Tag Archives: google

Jide’s Remix Singularity OS will turn your Android phone into a PC – Android Authority (blog)

Posted: February 22, 2017 at 4:29 am

Jide, the company behind the Android-based Remix OS for PCs, is developing another version made for Android smartphones, but with a twist.Remix Singularity will work like a stock version of Android when used on a smartphone, but if you connect it to a PC monitor or big-screen TV, it will turn into a version of the PC-based Remix OS.

3 weeks ago

The idea is that Android phone owners will only need one device, their smartphone, to handle both their mobile phone needs as well as their hardcore PC needs. When a phone with Remix Singularity is hooked up to a bigger screen, the OS will have features familiar to PC OS owners, such as file windows, a start menu, and a task bar. If you have a large TV, hooking your phone up to it will turn it into something like an Android TV device.

In concept,Remix Singularity is similar to what Microsoft created with its Continuum mode in Windows 10 Mobile. It also appears to work very much like the Samsung DeX add-on that is rumored to be made available for owners of the upcoming Samsung Galaxy G8 phone later this spring.

TheRemix Singularity ROM will be free to download, according to what Jidesco-founder David Ko told The Verge in an interview today. He thinks its solution for offering a PC experience with a smartphone will succeed where others have failed, due to its low cost and its ability to run all Android apps. He also claims that the company is looking forOEMs that will be able to offer phones that will support Remix Singularity out of the box.

While all that sounds good on the surface, downloading ROMs for Android phones is still an activity thats limited for only hardcore users. Theres also the fact that the Google Play Store will need to be sideloaded forRemix Singularity to access the huge library of Android apps. Again, that kind of effort, while easy for many people, still takes some effort for most people that are not well versed in using ROMs.

Jide plans to launchRemix Singularity sometime in the second half of 2017. In the meantime, what do you think of the companys idea? Would you like to turn your Android smartphone into your one device that you use everywhere, including at your home or work office? Let us know your opinions on this matter in the comments!

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Jide’s Remix Singularity OS will turn your Android phone into a PC – Android Authority (blog)

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What our original drama The Intelligence Explosion tells us about AI – The Guardian

Posted: at 4:14 am

The Intelligence Explosion, an original drama published by the Guardian, is obviously a work of fiction. But the fears behind it are very real, and have led some of the biggest brains in artificial intelligence (AI) to reconsider how they work.

The film dramatises a near-future conversation between the developers of an artificial general intelligence named Gnther and an ethical philosopher. Gnther himself (itself?) sits in, making fairly cringeworthy jokes and generally missing the point. Until, suddenly, he doesnt.

It shows an event which has come to be known in the technology world as the singularity: the moment when an artificial intelligence that has the ability to improve itself starts doing so at exponential speeds. The crucial moment is the period when AI becomes better at developing AI than people are. Up until that point, AI capability can only improve as quickly as AI research progresses, but once AI is involved in its own creation, a feedback loop begins. AI makes better AI, which is even better at making even better AI.

It may not end with a robot bursting into a cloud of stars and deciding to ascend to a higher plane of existence but its not far off. A super-intelligent AI could be so much more intelligent than a human being that we cant even comprehend its actual abilities, as futile as explaining to an ant how wireless data transfer works.

So one big question for AI researchers is whether this event will be good or bad for humanity. And thats where the ethical philosophy comes into it.

Dr Nick Bostrom, a philosopher at the University of Oxford, presented one of the most popular explanations of the problem in his book Superintelligence. Suppose you create an artificial intelligence designed to do one thing in his example, running a factory for making paperclips. In a bid for efficiency, however, you decide to programme the artificial intelligence with another set of instructions as well, commanding it to improve its own processes to become better at making paperclips.

For a while, everything goes well: the AI chugs along making paperclips, occasionally suggesting that a piece of machinery be moved, or designing a new alloy for the smelter to produce. Sometimes it even improves its own programming, with the rationale that the smarter it is, the better it can think of new ways to make paperclips.

But one day, the exponential increase happens: the paperclip factory starts getting very smart, very quickly. One day its a basic AI, the next its as intelligent as a person. The day after that, its as smart as all of humanity combined, and the day after that, its smarter than anything we can imagine.

Unfortunately, despite all of this, its main directive is unchanged: it just wants to make paperclips. As many as possible, as efficiently as possible. It would start strip-mining the Earth for the raw materials, except its already realised that doing that would probably spark resistance from the pesky humans who live on the planet. So, pre-emptively, it kills them all, leaving nothing standing between it and a lot of paperclips.

Thats the worst possible outcome. But obviously having an extremely smart AI on the side of humanity would be a pretty good thing. So one way to square the circle is by teaching ethics to artificial intelligences, before its too late.

In that scenario, the paperclip machine would be told make more paperclips, but only if its ethical to do so. That way, it probably wont murder humanity, which most people consider a positive outcome.

The downside is that to code that into an AI, you sort of need to solve the entirety of ethics and write it in computer-readable format. Which is, to say the least, tricky.

