology will massively increase human intelligence over the next two decades, and fundamentally reshape the economy and society.[9] In 2012, Singularity University the non-profit began the process for conversion to a benefit corporation, to include non-profit as well as for-profit aspects.[10] In 2013, the new for-profit corporation incorporated as “Singularity Education Group” and acquired the descriptive “Singularity University” as its trade name.[11]

In 2015, Singularity University and Yunus Social Business (YSB) announced a partnership at the World Economic Forum to use “accelerating technologies” and social entrepreneurship for global development in developing areas of the world where YSB is active.[12][13]

Singularity University also partners with organizations to sponsor annual “Global Impact Competitions”, based on a theme and geography.[14][15]

Singularity University is overseen by a Board of Trustees.[16] Rob Nail, one of the organization’s Associate Founders, was named CEO of Singularity University in October, 2011.[17] Director of “Global Grand Challenges” in 2013 is Nicholas Haan.

Corporate founding partners and sponsors include Google,[18]Nokia,[19]Autodesk,[20]IDEO,[citation needed]LinkedIn,[citation needed]ePlanet Capital,[21] the X Prize Foundation, the Kauffman Foundation and Genentech.[22]

Students at Singularity University’s “Global Solutions Program” (GSP, formerly the “Graduate Studies Program”) learn about new technologies, and work together over the summer to start companies.[23] In 2012, the Global Solutions Program class had 80 students, with an average age of 30.[24] In 2015, Google agreed to provide $1.5 million annually for two years to make the program free to participants.[25] The 80 students are selected from over 3,000 applicants each year.[23] A substantial portion of the GSP class comes from the winners of SU’s sponsored “Global Impact Competitions”.[25]

The Executive Program is targeted to corporate leaders, and focuses on how rapid changes in technology will impact businesses.[23]

In 2013, Singularity University announced a three-year partnership with Deloitte and XPRIZE called the “Innovation Partnership Program” (IPP). The program consists of a multi-year series of events where Fortune 500 executives partner with startups.[26] The program consists of an array of workshops on crowdsourcing, the advancement of “exponential” technologies, and how to innovate through incentivized competitions. Executives from 30 large companies, including Google, Shell, Qualcomm, The Hershey Company and Sprint, met for the first four-day executive summit.[26]

Singularity University has an “Exponential Regional Partnership” with SingularityU The Netherlands. This partnership program serves to help prepare European society and European companies for exponential technologies and give them the tools to use these technologies to meet Global Grand Challenges. The Netherlands was chosen as a starting point for international expansion because of the social, creative and innovative environment with rapid adoption rates for new technologies.[27] Water, food, healthcare and mobility, traditional strengths of the Dutch economy, are the main focal points.

SingularityU The Netherlands has its own local faculty. This faculty consists of European scientists and domain experts who have been selected because SingularityU considers them to be at the top of their respective fields.

In 2016, SingularityU The Netherlands organized a Global Impact Competition to find the most innovative Dutch entrepreneurs with ideas that leverage exponential technologies to enhance the lives of refugees. [28] Danny Wagemans, a 21-year old nanophysics student, won the first prize to participate in the 10 week Global Solutions Program. He demonstrated how clean water and energy can be derived from urine by combining a microbial fuel cell and a graphene filter in a water bottle.[29]

An Innovation Hub that allows people to experience exponential technologies has been started in Eindhoven as part of the Exponential Regional Partnership. This Innovation Hub was officially opened in Eindhoven by Queen Mxima of the Netherlands, in the presence of numerous representatives of the corporate community, government and innovators. Eindhoven was chosen for this hub as it is the heart of the Brainport region, one of Europe’s most important tech clusters.[30]

Singularity University hosts annual conferences focused on “exponentially accelerating technologies”, and their impact on fields such as finance, medicine and manufacturing.[31] The conferences are produced with Deloitte,[31] as well as CNBC for the “Exponential Finance” conference.[32]

Singularity Hub is a science and tech media website published by Singularity University.[33] Singularity Hub was founded in 2008 [33] with the mission of “providing news coverage of sci/tech breakthroughs that are rapidly changing human abilities, health, and society”.[34] It was acquired by Singularity University in 2012, to make content produced by Singularity University more accessible.[34]

SU Labs is a seed accelerator by Singularity University, targeting startups which aim to “change the lives of a billion people”[35]

The company “Made In Space”, which has developed a 3D printer adapted to the constraints of space travel, was founded at Singularity University. The first prototype of Made in Space, the “Zero-G Printer”, was developed with NASA and sent into space in September, 2014.[36]

