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History of the War on Drugs – About.com News & Issues

Posted: August 23, 2016 at 9:34 am

By Tom Head

At the turn of the 20th century, the drug market went mostly unregulated. Medical remedies, which often contained cocaine or heroin derivatives, were freely distributed without prescription–and without much consumer awareness of which drugs were potent and which were not. A caveat emptor attitude towards medical tonics could have meant the difference between life and death.

The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 targeted toxic drugs, and was expanded to address misleading drug labels in 1912. But the piece of legislation most relevant to the War on Drugs was the Harrison Tax Act of 1914, which restricted the sale of heroin and was quickly used to restrict the sale of cocaine as well.

And into this new national enforcement framework came the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, which attempted to tax marijuana into oblivion Marijuana had not been shown to be dangerous, but the perception that it might be a “gateway drug” for heroin users–and its alleged popularity among Mexican-American immigrants–made it an easy target. More

Not that it did so alone. The Boggs Act of 1951 had already established mandatory minimum federal sentences for possession of marijuana, cocaine, and opiates, and a committee led by Senator Price Daniel (D-TX, shown left) called that the federal penalties be increased further, as they were with the Narcotic Control Act of 1956.

But it was Eisenhower’s establishment of the U.S. Interdepartmental Committee on Narcotics, in 1954, in which a sitting president first literally called for a war on drugs.

So when the Nixon administration looked for ways to block the import of marijuana from Mexico, it took the advice of radical nativists: close the border. Operation Intercept imposed strict, punitive searches of traffic along on the U.S.-Mexican border in an effort to force Mexico to crack down on marijuana. The civil liberties implications of this policy are obvious, and it was an unmitigated foreign policy failure, but it demonstrated how far the Nixon administration was prepared to go.

Nixon also targeted the trendy, psychedelic image of illegal drugs, asking celebrities such as Elvis Presley (shown left) to help him send the message that drug abuse is unacceptable. Seven years later, Presley himself fell to drug abuse; toxicologists found as many as fourteen legally prescribed drugs, including narcotics, in his system at the time of his death.

The addition of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to the federal law enforcement apparatus in 1973 was a significant step in the direction of a criminal justice approach to drug enforcement. If the federal reforms of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 represented the formal declaration of the War on Drugs, the Drug Enforcement Administration became its foot soldiers.

It is not insignificant that the policy also came with political benefits. By portraying drugs as a threat to children, the administration was able to pursue more aggressive federal antidrug legislation.

Then along came crack, cocaine processed into little rocks at a price non-yuppies could afford. Newspapers printed breathless accounts of black urban “crack fiends” and the drug of rock stars suddenly grew more sinister to white middle America.

Congress and the Reagan administration responded with the Antidrug Act of 1986, which established a 100:1 ratio for mandatory minimums associated with cocaine. It would take 5,000 grams of powdered “yuppie” cocaine to land you in prison for a minimum 10 years–but only 50 grams of crack.

So when Senator Joe Biden’s 1994 Omnibus Crime Bill included a provision allowing for the federal execution of drug kingpins, it indicated that the War on Drugs had ultimately reached such a level that drug-related offenses were regarded by the federal government as equivalent to, or worse than, murder and treason.

What is confusing is the issue of what happens when a state declares that a drug can be made legal with a prescription, and the federal government bullheadedly insists on targeting it as an illegal drug anyway. This happened in 1996 when California legalized marijuana for medical use. The Bush and Obama administrations have arrested California medical marijuana distributors anyway.

So far, the Obama administration’s actual drug policy enforcement has not differed significantly from that of the Bush administration. But the War on Drugs has always been a rhetorical convention–you can’t declare war on inanimate objects, social phenomena, moods, or abstractions–and it’s a rhetorical convention that has determined the way our country views drug policy enforcement. Acknowledging that this is a policy initiative, not a war, is a good step.

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Used Offshore Yachts for Sale – Offshore Yachts MLS

Posted: at 9:31 am

OFFSHORE HISTORY & OVERVIEW

Established: 1948 Located: Taiwan Construction: Fiberglass Category: Powerboats, Motor Yachts, Luxury Yachts Worth Noting: In 1945, Richard Hunt, Offshore Yachts founder, worked with the U.S. Navy to develop FRP application for boats.

Richard O. Hunt founded Offshore Yachts in 1948. The companys roots date back to Word War II, when Richard pioneered the use of laminated fiberglass for the construction of auxiliary U.S. navy boats due to steel shortages.

After the war, Richard built the first laminated fiberglass pleasure cruisers, which started at 14 feet in length. The production of fiberglass boats was a milestone for Offshore, since fiberglass was becoming the replacement for wood due to its strength and durability.

Richards sons joined the family business in 1958, and son, Robert Hunt, still runs the business today. Shortly after, in 1960, Offshore built FRP cruising boats using a modified deep-vee hull, influenced by legendary boat-builder, Richard Bertram. This design technique creates a hull bottom capable of handling rougher waters.

Naval architect, William Crealock, designed powerboats for Offshore Yachts, developing the deep-fore-foot design, which became popular in the Offshore 48 model. Through the early 1980s, the introduction of the first Offshore 48 models established the maxim, The softest ride on the water.

Offshores philosophy of maximum comfort, safety, and convenience stems from the use of the latest technology in yacht building. Utilizing hand-laminating techniques and intricate molds to prevent leaking windows, Offshore has an impressive model line ranging from 52 to 92 feet.

Denison Yacht Sales specializes in helping clients buy and sell used Offshore Yachts for sale.

Buying Your Next Offshore Yacht: Denison Yacht Sales offers you the entire Offshore Yachts MLS results, including listings of other yacht brokers, even Offshore Yachts located outside the country. You will find used Offshore 48 Pilothouse, Offshore 58 Pilothouse, Offshore 72 Pilothouse, Offshore 80 Voyager, and Offshore 90 Voyager yachts for sale.