Ethical philosophers cant even agree on what the best ethical system is for people. Is it ethical to kill one person to save five? Or to lie when a madman with an axe asks where your neighbour is? Some of the best minds in the world of moral philosophy disagree over those questions, which doesnt bode well for the prospect of coding morality into an AI.

Problems like this are why the biggest AI companies in the world are paying keen attention to questions of ethics. DeepMind, the Google subsidiary which produced the first ever AI able to beat a human pro at the ancient boardgame Go, has a shadowy ethics and safety board, for instance. The company hasnt said whos on it, or even whether its met, but early investors say that its creation was a key part of why Googles bid to acquire DeepMind was successful. Other companies, including IBM, Amazon and Apple, have also joined forces, forming the Partnership on AI, to lead from the top.

For now, though, the singularity still exists only in the world of science fiction. All we can say for certain is that when it does come, it probably wont have Gnthers friendly attitude front and centre.

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What our original drama The Intelligence Explosion tells us about AI – The Guardian

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Legal artificial intelligence: Can it stand up in a court of law? – Robohub

Posted: at 4:14 am

In his book Outliers, Malcolm Gladwell repeatedly mentions what has become known as the 10,000-hour rule, which states that to become world-class in any field you must devote 10,000 hours of deliberate practice. Whether or not you believe the 10,000-hour figure, many would acknowledge that to become an accomplished legal professional requires considerable legal, communicative and, particularly in in-house environments, interpersonal skills that are often acquired after a tremendous amount of effort exerted over many years.

Enter artificial intelligence (AI)

There has been much hoopla about AI-based legal systems that, some might have you believe, may soon replace lawyers (no doubt causing a degree of anxiety among some legal professionals). There is some misunderstanding among many lawyers, and much of the public, about what AI systems are presently capable of. Can a legal AI, based on current technology, actually think like a lawyer? No. At best, todays AI is an incomplete substitute for a human lawyer, although it could reduce the need for some lawyers (Ill get to all that later).

However, something we should think seriously about right now is the long-term implication of the introduction of AI into the legal environmentnotably the potential loss of legal wisdom.

Why doesnt AI think like a human?

Lets explore whyAI doesnt actually mimic the human brain. As an example, lets look at automated translation systems such as those available from Google, Facebook or Microsoft. Such systems might appear to work the way human translators do, but what they actually do is match patterns derived from analyses of thousands, if not millions, of pages of text found on the web, employing a technology known as statistical machine translation. For instance, if such a system wants to know how to translate the English greeting hello into French, it scans English and French translations on the web, statistically analyses the correlations between hello and various French greetings, then comes to the conclusion that the French equivalent of hello is bonjour.

Current AI is good at this kind of pattern matching, but less so at cognition and deductive reasoning. Consider the human brain: not only does it store a large number of associations, and accesses useful memories (sometimes quickly, sometimes not), it also transforms sensory and other information into generalisable representations invariant to unimportant changes, stores episodic memories and generalises learned examples into understanding. These are key cognitive capabilities yet to be matched by current AI technology.

Thus, while present AI-based legal systems might analyse judicial decisionsfor example, to help litigators gain insights to a judges behaviour or a barristers track recordthey do so by scrutinising existing data to reveal patterns, and not by extrapolating from the content of those decisions the way an experienced human legal professional might.

The temptation to make redundant

AsAI systems become more capable, the temptation grows to use such systems not only to supplement but also to eliminate the need for some personnel. An AI system weak in cognition but strong in pattern matching probably could not replace an experienced professional in terms of drawing inferences, deductive reasoning or combining different practice areas to arrive at more comprehensive solutions. However, it could perform certain tasks such as searching for patterns of words in documents for evidence gatheringthat have hitherto been delegated to lower level staffsuch as paralegals, trainees, and junior associatesand do so better than any human could.

While one might argue that the introduction of AI systems will lighten the workload of legal professionals and thereby improve their quality of life, it also potentially diminishes the need for junior legal staff, which would only exacerbate the oversupply problem in the legal profession.

Shrink now, suffer later?

If fewer junior legal professionals are hired, this implies a smaller population of lower level staff, thus a smaller feeder pool for more senior positions. And, as more tasks are automated, this could deprive junior legal professionals of opportunities to gain important experienceie, get their 10,000 hours. Will this result in fewer quality, experienced legal professionals in the future?

And the future of legal AI?

There are yet two more (albeit related) things to think about.

First: the development and maintenance of a good AI system requires both technical and legal competency. Put another way, a legal AI system programmed by systems experts ignorant in the law will be seriously, if not fatally, flawed. Thus, if we want to continue to develop more capable legal AI systems, good content providersie, good lawyerswill be needed.

Second: as laws, the legal business and social environments in their respective jurisdictions evolve, developments that might not have been anticipated just a few years earlier will emerge. Only the very best legal and other minds will be able to cope with some of these developmentsand update the relevant legal AI systems accordingly. For example, when the US passed the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA) in 2011, it introduced new review procedures for existing patents with the intent of improving patent quality. It also had the effect of introducing several unintended consequences, including the use of such procedures by hedge funds to invalidate patents for the purpose of affecting the stock price of the companies holding the patents and the negative impact the AIA has had on inventors. Updating an AI system to properly incorporate these developments requires not only a deep understanding of US patent law but also a perspective on patents, finance and the impact of patent policy and procedures on innovationsomething that can only really be appreciated after years of experience. Moreover, this is something that could not have been programmed into an AI system half a decade ago, and such content could probably not have been provided by a less capable, less experienced legal professional to an AI developer.