In 2011, a Singularity University group launched Matternet, a startup that aims to harness drone technology to ship goods in developing countries that lack highway infrastructure. Other startups from SU are the peer-to-peer car-sharing service Getaround, and BioMine, which uses mining technologies to extract value from electronic waste.[7]

In 2013, Singularity University and the U.S. Fund for UNICEF announced a partnership to create technologies to improve the lives of vulnerable people in developing countries.[37][38]

Coordinates: 372455N 1220346W / 37.415229N 122.062650W / 37.415229; -122.062650

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IT Automation – BMC

Posted: at 1:25 am

BMC digital IT powers 82% of Fortune 500 companies

IT automationwhen it works, its barely visible; when it fails, its catastrophic. Even if your automation initiative can pay for itself with hard-dollar savings in operational costs, taking an ad-hoc approach in the era of the digital enterprise puts you at a serious competitive disadvantage.

Implemented strategically, automation can deliver far greater business value by dramatically improving time to market and quality of service, increasing your ability to respond quickly to changing business requirements, and radically reducing security and compliance risks. BMC Software provides the best-practices guidance, products, and services you need to achieve a lasting competitive advantage through automation.

BMC SecOps solutions enable organizations to prioritize and remediate critical vulnerabilities and compliance violations through visibility into data center assets and their relationships.

BMC BladeLogic Server Automation helps IT rapidly remediate known vulnerabilities, and automate compliance checks for regulatory requirements such as PCI-DSS or security standards like DISA.

BMC BladeLogic Threat Director enables IT operations and security teams to prioritize and remediate threats based on potential impact to the business.

BMC BladeLogic Network Automation enables IT with a policy-based approach to regulatory standards for network management with real-time compliance audit reporting and vulnerability detection and remediation.

BMC BladeLogic Database Automation automates routine administrative tasks and compliance processes, accelerates deployment and patching, and reduces security vulnerabilities by streamlining the database management process.

BMC Discovery (formerly ADDM) automatically discovers data center inventory, configuration, and relationship data, and maps business applications to the IT infrastructure.

BMC Atrium Orchestrator allows IT staff to automate tasks via workflows that span multiple applications, systems, or infrastructure to document change and close the loop on compliance.

BMC BladeLogic Middleware Automation easily deploys, configures, and troubleshoots Java EE applications without manual steps.

Manage data center automation complexity and reduce your IT costs by leveraging the expertise of our project managers, consultants, and architects.

BMC Digital Transformation Consulting Services help develop the initiatives, structures, and capabilities you need to get the most out of your IT investments.

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IT Automation – BMC

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Beckhoff Automation – Wikipedia

Posted: November 21, 2016 at 11:06 am

Beckhoff Automation GmbH & Co. KG is a medium-sized, internationally acting company located in Verl, Westphalia, Germany. It was established in 1980 as a business unit of the Elektro Beckhoff GmbH, an electrical installation and retail company which was founded in 1953 by Arnold Beckhoff Senior. Until 2005 the business unit “New Automation Technology” operated under the name Beckhoff Industrie Elektronik (Beckhoff Industrial Electronics).

In 2005 the company Elektro Beckhoff GmbH has been restructured into three companies:

The company Beckhoff Automation GmbH & Co. KG produces automation technology in different performance categories, from single components up to system solutions. The company focuses on PC-based control technology with the segments Industrial PC, Embedded PC, fieldbus components, drive technology and automation software. The Beckhoff PC Control philosophy, the Bus Terminals and TwinCAT automation software are multifunctional alternatives to traditional control technology. With EtherCAT, launched in 2003, the company initiated a real-time Ethernet for system control.

In 2015 the company generated a turnover of 620 Million Euro. The actual number of employees amounts to 3000.[2] The Headquarters in Verl is the location for all central departments. The domestic sales department is supplemented by subsidiaries all over Germany.[1]

On the international market, the company is represented by subsidiaries in the following countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russia, Singapore, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States. Through co-operation with partners, Beckhoff is represented in more than 75 countries.

Beckhoff products are used for the automation of machines and plants as well as for building automation. The company creates standard and customized solutions for diverse applications in industries like:

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Ron Paul Reveals Hit List Of Alleged Fake News Journalists …

Posted: at 10:56 am

Former congressman Ron Paul revealed a list of fake news journalists he claims are responsible for bogus wars and lies about Hillary Clintons chances of winning the election. Journalists from CNN, the New York Times, and the Guardian are included.