Selling Your Current Offshore Yacht: Denison Yacht Sales would love to help you sell your Offshore Yacht! With a team of over 100 licensed yacht brokers in 18 locations worldwide, Denison is ready to provide your Offshore Yacht with true national exposure. Denisons comprehensive Offshore Yachts email and web marketing programs will provide your Offshore Yacht with global exposure in Europe, Latin America, Asia, and Australia.

Offshore Yachts Market Reports: As an Offshore Yachts Buyer, or a Seller, if you would like to receive an up-to-the-minute Offshore Yachts market report, reflecting the latest Offshore Yachts sales data, contact a Denison Yacht Broker at 954.763.3971 or Sales@DenisonYachtSales.com.

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Used Offshore Yachts for Sale – Offshore Yachts MLS

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Abolition – The African-American Mosaic Exhibition …

Posted: August 14, 2016 at 7:12 pm

The American Anti-Slavery Society was established in 1833, but abolitionist sentiment antedated the republic. For example, the charter of Georgia prohibited slavery, and many of its settlers fought a losing battle against allowing it in the colony, Before independence, Quakers, most black Christians, and other religious groups argued that slavery was incompatible with Christ’s teaching. Moreover, a number of revolutionaries saw the glaring contradiction between demanding freedom for themselves while holding slaves. Although the economic center of slavery was in the South, northerners also held slaves, as did African Americans and Native Americans. Moreover, some southerners opposed slavery. Blacks were in the vanguard of the anti-slavery movement. Abolitionist literature began to appear about 1820. Until the Civil War, the anti-slavery press produced a steadily growing stream of newspapers, periodicals, sermons, children’s publications, speeches, abolitionist society reports, broadsides, and memoirs of former slaves.

The Library of Congress has a wealth of material that demonstrates the extent of public support for and opposition to abolition. Broadsides advertise fairs and bazaars that women’s groups held to raise money for the cause. Other publications advertise abolitionist rallies, some of which are pictured in prints from contemporaneous periodicals. To build enthusiasm at their meetings, anti-slavery organizations used songs, some of which survive. The Library also has many political and satirical prints from the 1830s through the 1850s that demonstrate the rising sectional controversy during that time.

Although excellent studies of the abolition movement exist, further research in the Library’s manuscripts could document the lesser known individuals who formed the movement’s core. Other promising topics include the roles of women and black abolitionists and the activities of state and local abolitionist societies.

Jonathan Edwards, Jr., (17451801), was, like his more famous father, a Congregationalist minister. He served at the White Haven Church in New Haven, Connecticut, and later became president of Union College in Schenectady, New York. In this sermon, Edwards presented forceful arguments against ten common pro-slavery positions. One of the earliest anti-slavery publications in the Library of Congress collections, the sermon demonstrates the existence of strong anti-slavery feeling in the early days of the republic.

Injustices and Impolicy of the Slave Trade and of the Slavery of Africans. Title page. Jonathan Edwards [Jr.], Author. New Haven: Thomas & Samuel Green, 1791. Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress (35)

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On January 1, 1794, delegates from the abolition societies of Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland met in Philadelphia, a stronghold of the anti-slavery Quaker religion. The group voted to petition Congress to prohibit the slave trade and also to appeal to the legislatures of the various states to abolish slavery. The petitions pointed out the inconsistency of a country that had recently rejected the tyranny of kings engaging in domestic despotism. Delegates published an address urging on U.S. citizens the obligations of justice, humanity, and benevolence toward our Africa brethren, whether in bondage or free. The group planned to meet each January until slavery was abolished.

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The American Anti-Slavery Society produced The Slave’s Friend, a monthly pamphlet of abolitionist poems, songs, and stories for children. In its pages, young readers were encouraged to collect money for the anti-slavery cause. Here a picture of the coffle- yoke used to chain groups of slaves together illustrates a dialogue about the horrors of slavery between a girl named Ellen and her father, Mr. Murray. A shocked Ellen concludes that I will never boast of our liberty while there is a slave in this land.

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Anti-colonization sentiment was common in abolitionist publications such as The Anti-Slavery Picknick, a collection of speeches, poems, dialogues, and songs intended for use in schools and anti-slavery meetings. A song called the Colored Man’s Opinion of Colonization denounces plans to transport free blacks out of the United States. Many African-Americans opposed colonization, and, in 1831, a convention of free blacks meeting in New York asserted, This is our home, and this is our country. Beneath its sod lie the bones of our fathers; for it some of them fought, bled, and died. Here we were born, and here we will die.

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Although women were heavily involved in abolitionist activities, opinion was divided as to their proper role. Some people believed that women should serve in auxiliary roles that did not expose them to competition with men. However, many women played a highly visible role as writers and speakers for the cause. Some of them gained activist experience that they later used in support of women’s rights. In this circular, the women of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society advertise a fundraising event to support an agent. Well-known abolitionists such as Maria W. Chapman, a spirited speaker, song writer, and editor of many volumes of The Liberty Bell songbook, and Helen E. Garrison, wife of William Lloyd Garrison, were involved in the event.

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This broadside condemns the sale and keeping of slaves in the District of Columbia. The work was issued during the 18351836 campaign to have Congress abolish slavery in the Capital. At the top are contrasting scenes: a view of a reading of the Declaration of Independence, captioned The Land of the Free, with a scene of slaves being led past the Capitol, captioned The Home of the Oppressed. Also shown is the infamous Franklin & Armfield Slave Prison, still standing on Duke Street in Alexandria, Virginia. Opened in 1828, this center soon gained control of nearly half the sea trade in slaves between Virginia and Maryland and New Orleans. Most area slaves sold South were held there before being shipped to a dreaded future on a rice, cotton or indigo plantation.