So what, if anything, can be done?

Sadly, there are no easy answers. Graduating fewer lawyers might alleviate the problem of oversupply, but would also result in unemployment at educational institutions.

While the government (or government-backed NGO) could establish some sort of training centre for under-employed junior lawyers, where these professionals could offer services pro bono to build their experience, this also smacks of government interference in the private practice market. But we need to start thinking of solutions now. The introduction of AI into the legal profession and the potential prospect of putting more lawyers out of work could have profound implications for legal AI systems and the profession as a whole.

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Legal artificial intelligence: Can it stand up in a court of law? – Robohub

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Atera adds multi-faceted automation capabilities in new release of joint RMM-PSA platform – ChannelBuzz.ca

Posted: at 4:08 am

Atera, which makes a joint RMM (Remote Monitoring and Management) and PSA (Professional Services Automation) platform with a single code base, has announced a new release with a broad range of enhancements. Chief among them are the addition of auto-healing scripts, and enhanced out-of-the-box monitoring, both of which reduce the amount of work an MSP has to do.

One significant addition is the addition of Auto Healing Scripts, which trigger a script to run when a threshold level is exceeded.

This is a very key thing, because it allows the MSP to build a set of automated actions and reactions, said Gil Pekelman, Ateras CEO. And its all automated, so they dont have to do it again in the future. Anything that is automated in autohealing is work the MSP wont have to do.

It extends the monitoring path once a threshold is reached so you can react automatically with a script, said Oshri Moyal, VP of Research and Development at Atera. If you are close to running out of disk space, for example, you will automatically clean the disk.

Enhanced out-of-the-box monitoring has also been added, which include allowing MSPs to select multiple events in one threshold item.

In feedback, this was high on the list of missing features, Moyal said.

Users have said we want a lot more monitored out of the box, Pekelman said, But how much do you monitor, thats the issue. If you monitor too much, you get lots of false positives and you run around chasing them, and if you monitor too little, you dont get alerts when you need them. A few things are absolutely essential, but beyond that, its tough to determine what gives you the biggest bang for your buck. We have effectively engaged in Crowdsourcing to get feedback, and have given what the crowd has told us they wanted. We added new capabilities out of the box so there is less work to do. Combined with autohealing, where things will be automatically fixed for you, you become more efficient.

The Splashtop remote app has now been fully integrated into the Atera system.

We started with a tool for remote management that we developed ourselves, but we decided to focus on our core competency and we released the integration with Splashtop in September, Pekelman said. Then, you still had to go through Splashtop and get a Splashtop account. Now, when you sign up with Atera you are fully connected. You dont have to set up another account or deal with a third party.

The agent installation process has been streamlined through newly integrated troubleshooting diagnostics, improving the speed and ease of installing agents.

Oshri Moyal, Ateras VP of Research and Development

What we have done here is taken how we handled support cases, and turned it into a piece of software, Moyal said. Our diagnostic tool checks connectivity and in one click finds potential issues when an MSP installs an agent that can the MSP how to fix the problem.

Atera doesnt charge per agent, and so this troubleshooting capability is especially valuable here. Pekelman stated. We dont believe in support, not in this day and age. You dont call Google and Facebook for support. We have a very dedicated support team, but we dont want you to have to call them.

Other improvements beyond the automation ones include the addition of Integrated Wake-on-LAN (WoL) capabilities, which Moyal said was among their most requested enhancements, and which lets a computer to be turned on or awakened directly from the Atera console.

This is a very cool feature, Pekelman said. If a server is down and off and you need to access it, you dont have to drive over to do that. You just click a button, and it wakes up.

User activity status updates now allow MSPs to see if an account is active, disconnected, idle, or locked before they remotely connect to the workstation.

MSPs say when they connect remotely to a machine, they want to know if user is on the machine or not, so that they will only connect if its idle or disconnected, Moyal stated.

Atera stresses its uniqueness in having the same code for its RMM and PSA capabilities, and Pekelman indicated improvements have been made on the PSA side as well.

We now have automatic email alerts on contracts that are about to expire, and more detailed invoices based on contract type, ticket, and time entry, he said.

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Atera adds multi-faceted automation capabilities in new release of joint RMM-PSA platform – ChannelBuzz.ca

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The Magical Rationalism of Elon Musk and the Prophets of AI – New York Magazine

Posted: at 3:59 am

Photo: Justin Chin/Bloomberg via Getty Images

One morning in the summer of 2015, I sat in a featureless office in Berkeley as a young computer programmer walked me through how he intended to save the world. The world needed saving, he insisted, not from climate change or from the rise of the far right, or the treacherous instability of global capitalism but from the advent of artificial superintelligence, which would almost certainly wipe humanity from the face of the earth unless certain preventative measures were put in place by a very small number of dedicated specialists such as himself, who alone understood the scale of the danger and the course of action necessary to protect against it.

