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Posted: September 20, 2016 at 7:18 pm
FijiTonga relations are foreign relations between Fiji and Tonga. These neighbouring countries in the South Pacific have a history of bilateral relations going back several centuries.
Though relations between the two countries had been good since they both became independent in the 1970s, they deteriorated considerably in early 2011.
By the early 13th century, Eastern Fiji(Lau group) was a province of the Tongan empire. The Empire subsequently declined, but Tonga remained an influential neighbour in Fiji affairs. In 1848, Tongan Prince Maafu settled in Lakeba, establishing a new foothold in Eastern Fiji. He was accompanied by Tongan Wesleyan missionaries, who consolidated the earlier introduction of Methodism to Fiji by English Wesleyan missionaries. Today, Methodism is the primary religion of indigenous Fijians.
Maafu’s influence in Fiji expanded during the 1850s, threatening Seru Epenisa Cakobau’s attempts to establish himself as king of all Fiji. Ultimately, Maafu and Tonga’s support at the 1855 Battle of Kaba was instrumental in enabling Cakobau to cement his leadership over Fiji, temporarily consolidating the Tongan Prince’s status and role in the country. Tonga’s direct influence faded, however, after Cakobau ceded Fiji to British sovereignty in 1874.
Fiji’s Prime Minister Voreqe Bainimarama received “cheers and thunderous applause” from the Tongan public when he attended a Pacific Islands Forum meeting in Tonga in October 2007; the crowd’s “enthusiastic reception” of Fiji’s leader was likened to “that accorded to a rock star”Radio Australia noted that he had been “the star of this year’s meeting, for the people of Tonga”, while TVNZ reported that he had been “given a hero’s welcome”.
In terms of inter-governmental relations, Tonga has generally avoided pressuring Fiji’s “interim government” into holding democratic elections. However, Tongan Prime Minister Dr.Feleti Sevele has urged Bainimarama “to produce a credible roadmap to the election according to the Constitution and law of Fiji”.
Tonga’s “soft” approach to Fiji’s unelected government during the regional meeting in October 2007 was in line with the approach chosen by other Pacific Island nations, but contrasted with the much harder stance adopted by Australia and New Zealand. The Tongan government rejected “several […] attempts by New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark to lobby for Commodore Bainimarama’s exclusion from the meeting”.
In August 2008, Prime Minister of Tonga, Dr Sevele said at a Pacific Islands Forum meeting 
Unfortunately, the Forums relationship with the interim government of Fiji has now deteriorated from the apparent, promising situation at the Forum last year in Tonga, to one of disappointment and of an uncertain future. As Forum Leaders, we are all extremely disappointed at the interim Prime Ministers decision not to attend this Forum meeting. As Chair of last years Forum Meeting in Tonga and Chair of the last 12 months, let me place on record the fact that the commitments that Commodore Bainimarama made at the Leaders Retreat were not forced on him, as has been claimed. He agreed with and accepted the 7-point communiqu on Fiji, and so told all the Leaders present at the Retreat. Sir Michael Somare and I certainly did not pressure him into making those commitments. We, and all the Leaders, were, and are, keen on helping Fiji move forward, but Fiji has to play its due part. The interim Prime Minister has an obligation to explain in person to the Forum Leaders as to why he could not fulfill those commitments, and we were all looking forward to his doing this at this Forum in Niue. That he chose not to do this is most unfortunate and most disappointing.
In May 2009, however, Sevele questioned the purpose of Fiji’s suspension from the Forum (which had taken place on May 2), and suggested it was “pointless” to “ostracise” Fiji. TVNZ described Tonga’s position as “a crack […] in the hard line being taken against Fiji” by the Forum.
In February 2011, Sevele’s successor, Lord Tuivakan, stated that Australia and New Zealand’s pressure on Fiji was counter-productive, and that the more they “bother[ed]” Bainimarama, the more likely he might be to do the opposite of what they sought. He added: “Maybe just go easy and they will come around. What you need to remember is that it is an opportunity for other countries, maybe China will step in. […] There’s a lot of other countries looking in and Fiji’s said ‘We don’t want Australia, we don’t want New Zealand, these are the people that’s going to help us.'”
In December 2005, Fiji welcomed Tonga’s accession to the World Trade Organisation.
In 2001, the Fijian Government banned the import of mutton flaps from Tonga. The Tongan Ministry of Labour said in response on this issue that “Tongas experience with Fiji is an example of the difficulties encountered by small developing nations in protecting their interests”. The Tongan Ministry said this “illustrates the difficulty and huge onus that the multilateral trading system places on small and vulnerable developing countries, which lack the necessary resources, capital and institutional means to fully implement the WTO agreements.” 
In August 2007, the Fijian Government called for a review of the Fiji/Tonga Air Services Agreement to allow for increased capacity on the route from 350 to 1000 passengers in each direction. By March 2008, a new aviation agreement had been reached. The Fijian Government said 
This has been factored into the agreement reached by the two states in March 2008 to increase the seat capacity from 350 to 1000 per week with no restrictions to aircraft types or frequencies and both countries had agreed to this. This new provision will certainly assist or facilitate the movement of tourist between Tonga and Fiji.
Beginning in late 2010, and escalating in early 2011, diplomatic tensions opposed Fiji and Tonga over two partially simultaneous issues. Though they are presented separately here for clarity, they were being referred to simultaneously by May 2011.
Both Fiji and Tonga lay claim to the Minerva Reefs, which lie between the two countries. Historically, the reefs are said to have lain in the fishing grounds of the people of Ono-i-Lau, in Fiji. In 1972, Tonga annexed the reefs, which had not formally been claimed by any State, but Fiji has not recognised the annexation, and has stated it considers the reefs to lie within its territory. In late 2010, Fiji responded to news that Tonga had begun construction of a lighthouse on one reef, by saying Fiji reserved the right to take any means necessary to preserve its territorial integrity.
In February 2011 the Fiji government said there was “no official dispute” between the two countries on the issue, but that officials from the two sides were discussing the matter of the reefs’ ownership and usage. A Fiji government official added: “The government of Fiji reiterates its position, that as far as its concerned Minerva Reef is a reef. And as such it lies within the economic, exclusive economic zone of Fiji. And the government of Fiji reserves its right within its directory.” Fiji Foreign Affairs Permanent Secretary Solo Mara clarified that there was no “conflict”, but merely “overlapping claims” on the countries’ maritime boundary, in the context of “claims for an extended continental shelf beyond the 200 mile Exclusive Economy Zone – as provided for under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea”. Officials from the two countries would hold discussions to determine their maritime boundary.