This list contains the culprits who told us that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction and lied us into multiple bogus wars,according to a report on his website,Ron Paul Liberty Report. Paul claims the list is sourced andholds a lot more waterthan a list previously released byMelissa Zimdars, who is described on Pauls website asa leftist feminist professor.

These are the news sources that told us if you like your doctor, you can keep your doctor,he said.They told us that Hillary Clinton had a 98% of winning the election. They tell us in a never-ending loop that The economy is in great shape!

Pauls list includes the full names of thefake newsjournalists as well as the publications they write for, with what appears to be hyperlinks to where the allegations are sourced from. In most cases, this is WikiLeaks, but none of the hyperlinks are working at present, leaving the exact sources of the list unknown.

CNN is Pauls biggest alleged culprit, with nine entries, followed by the NY Times and MSNBC, with six each. The NY Times has recently come under fire from President-elect Donald Trump, who accuses them of beingtotally wrongon news regarding his transition team, while describing them asfailing.

The publication hit back, however, saying their business has increased since his election, with a surge in new subscriptions.

CNNs Wolf Blitzer is also amongst those named on the list. In an email from the Democratic National Committee (DNC) released byWikiLeaks, the DNC staff discusses sending questions to CNN for an interview with Donald Trump.

Also listed is NY Times journalist Maggie Haberman, whom leaked emails showed working closely with Clintons campaign to present the Democratic candidate in a favorable light.

So-called fake news has been recently attacked by US President Barack Obama, who claimed that false news shared online may have played a role in Donald Trumps victory in the US presidential election.

Facebook head Mark Zuckerberg has now said that the social media site may begin entrusting third parties with filtering the news.

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Ron Paul Reveals Hit List Of Alleged Fake News Journalists …

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Basic Income Guarantee Conference 2016 October 5 and 6 …

Posted: November 14, 2016 at 11:36 am

To watch the presentations given by the guest speakers at our recent BIG Conference on October 5-6 in Sudbury, ON, click here.

Do you have thoughts or ideas on the design or implementation of a basic income guarantee in Ontario? Click here.

Director, NORDIK Institute

Gayle Broad is an Assistant Professor in the Community Economic and Social Development (CESD) program at Algoma University, in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. CESD is accredited by both the Economic Developers Association of Canada (EDAC) and the Council for the Advancement of Native Development Officers (CANDO). Gayle is also Research Director of NORDIK , a community based research institute attached to Algoma University.

Interim Director, Lawrence National Centre for Policy and Management

Dr. Mike Moffatt is an Assistant Professor in the Business, Economics and Public Policy group at Ivey Business School at Western University where he teaches courses in international trade and firm-level strategy. He also maintains a position as Chief Economist at the Mowat Centre.

Interim Director, School of Public Adminstration, University of Victoria

Dr. Lindsay Tedds is an Associate Professor in the School of Public Administration at the University of Victoria. Her primary research and teaching area is applied economic research and policy analysis, with a particular focus on tax policy. Lindsay has also held several posts with the Government of Canada in Ottawa in the areas of public economics and policy implementation.

Professor, University of Manitoba

Dr. Forget is an economist and professor in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the University of Manitoba and Academic Director of the Manitoba Research Data Centre. Her current research focuses on the health and social consequences of antipoverty interventions and the cost-effectiveness of healthcare interventions.

Professor, Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto

Valerie currently leads a large, interdisciplinary program of research designed to identify effective policy interventions for the reduction of household food insecurity in Canada. This work is supported by a CIHR Programmatic Grant to Tackle Health and Health Equity. Her research interests also extend to Canadian food policy, population-level dietary assessment, and the application and interpretation of Dietary Reference Intakes.

Policy Associate, Mowat Centre

Christine holds a Masters in Industrial and Organizational Psychology from the University of Guelph and a Masters in Social Policy and Planning from the London School of Economics. Christines research experience has focused on understanding the causes and consequences of inequality in the workplace and in broader society, with a specific interest in examining the experience of historically marginalized groups.

Policy Associate, Mowat Centre

Michael holds a doctorate in International Relations from the University of Oxford. His doctoral dissertation, Imagined Security, developed a new understanding of the role of trust in international politics and focused on explaining how trust underpins the remarkable peace that has emerged between liberal democracies. Michaels thesis and associated research have won a number of prizes, including the 2015 Lord Bryce Prize for best International Relations doctoral thesis in Britain.

Please re-visit the disucssion questions presented at the conference by clicking on the image below. Thank you for participating.