This intense and deeply serious young programmer was Nate Soares, the executive director of MIRI (Machine Intelligence Research Institute), a nonprofit organization dedicated to the safe which is to say, non-humanity-obliterating development of artificial intelligence. As I listened to him speak, and as I struggled (and failed) to follow the algebraic abstractions he was scrawling on a whiteboard in illustration of his preferred doomsday scenario, I was suddenly hit by the full force of a paradox: The austere and inflexible rationalism of this mans worldview had led him into a grand and methodically reasoned absurdity.

In researching and reporting my book, To Be a Machine, I had spent much of the previous 18 months among the adherents of the transhumanist movement, a broad church comprising life-extension advocates, cryonicists, would-be cyborgs, Silicon Valley tech entrepreneurs, neuroscientists looking to convert the human brain into code, and so forth all of whom were entirely convinced that science and technology would allow us to transcend the human condition. With many of these transhumanists (the vast majority of whom, it bears mentioning, were men), I had experienced some version of this weird cognitive dissonance, this apprehension of a logic-unto-madness. I had come across it so frequently, in fact, that I wound up giving it a name: magical rationalism.

The key thing about magical rationalism is that its approach to a given question always seems, and in most meaningful respects is, perfectly logical. To take our current example, the argument about AI posing an existential risk to our species seems, on one level, quite compelling. The basic gist is this: If and when we develop human-level artificial intelligence, its only a matter of time until this AI, by creating smarter and smarter iterations of itself, gives rise to a machine whose intelligence is as superior to our own as our intelligence currently is to that of other animal species. (Lets leave the cephalopods out of this for the moment, because who knows what the hell is going on with those guys.) Computers being what they are, though, theres a nontrivial risk of this superintelligent AI taking the commands its issued far too literally. You tell it, for instance, to eliminate cancer once and for all, and it takes the shortest and most logical route to that end by wiping out all life-forms in which abnormal cell division might potentially occur. (An example of the cure-worse-than-the-disease scenario so perfect that you would not survive long enough to appreciate its perfection.) As far as I can see, theres nothing about this scenario that is anything but logically sound, and yet here we are, taken to a place that most of us will agree feels deeply and intuitively batshit. (The obvious counterargument to this, of course, is that just because something feels intuitively batshit doesnt mean that its not going to happen. Its worth bearing in mind that the history of science is replete with examples of this principle.)

Magical rationalism arises out of a quasi-religious worldview, in which reason takes the place of the godhead, and whereby all of our human problems are soluble by means of its application. The power of rationalism, manifested in the form of technology the word made silicon has the potential to deliver us from all evils, up to and including death itself. This spiritual dimension is most clearly visible in the techno-millenarianism of the Singularity: the point on the near horizon of our future at which human beings will finally and irrevocably merge with technology, to become uploaded minds, disembodied beings of pure and immutable thought. (Nate Soares, in common with many of those working to eliminate the existential threat posed by AI, viewed this as the best-case scenario for the future, as the kingdom of heaven that would be ours if we could only avoid the annihilation of our species by AI. I myself found it hard to conceive of as anything other than a vision of deepest hell.)

In his book The Singularity is Near, Ray Kurzweil, a futurist and director of engineering at Google, lays out the specifics of this post-human afterlife. The Singularity, he writes, will allow us to transcend these limitations of our biological bodies and brains. We will gain power over our fates. Our mortality will be in our hands. We will be able to live as long as we want (a subtly different statement from saying we will live forever). We will fully understand human thinking and will vastly extend and expand its reach. By the end of this century, the nonbiological portion of our intelligence will be trillions of times more powerful than unaided human intelligence. This is magical rationalism in its purest form: It arises out of the same human terrors and desires as the major religions the terror of death, the desire to transcend it and proceeds toward the same kinds of visionary mythologizing.

This particular Singularitarian strain of magical rationalism could be glimpsed in Elon Musks widely reported recent comments at a conference in Dubai. Humans, he insisted, would need to merge with machines in order to avoid becoming obsolete. Its mostly about the bandwidth, he explained; computers were capable of processing information at a trillion bits per second, while we humans could input data into our devices at a mere ten bits per second, or thereabouts. From the point of view of narrow rationalism, Musks argument was sort of compelling if computers are going to beat us at our own game, wed better find ways to join them but it only really made sense if you thought of a human being as a kind of computer to begin with. (Were computers; were just rubbish at computing compared to actual computers these days.)

While writing To Be a Machine, I kept finding myself thinking about Flann OBriens surreal comic masterpiece The Third Policeman, in which everyone is unhealthily obsessed with bicycles, and men who spend too much time on their bicycles wind up themselves becoming bicycles via some kind of mysterious process of molecular transfer. Transhumanism a world as overwhelmingly male as OBriens rural Irish hellscape often seemed to me to be guided by a similar kind of overidentification with computers, a strange confusion of the distinct categories of human and machine. Because if computation is the ultimate value, the ultimate end of intelligence, then it makes absolute sense to become better versions of the computers we already are. We must optimize for intelligence, as transhumanists are fond of saying meaning by intelligence, in most cases, the exercise of pure reason. And this is the crux of magical rationalism: It is both an idealization of reason, of beautiful and rigorous abstraction, and a mode of thinking whereby reason is made to serve as the faithful handmaiden of absolute madness. Because reason is, among its other uses, a finely calibrated tool by which the human animal pursues its famously unreasonable ends.

