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Tag Archives: public
Posted: December 11, 2016 at 7:43 am
Interdisciplinary Certificates Available
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| Boston University
Posted: July 3, 2016 at 12:17 pm
As a consequence of scientific and biotechnological progress during the past decades, new biological therapies involving somatic cells and genetic material are being investigated. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) described existing legal authorities governing a new class of human somatic cell therapy products and gene therapy products in an October 14, 1993 Federal Register Notice.
On February 23, 1997, the public learned that Ian Wilmut, a Scottish scientist, and his colleagues at the Roslin Institute successfully used a technique called somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) to create a clone of a sheep; the cloned sheep was named Dolly. SCNT involves transferring the nucleus of an adult sheep somatic cell, into a sheep egg from which the nucleus had been removed. After nearly 300 attempts, the cloned sheep known as Dolly was born to a surrogate sheep mother.
SCNT is not reproduction since a sperm cannot be used with the technique, but rather it is an extension of technology used not only in research but also used to produce medically relevant cellular products such as cartilage cells for knees, as well as gene therapy products. On February 28, 1997, FDA announced a comprehensive plan for the regulation of cell and tissue based therapies that incorporated the legal authorities described in FDA’s 1993 guidance “Proposed Approach to Regulation of Cellular and Tissue-Based Products
On March 7, 1997 then President Clinton issued a memorandum that stated: “Recent accounts of advances in cloning technology, including the first successful cloning of an adult sheep, raise important questions. They potentially represent enormous scientific breakthroughs that could offer benefits in such areas as medicine and agriculture. But the new technology also raises profound ethical issues, particularly with respect to its possible use to clone humans.” (Prohibitions on Federal Funding for Cloning of Human Beings)
The memorandum explicitly prohibited Federal Funding for cloning of a human being, and also directed the National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC) to thoroughly review the legal and ethical issues associated with the use of cloning technology to create a human being.
“NBAC found that concerns relating to the potential psychological harms to children and effects on the moral, religious, and cultural values of society merited further reflection and deliberation.” The report, Ethical Issues in Human Stem Cell Research, September 1999, describes 5 recommendations.
Somatic cell nuclear transfer holds great potential to someday create medically useful therapeutic products. FDA believes, however, that there are major unresolved questions pertaining to the use of cloning technology to clone a human being which must be seriously considered and resolved before the Agency would permit such investigation to proceed. The Agency sent a “Dear Colleague” letter which stated that creating a human being using cloning technology is subject to FDA regulation under the Public Health Service Act and the Food Drug and Cosmetic Act. This letter notified researchers that clinical research using SCNT to create a human being could precede only when an investigational new drug application (IND) is in effect. Sponsors are required to submit to FDA
Recently, FDA sent letters to remind the research community that FDA jurisdiction over clinical research using cloning technology to create a human being, and to advise that FDA regulatory process is required in order to initial these investigations. (March 2001 letter)
On March 28, 2001, Dr. Kathryn C. Zoon, Director, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research gave testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Committee on Energy and Commerce, United States House of Representatives. Her statement described FDA’s role in regulating the use of cloning technology to clone a human being and further described current significant scientific concerns in this area.
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Posted: May 1, 2016 at 8:45 am
As of November 2011, all Freedom of Information requests to the University of Illinois administration or any of the three University campuses are processed by the Office for University Relations.
TheIllinois Freedom of Information Act(FOIA) provides public access to government documents and records. The Illinois FOIA notes that it is “the public policy of the State of Illinois that all persons are entitled to full and complete information regarding the affairs of government and the official acts and policies of those who represent them as public officials and public employees consistent with the terms of this Act. Such access is necessary to enable the people to fulfill their duties of discussing public issues fully and freely, making informed political judgments and monitoring government to ensure that it is being conducted in the public interest.”
The IllinoisAttorney General office websiteprovides details about the act. The site includes an FAQ (frequently asked questions) document written by staff in the AG’s office for individuals employed by “public bodies” such as the University of Illinois.
As a state institution, the University of Illinois issubject to the Illinois FOIA. Alog of all FOIA requests is maintained by the Office for University Relations, which manages the FOIA process for the U of I. Requests filed under the Freedom of Information Act, response letters, and responsive documents are themselves public records and subject to FOIA requests.