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Basic Income Guarantee Conference 2016 October 5 and 6 …

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Mars One – Wikipedia

Posted: October 25, 2016 at 7:35 am

This article is about the one-way manned trip to Mars proposed for 2026. For the first Soviet spacecraft for Mars, see Mars 1. For other uses, see Mars 1 (disambiguation).

Mars One is an organization based in the Netherlands that has proposed to land the first humans on Mars and establish a permanent human colony there by 2026.[1] The private spaceflight project is led by Dutch entrepreneur Bas Lansdorp, who announced the Mars One project in May 2012.[2] The project’s schedule, technical and financial feasibility, and ethics, have been criticized by scientists, engineers and those in the aerospace industry.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

Mars One’s original concept included launching a robotic lander and orbiter as early as 2016 to be followed by a human crew of four in 2022. Organizers plan for the crew to be selected from applicants who paid an administrative fee, to become the first permanent residents of Mars with no plan of returning to Earth. Partial funding options, which have yet to be realized, include a proposed reality television program documenting the journey. In February 2015, the primary contractors on the initial pre-Phase A contracts had completed all studies paid for by Mars One at that time.[11] The current state of the Mission Plan Deliverables (either in the form of Studies or actual Hardware) will be tracked in Table 2 in the Technology section.

The Mars One organization is the controlling stockholder of the for-profit Interplanetary Media Group.

The concept for Mars One began in 2011 with discussions between the two founders, Bas Lansdorp and Arno Wielders.[12]

The Mars One project has no connection with Inspiration Mars, a similarly-timed project to send a married couple on a Mars flyby and return them to Earth over a period of 500 days.[13]

Mars One publicly announced the concept in May 2012 for a one-way trip to Mars, with the intention of an initial robotic precursor mission in 2020 and transporting the first human colonists to Mars in 2024.[14] In a 2015 debate, Bas Lansdrop clarified that “were not going to do, I think, the current design of the mission” and “Mars One’s goal is not to send humans to Mars in 2027 with a $6 billion budget and 14 launches. Our goal is to send humans to Mars, period.”[15] According to Mars One’s website, “It is Mars One’s goal to establish a permanent human settlement on Mars.”[16]

Notes:

In December 2013, Mars One announced its concept of a robotic precursor mission in 2018, two years later than had been conceptually planned in the 2012 announcements. The robotic lander would be “built by Lockheed Martin based on the design used for NASA’s Phoenix and InSight missions, as well as a communications orbiter built by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.”[26] In February 2015, Lockheed Martin and Surrey Satellite Technology confirmed that contracts on the initial study phase begun in late 2013 had run out and additional contracts had not been received for further progress on the robotic missions. Plans have been disclosed to raise the US$200 million or more needed to support the initial robotic mission,[11][26] but some critics do not find the economic plans to raise money from private investors and exclusive broadcasting rights to be sufficient to support the initial, or follow-on, mission(s).

Mars One selected a second-round pool of astronaut candidates in 2013 of 1058 people”586 men and 472 women from 107 countries”from a larger number of 202,586 who initially showed interest on the Mars One website, although this number is heavily disputed. Former Mars One candidate Dr. Joseph Roche claims the number of initial applicants was only 2,761,[27] which Mars One later conceded via YouTube video.[28]

Mars One announced a partnership with Uwingu on 3 March 2014, stating that the program would use Uwingu’s map of Mars in all of their planned missions.[29][30]Kristian von Bengtson began work on Simulation Mars Home for crew on 24 March 2014.

The second-round pool was whittled down to 705 candidates (418 men and 287 women) in the beginning of May 2014. 353 were removed due to personal considerations.[31] After the medical physical requirement, which was similar to a normal FAA exam plus EKG, due either to financial, health or access reasons, only 660 candidates remained.[28] Notably, some applicants were notified of life-threatening conditions such as early-stage cancer and were able to immediately begin treatment.[32] These selected persons will then begin the interview process following which several teams of two men and two women will be compiled. The teams will then begin training full-time for a potential future mission to Mars, while individuals and teams may be selected out during training if they are not deemed suitable for the mission.[31]

On June 2, 2014, Darlow Smithson Productions (DSP) announced it has gained exclusive access to Mars One.[33]

On June 30, 2014, it was made public that Mars One seeks financial investment through a bidding process to send company experiments to Mars. The experiment slots will go to the highest bidder and will include company-related ads, and the opportunity to have the company name on the robotic lander that is proposed to carry the experiments to Mars in 2018.[34]

Mars One selected a third-round pool of astronaut candidates in 2015 of 100 people “50 men and 50 women who successfully passed the second round. The candidates come from all around the world, namely 39 from the Americas, 31 from Europe, 16 from Asia, 7 from Africa, and 7 from Oceania”.