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This handbill urging opponents of abolitionists to obstruct an anti-slavery meeting demonstrates the depth of pro-slavery feeling. Although the handbill advocates peaceful means, violence sometimes erupted between the two factions. An emotion-laden handbill was a factor in the well-known Boston riot of October 21, 1835. In that incident, a mob broke into the hall where the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society was meeting, and threatened William Lloyd Garrison’s life.

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Each year the American Anti-Slavery Society distributed an almanac containing poems, drawings, essays, and other abolitionist material. This issue was compiled by Lydia Maria Child (18021880), a popular writer recruited to the abolitionist cause by William Lloyd Garrison. In 1833, Mrs. Child produced An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans, a sensational anti-slavery publication that won converts to the movement. From 1841 to 1849, she edited the New York-based National Anti-Slavery Standard newspaper.

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Joseph Cinquez (or Cinque) was one of a group of Africans from Sierra Leone who had been kidnapped and sold into slavery. In July 1839, Cinquez led a revolt on the slave ship Amistad, off Cuba. The slaves took control of the ship and killed the crew, but were soon captured and charged with piracy. Their subsequent trials in New Haven, Connecticut, were causes celebres, pitting abolitionists against President Martin Van Buren’s administration. In March 1841, the Supreme Court upheld the lower court’s decision to return Cinquez and his surviving friends to Africa. John Quincy Adams had represented the Africans before the Supreme Court, and they were set free largely as a result of his eloquent pleading.

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The illustration on this sheet-music cover is an allegory of the triumph of abolitionism. A railroad car called Immediate Emancipation, is pulled by a locomotive named Liberator. These two names refer to William Lloyd Garrison, whose demand for immediate emancipation was expressed in his newspaper The Liberator. Repealer, the second locomotive, probably refers to the Irish insurgent movement, a cause with which many U.S. abolitionists were allied. Flags bearing the names of two other abolitionist publications, the Herald of Freedom and American Standard (or National Anti-Slavery Standard) fly from the Emancipation car. In the distance, two other trains, one marked Van, the other Clay, crash, and their passengers flee. These trains allude to Democrat and Whig presidential hopefuls Martin Van Buren and Henry Clay.

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Like many other reformers, abolitionists felt that good crusades required singing. Hence, many abolitionists expressed themselves in verse and songs. The cover of this sheet-music shows a fictionalized and inaccurate version of the escape from slavery of Frederick Douglass (18171895), who actually fled by ship. The song is dedicated to Douglass for his fearless advocacy, signal ability, and wonderful success in behalf of His Brothers in Bonds.

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Abolitionist materials aimed at women often appealed to their sympathetic feeling as wives and mothers for the plight of slave women who might be separated from their husbands or children.

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Libertarian candidate Gary Johnson hires GOP operative to …

Posted: August 12, 2016 at 2:48 pm

The head of Hispanic Outreach for the Libertarian Party, who is Republican, says he joined up with the third party because he believes GOP presidential nominee Donald Trump is the worst of the worst.

Speaking to The Hill, Juan Hernndez, who took the post with the Libertarian Party last week, said that he is not leaving the Republican Party, but is backing Libertarian Gary Johnsons bid for the White House because he believes the former New Mexico governor “comes with a message that brings both of my worlds together.”

Johnsons message of small government and letting states decide on social issues resonated with Hernndez because it “fits Hispanics so well.”

“We came here, were religious, we dont want to get into the debate over gay marriage,” Hernndez said of Hispanics. “Let states decide.”

As for Trump, Hernndez said there are just so many reasons why he cant support the boisterous billionaire.

While he says that Trumps call to build a massive wall along the United States southern border with Mexico and his proposal to deport the 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the country would be an insult to Hispanics, Hernndez said his opposition to Trump goes even further.

Trump would “not only be a disaster for Hispanics, for Republicans, for Americans, for the world. I really fear a Trump president. The way he speaks of bombing other nations, the Muslims?”

Hernndez, however, said he never had any plans of supporting Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton.

“Its not a matter of Ill go with the lesser of two evils, I think we have to vote on principle,” said Hernndez.

“Since she was first lady of Arkansas, she and her husband were always en la orillita of whats appropriate, Hernndez said, using the Mexican Spanish phrase that roughly translates to in gray space.

Hernndez has previously worked as an advisor for presidential candidates in the U.S., Mexico and Guatemala, including Arizona Sen. John McCains failed bid in 2008 and former Mexican Presidents Vicente Fox and Felipe Caldern.

Besides Hernndez, the Johnson campaign nabbed another high profile Republican boost on Wednesday when Virginia Rep. Scott Rigell said he thinks Johnson can win the presidency.

“This may surprise you to hear, but I’m ready to defend the proposition that Gov. Johnson can win,” Rigell said.

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Libertarian Candidates Gary Johnson, Bill Weld Pitch …

Posted: August 6, 2016 at 4:54 pm

Libertarian presidential candidate Gary Johnson needs to get to 15 percent in polls to make it onto the debate stage this fall. John Raoux/AP hide caption

Libertarian presidential candidate Gary Johnson needs to get to 15 percent in polls to make it onto the debate stage this fall.

Libertarian Party candidates Gary Johnson and Bill Weld pitched themselves as the antidote to Washington partisanship in a CNN town hall, hoping to appeal to voters frustrated with both the Republican and the Democratic presidential nominees.

Both are former Republican governors Johnson from New Mexico and Weld from Massachusetts and told CNN’s Anderson Cooper they align with most voters on both fiscal and social issues.

“We want the government out of your pocketbook and out of your bedroom, and the polling shows that a majority of Americans think that,” said Weld, the party’s vice presidential nominee.