The University of Illinois provides countless documents and information without the requirement of filing a FOIA request. The FOIA process can be complicated and information can be provided without that step. However, some requestors — or the University — may determine that a formal request for records under FOIA is appropriate. In those instances, a thorough reading of the pages listed below will provide helpful information about the process, contact names, and how a request is handled.
For more detailed information, read:
If you have questions, please contact theOffice for University Relationsat 217-333-6400.
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Illinois Freedom of Information Act – University of Illinois
Posted: April 16, 2016 at 3:44 am
A free event open to the public, Eugenics in California: a Legacy of thePast?, will take place at the Berkeley Law School on the UC Berkeleycampus (105 Boalt Hall) on Tuesday, August 28, 2012 from 12:30 to 2 pm.
For much of the 20th century, California was at the forefront of eugenicideology and practices in the United States, and holds the dubiousdistinction of being the state with the highest number of eugenicsterilizations performed under the authority of law some 20,000procedures between 1909 and the mid-1950s. Coerced sterilizationscontinued in public hospitals into the 1970s, and it has recently come tolight that in very recent years, women prisoners in California have beensterilized without their consent or knowledge. Today, California is aleader in research and services related to human genomics and assistedreproductive technologies. Speakers at this public event will consider thelong history of eugenics in California and explore continuities anddiscontinuities in the uses and misuses of genetic ideas and practices.
Dean Christopher Edley, Berkeley School of Law, will give opening remarksto welcome attendees.
“Eugenic Sterilization in California: Stories and Statistics” Miroslava Chvez-Garca, University of California at Davis, and AlexandraMinna Stern, University of Michigan
We provide an overview of the patterns of the 20,000 eugenic sterilizationsperformed in California state institutions from 1909 to 1979, with closeattention to race, gender, class, and diagnosis. We will also highlightstories of sterilization victims and the ways in which they attempted tochallenge the state’s authority to control and contain their reproductiverights. As we will demonstrate, the process had a devastating impact onthe victims.
Ms Bebs? (documentary film) Renee Tajima-Pea, University of California at Santa Cruz; Virginia Espino,University of California at Santa Cruz, and Kate Trumbull, documentaryfilmmaker
The feature-length documentary Ms Bebs? (working title) investigatesthe history of Mexican American women who allege they were coercivelysterilized at Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center during the 1960s and70s. Many spoke no English, and testified that they were prodded intotubal ligations during active labor. The sterilizations triggered the1978 class action lawsuit, Madrigal v. Quilligan, and a protest campaignthat galvanized the Chicana feminist movement.
Eugenics in California Womens Prisons Today Kimberly Jeffrey and Courtney Hooks, Justice Now
Since 2003, Justice Now has been working collaboratively with people inCalifornias womens prisons to document how prisons violate theinternational right to family and function as a tool of reproductiveoppression. Presenters will place a spotlight on personal experience withas well as the systemic pattern of destruction of reproductive capacity ofwomen of color and gender variant people in California womens prisonsthrough several state-sanctioned policies, including forced and coercedsterilizations (e.g. the illegal and routine sterilization of hundreds ofpeople in prison during labor and delivery), and other violations of safemotherhood and reproductive justice.
Should We Worry About a New Eugenics? Marcy Darnovsky, Center for Genetics and Society
Today’s fast-developing genetic and reproductive technologies offersignificant benefits, but can also be misused in ways that exacerbateexisting inequalities and create entirely new forms of injustice. California, a hotbed of eugenic advocacy in the last century, is today acenter of biotechnology research and commercial development and theassisted reproduction sector, as well as home to some troublingtechno-enthusiastic ideologies. Our efforts to confront California’seugenic history can help prevent these dynamics from veering toward a neweugenics.
CONTACTS: Susan Schweik, UC Berkeley, email@example.com, MarcyDarnovsky, Center for Genetics and Society,firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-sponsored by the Center for Genetics and Society and U.C. BerkeleysHaas Diversity Research Center, School of Law, Institute for the Study ofSocietal Issues, American Cultures Center, Disability Studies program,Center on Reproductive Rights and Justice, and Center for Race and Gender.
This event is wheelchair accessible. Captioning will be provided. Torequest an accommodation, please email email@example.com.
Eugenics in California: A Legacy of the Past? | Center for …
Posted: January 31, 2016 at 7:44 pm
This site explores the history and interpretation of the First Amendment of the U. S. Constitution, including the Free Speech Clause, the Establishment Clause, and the Free Exercise Clause. For materials on other topics related to the Constitution, visit Exploring Constitutional Law.