In a video posted on 19 of March 2015, Lansdorp said that because of delays in the robotic precursor mission, the first crew will not set down on Mars until 2027.[35] In August 2015, Lansdorp reiterated that their 12-year plan for landing humans on Mars by 2027 is subject to constant improvement and updates.[36]

The Space Review reported in October 2016 that while Mars One was “successful in generating a tremendous amount of publicity as well as enormous excitement about Mars, … its proposal lacked substance both in mission architecture and in workable funding mechanisms. As such, it has faded from the public consciousness.”[37]

According to their schedule as of March 2015, the first crew of four astronauts would arrive on Mars in 2027, after a seven-month journey from Earth. Additional teams would join the settlement every two years, with the intention that by 2035 there would be over twenty people living and working on Mars.[18] The astronaut selection process began on 22 April 2013.[38]

As of July 2015[update], the fourth round astronaut selection process, planned for Sept 2016, by which Mars One will choose six teams of four out of the 100 people selected in the third round, was announced.[39]

In December 2013, mission concept studies for an unmanned Mars mission were contracted with Lockheed Martin and Surrey Satellite Technology for a demonstration mission to be launched in 2017 and land on Mars in 2018. It would be based on the design of the successful 2007 NASA Phoenix lander,[40] and provide proof of concept for a subset of the key technologies for a later permanent human settlement on Mars.[41] Upon submission of Lockheed Martin’s Proposal Information Package,[40] Mars One released a Request for Proposals[42] for the various payloads on the lander. The total payload mass of 44kg is divided among the seven payloads as follows:[42]

In 2022, an unmanned rover will be launched to Mars in order to pick a landing site for the 2027 Mars One landing and a site for the Mars One colony. At the same time, a communication satellite will be launched, enabling continuous communication with the Mars One colony.[43]

In 2024, the 6 cargo missions will be launched in close succession, consisting of two living units, two life-support units, and two supply units.[43]

A spacecraft containing four astronauts will be launched from Earth to meet a Transit vehicle bound for Mars.[43]

In 2027, the landing module will land on Mars, containing four astronauts. They will be met by the rover launched in 2020, and taken to the Mars One colony.[43]

The application was available from 22 April 2013 to 31 August 2013.[44][45] This first application consists of applicants general information, a motivational letter, a rsum and a video. More than 200,000 people expressed interest, so Mars One plans to hold several other application periods in the future.

By 9 September 2013, 4,227 applicants[46] had paid their registration fee and submitted public videos in which they made their case for going to Mars in 2023.[47] The application fee varies from US $5 to US $75 (the amount depending on the relative wealth of the applicant’s country).[48]

Distribution of the 1,058 applicants selected for Round 2 according to the academic degree[49]

Other (37%)

The results of applicants selected for round 2 were declared on 30 December 2013. A total of 1,058 applicants from 107 countries were selected.[26] The gender split is 586 male (55.4%) and 472 female (44.6%). Among the people that were selected for round 2, 159 have a master’s degree, 347 have bachelor’s degrees and 29 have Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degrees. The majority of the applicants are under 36 and well educated.[50][51][52]

Medically cleared candidates were interviewed, and 50 men and 50 women from the total pool of 660 from around the world were selected to move on to the third round of the astronaut selection process:[53][54]

Although initial plans were for the Mars One selection committee to perform regional interviews around the world, applicants were ultimately remotely interviewed and recorded by Mars One over a relatively short Skype/SparkHire call regarding Martian-related orbital, temp/pressure, geological and historical parameters and the specific elements of the Mars One one-way mission.[27][55][56] Dr. Joseph Roche, one of the finalists, has accused the selection process of being based on a point system that is primarily dependent on how much money each individual generated or gave to the Mars One organization, despite many of the round three selectees having not spent any money in the process, apart from the application fee, which varied as a function of each applicant’s country GDP.[27][55][56] Lansdorp acknowledges a “gamification” point system but denies that selection is based on money earned.[56] Roche also stated that if paid for interviews, they are asked to donate 75% of the payment to Mars One.[27][56] This was confirmed by Lansdorp.[27][56]

It was originally planned that the pool of roughly one thousand successful applicants would be narrowed through regional contests. These events did not take place, and the above-mentioned group of 100 candidates were selected through the remote interview process and selected directly to round 3 in February 2015.