In late May 2011, during the tension over the Tevita Mara affair (see below), “Fiji navy vessels visited Minerva and ordered New Zealand bound yachts out of the lagoon. They then destroyed navigation beacons” which had been set up by Tonga. The Tongan government issued a statement in protest. Fijis Deputy Permanent Secretary of Foreign Affairs Sila Balawa subsequently told the Fiji Broadcasting Corporation that Tonga remained “one of Fijis closest friends”, and that, although Fiji clearly owned the reef as it was located within the countrys exclusive economic zone, Fiji hoped the disagreement would be resolved through “peaceful dialogue”.
In early June, two Tongan Navy ships were sent to the Reef to replace navigational beacons destroyed by the Fijians, and to reassert Tonga’s claim to the territory. A Fijian Navy ship in the vicinity reportedly withdrew as the Tongans approached, leading New Zealand’s One News to comment that a military conflict between the two countries had narrowly been averted. A press release from the Tongan government described Fiji’s destruction of Tongan navigational beacons as “an act of vandalism” posing “real danger to international shipping”, adding that Tonga and “the Fijian military junta” could and should resolve their territorial dispute “under International law for the settlement of disputes between civilized societies”. Simultaneously The People’s Daily, citing “Fiji intelligence sources”, reported on June 13 that “three Fijian naval ships” were “on their way to Minerva Reef” to confront the two Tongan navy ships there.
In May 2011, Lieutenant-Colonel Tevita Mara, a former Fiji army officer, who had just been charged with plotting an attempt to overthrow Bainimarama, fled Fiji by boat, and was picked up by a Tongan patrol boat and taken to Tonga. The Tongan authorities issued a statement saying they had picked him up after responding to a distress signal, and that in Nuku’alofa “arrangements have been made for his accommodation by the royal household office in deference to his rank”. Bainimarama issued a statement saying the Royal Tongan Navy ship had entered Fijian territorial waters without authorisation to carry out an “illegal extraction” of the wanted man; he added that his government took “strong exception to such breaches of Fiji’s sovereignty”. He announced he would issue a formal protest to Tongan Prime Minister Lord Tu’ivakano, and would seek Mara’s extradition back to Fiji to face charges. Tui’vakano replied that Tonga’s independent judiciary would hear Fiji’s case for extradition, without interference from the Tongan government, and added that Tonga had no wish to interfere in Fiji’s domestic affairs.
Akilisi Pohiva, leader of the Tongan opposition, described the entry of a Tongan Navy vessel into Fiji waters to pick up a fugitive as a clear breach of relations between the two countries, but added that it was justifiable on humanitarian grounds.
On May 21, four days after the first reports on the incident, the Tongan government issued a statement saying it had received no request for Mara’s extradition, only a note from the Fijian authorities containing what it called “unsubstantiated assertions” and “a personal statement by the Prime Minister of the Republic of Fiji, Commodore Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama”. Subsequently, having acknowledged receipt of an extradition request, the Tongan government indicated “it will have to go through the proper channels for legal advice before we can proceed any further”; the authorities would not interfere with the judicial process. In early June, however, the authorities granted Mara Tongan citizenship, along with a passport.
Radio Australia reported that relations between the two countries has “soured dramatically” as a result of the incident.
On June 10 as Tongan Navy vessels moved to occupy the Minerva Reef, an unsigned press statement on the website of the Fiji government denounced “the presence of the Tongan Navy boats within Fijis EEZ at Minerva Reef”, the “issue of Tongan passport” to Mara and “the Tongan Governments inaction on extradition papers”, describing them as “a web of deceit, collusion and a complete lack of disregard [sic] of legal extradition processes”. Blaming Australia and New Zealand, the statement said “the Tongans as seen with their presence at the Minerva Reef will be manipulated through offerings of gifts and aid to try and turn up the ante”, adding: “As far as Fiji is concerned there is no Mara or Tonga/Fiji situation. It is a Rudd and McCully spreading their wings to save face situation”, in reference to Australian and New Zealand Foreign Affairs Ministers Kevin Rudd and Murray McCully.Stuff.co.nz described the statement as an “unprecedented attack” on New Zealand, Tonga and Australia, remarking: “The statement on the website is so completely out of kilter with previous Fiji Government statements that it raises questions over who now is in control in Suva.”
In late June, the Tongan government formally informed the Fiji government that Tongan law made it impossible to extradite Mara.
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Posted: August 30, 2016 at 11:02 pm
Complementary and Alternative medicine provide you with many different therapy options for any condition.
Across the world physicians and healthcare providers are searching out what are seen as new and improved ways of finding answers to the treatment problems of their patients, likeMiami Doctors. In many cases the new treatments doctors are finding are based on ancient treatments and therapies now placed in the medical category known as complementary and alternative medicine. These treatments are generally based on the idea of realigning the energies of the body to help treat medical conditions ranging from simple colds and allergies through to more serious conditions like various forms of cancer and auto immune conditions.
Complementary and alternative medicines are largely based on ancient principles and can include a large variety of treatments in which the patient has a large say in the course of the treatment. When looking forAlternative medicine Miamiresidents know a trip to the Dayton Medical Center can help them treat medical conditions in a natural or complementary way to work alongside conventional medical treatments. In many cases patients arrive at theMedical Wellness Center Miamiwhen they have exhausted every other treatment opportunity or are frustrated at the lack of a definitive diagnosis.
The Dayton Medical Center offers both conventional and complementary treatment options in an attempt to provide relief from pain and suffering from medical conditions. Offering mainstream therapies available through the majority of hospitals in the U.S. the offering of alternative and complementary medical treatments can be used to speed the recovery time for patients or help relieve recognized symptoms.
Many complementary and alternative therapies work by restoring natural balance and detoxifying the human body from the poisons found in the modern world. One therapy offered through Dayton Medical Center is Chelation therapy, which is concerned with removing heavy metals and toxins from the human body. During the therapy a fluid containing chelating chemicals is transferred into the veins, which grabs onto heavy metals within the blood and withdraws them from the veins to improve the general well-being of the individual being treated.
Alternative injectionsare often used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including serious conditions such as Parkinsons Disease and MS. Injection therapies can be used to effectively target the specific areas of the body being affected by a disease or medical problem. In these therapies nutrients are delivered to the specific areas of the body being targeted in a bid to relieve painful or debilitating symptoms.