Johnson, who ran for the GOP nomination in 2012 before becoming the Libertarian nominee four years ago, said if they are elected, the two longtime lawmakers will almost act as co-presidents sharing a staff and “planning to do this as a partnership.”

“Two heads for the price of one, and that it would be a plus for the country, believing that,” the former New Mexico governor said.

“I think it would be refreshing to have a party that was not terribly partisan holding the White House, and we would hire the best people from the Democratic Party, the smartest people from the Republican Party and the best people from the Libertarian Party,” Weld added.

The two bemoaned the rules that, as of now, would keep them off the presidential debate stage come this fall. A third-party candidate must hit at least 15 percent in polling, and the Libertarian ticket is at 9 percent in the latest CNN/ORC poll. The Green Party’s Jill Stein is at 5 percent in that same survey.

A third-party candidate hasn’t made it onto the stage since independent Ross Perot in 1992, but with both Republican nominee Donald Trump and Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton still struggling to unite their parties’ bases while being dragged down by high disapproval ratings, there is a rare opening. And Johnson and Weld are aiming to fill that void.

“The idea that we should not be at those debates expressing what is a majority point of view in the country can only be laid at the door of the two-party monopoly, the duopoly, that has a stranglehold on power in Washington,” Weld said. “That’s the Rs and the Ds, who sometimes seem to exist mainly for the express purpose of killing each other.”

Johnson stood by his characterization that Clinton was “beholden” to special interests and slammed her high fees for speaking to Wall Street groups. He argued there is a conflict of interest between the former secretary of state and her family’s Clinton Foundation that “smacks of pay-to-play.”

But Weld had harsher words for Trump and the way the GOP candidate has reacted to criticism from the family of a Muslim-American soldier killed in Iraq.

“He’s a showman. He’s a pied piper. He’s the music man,” Weld said about the billionaire real estate magnate. “More recently, it’s gotten more serious, and the noun that comes to my mind is a screw loose.”

Johnson dismissed the idea that they would play spoiler this fall, though.

“A wasted vote is voting for somebody that you don’t believe in, and if we’re going to continue to vote for the lesser of two evils, that’s still evil,” he told a questioner.

Johnson did depart from typical libertarian orthodoxy in one instance. Previously, he has said that “religious freedom, as a category” was “a black hole,” and he said he wouldn’t back any state religious freedom laws, such as ones that would protect people like wedding photographers or bakers from having to provide services for a gay wedding.

“I fear that under the guise of religious liberty, the LGBT community is being discriminated against,” Johnson said. “There can be a balance between the two, but I don’t want to support discrimination in any form whatsoever.”

Shetamia Taylor, a woman who was wounded in the Dallas police attack last month, asked Johnson about the Black Lives Matter movement. And the Libertarian nominee gave a rare acknowledgement that, as a white man, he had been slow to realize there was a problem between minorities and law enforcement.

“My head’s been in the sand on this. I think we’ve all had our heads in the sand, and let’s wake up,” Johnson said. “This discrimination does exist.”

On the subject of foreign policy, Johnson said the two weren’t pushing for an isolationist approach, simply one that was more hesitant to enter into foreign skirmishes.

“We both reject the notion that libertarians are isolationists,” Johnson said. “We’re not isolationists. We’re non-interventionists. We don’t want to get involved in regime change that has the potential to make the world less safe.”

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Open International University for Alternative Medicines

Posted: July 31, 2016 at 5:48 am

Indian Board of Alternative Medicines 80, Chowringhee Road Kolkata 700020. India. Email:info@altmedworld.net Tel: From India: 033-24865910 / 09163312416 From Outside India: 0091-9163312416 / 0091-33-24865910 Website:http://www.altmedworld.net

Notice:The official website of Indian Board of Alternative Medicines has shifted tohttp://www.altmedworld.netStudents may visit the new website for latest information on courses, conferences and workshops.

The Indian Board of Alternative Medicines, based in Calcutta (Kolkata), India is an internationally-recognized holistic medicine training institute offering classroom-based training and distance learning courses to students all over the world. We offer undergraduate and graduate diploma and degree programmes in a range of alternative medicine disciplines including Naturopathy; Medicinal Herbalism; Reflexology; Reiki Therapy among many others. All of our courses are taught through English.

Those who graduate from The Indian Board of Alternative Medicines are required to demonstrate a broad understanding and competency in health care and maintain a commitment to intellectual development, health and healing practice, and scholarship in complementary, alternative and traditional medicine, and integrated health practices.

Distance Learning Alternative Medicine Courses:

Diploma Courses: -Two-year Diploma in Alternative Medicines course – One-year Diploma courses are available in the following therapies: Yoga and Massage; Naturopathy; Bach Flower Remedies; Reiki Therapy; Acupressure; Acupuncture; Magnetotherapy; Reflexology; Aromatherapy; Hypnotherapy; Iridology; Electro – Homeopathy; Radiesthesia and Radionics; Medical Astrology; Gem – Tele – Chromotherapy; Traditional Chinese Medicine; Chiropractic; Holistic Health & Nutrition; Medicinal Herbalism.

Post Graduate Diploma in Alternative Medicine Course (1 year): Post Graduate Diploma in Alternative Medicine (P.G.D.A.M.) distance learning course is designed as a foundation for a career in alternative medicine.