In late 2013, details of the 2015 selection phases had not been agreed upon due to ongoing negotiations with media companies for the rights to televise the selection processes.[57][needs update]

It was planned that the regional selection may be broadcast on TV and Internet in countries around the world. In each region, plans included 2040 applicants participating in challenges including rigorous simulations, many in team settings, with focus on testing the physical and emotional capabilities of the remaining candidates, with the aim of demonstrating their suitability to become the first humans on Mars. The audience was to select one winner per region, and the experts could select additional participants, if needed, to continue to the international level.[58][59][needs update]

Round three takes place in 2016[needs update], over the course of 5 days. At the start of the event, the candidates organize themselves into groups of 105 men and 5 women of diverse nationalities and age groups.

The Mars One selection committee then sets up group dynamic challenges and provide study materials related to each challenge. This allow them to observe how the candidates work in a group setting and choose candidates for elimination.[39][needs update]

At the end of each day all the teams except the winner lose members; then they reorganize themselves for the following day. At the end 40 candidates remain.

The remaining 40 candidates are spending nine days in an isolation unit. The candidates are observed closely to examine how they act in situations of prolonged close contact with one another. This test is implemented because, during the journey to Mars and upon arrival, the candidates will spend 24 hours a day with each other and during this time the simplest things may start to become bothersome. It takes a specific team dynamic to be able to handle this, and the goal of this selection round is to find those that are best suited for this challenge.

After the isolation round, 30 candidates are chosen to partake in a Mars Settler Suitability Interview.[39]

The Mars Settler Suitability Interview measures suitability for long duration Space missions and Mars settlement and will last approximately 4 hours. 24 candidates are selected after the interview and will be offered full-time employment with Mars One.[39]

From the previous selection series, six groups of four are to become full-time employees of the Mars One astronaut corps, after which they are to train for the mission. Whole teams and individuals might be deselected during training if they prove not to be suitable for the mission. Six to ten[citation needed] teams of four people are to be selected for seven years of full-time training.

Mars One funding comes from private investment (undisclosed), intellectual property (IP) rights, the sale of future broadcasting rights, and astronaut application fees.[48]

Mars One’s investment of revenues[60]

Concept design studies (78.3%)

Travel expenses (11.6%)

Legal expenses (3.3%)

Website maintenance (2.4%)

Communications (2.3%)

Office and other (2.1%)

On January 29, 2013, Mars One announced its initial batch of investors[61] from the Netherlands and South Africa. The value of the investment remains undisclosed.

Mars One initially estimated a one-way trip, excluding the cost of maintaining four astronauts on Mars until they die, at 6 billion USD.[62] Lansdorp has declined questions regarding the cost estimate because he believes “it would be very stupid for us to give the prices that have been quoted per component”.[63] For comparison, an “austere” manned Mars mission (including a temporary stay followed by a return of the astronauts) proposed by NASA in 2009 had a projected cost of $100 billion USD after an 18-year program, including a NASA-required return component.[64]

Mars One, the not-for-profit foundation, is the controlling stockholder of the for-profit Interplanetary Media Group.[65] A proposed global “reality-TV” media event was intended to provide funds to finance the expedition, however, no such reality TV show has emerged and no contracts have been signed. The astronaut selection process (with some public participation) was to be televised and continue on through the first years of living on Mars.[66][67]

Discussions between Endemol, producers of the Big Brother series, and Mars One ended with Endemol subsidiary Darlow Smithson Productions issuing a statement in February 2015 that they “were unable to reach agreement on the details of the contract” and that the company was “no longer involved in the project.”[68] Lansdorp updated plans to no longer include live broadcasts from Mars but instead rely on a documentary-style production, adding “Just like the Olympics, we watch highlights, we don’t watch things that athletes do when they’re not performing their abilities.”[69]

On 31 August 2012, company officials announced that funding from its first sponsors had been received.[62] Corporate sponsorship money will be used mostly to fund the conceptual design studies provided by the aerospace suppliers.[62]

Since the official announcement of their conversion to a Stichting, Mars One has been accepting one-time and regular monthly donations through their website. As of 4 July 2016, Mars One had received $928,888 in donations and merchandise sales.[70] The recent donation update adds the Indiegogo campaign ($313,744) to the private donation and merchandise total.