Not all the therapies offered at theMedical Wellness Center Miamiare targeted directly at medical conditions and their symptoms. Many complementary and alternative therapies can be used in an effort to delay the signs of aging and make the individual receiving the therapy feel younger and energized. One of these treatments is a series of injections delivering a chemical known as GH3, which has been known about since the 1950s and first used in the Eastern European country of Romania. The use of GH3 has been shown to limit the onset of aging skin and reduce the number of wrinkles visible to give people a younger appearance. The use of these injections is thought to help strengthen muscles, lungs and can help people affected by moods, which have a negative effect on the lives of individuals and their loved ones.
Alternative Medicine is not only better, it is the best.
What is it about alternative medicine that is supposed to be better for you? We hear others speaking about it but does it really work? Everyone has their own opinion about whether or not alternative medicine is the best way to go. There are also opinions to what extent you should be using these methods. But like I said we all have an opinion. So how about I give you some facts about alternative medicine, and you decide.
Lets begin with discussing what Dayton Medical is all about. They employ only the top Miami doctors in the state so that the patients that come in will get the best care possible. Every single doctor is trained to engage and help educate their clients on the pros and cons of alternative methods, when they are needed and when they are not. Through their various tools and medicines, Dayton Medical helps everyone. Whether its from chronic back pain or those who are dealing with symptoms of Cancer and other various illnesses, Dayton Medical can help. Now truth be told there are many other clinics and offices that provide chronic pain relief and other medical treatments, both conventional and non-conventional. But Dayton is by far the best alternative medicine clinic Miami has to offer.
No matter what kind of patient walks through that door, each and every one of them are treated with kindness, compassion and the highest respect. No matter what the situation is, Dayton doesnt believe in turning anyone away. Dayton also has an outreach program that specializes in various forms of testing. Within this outreach center, testing is done for those patients who might have a problem that cant be diagnosed with in a normal visit. These tests can be covered under most insurances and they are completely natural. There are alternative medicine treatmentsfor anyone.
During your initial visit you will be asked to fill out the usual form. On this form you will be asked specific questions about your health and where you feel you are at risk. In other words, when you fill out the form you will be filling out the order of your ailments, from what hurts the most to what hurts the least. The doctors and nurses want to make sure you get the most out of your visit.
Now of course you will have options for how they can treat your problems. You can choose to have conventional methods done for some of the aliments. Or you can choose to have things done unconventionally, the choice is completely up to you. Just so there isnt any confusion, the pros and cons of each method will be outlined and given to you on the forms that you fill out. That way both ends are covered, the doctors have done their job and you have the information that you are required to get.
The doctors view the signs and symptoms as indicators of the imbalance that is happening within your body. Those imbalances have a direct affect on everything else that your body goes through physical stress to emotional stress. What many dont fully understand is that your emotional issues can cause breakdowns within the body. This will affect your overall health, and can also lead to other impurities. The doctors know this. So when the doctor uses various healing methods he or she is helping to restore health to your body.
Dayton Medical Center Miami keeps track of everything, in order to know where to look. The problem with other medical practices is that the only take a look at the symptoms, and not the signs. When you do this you only remove a portion and not the whole thing. By using up-to-date technology and methods, the medical clinic will get to the root of what is bothering you, and to the root is what is causing all of the difficulties.
Miami Doctors take a look at both sides and attacks these difficulties with a very aggressive methodology, which is different when compared to other doctors and alternative medical clinics. By using natural healing methods and medications, Dayton gives the medical profession something to talk about.
There are Alternative Practices at Dayton Medical Center in Miami that are just for you.
When people become sick, hurt or just have some aches and pains from their daily routine they will often seek out medical attention. Some of the people are already on several prescription medications and every time they go to see a medical doctor another prescription medication is prescribed to their already flowing medication list. Instead of putting pills into our bodies over a number of years it is better to with Miami Doctors, in which to find a better Alternative Medicine Miami and allow a more natural way of healing our bodies and minds.
One of the best places in which to receive the best alternative care is at the Dayton Medical Center there in Miami, Florida, which was established back in 1973. The doctor who started this alternative medicine practice felt that people could be healed without having to take prescription drugs. Some patients like to take baby steps when it comes to switching over from the original medical practice to the non-traditional way of practicing medicine.
The center approaches each and every ailment from headaches to cancer with compassion and will talk with their patients about how they would like to proceed. One of the options that a patient has is to use Acupuncture Miami, however once a patient has determined how they want to proceed with their treatment the doctor and staff are there to help guide them on the road to recovery.
The Dayton staff and doctors are all about finding the best alternative treatments to fit their patients needs. They talk and research different medical aspects from everywhere around the world. They are also aware that the signs and symptoms that their patients portray are only the tip of the under lying problem. Getting to the root of the problem is their mission and they do this with little risk to the patient. When a unusual sign or symptom is noticeable the doctor and staff know they must eliminate those unusual signs and symptoms in order to allow the body and mind to become healthy again.
When you enter into the Dayton office for the first time the staff and doctors will want to know what alternative medicine you are on, why you are there and what signs and symptoms you have been having and how long you have been having them and what you are allergic to. Since patients have a choice as to the type of treatment they prefer they are told in great detail all the advantages or disadvantages to each particular treatment.
Miami Doctors feel that in order for a patient to be completely healed in mind and body they should be able to utilize every option from regular medicine along with the non-traditional medicine. This way the patient has the opportunity to find out which way is going to work the best for them. More doctors are becoming aware that by working together in the conventional medical way along with the all-inclusive medical ways is better for the patient to be healthy, happy and whole.
Miami Doctors have been recognized as the leading medical practices in the country.
Miami Doctors have been recognized as the leading medical practices in the country. This center stands as the oldest medical facility that uses this medicine. The treatments can range anywhere from colds or allergies, you need to visit this medical center that can offer this to every detail. This is a friendly center that offers itself in treating every patient that receives the best attention. They can help you to improve your health while minimizing the risk of medical care. To offer excellence in health, they use natural way to get this as you will be asked to list what your major health concerns are. This is an office visit for great results for medical care, and you can offer different options for your visit.
This is a great advance in alternative medicine, and many fields have been adapted. Using the technology from both fields, not only can you overcome against the diseases like cancer, but you can see the healing signs and symptoms of this disease and treat the causes. This is shared among the medical profession and the professionals such as nurses, as this is what medical care is all about. These are the only medical technicians that can practice medicine that can deal with the patients. This is a group of people who have been trained to apply the medical knowledge, and in many countries they have legal rights of whom practices these medicines. There are other fields such as sports medicine, as this varies to the specialized sport. These are different systems of health care practice and they are human societies. Most of these are separate from medicine, and many other types of natural medicine are used in the health care world.