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The Magical Rationalism of Elon Musk and the Prophets of AI – New York Magazine

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Microsoft India projects itself as open source champion, says AI is the next step – YourStory.com

Posted: February 20, 2017 at 7:18 pm

The company announced that it is building the worlds largest artificial intelligence platform

At *.ai Intelligent Cloud, a conference hosted by Microsoft India in Bengaluru on Monday, the company said that Big Data, Cloud, and intelligence have changed the way machines compute services for human beings. It also announced that it was building the worlds largest artificial intelligence (AI) platform.

“Cognitive services will change IT applications in the future. Services can become intelligent with machine learning and we are providing APIs to startups for computer applications like vision, speech, language, knowledge and search,” says Sandeep Alur, Microsoft Lead Evangelist.

The company also positioned itself as a champion of open source technologies, with over 16,000 contributions made on GitHub, an open source internet hosting service. Large corporate like Google are in the game too. They joined the .Net Foundation technical steering group, which was launched by Microsoft.

Microsoft, in return, joined the Linux Foundation. While this global exchange of knowledge is well-founded, today every one wants to know what AI is all about.

Analysts at Gartner tell YourStory that today most neural networks are still in the realm of machine learning, which means outcomes can be predictive. Computer science experts will say that AI comes with reasoning power, which means machines can fool you into believing they are human.

That said, several software engineers are going after building computers that can create predictive outcomes for services. Say, a machine can tell when a part could fail and will inform the customer about going to the dealership to replace the part. Let us also say you call a BPO and a chatbot using voice technologies, which will guide you through a query better than any human. Says Alur of Microsoft,

“Today, building a bot means maintaining several source codes. But we have created a framework for bots with one source code.”

Research firm Markets&Markets says the AI market could be $16 billion by 2022.

Bot frameworks can change the way BPOs function and change their outcomes.

However, the point is that while all these frameworks make it easy with a lot application channels, saying that we are in the realm of AI is a wrong argument. However, the push that Microsoft offers, to go towards AI with machine learning, is something to watch out for.

Let’s look at the numbers. If we look at all the system integrators, starting from Accenture to Infosys to TCS to Wipro, their revenues from platforms that offer AI or machine learning is less than 10 percent.

“Data is critical and we can build models that can become critical for predictive planning,” says Anish Basu Roy, CEO of Shotang.

Several startups that YourStory spoke to believed that machine learning was today called AI. “Everything that is F of X is considered AI, when all we are building is an intelligent machine,” said founders of a couple of startups who did not want to be named.

Representatives of the Indian startup ecosystem in the room were extremely robust. Over 200 of them were present and most of them were in the realm of data analytics, cognitive sciences and predictive maintenance. Somehow, the feeling was that they were here to witness Satya Nadella’s talk with Nandan Nilekani.

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Microsoft India projects itself as open source champion, says AI is the next step – YourStory.com

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Top 3 Trends Impacting the Artificial Intelligence Market in the US Education Sector Through 2021: Technavio – Yahoo Finance

Posted: at 7:17 pm


Technavios latest market research report on the artificial intelligence market in the US education sector provides an analysis of the most important trends expected to impact the market outlook from 2017-2021. Technavio defines an emerging trend as a factor that has the potential to significantly impact the market and contribute to its growth or decline.

This Smart News Release features multimedia. View the full release here: http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20170220005208/en/

Jhansi Mary, a lead analyst from Technavio, specializing in research on education technology sector says, The artificial intelligence market in the US education sector is expected to grow at a spectacular CAGR of more than 47%. The US education system is the pioneer in implementing education technology solutions with the objective to improve the quality of education imparted to students and consequently the graduation rates. Therefore, many public and private educational institutions in the US are investing large resources in implementing the digitization of education.

Request a sample report: http://www.technavio.com/request-a-sample?report=56665

Technavios sample reports are free of charge and contain multiple sections of the report including the market size and forecast, drivers, challenges, trends, and more.

The top three emerging market trends driving the artificial intelligence market in the US education sector according to Technavio education research analysts are:

Artificial intelligence-empowered educational games

Educational games provide teachers a useful medium to teach education concepts in an interactive and engaging manner. Such a method not only generates curiosity but also motivates through reward points, badges, and levels. Vendors are incorporating features of artificial intelligence in games to enhance the interactivity element. These games embody the adaptive learning feature so that students can be given frequent and timely suggestions for a guided learning experience. These games improvise adaptive learning features while deploying machine learning, a form of artificial intelligence.

Duolingo, an open-source provider of language learning courses and games, received an investment of USD 45 million from Google Capital in 2015. This investment was used to bolster the deployment of machine learning and NLP technologies in their products.