Over three quarters of the investment is in concept design studies. Mars One states that “income from donations and merchandise have not been used to pay salaries”. To date, no financial records have been released for public viewing.[71]

On 10 December 2013, Mars One set up a crowdfunding campaign on Indiegogo to fund their 2018 demonstration mission. The 2018 mission includes a lander and communications satellite, and aims to prove several mission critical technologies in addition to launch and landing. The campaign goal was to raise $400,000 USD by 25 January 2014. Since the ending date was drawing near, they decided to extend the ending date to 9 February 2014. By the end of the campaign, they had received $313,744 in funds. Indiegogo will receive 9% ($28,237) of the $313,744 for the campaign failing to achieve its goal.[72]

Mars One has identified at least one potential supplier for each component of the mission.[73][74] The major components are planned to be acquired from proven suppliers.[75] As of May 2013[update], Mars One has a contract with only one company, Paragon Space Development Corporation, for a preliminary life support study.[76]

The Falcon Heavy from SpaceX was the notional launcher in the early Mars One conceptual plan,[75] which included the notional use of SpaceX hardware for the lander and crew habitat, but, as of May 2013, SpaceX had not yet been contracted to supply mission hardware, and SpaceX has stated that it did “not currently have a relationship with Mars One.”[76] By March 2014, SpaceX indicated that they had been contacted by Mars One, and were in discussions, but that accommodating Mars One requirements would require some additional work and that such work was not a part of the current focus of SpaceX.[77][24]

A manned interplanetary spacecraft, which would transport the crew to Mars, would be assembled in low Earth orbit and comprise two propellant modules: a Transit Living Module (discarded just before arrival at Mars) and a lander (see “Human Lander” below).[75][78]

A potential supplier for the Transit living module as of November 2012[update] was Thales Alenia Space.[79][non-primary source needed]

Contract has been signed with Lockheed Martin to build the Demo Lander with the same designs as the Phoenix lander that went to Mars.[21]

In December 2013 Mars One awarded a contract to Surrey Satellite Technology for a study of the satellite technology required to provide 24/7 communication between Earth and the Mars base.[80][81] Mars One proposed at least two satellites, one in areostationary orbit above Mars and a second at the Earth Sun L4 or L5 point to relay the signal when Mars blocks the areosynchronous satellite from line of sight to Earth.[81] It is possible that a third satellite will be required to relay the signal on the rare occasions when the Sun blocks the first relay satellite from line of sight with Earth.[81]

An early notional Mars One lander was shown in concept art as a 5 meters (16ft)-diameter variant of SpaceX’s Dragon capsule. SpaceX has not agreed for their technoogy to be used by the Mars One project.[24]

The rover would be unpressurized and support travel distances of 80km (50 miles).[82] A potential supplier for the rover as of November 2012[update] was Astrobotic Technology.[79][non-primary source needed]

The Mars suit would be flexible to allow the settlers to work with both cumbersome construction materials and sophisticated machinery when they are outside the habitat while protecting them from the cold, low pressure and noxious gases of the Martian atmosphere.[83] The likely supplier of the suits is ILC Dover.[84] On 12 March 2013, Paragon Space Development Corporation was contracted to develop concepts for life support and the Mars Surface Exploration Spacesuit System. The Paragon Space Development Corporation study was stated to be finished late summer 2013; Mars One released the results of this (ECLSS portion only) study to the public in June 2015.[85][86] The Mars suit study portion of the original contract has just entered ITAR review, with a publicly accessible copy available once passed through review.

Mars One has received a variety of criticism, mostly relating to medical,[87] technical and financial feasibility. There are also unverified claims that Mars One is a scam designed to take as much money as possible from donors, including reality show contestants.[88][89] Many have criticized the project’s US$6 billion budget as being too low to successfully transport humans to Mars, to the point of being delusional.[10][90] A similar project study by NASA estimated the cost of such a feat at US$100 billion, although that included transporting the astronauts back to Earth. Objections have also been raised regarding the reality TV project associated with the expedition. Given the transient nature of most reality TV ventures, many believe that as viewership declines, funding could significantly decrease, thereby harming the entire expedition. Further, TV reality show contestants have reported that they were ranked based on their donations and funds raised.[88][91]

John Logsdon, a space policy expert at George Washington University, criticized the program, saying it appears to be a scam[90] and not “a credible proposition”.[92]

Chris Welch, director of Masters Programs at the International Space University, has said “Even ignoring the potential mismatch between the project income and its costs and questions about its longer-term viability, the Mars One proposal does not demonstrate a sufficiently deep understanding of the problems to give real confidence that the project would be able to meet its very ambitious schedule.”[93]