THE FREE SPEECH CLAUSE
Introduction to the Free Speech Clause
What is “Speech”?
The “Clear & Present Danger” Test for Subversive Advocacy
Advocacy of Unlawful Action and the “Incitement Test”
Substantial Overbreadth Doctrine
The Press & Fair Trial Issues
Four-Letter Words and Other Indecent Speech
A Free Speech History Lesson: The Trial of Lenny Bruce
Regulation of Hate Speech
Desecrating Flags and Other Attacks on American Symbols
First Amendment Limitations on Civil Law Liability
Does the First Amendment Protect Lies?
Different Tests for Different Media?
Permits and Fees for Marches, Parades, Rallies
Speech Restrictions in the Traditional Public Forum
Time, Place, and Manner Regulations
Speech Restrictions in the Limited Public Forum
Speech Restrictions in the Non-Public Forum
Student Speech Rights
Gov’t Speech & Conditions on Speech Attached to Gov’t Spending
Free Speech Rights of Public Employees
The First Amendment and News Gathering: Access to (and Protection of) Sources
Regulation of Commercial Speech
Campaign Finance Regulation
The Right Not to Associate
What is Obscene?
Regulation of Child Pornography
Adult-Oriented Businesses and the “Secondary Effects” Test
Free Speech and the State Action Requirement
THE RELIGION CLAUSES
Introduction to the Establishment Clause
Prayer in the Public Schools
Vouchers & Other Aid to Religious Schools
The Evolution/Creationism Controversy
Theocracy Issues: Looking for Secular Purposes
Religious Symbols in Public Places
Student-Initiated Religious Speech
The Free Exercise Clause: Rise of the Compelling State Interest Test
The Free Exercise Clause: Narrowing of the Test
To see a course syllabus, jump to: FIRST AMENDMENT LAW SYLLABUS.
SAMPLE EXAM PROBLEMS
(All teachers are welcome to adopt this material for their own courses. DL) THEME SONG
Posted: January 14, 2016 at 6:42 pm
Today I would like to talk about
censorship. Censorship is the removal of information from the public. Today censorship is a
phase of social control. It is becoming more and more common all over the world today. It
reaches as far as political power and public opinion. Often censorship is undertaken by
governments. Censorship is closely tied in as a concept with freedom of speech and other forms
of human expression. The censorship of opinion for the most part was restricted to the control
of speech rather than of printing. The censorship of free speech attempted to control the
audience. The purpose of this speech is to give information regarding censorship knowledge.
Censorship occurs when expressive materials, like books, magazines, films and videos, or works
of art, are removed or kept from the public. Censorship also occurs when materials are
restricted to particular audiences, based on their age or other characteristics. A few types of
censorship are political, religious, and the the censorship of music, but there are many more.
Political censorship occurs when the government conceals secrets from their citizens, while
religious censorship is when any material of a certain faith is removed. This often involves a
dominant religion forcing limitations on less dominant ones. Many musicians protested against
censorship in music and pushed for more freedom of expression. Considerable amounts of music
has been banned since the 1950’s all the way to the present. One example is that
many states in the U.S. decided to make it illegal for selling N.W.A.’s Straight Outta Compton
album and the fines for catching anyone would go from $10,00 to $100,00 depending on how
many minors were involved.
When a society has freedom, citizens can collect and distribute any information they want
without any restraints. Another example is that in the Canadian Charter of Rights and
Freedoms, it clearly states that Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms: the
freedom of thought, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of
communication.” which means that this material in any form cannot be altered by the government
in any way. Also, citizens have the right to access information in all forms of media to be able to
watch, read or listen to whatever they want. The concept of freedom involves protecting the
rights of all individuals to pursue the types of information and to read anything that interests
them. The society has the right to voice opinions and try to persuade others to adopt their
opinions. Censorship believes that certain materials are too offensive, or present ideas that are
too hateful and destructive to society, that they simply must not be shown to the public. I think
everyone has a voice and an opinion and unfortunately, sometimes their voice is censored and
denied the right to express their opinion because it is different. I think censorship is wrong
because it denies an individual the chance to be heard simply because they have different ideas.
The only solution to the problem is to voice our opinion.