Assists collaborative learning model

With new learning models, such as blended learning and flipped classrooms, evolving there is a growing focus by educators to create an environment that facilitates collaborative learning among students. Teachers have been introducing various group activities, such as role plays and problem-solving exercises, to motivate students to learn together.

Artificial intelligence will yield a more scientific outlook toward developing collaboration with practical methods such as virtual agents, adaptive group formation, intelligent facilitation, and expert moderation. Such defined models will ease the implementation and assessment of collaborative learning models.

All these methods have been designed to foster efficient group activities by considering each student’s learning needs and cognitive skills. While performing activities, students are provided with appropriate guidance, advice, and inputs by the artificial intelligent system. This ensures teachers obtain the desired outcomes, says Jhansi.

Facilitates better course designing activities

Content analytics consist of techniques that assist course content designers in designing, developing, modifying, and upgrading content based on the needs of learners. Owing to the benefits it provides it has increasingly become a part of the technology-enabled education system. Artificial intelligence has taken this technique a step forward ever since its introduction.

Companies, such as IBM, are combining cognitive neuroscience and cognitive computing to harness the benefits of artificial intelligence in educational content. It uses research in the field of cognitive neuroscience to understand human learning and other cognitive processes. These inputs help to create content that will be more engaging and interactive for learners.

Coursera, a massive online open course (MOOC) provider, offers content backed by artificial intelligence software. It helps in closing loopholes present in the education content, such as differences in lecture notes and educational materials. Therefore, the presence of such smart software will positively impact the market growth.

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Technavio is a leading global technology research and advisory company. The company develops over 2000 pieces of research every year, covering more than 500 technologies across 80 countries. Technavio has about 300 analysts globally who specialize in customized consulting and business research assignments across the latest leading edge technologies.

Technavio analysts employ primary as well as secondary research techniques to ascertain the size and vendor landscape in a range of markets. Analysts obtain information using a combination of bottom-up and top-down approaches, besides using in-house market modeling tools and proprietary databases. They corroborate this data with the data obtained from various market participants and stakeholders across the value chain, including vendors, service providers, distributors, re-sellers, and end-users.

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Top 3 Trends Impacting the Artificial Intelligence Market in the US Education Sector Through 2021: Technavio – Yahoo Finance

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The limits of free speech (when you have 50 million YouTube subscribers) – Polygon

Posted: at 7:03 pm

There is an increasing amount of noise surrounding freedom of speech, fake news, and everyones right to be heard. This has particular bearing on the gaming community, where the term freedom of speech is often used incorrectly.

On the other hand, online personalities are often playing a role in game marketing, and issues with GamerGate and other hate groups latching onto gaming means that games, studios and publishers are confronted with the task of moderating community and forum posts and interactions while being told they are censoring others. Hence, depriving someone of their right to free speech.

As an entertainment attorney with over seven years of experience in a practice dedicated exclusively to gaming culture and industry, this has been an ongoing cause for concern. Its an issue my clients face daily.

Legally, theres no argument to be had. Let me explain why.

Felix Kjellberg, aka PewDiePie, blamed the press immediately after apologizing for his bad judgement, which brings up some interesting legal points about his situation.

He seemed to be operating under the assumption that the Wall Street Journal and mainstream media intentionally destroyed his business relationships. However, based on his own explanation, its more than likely he broke his contract under any number of contract theories, as well examine below.

This was my first notice of PewDiePie, so Im not bringing any baggage into this debate. I dont like him or dislike him. I just know hes being widely discussed, and Im familiar with the legal aspects of these situations.

His departure from Google and Disney seems like a no-brainer to anyone with a basic understanding of entertainment contracts. His first mistake likely came from his presumption that either Google or Disney have a sense of humor, or value him for his comedic chops.

Companies typically wont support you when doing so will harm their brand or otherwise expose them to liability

The contracts he signed with Google (through YouTube) and Disney (through Maker Studios) should have made it apparent that they do not. Any tolerance on their part would be based on financial interest, not out of any respect for his freedom of expression or his budding career as a rookie comedian. That is not the business they are in, as evidenced by how quickly they dropped him when his humor became a liability.

Companies typically wont support you when doing so will harm their brand or otherwise expose them to liability. Thats why YouTube has a code of conduct, and why most contracts for endorsement include rather robust non-disparagement/no disparaging effect clauses. Disney includes this in its terms of use:

You may not submit or upload User Generated Content that is defamatory, harassing, threatening, bigoted, hateful, violent, vulgar, obscene, pornographic, or otherwise offensive or that harms or can reasonably be expected to harm any person or entity, whether or not such material is protected by law.

Or, if youd like a more direct example from one of my own agreements:

Influencer may not: [.] engage in conduct or a pattern of behavior that may: (i) diminish Influencers reputation as a personality in the gaming community; or (ii) as a result of [Companys] association with Influencer, harm [Companys] reputation.

Typically a non-disparagement clause wont act alone to limit influencer conduct in an agreement. Some agreements will include strong moral clauses, broad warranties and representations, and at will termination as additional means of controlling the influencer or providing backers a buffer if the Influencers conduct creates a problem.