These alternative medicine therapies of the health care world, are sometimes considered as a competition to the other medicines that have been brought into this field. This is why it is important for you to use a medical alert bracelet. These bracelets alert the people if you are a victim of an accident or a medical emergency, to properly identify you. These bracelets are showing up in styles and they alert the vendors of a medical issue. This is information that goes where you go, as you can use these bracelets every where you go. These are bracelets that are used in an emergency situation, so that the person that you help can relay the information. This is good for any allergic reactions that do not occur. These bracelets can help a person gets the attention that you need, and you do not draw the attention to this condition, and they look like plain jewelry. These bracelets can save your life. This is where the Medical clinic Miami can help you.
Therapy brings warmth to the tissue, and it increases the circulation of nutrients and it cleans the toxins out. This helps you to overcome the disease and it brings you good health. Alternative Medicine Miami uses a therapy of higher temperatures that help in overcoming the infections and addressing cancer. They offer the best possible care and benefits, they offer special areas of expertise for a better approach. Natural remedies offer conventional or alternative medical approach for treating the infection. This was established to focus oncomplementary medicine. These doctors have been there through the years to help you feel better and they have more knowledge than any doctor.
People are actively searching for alternative ways to treat a number of common ailments to more serious health concerns.
People are actively searching for alternative ways to treat a number of common ailments to more serious health concerns. In addition, a growing number of people are very disappointed with traditional medicine and the toxic chemicals or drugs that are prescribed to treat their ailments. This has led to a revival in herbal healing, holistic care, and other types of natural remedies to treat common ailments. Alternative medicines stress treating the entire person in a healthy way with natural methods. The Miami Medical Center could be the cure for what ails you. The staff filled with Miami Doctors who use a truly holistic approach to medicine are a welcomed change.
The average patient at Miami Medical Center is looking for an alternative way to treat their health problem. Many have spend months or perhaps years trying various traditional methods with very little results. They have arrived at the decision to take another approach to health and healing.
Dayton Medical Center is a meeting ground for patients in various stages of health. Some have minor problems like an allergy or sinus problem. Then there are those with aching backs or injuries. Another group might have more serious life threatening problems like cancer. All the patients are welcomed at the center.
The Miami Doctors based at the center are experienced with various holistic healing methods that have proven successful with patients. Their feeling is that the alternative medicine approach takes into consideration the whole being of the patient. Of course, many associate the holistic approach with new age treatments. Holistic medicine or many alternative medicines are centuries old. The alternative medicines were used with great success by many ancient cultures. Their natural approach to treating illness or disease is gaining great respect in the traditional medicine world among doctors and other health professionals.
Natural remedies take many forms. There are at least several alternative medical practices that are used at the center. The Medical Center focuses on mixing the alternative methods with a few non-invasive traditional methods. They find that a natural balance is reached by combining the best of each practice. Some of the common alternative medicines might include Acupressure which is an ancient Chinese Medicine practice that believes placing pressure on certain meridian points on the body release chi which helps to heal illness. Acupuncture Miami is another Chinese Medicine practice similar to Acupressure. They use tiny needles instead of pressure. Reflexology is an alternative medicine practice that believes that touching certain pressure points on the hand or foot relieves stress. Massage Therapy is a technique that uses body massage to release tension and stress in the body which leads to illness. Many of the specialist at the center are very experienced with the methods mentioned here.
Many wonder if the methods are right for them. It is important that they consult with one of the specialist at the center and discuss their concerns and any other issues that are pressing in their mind. The medical professionals will guide you to selecting the alternative treatments that are best for your condition.
Posted: August 14, 2016 at 7:05 pm
Preterism is a view in Christian eschatology which holds that some or all of the biblical prophecies concerning the Last Days refer to events which took place in the first century after Christ’s birth, especially associated with the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD. The term preterism comes from the Latin praeter, meaning past, since this view deems certain biblical prophecies as past, or already fulfilled.
Preterism is most dramatically contrasted with Futurism, the view that most prophecies regarding the End times, and passages referring to Last Days, Great Tribulation, and Judgment are still future and will immediately precede the return of Christ. Proponents of preterist views generally fall in one of two categories: Partial Preterism or Full Preterism.
Partial Preterism, the older of the two views, holds that prophecies such as the destruction of Jerusalem, the Antichrist, the Great Tribulation, and the advent of the Day of the Lord as a “judgment-coming” of Christ were fulfilled circa 70 AD when the Roman general (and future Emperor) Titus sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the Jewish Temple, putting a permanent stop to the daily animal sacrifices. It identifies “Babylon the great” (Revelation 17-18) with the ancient pagan City of Rome or Jerusalem.
Most Partial Preterists also believe the term Last Days refers not to the last days of planet Earth or the last days of humankind, but rather to the last days of the Mosaic covenant which God had exclusively with national Israel until the year AD 70. As God came in judgment upon various nations in the Old Testament, Christ also came in judgment against those in Israel who rejected him. These last days, however, are to be distinguished from the “last day,” which is considered still future and entails the Second Coming of Jesus, the Resurrection of the righteous and unrighteous dead physically from the grave in like-manner to Jesus’ physical resurrection, the Final judgment, and the creation of a literal (rather than covenantal) New Heavens and a New Earth, free from the curse of sin and death which was brought about by the Fall of Adam and Eve.
Thus partial preterists are in agreement and conformity with the historic ecumenical creeds of the Church and articulate the doctrine of the resurrection held by the Early church fathers. Partial preterists hold that the New Testament predicts and depicts many “comings” of Christ. They contend that the phrase Second Coming means second of a like kind in a series, for the Scriptures record other “comings” even before the judgment-coming in 70 AD. This would eliminate the 70 AD event as the “second” of any series, let alone the second of a series in which the earthly, physical ministry of Christ is the first. Partial Preterists believe that the new creation comes in redemptive progression as Christ reigns from His heavenly throne, subjugating His enemies, and will eventually culminate in the destruction of physical death, the “last enemy” (1 Cor 15:20-24). If there are any enemies remaining, the resurrection event cannot have occurred.
Nearly all Partial Preterists hold to amillennialism or postmillennialism. Many postmillennial Partial Preterists are also theonomists in their outlook.
Partial Preterism is generally considered to be an historic orthodox interpretation as it affirms all items of the ecumenical Creeds of the Church. However, Partial Preterism is not the majority view among American protestant denominations and meets with significant vocal opposition, especially by those which espouse Dispensationalism. Additionally, concerns are expressed by Dispensationalists that Partial Preterism logically leads to an acceptance of Full Preterism, a concern which is denied by Partial Preterists.