Bachelor Programmes: – Bachelor’s in Alternative Medicine (B.A.M.S. (A.M.) / B.A.S.M.) – 2 years. – Bachelor’s in the following list of therapies – 2 years: Naturopathy & Yoga; Reiki Healing; Acupressure & Magnetotherapy; Medicinal Herbalism; Medical Astrology; Gem-Tele-Chromo Therapy; Electro-Homoeopathy; Hypnotherapy; Aroma Therapy; Traditional Chinese Medicine; Radiesthesia & Radionics; Iridology Science; Chiropractic; Acupuncture; Holistic Health & Nutrition; Reflexology

Graduate Course: – Master’s in Psychotherapy and Counseling (M.P.C.) Program

Doctorate Courses: – Doctor of Naturopathy / Natural Medicine ( N.D. / N.M.D.) – Doctor of Oriental Medicine ( O.M.D. ) – Doctor of Holistic Medicine ( H.M.D. ) – Doctor of Medicine in Alternative Medicines M.D.(A.M.) – Doctor of Philosophy in Alternative Medicines – Ph.D(A.M.) – Doctor of Science in Alternative Medicines – D.Sc (A.M.) – Doctor of Literature in Alternative Medicine- D.Litt (A.M.) – Doctor of Medicine in Acupuncture – M.D. (Acu.) – Doctor of Medicine in Electro Homeopathy – M.D. (E.H.)

Our Philosophy:

The Indian Board of Alternative Medicines believes firmly that the citizens of the world want and deserve the opportunity to receive the highest quality of health care, with the broadest range of care options. In keeping with this set of beliefs, Board is organized to educate and develop health care professionals, including those already in health care practice, to serve the public with love, care and compassion. The learning community of the Board seeks to cultivate a renewed sense of purpose and leadership within each individual and to promote and enduring search for knowledge, influence and excellence in human and health service.

How Does Distance Learning Work? Lessons & study materials on the specific therapy of each course and on general medical subjects are sent by air mail. The student is allowed a certain amount of time to study the lessons following which examination papers are mailed to the student. All the question papers have to be solved and the answers sent to the Institute for evaluation.

Recognition in India:

Founder President:

Dr. Suresh Kumar Agarwal, widely regarded as the pioneer of the holistic medical movement in India isthe Founder President of India Board of Alternative Medicine. An internationally renowned practitioner of alternative medicine, Dr. Agarwal is also an organizer, visionary, author and teacher.

Born in 1961 in Rajasthan, Dr. Agarwal graduated from the University of Calcutta in 1980. In 1984 he graduated with a Diploma in Medicine and Surgery from the Council of Homoeopathic Medicine, Govt. of West Bengal. He has completed Doctorate in Medicine in Homoeopathy from University Grants Commission Recognised University and Recognised by Central Council of Homoeopathy under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India. Also graduated in Ayurveda from Hindi University, Allahbad and Naturopathy from the Indian Institute of Naturopathy, Coimbatore. He also completed courses in Yoga Therapy from Kaivalyadham, Pune and Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari. He then studied the different systems of therapy in leading institutions in India and abroad. He obtained a M.D. in traditional & Alternative Medicine from the Open International University, Colombo and a Ph.D. from Medicina Alternativa, Kazakhastan (the then USSR). Dr.Agarwal was conferred the D.Sc. Honoris Causa in 1994 by the Open International University, Colombo, for his outstanding services to the promotion and popularization of holistic healing in India.

He is the National Vice-Chancellor of the International Association of Educators for World Peace and a visiting professor of the Open International University, Colombo and East West University for Holistic Health Science, California, USA. He is editor of the Indian Journal of Holistic Health & Medicine, and is author of several books besides having articles published in leading newspapers and magazines of the country, and has also actively participated in number of national and international conferences organized by government and non- government organizations in India and abroad, his name having become synonymous with alternative medicines in India and has appeared in Asia Internationals Whos Who for his outstanding contribution to the cause of Alternative Medicine in India.

Student Testimonials:

“Thank you for helping me all the way. I enjoyed the course and the certification. It is really good and presentable. I am displaying in my clinic and recommending your school to others. You are doing a GREAT job. May God give you long life, health and wealth And more resources to do good projects. Insha Allah in the future i will join Ph.D program.” – Naeem Sharieff, California, U.S.A.

“I have truly enjoyed this learning experience, and I thank IBAM for facilitating this opportunity, as well as for your help during this process. I hope to receive a First Division grade for the work I have submitted. Thank you very much, and wishing you all the best in your future endeavors.” – Monde Leck, South Carolina, U.S.A.

“The Doctoral program in Naturopathy was highly enriching and has helped me evolve as a practitioner. Your course has helped me in my experience in natural medicine, as an author for a book on self-healing that I shall start shortly and as a teacher with better credibility and skills.” – Maria J. C. Maia, Ferno Ferro, Portugal

“Thank you for the quality study and for the excellent quality of your organization and thank you for processing of all of the 16 exams related to the ND/NMD study. I hope to clear the examinations with First Division. I have written over 100,000 words as part of my assignments and greetings from Netherlands.” – Dr. Herman Fridsma, Landsmeer, Netherland

“Thank you very much. I received today the Diploma in Chiropractic, very nice diploma from your prestigious institution. I want to inquire again on another course offered by IBAM as Bachelors in Acupuncture. I would like to start another program of study at the earliest.” – Dr. Ronnie A. Royo, Manila, Philippines

Global Greetings:

…………..these systems of medicines do play an important role in the promotion of health, as well as in the prevention and cure of diseases, especially in the poor countries of the world. Date : 26th November, 1993,Mother Teresa

I understand that the endeavour of the International Institute of Health Sciences and the Indian Board of Alternative Medicines is to evolve a consensus on health and related issues amongst the different disciplines of medical science and various systems of medicines. From our own experiences the Tibetan medical system, like the Ayurvedic and Unani systems , has been extremely effective and beneficial for the treatment of a variety of illnesses, especially chronic illnesses. I there fore believe there is scope for other alternative systems to be able to cobtribute to the better health of people. Date : November, 2000,H. H. Dalai Lama

………….There are many approaches to combatting the scourge of AIDS. I am pleased to support the contribution being made by practitioners of Alternative Medicines in this regard. I encourage you to continue your efforts and wish you well as you meet to discuss this extermely important health issue which has such serious implications for our future. Date : 25th November, 1997,Rev. Desmond. M. Tutu

………….For those who live in communities that have not yet begun to suffer the psychological, social and economic impact of the epidemic, it is time to come together to create awareness of what could lie ahead. Government ministries, health care workers, human rights advocates, non-governmental and community-based organizations, scientists and medical doctors must all unite in a partnership to bring about the changes in attitude and behavior which can prevent the further spread of the virus. Date : 1st December, 1993,Boutros Boutros – Ghali- Secretary General, United Nations

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About Campaign for Liberty – Campaign for Liberty

Posted: at 5:41 am

Americans inherit from our ancestors a glorious tradition of freedom and resistance to oppression. Our country has long been admired by the rest of the world for her great example of liberty and prosperitya light shining in the darkness of tyranny.