For example, a moral provision may prohibit an influencer from engaging in behavior in his or her private life that may amount to a scandal, while almost any reps and warranties provision will include a proviso prohibiting content that is defamatory or otherwise subject to legal action. The goal is to make sure, if you get into a scandal, you can be cast off quickly and with little legal repercussion.

In the interest of fairness, it is possible that the relevance of such provisions werent made clear to Kjellberg. In an effort to court lucrative talent, backers may treat such verbiage as boilerplate until and unless something triggers it. Ive heard they said we dont need to worry about that part, from more than a few clients.

This doesnt absolve responsibility on the part of the talent. You should read and treat as enforceable anything you want to sign. If youre not sure, consult an attorney and save yourself trouble down the road. However, its generally common sense that companies like Google and Disney are in this for two main reasons: it helps their bottom line, and its good for brand building.

When an influencer under contract does something that harms that brand, that influencer is materially breaching their contract. That means termination.

Its possible that the relationship can still be repaired. However, he broke the rule any competent attorney would advise in a matter concerning an open dispute: the less you say, the better. An eight minute diatribe placing blame on third parties and treating your business partners as complicit in the conspiracy against you probably isnt going to help smooth this out.

Thus my surprise when Kjellberg admitted that his content was offensive and he crossed the line, that he exhibited poor judgment and that his amateurish attempt at comedy was a failure. He effectively admitted to breaching his contracts with Disney and Google, and then immediately sought to blame the press.

The context for his joke, and whether mainstream media took it out of context, never really had anything to do with it. Its reasonable for companies like Disney and Google to consider mainstream media as the litmus test for what is considered offensive; their respective brands cater to a far broader demographic than PewDiePies followers, after all.

Welcome to the wonderful world of entertainment, Felix. Youve joined an elite club of performers, comedians and artists who crossed the line. No one is entitled to a platform, and your platform is a privilege that you will lose if you breach the terms under which that platform operates. In all likelihood you broke your contract. You even explained how you broke that contract in a video. Its irrational to conclude that a third party is responsible for the failure of your contract.

More alarming is the response by supporters, or rather, the response against detractors. The idea that companies or institutions are infringing on someones freedom of speech is commonly expressed, often in very strong language. When Twitter banned Milo Yiannopolous, we heard the same refrain. Kjellberg himself has already confirmed that a subset of his fan base consists of white supremacists. As many of us have witnessed, that particular subset is known to be more vocal about a perceived injustice than your average netizen.

Let me go ahead and get this out of the way:

A private individuals right to tell you to shut up, and a companys right to censor your offensive content, are both protected by the first amendment.

If a client of mine terminates a players subscription because they violated a games code of conduct by spamming a chat channel with anti-Semitic rhetoric, they are well within their contractual rights to terminate that subscription. Your participation on a platform like Twitter, YouTube or one of the excellent games offered by my clients, however, is not. That is strictly governed by the Terms of Service or EULA you agree to when you sign up.

If you are an Influencer, your continued support from your backers is contingent on your compliance with whatever non-disparagement language youve agreed to. Almost every platform available to you is offered by a private entity. Surprise! Welcome to Capitalism!

The first amendment isnt prohibitive against society at large; it protects society from government action. This typically shouldnt be a point of confusion, as the text itself is clear and unequivocal:

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

The context of free speech, in roughly every territory where free speech exists, is uniformly a limitation on government power to suppress that right. Your personal feelings about censorship notwithstanding (or mine, for that matter), your only recourse against censorship on a platform provided by a private company is to not use that platform. There is no legal recourse. In fact, if there were, that really would violate the First Amendment. Clearly no one wants that.

When someone decries censorship and claims free speech, they generally are not talking about the right to say what they want. They are talking about the right to say what they want wherever they want to share it, and that is a distinction that crosses the line between fundamental human right and moral rationalization.

No one is morally obligated to listen to another persons opinion. No one should feel morally obligated to offer a platform for someones message when they consider that message offensive. Freedom of speech does not place one persons rights above another persons right, simply because the other provides the platform. That rationale subverts the fundamental right to freedom of speech generally.

We like to see the Internet as an open platform for the free exchange of ideas. Many of the companies who make the Internet possible, and they are each and every one private corporations, do their best to make that a reality.

But as we begin to recognize the risks associated with that free exchange, companies must take measures to safeguard the privacy and happiness of their consumers. This necessarily means censoring the content shared online. We are comfortable with censorship intended to protect us (e.g., prohibitions against sharing your personally identifiable information, passwords, etc. online), but we are less comfortable with censorship designed to protect others (e.g., codes of conduct).

The bottom line is that when you engage in free speech online, you typically do so as a consumer of the platform you are using. Normally you wont have the opportunity to negotiate the contracts you are bound to (whether it be a ToS or EULA) when you use those services.

Even the most successful influencers, Kjellberg included, are bound by provisions that limit their behavior. Ironically, they are often subject to greater restrictions because of their influence on the brand. The reality is that your right to free speech may directly conflict with the agreement youve entered, and engaging in some kinds of speech will almost certainly cost you a contract.