Full Preterism differs from Partial Preterism in that it sees all prophecy fulfilled with the destruction of Jerusalem, including the resurrection of the dead and Jesus’ Second Coming or Parousia. Full Preterism is also known by other names, such as Consistent Preterism or Hyper-Preterism (a somewhat derogatory term). A related but more recent term is Pantelism, which some regard as an extension of Full Preterism rather than the same thing.
Full Preterism holds that Jesus’ Second Coming is to be viewed not as a future-to-us bodily return, but rather a “return” manifested by the physical destruction of Jerusalem and her Temple in AD 70 by foreign armies in a manner similar to various Old Testament descriptions of God coming to destroy other nations in righteous judgment. Full Preterism also holds that the Resurrection of the dead did not entail the raising of the physical body, but rather the resurrection of the soul from the “place of the dead,” known as Sheol (Hebrew) or Hades (Greek). As such, the righteous dead obtained a spiritual and substantial body for use in the heavenly realm, and the unrighteous dead were cast into the Lake of Fire. Some Full Preterists believe this judgment is ongoing and takes effect upon the death of each individual (Heb. 9:27). The New Heavens and the New Earth are also equated with the fulfillment of the Law in AD 70 and are to be viewed in the same manner by which a Christian is considered a “new creation” upon his or her conversion.
Although Full Preterism is viewed as heretical by many, this condemnation is not universal. Many of those who condemn Full Preterism do so not based solely upon the historic creeds of the church (which would exclude this view), but also from biblical passages that they interpret to condemn a past view of the Resurrection or the denial of a physical resurrection/transformation of the body, doctrines which many Christians (but not all) believe to be essential to the faith. Critics of full preterism point to the Apostle Paul’s condemnation of the doctrine of Hymaneus and Philetus (2 Tim 2:17-18), which they regard as analogous to full preterism.
Adherents of Full Preterism, however, dispute this assertion by claiming that any biblical condemnation of a past resurrection was written during a time in which the Resurrection was yet future (i.e., pre-AD 70) as well as claiming different interpretations of other proffered biblical passages. Furthermore, Full Preterists reject the authority of the Creeds to condemn their view, stating that the Creeds were written by uninspired and fallible men and are simply in error on this point and need to be reformed. A growing movement, there has been a strong push by Full Preterists for acceptance as another valid Christian eschatological view; however, to date, no major conservative denomination or group has officially accepted this view as normative, though several have issued a condemnation.
The sayings in Matthew 24 concerning the “Great Tribulation” are seen in preterism as being fulfilled in the destruction of Jerusalem cuminating in AD 70. Support for this claim is drawn from Jesus’ saying that “this generation will not pass away until all these things have taken place,” which has the appearance of limiting the events described to an event that was going to take place in the first century.
Potential difficulties arise when critics of preterism point out that Matthew 24 also refers to the coming of the Son of man in the clouds of heaven. The claim is then made that since this refers to the return of Jesus in the air, and this never happened in the first century, the preterist approach must be mistaken. The preterist reply has been to point out that there is no reason to assume that this “coming” is the second coming of Christ hoped for in the New Testament. In the Old Testament God speaks of coming to His people in judgement. In Isaiah 19, as a striking example, the prophet refers to the impending judgement on Egypt, and we are told “See, the LORD rides on a swift cloud, and is coming to Egypt.” The language of God coming to us, and even the language of riding the clouds, does not necessarily refer to the second coming of Christ that Christianity generally affirms.
Although Preterists are at general agreement among themselves regarding key eschatological issues, weighty objections have been brought against Preterism by advocates of Futurism. Dispensationalists argue that the Preterist view of Christ’s Second Coming is flawed, as it ignores the fact that God’s covenant with Israel was “everlasting,” and therefore cannot have ended in A.D. 70. It is also asserted that Preterists confuse verses which speak of a “scattering” with those that predict a “restoration” of the covenant nation. (Deuteronomy 30: 1-10). Most Dispensationalists teach that Israel was dispersed in A.D. 70. However, textual support is brought in to show that a future regathering and national restoration of Israel is in order. Futurists have sometimes claimed that Preterism logically leads to Anti-Semitism and replacement theology.
Mathison, Keith A.
Jay E. Adams, Preterism: Orthodox or Unorthodox? Stanley, NC: Timeless Texts, 2003.
Posted: July 31, 2016 at 5:56 am
Top Online Casinos New York Casino Information
New York has 26 casinos in which you’ll find more than 36,257 slots and gaming machines. There are a total of 971 table games. The minimum bet we’ve found at casinos in New York is $0.01 and the maxium bet is $2,500. Click a casino on the left for more information on a particular property.
If you wish to stay at some nice casino hotels in New York, visit the New York casino hotels page. We actually have 7 New York hotels you can book directly from World Casino Directory. Click here to see a list of all New York hotels available.
There is poker in New York! You will find over 76 live poker tables to play at. You will find the following games in New York casinos: Horseracing, Simulcasting, Harness racing, Slot machines, Video Poker, Blackjack, Roulette, Electronic Craps, Electronic Roulette, Electronic Sic Bo, Electronic Baccarat, Pull tabs, Electronic Bingo, Electronic Tables, Craps, Baccarat, Texas Hold’em, Bingo, Omaha Hi-Lo, Limit Holdem, NL Holdem, Pot Limit Omaha, 7 Card Stud Hi-Lo, 7-Card Stud Razz, Omaha Hi, Pot Limit Hold ‘Em, 3 Card Poker, Electronic Keno, Electronic Blackjack, Caribbean Stud Poker, Let it Ride, Spanish 21, Mississippi Stud, Blackjack Switch, Blackjack Super 7s, Texas Hold’em Bonus, Crazy Pineapple, 7 Card Stud, Omaha, Keno, Pai Gow Poker, Mini-Baccarat, Omaha 8 or Better, Casino War, Sic Bo, Four Card Poker, Big 6, Midi-Baccarat, Blackjack Double Deck, Beat The Dealer, No Limit Holdem, Mixed Games, Sit-n-go. Some New York casinos also offer convention centers and meeting spaces. Over the entire town, you will find a total of 263,000 conference sq/ft space in the various casino properties.
From 1988 until the Turning Stone Casino was opened in 1993 there were only bingo halls in New York. The next Class III casino to open was theSeneca Niagara Casino & Hotel in 2003. There are presently more than 20 casinos in the state with 7 more to open soon, once the licenses are issued.