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Against Censorship :: essays research papers
Posted: May 7, 2015 at 7:42 pm
Mars has been the next frontier for humans since astronauts first bounced around the moon in 1969, and while we work on rockets that will get us to our red neighbor, scientists are thinking hard about how to build a sustainable colony on Mars. What would we need to bring to survive? That’s the question NASA is asking the public through a new competition. The challenge asks for written submissions detailing what astronaut-explorers will need to colonize a new planetand the space agency is offering a total of $15,000 in prize money, to be split between three winners.
The competitions prompt is broad, but so are the challenges facing planet colonization: NASA lists “shelter, food, water, breathable air, communication, exercise, social interactions and medicine” as potential topics areas for participants to tackle. And since theres only so much space and weight on the rockets that will propel humans to Mars, NASA is pushing for innovative solutionsnot just solutions available today, but solutions from years in the future when those Mars rockets will be ready.
“Were not going to get humans to Mars until at least the mid-2030s, and the world is going to change by then,” NASA chief scientist Ellen Stofan told Fast Company in a recent interview. “So how do we make sure that the path were choosing has enough flexibility, so that as technology develops we can adapt what were doing? That way, if someone figures out how to do something much better, you can adapt without starting from square one or making costs go way up.”
Though a manned Mars mission is decades away, NASA is making significant progress toward that goal now. Mars rovers and orbiting probes are feeding information back every day, and NASAs Orion astronaut capsule is inching closer to space readiness, Stofan says. And while NASA battles governmental budget cuts, it has been turning to private companies and international partners to fill the gaps. But other countries do not need much of a push to collaborate on a mission to Mars, says Stofan:
“With the mission to Mars, the whole world wants to get involved,” Stofan told Fast Company. “So we actually have 13 different space agencies from around the world working on the global exploration road map. That helps us because we dont have unlimited resources. And its a benefit to all the other countries that want to participate.”
Just as turning to the international community makes the journey to Mars an international mission, NASA turning to the public for Mars colony ideas makes the project a collective effort.
“Every time I give a talk,” Stofan told Fast Company, “I ask the audienceespecially if its kidshow many want to go to Mars. At least half raise their hands. I dont think theres going to be any shortage of volunteers.”
Northeast Delta HSA and Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals (DHH) Provide Healthcare State of the Region at …
Posted: April 14, 2015 at 9:44 pm
Monroe, LA (PRWEB) April 14, 2015
Northeast Delta Human Services Authority (NE Delta HSA) hosted its annual Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Services Public Forum today with Louisiana DHH officials. NE Delta HSA Executive Director Dr. Monteic A. Sizer welcomed guests and led a dialogue that enabled healthcare providers and other attendees to voice some of the greatest concerns and issues our region faces.
Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals Assistant Secretary/Medical Director, Dr. Rochelle Head-Dunham, MC, FAPA, updated guests in regard to the upcoming fiscal year 2016 transition to the Bayou Health Managed Care Organizations (MCO) model, which goes into effect on December 1, 2015. We will all have to do business much differently to expand services to our population, she said. Our goal is to not only meet our citizens needs, but also improve their health outcomes by decreasing morbidity and mortality and increase longevity.
Were working with DHH to effectively navigate this transitional period, making sure our clients are not lost, said Dr. Sizer. Were seeking to build a stronger network which is being delivered every step of the way with our three tenets: greater access to services, delivered by quality, competent providers with excellent customer service.
Additionally, we are seeking to establish new service agreements with all five Bayou Health Plan organizations in an effort to maximize service opportunities for our clients, said Dr. Sizer. But most importantly, we will strive to utilize innovation and collaboration to ensure that our citizens health will prosper across our region.
NE Delta HSA Director of Clinic Services, Martha Phillips and Regional Prevention Coordinator Jean Hartzog presented the State of the Region by explaining substance abuse, addiction and prevention services available to citizens.
Avius Carroll-Zimmerman, NE Delta HSA Research & Development, gave the attendees an update about NE Delta HSAs Primary and Behavioral Health Integration Model, which is centered around regional partnerships with primary care organizations and hospitals to provide integrated behavioral and primary healthcare services.
At the conclusion of the presentation, Forum attendees had the opportunity ask questions about how changes in statewide healthcare will affect the way they serve consumers.
NE Delta HSA administers its Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant (SABG) from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the federal agency that leads public health efforts to advance the behavioral health of the nation.
To see photos from the Public Forum on our Facebook page, click here.
Posted: April 8, 2015 at 5:44 pm
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