But many Americans today are frustrated. The political choices they are offered give them no real choice at all. For all their talk of “change,” neither major political party as presently constituted challenges the status quo in any serious way. Neither treats the Constitution with anything but contempt. Neither offers any kind of change in monetary policy. Neither wants to make the reductions in government that our crushing debt burden demands. Neither talks about bringing American troops home not just from Iraq but from around the world. Our country is going bankrupt, and none of these sensible proposals are even on the table.

This destructive bipartisan consensus has suffocated American political life for many years. Anyone who tries to ask fundamental questions instead of cosmetic ones is ridiculed or ignored.

That is why the Campaign for Liberty was established: to highlight the neglected but common-sense principles we champion and reinsert them into the American political conversation.

The U.S. Constitution is at the heart of what the Campaign for Liberty stands for, since the very least we can demand of our government is fidelity to its own governing document. Claims that our Constitution was meant to be a “living document” that judges may interpret as they please are fraudulent, incompatible with republican government, and without foundation in the constitutional text or the thinking of the Framers. Thomas Jefferson spoke of binding our rulers down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution, and we are proud to follow in his distinguished lineage.

With our Founding Fathers, we also believe in a noninterventionist foreign policy. Inspired by the old Robert Taft wing of the Republican Party, we are convinced that the American people cannot remain free and prosperous with 700 military bases around the world, troops in 130 countries, and a steady diet of war propaganda. Our military overstretch is undermining our national defense and bankrupting our country.

We believe that the free market, reviled by people who do not understand it, is the most just and humane economic system and the greatest engine of prosperity the world has ever known.

We believe with Ludwig von Mises, Henry Hazlitt, and F.A. Hayek that central banking distorts economic decisionmaking and misleads entrepreneurs into making unsound investments. Hayek won the Nobel Prize for showing how central banks’ interference with interest rates sets the stage for economic downturns. And the central bank’s ability to create money out of thin air transfers wealth from the most vulnerable to those with political pull, since it is the latter who receive the new money before the price increases it brings in its wake have yet occurred. For economic and moral reasons, therefore, we join the great twentieth-century economists in opposing the Federal Reserve System, which has reduced the value of the dollar by 95 percent since it began in 1913.

We oppose the dehumanizing assumption that all issues that divide us must be settled at the federal level and forced on every American community, whether by activist judges, a power-hungry executive, or a meddling Congress. We believe in the humane alternative of local self-government, as called for in our Constitution.

We oppose the transfer of American sovereignty to supranational organizations in which the American people possess no elected representatives. Such compromises of our country’s independence run counter to the principles of the American Revolution, which was fought on behalf of self-government and local control. Most of these organizations have a terrible track record even on their own terms: how much poverty have the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund actually alleviated, for example? The peoples of the world can interact with each other just fine in the absence of bureaucratic intermediaries that undermine their sovereignty.

We believe that freedom is an indivisible whole, and that it includes not only economic liberty but civil liberties and privacy rights as well, all of which are historic rights that our civilization has cherished from time immemorial.

Our stances on other issues can be deduced from these general principles.

Our country is ailing. That is the bad news. The good news is that the remedy is so simple and attractive: a return to the principles our Founders taught us. Respect for the Constitution, the rule of law, individual liberty, sound money, and a noninterventionist foreign policy constitute the foundation of the Campaign for Liberty.

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Alternative Medicine | HowStuffWorks

Posted: July 29, 2016 at 3:12 am

It seems alternative medicine is sweeping the country. Newspapers, magazines, books, TV — it’s starting to look like a fad. But the truth is, alternative medical treatments have been around in this country for centuries and promise to be with us for as long as people need healing.

There are traditions that go back millennia, and there are relatively new schools of thought based on recent discoveries. Some are still the primary health care systems in their native lands, and some have struggled to be recognized throughout their existence. The one thing they have in common, though, is that in this country, they have been relegated to the margins of medicine.

To understand what alternative medicine is, you have to know what it’s an alternative to. In the United States, the medical establishment consists of a system of medical schools, hospitals, and M.D.s that many would call traditional medicine. But there is really nothing traditional about it. In fact, traditional medicine would be a better description of many of the alternative therapies in this article — time-honored beliefs and practices relied on for generations.

Conventional would be a better word to describe modern Western medicine, often called allopathic medicine. It is predominant in most of the Western world because it is the convention, the mode of thinking that is currently in vogue. That is not to say that allopathic medicine is just a fad. It is a valuable resource for health and healing, but it is not the only one. It is one system among many.

All of this may seem like a pointless discussion of words — allopathic, alternative, conventional, traditional — but the way we talk about them can mean a great deal. People’s access to health care options — and even who will pay for what — depends on what people say about different modes of therapy.

However, more and more, patients, insurance companies, and even conventional doctors are recognizing the value of alternative therapies. Meditation managing high blood pressure without drugs, biofeedback treating bowel disorders without surgery, and mind/body medicine giving hope and quality of life to the terminally ill are just a few examples of the benefits of alternative medicine that conventional medicine simply cannot offer.