Until the Las Vegas style casinos including Lago, Montriegn, and Rivers open, the Indian casinos are the only true slots casinos with the balance of the state’s slots offerings being populated with video lottery terminals or VLT’s from the New York State Lottery. These games look just like a slot machine and are made by companies like IGT, Bally, andAristocrat, but the results of a spin come from a central lottery server rather than a chip in the machine itself. By law the video lottery games must pay out at least 92% RTP, which is higher than is required of Las Vegas casinos.
Other games in the lottery casinos and racetracks such as electronic roulette, craps, and baccarat use an onboard chip to determine the results rather than sending and receiving from the central server.
The three tribes who own and manage casinos and bingo halls in New York include the largest operator;The Seneca Nation of Indians whose wholly owned subsidiary, Seneca Gaming Corporation runs their Class III casinos while the Nation itself runs the Class II bingo operations which can include slots-like video bingo games.
The St. Regis Mohawks run one Class II and one Class III venue and theOneida Indian Nation of New York owns and operatesTurning Stone which houses Class II bingo and poker as well as Class III slots and live dealer table games.
18 is the minimum age to enter or play in any of the casinos except those run by the Senecas which have a minimum age of 21 with some special areas for gamblers 18+.
Poker used to be a game you had find in a seedy back alley club or at someone’s home in New York state but now there are5 bonafide poker rooms and oneCarnival Cruise ship with PokerPro tables, as well as several clubs or poker leagues operating legally. Seneca Poker runs two 24 hour rooms at their Niagara andSalamanca casinos, with 23 and 12 tables respectively and there are 32 tables at Turning Stone.
New York also has a lottery which is quite popular. You can play some of the states fun lottery games which range from the standard “lotto” game and various scratch games to some pretty interesting and unique games. You can also participate in the multi-state lottery games “MEGA Millions in New York. Check your winningNew York Lottery tickets.
New York has an active pari-mutuel scene and you’ll find New York race tracks with lottery casinos in the state with no problem. Most tracks feature harness racing but several including Belmont Park run thorobreds. All tracks except one who is currently involved in a contract dispute with the Harness Racers offer simulcast betting. There are dozens of off-track betting parlors around the state as well. Information on Western OTB locations can be found through ourBatavia Downs Gaming review page.
In summary there is a bit of everything for the gambler when they enter the state of New York. From casinos to racinos and lottery in between — even an 18 year old can pull the slots or bet on the ponies here. The landscape will expand considerably with new licenses being issued for integrated resorts, several of which are simply huge on paper, in late 2014. We will include these properties in our listings upon final regulatory approval.
Well that is easy, if you’re in New York a few things you don’t want to miss would be the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building and “Ground Zero” where the 9/11 attacks occured. In northern state New York you’ll find mountains and country — the state is not one big city, so nature lovers are welcome, too!
Founded and owned by the Jacobs family for nearly 100 years, it is a global leader in hospitality and food service with operations in the sports, travel…
Founded and owned by the Jacobs family for nearly 100 years, it is a global leader in hospitality and food service with operations in the sports, travel…
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Games: DAILY: $1/$3 no limit holdem. Minimum is $100. Maximum is big stack. DAILY: $2/$5 no limit holdem. Minimum is $250. Maximum is big stack. THURSDAYS: $1/$2 pot limit omaha. Minimum is $100. Maximum is big stack. MON & WED: $150 poker tournament. MONTHLY: $250 poker tournament. MONTHLY: $570 poker tournament.
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Posted: July 29, 2016 at 3:15 am
Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies by Nick Bostrom. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. 390 pages, $29.95.
Machines matching humans in general intelligence that is, possessing common sense and an effective ability to learn, reason and plan to meet complex information-processing challenges across a wide range of natural and abstract domains have been expected since the invention of computers in the 1940s, Nick Bostrom explains near the beginning of Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies, his new treatise on the evolving capabilities of the digital-networked devices we have at our disposal. At that time, the advent of such machines was often placed some 20 years into the future. Since then, the expected arrival date has been receding at a rate of one year per year; so that today, futurists who concern themselves with the possibility of artificial general intelligence still often believe that intelligent machines are a couple of decades away. …
From the fact that some individuals have overpredicted artificial intelligence in the past, however, it does not follow that AI is impossible or will never be developed, he continues. The main reason why progress has been slower than expected is that the technical difficulties of constructing intelligent machines have proved greater than the pioneers foresaw. But this leaves open just how great those difficulties are and how far we now are from overcoming them. Sometimes a problem that initially looks hopelessly complicated turns out to have a surprisingly simple solution (though the reverse is probably more common.
As you may have surmised, this is definitely one of those books that challenges you to think at a deeper level one that most of us are capable of but seldom do as we spend most of our time caught up in the minutia of everyday life. In that sense, I found this volume oddly inspiring in an existential sort of way. Unlike Ray Kurzweil, however, an author who explores similar themes (I reviewed Kurzweils 2012 book, How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed, in the Daily News back on March 31, 2013), Bostrom does not have a similar gift for breaking down multifaceted concepts into prose accessible by those without at least a rudimentary background in neuroscience and the myriad of related fields germane to artificial intelligence.
Superintelligence is extensively researched, with 44 pages of source notes at the conclusion of the 15 chapters comprising the main narrative. Full disclosure: I struggled to get through many sections of the book. Whereas I am usually a pretty fast reader, this one took me considerably longer to digest than is typically the case. Again and again, I had to reread entire portions of the text, and I often had to Google the terminology Bostrom employs to get a better sense of what he was describing and how it all fits into his overarching thesis. But in the final analysis, it was worth the extra effort. For example, reflect on this excerpt from Paths to Superintelligence, the second chapter and one I found especially intriguing:Another conceivable path to superintelligence is through the gradual enhancement of networks and organizations that link individual human minds with one another and with various artifacts and bots. The idea here is not that this would enhance the intellectual capacity of individuals enough to make them superintelligence, but rather that some system composed of individuals thus networked and organized might attain a form of superintelligence. Humanity has gained enormously in collective intelligence over the course of history and prehistory. The gains come from many sources, including innovations in communications technology, such as writing and printing, and above all the introduction of language itself; increases in the size of the world population and the density of habitation; various improvements in organizational techniques and epistemic norms; and a gradual accumulation of institutional capital.
Bostrom is a professor in the Department of Philosophy at Oxford University, where he is also the founding director of the Future of Humanity Institute, a multidisciplinary research center that enables a set of exceptional mathematicians, philosophers and scientists to think about global priorities and big questions for humanity. Moreover, he directs the Strategic Artificial Intelligence Research Center. After studying physics and neuroscience at Kings College, he earned his Ph.D. from the London School of Economics. Previous books include Anthropic Bias: Observation Selection Effects in Science and Philosophy and Human Enhancement, which he co-edited with Julian Savulescu. Interestingly, when he was younger he did stand-up comedy on the London pub and theatre circuit.