Gerard ‘t Hooft, theoretical physicist and ambassador[94] to Mars One, has stated that he thought both their proposed schedule and budget were off by a factor of ten.[27][95] He said he still supported the project’s overall goals.[95]

A space logistics analysis conducted by PhD candidates at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology revealed that the most optimistic of scenarios would require 15 Falcon Heavy launches that would cost approximately $4.5 billion.[96] They concluded that the reliability of Environmental Control and Life Support systems (ECLS), the Technology Readiness Levels (TRL), and in situ resource utilization (ISRU) would have to be improved. Additionally, they determined that if the costs of launch were also lowered dramatically, together this would help to reduce the mass and cost of Mars settlement architecture.[96] The environmental system would result in failure to be able to support human life in 68 days if fire safety standards on over-oxygenation were followed, due to excessive use of nitrogen supplies that would not then be able to be used to compensate leakage of air out of the habitat, leading to a resultant loss in pressurization, ending with pressures too low to support human life.[97] Lansdorp replied that although he has not read all the research, supplier Lockheed Martin says that the technologies were viable.[98]

Another serious concern uncovered in the research conducted by MIT is replacement parts. The PhD candidates estimated the need for spare parts in a Mars colony based on the failure rates of parts on the ISS. They determined that a resupply mission every two years would be necessary unless a large space in the initial launch were to be reserved for extra materials. Lansdorp commented on this saying, “They are correct. The major challenge of Mars One is keeping everything up and running. We don’t believe what we have designed is the best solution. It’s a good solution.”[98]

In March 2015, one of the Mars One finalists, Joseph Roche,[99] stated to media outlets that he believes the mission to be a scam. Roche holds doctorate degrees in physics and astrophysics, and shared many of his concerns and criticisms of the mission. These claims include that the organization lied about the number of applicants, stating that 200,000 individuals applied versus Roche’s claim of 2,761, and that many of the applicants had paid to be put on the list. Furthermore, Roche claimed that Mars One is asking finalists for donations from any money earned from guest appearances (which would amount to a minimal portion of the estimated $6 billion required for the mission). Finally, despite being one of 100 finalists, Roche himself has never spoken to any Mars One employee or representative in person, and instead of psychological or psychometric testing as is normal for astronaut candidates (especially for a lengthy, one-way mission), his interview process consisted of a 10-minute Skype conversation.[88][100]

Robert Zubrin, advocate for manned Martian exploration, said “I don’t think the business plan closes it. We’re going to go to Mars, we need a billion dollars, and we’re going to make up the revenue with advertising and media rights and so on. You might be able to make up some of the money that way, but I don’t think that anyone who is interested in making money is going to invest on that basis invest in this really risky proposition, and if you’re lucky you’ll break even? That doesn’t fly.”[101] Despite his criticisms, Zubrin became an adviser to Mars One on 10 October 2013.[102]

Canadian former astronaut Julie Payette said during the opening speech for an International Civil Aviation Organization conference that she does not think Mars One “is sending anybody anywhere”.[56]

In January 2014, German former astronaut Ulrich Walter strongly criticized the project for ethical reasons. Speaking with Tagesspiegel, he estimated the probability of reaching Mars alive at only 30%, and that of surviving there more than three months at less than 20%. He said, “They make their money with that [TV] show. They don’t care what happens to those people in space… If my tax money were used for such a mission, I would organize a protest.”[103]

Space tourist Richard Garriott stated in response to Mars One, “Many have interesting viable starting plans. Few raise the money to be able to pull it off.”[104]

Former astronaut Buzz Aldrin said in an interview that he wants to see humans on Mars by 2035, but he does not think Mars One will be the first to achieve it.[105]

Wired magazine gave it a plausibility score of 2 out of 10 as part of their 2012 Most Audacious Private Space Exploration Plans.[106]

The Daily Mail enumerated reasons why the project will never happen, calling the project “foolish”. The project lacks current funding as well as sources for future funding. The organization has no spacecraft or rocket in development or any contracts in place with companies that could provide a spacecraft or rocket. While plans point to SpaceX for both resources, the company has no contracts with Mars One in an industry that typically plans contracts decades in advance.[24] The organization has not shared any research into the effects of microgravity on crews in flight or reduced gravity on the Mars surface. The organization has yet to provide plans or even study how crews might survive dust storms, supply challenges or the increased radiation on Mars.[107]

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Mars One – Wikipedia

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