Mona Ibrahim is a Senior Associate at Interactive Entertainment Law Group. She is an avid gamer and has dedicated her career to counseling the video game industry and indie development community.

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The limits of free speech (when you have 50 million YouTube subscribers) – Polygon

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WaPo: The Fourth Amendment at the border and beyond: A few …

Posted: at 6:55 pm

ABA Journal’s Blawg 100 (2015-2016)

by John Wesley Hall Criminal Defense Lawyer and Search and seizure law consultant Little Rock, Arkansas Contact / The Book http://www.johnwesleyhall.com

2003-17, online since Feb. 24, 2003


Fourth Amendment cases, citations, and links

Latest Slip Opinions: U.S. Supreme Court (Home) Federal Appellate Courts Opinions First Circuit Second Circuit Third Circuit Fourth Circuit Fifth Circuit Sixth Circuit Seventh Circuit Eighth Circuit Ninth Circuit Tenth Circuit Eleventh Circuit D.C. Circuit Federal Circuit Foreign Intell.Surv.Ct. FDsys, many district courts, other federal courts, other Military Courts: C.A.A.F., Army, AF, N-M, CG State courts (and some USDC opinions)

Google Scholar Advanced Google Scholar Google search tips LexisWeb LII State Appellate Courts LexisONE free caselaw Findlaw Free Opinions To search Search and Seizure on Lexis.com $

Research Links: Supreme Court: SCOTUSBlog S. Ct. Docket Solicitor General’s site SCOTUSreport Briefs online (but no amicus briefs) Oyez Project (NWU) “On the Docket”Medill S.Ct. Monitor: Law.com S.Ct. Com’t’ry: Law.com

General (many free): LexisWeb Google Scholar | Google LexisOne Legal Website Directory Crimelynx Lexis.com $ Lexis.com (criminal law/ 4th Amd) $ Findlaw.com Findlaw.com (4th Amd) Westlaw.com $ F.R.Crim.P. 41 http://www.fd.org Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Resources FBI Domestic Investigations and Operations Guide (2008) (pdf) DEA Agents Manual (2002) (download) DOJ Computer Search Manual (2009) (pdf) Stringrays (ACLU No. Cal.) (pdf)

Congressional Research Service: –Electronic Communications Privacy Act (2012) –Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (2012) –Outline of Federal Statutes Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping (2012) –Federal Statutes Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping (2012) –Federal Laws Relating to Cybersecurity: Discussion of Proposed Revisions (2012) ACLU on privacy Privacy Foundation Electronic Frontier Foundation NACDLs Domestic Drone Information Center Electronic Privacy Information Center Criminal Appeal (post-conviction) (9th Cir.) Section 1983 Blog

“If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn’t, and they don’t.” Me

I still learn something new every day. Pete Townshend, The Who 50th Anniversary Tour, “The Who Live at Hyde Park” (Showtime 2015)

“I can’t talk about my singing. I’m inside it. How can you describe something you’re inside of?” Janis Joplin

“Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government.” Shemaya, in the Thalmud

“A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one’s attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced.” Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev’d Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).

“The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence.” Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).

“Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment.” Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).

“There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today.” Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).

“The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property.” Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)

“It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment.” United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)

“The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has notto put it mildlyrun smooth.” Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).

“A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable.” Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)

“For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. … But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected.” Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)

Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Governments purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding. United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)

Libertythe freedom from unwarranted intrusion by governmentis as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark. United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)

“You can’t always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need.” Mick Jagger & Keith Richards

“In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Catholic. Then they came for meand by that time there was nobody left to speak up.” Martin Niemller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]

You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men! —Pep Le Pew

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NBA launches virtual reality app with Google Daydream – USA Today – USA TODAY

Posted: February 19, 2017 at 11:18 am

This year’s All-Star dunk contest, skills challenge and three-point contest feature some big-time names. USA TODAY Sports

The NBA launched the league’s first official virtual reality app.(Photo: NBA)

Four months ago, the NBA became the first professional sports league to offer regularly scheduled virtual reality broadcasts, ushering in a new era of basketball entertainment.

On Friday, the NBA, along with Daydream by Google, launcheditsfirst official virtual reality app yet another example of the league’s ability to stay ahead of the technological curve.

The app’s first episodic VR series, “House of Legends,” brings fans to a virtual sports lounge with former NBA players such as James Worthy, Chauncey Billups, Robert Horry, Baron Davis and Bruce Bowen, who discuss everything from pop culture to their greatest career moments.

Over the past few seasons, the NBA has explored a variety of virtual reality offerings that have the potential to bring fans closer to their favorite teams and players, said Jeff Marsilio, NBA vicepresident of global media distribution. House of Legends is the latest step in that journey and we are eager to see the response.

The app will also include on-demand video, NBA highlights and features, and player and team statistics.

We’re proud that Daydream gives sports fans new, immersive ways to connect to the leagues, teams and players they care about most,” said Aaron Luber, head of entertainment partnerships at Google VR/AR. “Launching the NBA VR app is another step toward bringing the best in sports VR experiences across the biggest leagues and events to our platform.

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NBA launches virtual reality app with Google Daydream – USA Today – USA TODAY

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