More than anything, Superintelligence is extremely thought-provoking.
General machine intelligence could serve as a substitute for human intelligence, Bostrom asserts in Multipolar Scenarios, the 11th chapter. Not only could digital minds perform the intellectual work now done by humans, but, once equipped with good actuators or robotic bodies, machines could also substitute for human physical labor. Suppose that machine workers which can be quickly reproduced become both cheaper and more capable than human workers in virtually all jobs. What happens then?
Good question. In addition to the technological implications, this scenario could have drastic repercussions for our entire economic system and way of life. Freeing up humanity from the intrinsic demands of physical labor seems, on the surface, like a liberating and even desirable idea. Then again, anything thats too good to be true usually is; we should always be on the lookout for unintended consequences.
In the final analysis, I enjoyed Superintelligence immensely. It was a great diversion from what I usually read for either work or personal fulfillment and I found the whole premise fascinating. If you like science fiction shows like Limitless, but want a more realistic take on the subject matter, youd probably find the journey Bostrom takes his readers on to be an exciting adventure. On the other hand, if you are looking for something light and breezy, youll probably want to sit this one out.
Reviewed by Aaron W. Hughey, Department of Counseling and Student Affairs, Western Kentucky University.
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Posted: July 21, 2016 at 2:14 am
Political correctness gone MAD!
Even our games must now be politically correct.
Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rabidly promoted by an unscrupulous mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end.
Political correctness was invented for niggers, bitches, fags and retards. AIDS is good because it kills off all those dirty Niggers. All non-“white straight working for the man and having two kids in a nice family with a picket fence and a dog Christian males” should be killed
Political correctness was brought in for blacks, women, gays and disabled people. People who follow PC should be killed. Black people should die. You are making me self censor myself bitch-
Political correctness was introduced for African-Americans, females, homosexuals and mentally or physically challenged persons, to avoid discrim-
DIE YOU MOTHER FUCKING POLITICAL CORRECT HOUND –
Now, as I was saying, Political correctness is based on the valid idea protected under principles of a civilized society proposed by progressive elements of society and empathic and sociable interest groups to promote civilized behavior and prevent exclusion towards minorities, disadvantaged members of society, and fellow human beings outside of one’s own particular society. This responsible code of conduct prevents offensive or otherwise undesirable projections towards persons of specific demographics.
Political correctness is generally considered a taboo trait, but the Daily Mail, on the left (which is unusual for them), has supported the practice of political correctness for many years now.
It is slightly more popular than other forms of constrained writing, such as palindromes, omitting the letter “u” from words such as colour, or “your mom” poetry. The most common definition is that it is a form of writing where politically incorrect, also known as the truth, is outlawed. Politically incorrect speech is extremely offensive to minorities, gays, disabled people, and women. The reason for this is because these people know they are the scum of society and can’t handle the truth. A bunch of gutless, cowardly liberal politicians, (predominantly Left-wingers), invented Political Correctness (PC for short) in order to win votes and protect people’s wussy feelings.
Not the punishment for being politically incorrect. Unfortunately.
Political correctness can be defined as the act of altering the wording of a statement that refers to a certain group of people so that they feel better about themselves; for example foreigners and overweight people. However, over time, society has decided that the truth is rude and unacceptable, so we are made to sugar-coat reality.
It is defined by politically correct people as follows…note the way that no possible entity in this universe could possibly be offended, except maybe the blind or illiterate:
Political correctness is making sure not to offend any person human living thing that is capable of thinking feeling existing.
The movement for political correctness has spent many years researching the most neutral way to address a group of people, without stepping on any toes. Phrases such as “souls”, “brothers and sisters”, “carbon-based lifeforms”, “sentient protein chains”, “spatial distinctivenesses”, “not-self” and “friends” have all been found insensitive. Originally the word “Love” was the only universally acceptable form of communication, but it was found this could be used to insult an individual by expressing it to everyone BUT them.
Politically incorrect activists frown on the term political incorrectness, seeing it as a bastardisation of English that political correctness is known for. It was therefore universally agreed that they shall henceforth be known as bastards.
Political correctness is now part of the school curriculum.
Federal law requires the article to be translated into another language. It is bilingualism, multiculturalism and PC-ness in its best.
A lei federal requer que este artigo seja traduzido em outra lingugagem. bilingualismo, multiculturalismo e polticamente correto em seu melhor.
La ley federal requiere que el artculo sea traducido a otro idioma. Es el bilingismo, el multiculturalismo y PC-dad en su mejor momento. (Gracias por los Estadounidenses hable Espanol.)
The honky lo made we be jivin in anotha way brothas talk all right. yeah. (Ebonics version for use in the “African-American” communities, ask the Oakland public school district, they said it is a real language.)
Liittovaltion laki edellytt artikkeli knnetn toiselle kielelle. Se on kaksikielisyys, monikulttuurisuus ja PC-ness parhaimmillaan. (thanks to the European Union, but I forgot if this was Estonian or Finnish, not Euskara.)
La loi fdrale exige que l’article soit traduit dans une autre langue. Il est de bon ton que le bilinguisme, le multiculturalisme et le PC-tion fassent partie intgrante de cet article. (Merci beaucoup, French-Canadian version, not the Parisian French version…oui, oui, euro’pee’in.)
. bilingualism, PC – . (Korean is one of California’s 100 official languages printed in documents like the DMV handbooks).
PC -(White people are encouraged to learn this language, we are a globalized economy, dominated by the Yellow, er…I mean “Asian” race. Remember not all Chinks are alike, but all look the same.)
Federal legeak eskatzen artikulua beste hizkuntza batera itzuli behar. Elebitasuna, kultur aniztasuna eta PC-Ness da bere onenean. (Again, the PC movement wants to protect very rare endangered languages, like animal species. This one is Euskara or the Basque language in Spain and France, go figure.)
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Posted: July 3, 2016 at 6:41 pm
Psychedelics have been used by many of the most creative and successful individuals in our society. Because of the stigma surrounding psychedelics, only a small percentage of these people have spoken publicly about their experiences. Here are a few who have. Right now, this list is just white men! We’d love to feature some well-known people of color and women– please let us know if you have any suggestions.
Steve Jobs and his Apple co-Founder Steve Wozniak took LSD many times at the beginning of their career. Their experiences are discussed in Walter Isaacson’s biography of Steve Jobs.