Nothing can replace a well-informed health care consumer, and no one knows this better than doctors and practitioners. Knowing your options is part of being well informed, but so is communicating with your practitioner effectively. In the pages that follow, you will dozens of articles describing how to treat various conditions with alternative medicine. Use these articles to access information and practitioners; use it to discuss options with your health care provider; share it with family and friends who might be looking for alternatives. Become well-informed and turn that power into good health. Let’s get started on the next page with an examination of alternative medicines for women’s health issues.

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Quotes About Freedom Of Speech (231 quotes) – Goodreads

Posted: at 3:09 am

A NATION’S GREATNESS DEPENDS ON ITS LEADER

To vastly improve your country and truly make it great again, start by choosing a better leader. Do not let the media or the establishment make you pick from the people they choose, but instead choose from those they do not pick. Pick a leader from among the people who is heart-driven, one who identifies with the common man on the street and understands what the country needs on every level. Do not pick a leader who is only money-driven and does not understand or identify with the common man, but only what corporations need on every level.

Pick a peacemaker. One who unites, not divides. A cultured leader who supports the arts and true freedom of speech, not censorship. Pick a leader who will not only bail out banks and airlines, but also families from losing their homes — or jobs due to their companies moving to other countries. Pick a leader who will fund schools, not limit spending on education and allow libraries to close. Pick a leader who chooses diplomacy over war. An honest broker in foreign relations. A leader with integrity, one who says what they mean, keeps their word and does not lie to their people. Pick a leader who is strong and confident, yet humble. Intelligent, but not sly. A leader who encourages diversity, not racism. One who understands the needs of the farmer, the teacher, the doctor, and the environmentalist — not only the banker, the oil tycoon, the weapons developer, or the insurance and pharmaceutical lobbyist.

Pick a leader who will keep jobs in your country by offering companies incentives to hire only within their borders, not one who allows corporations to outsource jobs for cheaper labor when there is a national employment crisis. Choose a leader who will invest in building bridges, not walls. Books, not weapons. Morality, not corruption. Intellectualism and wisdom, not ignorance. Stability, not fear and terror. Peace, not chaos. Love, not hate. Convergence, not segregation. Tolerance, not discrimination. Fairness, not hypocrisy. Substance, not superficiality. Character, not immaturity. Transparency, not secrecy. Justice, not lawlessness. Environmental improvement and preservation, not destruction. Truth, not lies.

Most importantly, a great leader must serve the best interests of the people first, not those of multinational corporations. Human life should never be sacrificed for monetary profit. There are no exceptions. In addition, a leader should always be open to criticism, not silencing dissent. Any leader who does not tolerate criticism from the public is afraid of their dirty hands to be revealed under heavy light. And such a leader is dangerous, because they only feel secure in the darkness. Only a leader who is free from corruption welcomes scrutiny; for scrutiny allows a good leader to be an even greater leader.

And lastly, pick a leader who will make their citizens proud. One who will stir the hearts of the people, so that the sons and daughters of a given nation strive to emulate their leader’s greatness. Only then will a nation be truly great, when a leader inspires and produces citizens worthy of becoming future leaders, honorable decision makers and peacemakers. And in these times, a great leader must be extremely brave. Their leadership must be steered only by their conscience, not a bribe. Suzy Kassem, Rise Up and Salute the Sun: The Writings of Suzy Kassem

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Socio-Economic Collapse in the Congo: Causes and Solutions

Posted: July 25, 2016 at 4:00 pm

by Marie Rose Mukeni Beya

The history of the Congo is long. Some historians think that Early Congo History began with waves of Bantu migrations moving into the Congo River basin from 2000 B.C. to 500 A.D. and then gradually started to expand Southward. The modern history of the Congo may be divided into four periods starting in 1885, after the Conference of Berlin divided Africa into separate states which were then ruled by Europeans imperial powers.

Colonization. King Leopold II of Belgium acquired control over the Congo territory in 1885. He named it the Congo Free State, and ruled it as his private property from 1877-1908. The Belgian parliament took over the colony from the king in 1908. The Belgian Congo achieved independence on June 30, 1960 under new leadership representatives of various political parties. Mr. Joseph Kasavubu of the Alliance des Bakongo (ABAKO) party was elected the President; Patrice-Emery Lumumba, the leader of the National Movement of the Congo or MNC, became prime minister, and Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Mobutu (Mobutu Sese Seko) was appointed as chief-of-staff of the new army, the National Army of the Congo (ANC), and became the also Secretary of State. The new nation was given the name Republic of Congo.

Adjustment and Crisis. The Congo spent the first half of the 1960s adjusting to its independence. In 1961, the Democratic Republic of Congo [DRC] was destabilized by army mutinies, unrests, riots, rebellions and the secession of the countrys richest region, Katanga, soon followed by a similar move in the Southeastern Kasai Province, which declared itself the Independent Mining State of South Kasai. The United Nations played a critical role in managing this crisis, which was further compounded by the trial of strength at the center between President Kasavubu and Prime Minister Lumumba, culminating in Lumumbas assassination at the hands of the Katangan secessionists in January 1961.

Dictatorship. In 1965 Mobutu, by then commander-in-chief of the army, seized control of the Congolese territory and declared himself the countrys president, head of the sole political party. In 1971 he renamed the country the Republic of Zaire. Once prosperous, the country markedly declined. Rampant corruption and abuse of the civilian population ensued. The need for change was widely understood; various political parties were organized, presidential elections were held and social justice programs initiated. The Sovereign National Conference in 1992 brought together more than two thousand representatives from various political parties and NGOs.

The Congo is Rich in Human and Natural Resources. It has the third largest population in Sub-Saharan Africa: 65.8 million. It has the second largest rain forest in the world. Precipitation is ample; it rains six to eight months of the year. Agriculture was profitable before the economy failed. It was 56.3 % of the GDP. Main cash crops include coffee, palm oil, rubber, cotton, sugar, tea and cocoa. But the revenue collected from the agricultural work and farming has greatly diminished in the past decade and is now only 15 % of the GDP. The DRC is rich in a variety of minerals: copper, cobalt, diamond, gold, zinc, oil, uranium, columbite/tantalite (coltan, an essential material for cell phones and other electronics) and other rare metals. Traditionally, one mining company in upper Katanga named Gecamines has dominated mining. Copper and cobalt accounted for 75% of the total export revenues, and about 25 % of the countrys GDP. The DRC was the worlds fourth-largest producer of industrial diamonds during the 1980s. Despite the abundance of resources, the DRC is one of the poorest countries in the world. The countrys official economy has collapsed in the last few decades due to hyperinflation, mismanagement and corruption, war, conflict and general instability, political crisis and economic dislocation. Moreover, the spread of HIV/AIDS has contributed to an overall deterioration. As the DRC is hit by the global economic downturn, exports (lumber, oil, diamonds and other ores in particular) have declined, whereas the high costs for imports of most basic needs remain unchanged. The consequence is an acute deterioration of the balance of trade and the collapse of foreign investments. The DRCs foreign debt stands at over $10 billion. M. R. M. B.

Decade of Conflict. In May 1997, Joseph Kabila, leader of a rebel movement supported by neighboring countries, challenged Mobutu and forced him to leave the country. Kabila seized control, declared himself president and renamed the country the Democratic Republic of Congo. After Kabila was assassinated in January, 2001, power was transferred to his son Joseph Kabila II by appointment. On December 18, 2005, for only the second time in 46 years the Congolese voted in a presidential election. Kabila won the elections against his opponent Bemba. This has sparked off riots and civil war.

Since the beginning of its independence in 1960 to date, instability has prevailed in the DRC. Although significant attempts have been made to stabilize the political and military establishments, the Congolese people still live in an all-pervasive state of insecurity. This has made a shambles of the economy and social conditions for the Congolese people. The poorest, as always, are the most affected.

Since 1998, an estimated 3.3 million people, mostly women, children and elderly have been killed as a result of armed conflicts. Another 2.3 million, according to NGOs reports in 2003, are homeless. The wars caused a drastic increase in the number of orphans, helping to create the gruesome phenomenon known as child soldiers.

The wars also exacerbated ethnic tensions over land and territory in Eastern Congo, posing a long-term challenge for the transition to peace. Because of domestic conflicts in the neighboring countries Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Sudan, Central Africa and Angola many civilian refugees and displaced soldiers fled to and infiltrated the DRC. Some insurgent groups attacking contiguous countries use the DRC as their base. This created regional tensions, and deteriorated the DRCs relationships with neighboring countries. In the Eastern DRC, violence erupted between Congolese and the newcomers. This conflict is exacerbated by ethnic tensions in Eastern Congo. In the Kivu Region, Congolese militia (MaiMai) still fights to protect their land. During the wars, the spread of HIV/AIDS has drastically increased, and this affects all aspects of the social, economic and political life. Many factors have contributed to the rapid spread of HIV/AIDS in the DRC, including poverty, lack of education, cultural norms, and war. Women and girls are raped and sexually exploited by the military in their own homes. Poverty drives some girls into prostitution, which increases their risk of becoming infected. Although some NGOs are focusing on the situation of women and girls, especially in the post conflict period, little has been done; women and girls remain defenseless. Recently international resources have become available to fight HIV/AIDS, but funds are not being used properly.

It is crucial to establish a new order. This means a new, uncorrupted and disciplined government, capable of improving the living conditions of the average Congolese. As a precondition the DRC must hold fair democratic elections. The future government must focus on education. Child education should become the number one priority. Be educated or perish. It is mandatory to shift the priorities from military security to peoples social welfare and development. Political corruption must be removed, and human rights violations must be dealt with, but everything depends on the eradication of poverty.

Commitment of all parties is needed: The DRC government, leaders of political movements and civil society, administrators, professionals, workers, in brief the Congolese citizenry on all levels. Men and women, adults as well as youth must be involved in the process of change. Local services, churches, NGOs, and international organizations must cooperate in support of political change.

The fight against poverty starts by properly managing available financial resources, and discouraging corruption. The available resources must be used properly. The annual budget must be voted upon, the budget plan respected, and the expenditures must be disciplined and limited. Auditing all economic activity on a regular basis should be mandatory.

Corruption occurs because the individuals cannot satisfy their basic needs (food, health care, clothing, education, employment, wages, etc.). In order to prevent corruption the government should proceed with the following steps:

The private sector and the national organizations must be encouraged to create more jobs.

Workers in both private and public sectors should get paid on a regular basis. The wage rates should be based on the work experience and educational background of the worker. The minimum wage must cover expenditures for basic needs.

Salaries must be readjusted and periodically augmented, regardless of boom-bust cycles.

Taxes must be used to rebuild infrastructures. People need to be educated to pay their taxes, which should be understood as constructive contributions to social welfare.

Taxes should be increased on natural resources and unearned incomes, and decreased on earned incomes from production.

Finally, the government should address the tragic violation of human rights. People must be taught their human rights, and trained apply these rights in the appropriate situations. For example, people need to report human rights violations, discrimination and injustice, and to defend themselves against sexual harassment. A strong, functional judicial system must be established. People must understand and believe that human rights abuses will not be tolerated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Marie Rose Mukeni Beya, Ph.D. is a psychologist specializing in child development. Prior to coming to the US, she was head of the Psychology Dept. at the University of Kinshasa. She currently teaches Georgist economics at the Henry George School in New York. She is fluent in French, English, Swahili, Lingala, and Tshiluba.

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