“Taking LSD was a profound experience, one of the most important things in my life. LSD shows you that there’s another side to the coin, and you cant remember it when it wears off, but you know it. It reinforced my sense of what was importantcreating great things instead of making money, putting things back into the stream of history and of human consciousness as much as I could.”
Steve Jobs Founder, Apple
Susan Sarandon discussed ayahuasca and mushrooms in an interview with the Daily Beast.
“Ive done Ayahuasca and Ive done mushrooms and things like that. But I like those drugs in the outdoorsIm not a city-tripper… I like doing it in the Grand Canyon, or in the woods. You want to be prepared and not have responsibilities. It does remind you of your space in the universeyour place in the universeand reframe things for you. I think you can have some very profound experiences.”
Susan Sarandon Actor
Frances McDormand described her experiences with LSD and psychedelic mushrooms in a 2014 interview with the Daily Beast.
“I really, really enjoyed LSD. And I really enjoyed mushrooms very much. Its unfortunate, I think, that drugs were not handled properly. Politically, theyve been used to separate the economic classes. Thankfully, its all getting fixed now with the marijuana laws. But with LSD, because it was countercultural, and because it was used as an experimental drug, it was not marketed properly. It if had been marketed properly, we would have it…. We needed a PR person for that LSD! It was very profound. Very profound.”
Frances McDormand Actor
Tim Ferriss is a multi-bestselling author of the Four-Hour Workweek and the Four-Hour Body. He has spoken repeatedly about his use of psychedelics and his advice about what he considers a safe and productive approach.
“The billionaires I know, almost without exception, use hallucinogens on a regular basis,” Ferriss said. “[They’re] trying to be very disruptive and look at the problems in the world … and ask completely new questions.” – Tim Ferris, CNN.com
In this video he addresses the subject in depth:
Cary Grant was used LSD with his therapist many times and was an advocate. Vanity Fair wrote about his experiences in detail in this article from 2010.
“The Curious Story Behind the New Cary Grant headlined the September 1, 1959, issue of Look magazine, and inside was a glowing account of how, because of LSD therapy, “at last, I am close to happiness.” He later explained that “I wanted to rid myself of all my hypocrisies. I wanted to work through the events of my childhood, my relationship with my parents and my former wives. I did not want to spend years in analysis.”
Kary Mullis won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in for dramatically improving the technique of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which is an essential tool of modern biology research. Albert Hofmann, the inventor of LSD, was told by Kary that LSD had helped him develop his PCR invention (Wired, 2008).
“Back in the 1960s and early ’70s I took plenty of LSD. A lot of people were doing that in Berkeley back then. And I found it to be a mind-opening experience. It was certainly much more important than any courses I ever took.”
Kary Mullis California Monthly, 1994
“What if I had not taken LSD ever; would I have still invented PCR?” He replied, “I don’t know. I doubt it. I seriously doubt it.”
Kary Mullis BBC Horizon Interview, 1997
Psychedelics have been misunderstood and misrepresented for decades. That’s changing. Please help us share safe, responsible information on using psychedelics by sending this page to friends, and posting to Facebook, Twitter, and Google:
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Posted: July 1, 2016 at 9:47 pm
Nootropics are a broad classification of cognition-enhancing compounds that produce minimal side effects and are suitable for long-term use. These compounds include those occurring in nature or already produced by the human body (such as neurotransmitters), and their synthetic analogs. We already regularly consume some of these chemicals: B vitamins, caffeine, and L-theanine, in our daily diets.
A fundamental aspect of human evolution has been the drive to augment our capabilities. The neocortex is the neural seat of abstract and higher order cognitive processes. As it grew, so did our ability to create. The invention of tools and weapons, writing, the steam engine, and the computer have exponentially increased our capacity to influence and understand the world around us. These advances are being driven by improved higher-order cognitive processing.1Fascinatingly, the practice of modulating our biology through naturally occurring flora predated all of the above discoveries. Indeed, Sumerian clay slabs as old as 5000 BC detail medicinal recipes which include over 250 plants2. The enhancement of human cognition through natural compounds followed, as people discovered plants containing caffeine, theanine, and other cognition-enhancing, or nootropic, agents.
There is an ancient precedent to humans using natural compounds to elevate cognitive performance. Incan warriors in the 15th century would ingest coca leaves (the basis for cocaine) before battle. Ethiopian hunters in the 10th century developed coffee bean paste to improve hunting stamina. Modern athletes ubiquitously consume protein powders and hormones to enhance their training, recovery, and performance. The most widely consumed psychoactive compound today is caffeine. Millions of people use coffee and tea to be more alert and focused.
The term nootropic is simply a descriptor, and this descriptor spans across all legal classifications of compounds. Broadly speaking, there are four main classifications:
Nootrobox stacks are strictly derived from the first category – compounds that are GRAS and approved for human consumption as dietary supplements.
The mechanisms by which nootropic compounds influence our cognition and neurophysiology are as diverse as those of prescription drugs. We present below our in-progress work, detailing the mechanisms, effects, and history of various nootropic compounds. Check in for updates and additions.
2016 Nootrobox, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
For informational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. Products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
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Posted: June 29, 2016 at 6:37 pm
thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself., Leviticus 19:18
One of the few rules I try to live my life by, and fail every day trying, is the Golden Rule.
I love the simplicity of the Golden Rule, its tendency to make I interact with happier and its tendency to make me happier as well.
Its true: the rule of treating others as you would want to be treated in their place will ultimately lead to your own happiness.
Lets say that you apply the Golden Rule in all of your interactions with other people, and you help your neighbors, you treat your family with kindness, you go the extra mile for your co-workers, you help a stranger in need.
Now, those actions will undoubtedly be good for the people you help and are kind to but youll also notice a strange thing. People will treat you better too, certainly. Beyond that, though, you will find a growing satisfaction in yourself, a belief in yourself, a knowledge that you are a good person and a trust in yourself.
Those are not small dividends. They are huge. And for that reason not even considering that our world will be a better place if more people live by this rule I recommend you make the Golden Rule a focus of your actions, and try to live by it to the extent that you can.
I will admit that there are strong arguments against the Golden Rule, that there are exceptions and logic arguments that the Golden Rule, taken to extremes, falls apart. Im not concerned about that stuff. The truth is, on a day-to-day basis, living by the Golden Rule will make you a better person, will make those around you happier, and will make the community you live in a better place.
With that in mind, lets take a look at some practical tips for living the Golden Rule in your daily life: