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Psychedelia – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Posted: September 2, 2016 at 5:54 am

Psychedelia is a name given to the subculture of people, originating in the 1960s, who often use psychedelic drugs such as LSD, mescaline and peyote. The term is also used to describe a style of psychedelic artwork and psychedelic music. Psychedelic art and music typically try to recreate or reflect the experience of altered consciousness. Psychedelic art uses highly distorted and surreal visuals, bright colors and full spectrums and animation (including cartoons) to evoke and convey to a viewer or listener the artist’s experience while using such drugs, or to enhance the experience of a user of these drugs. Psychedelic music uses distorted electric guitar, Indian music elements such as the sitar, electronic effects, sound effects and reverberation, and elaborate studio effects, such as playing tapes backwards or panning the music from one side to another. The term “psychedelic” is derived from the Ancient Greek words psych (, “mind”) and dloun (, “to make visible, to reveal”),[1] translating to “mind-revealing”.

A psychedelic experience is characterized by the striking perception of aspects of one’s mind previously unknown, or by the creative exuberance of the mind liberated from its ostensibly ordinary fetters. Psychedelic states are an array of experiences including changes of perception such as hallucinations, synesthesia, altered states of awareness or focused consciousness, variation in thought patterns, trance or hypnotic states, mystical states, and other mind alterations. These processes can lead some people to experience changes in mental operation defining their self-identity (whether in momentary acuity or chronic development) different enough from their previous normal state that it can excite feelings of newly formed understanding such as revelation, enlightenment, confusion, and psychosis.

Psychedelic states may be elicited by various techniques, such as meditation, sensory stimulation[2] or deprivation, and most commonly by the use of psychedelic substances. When these psychoactive substances are used for religious, shamanic, or spiritual purposes, they are termed entheogens.

The term was first coined as a noun in 1956 by psychiatrist Humphry Osmond as an alternative descriptor for hallucinogenic drugs in the context of psychedelic psychotherapy.[3] Seeking a name for the experience induced by LSD, Osmond contacted Aldous Huxley, a personal acquaintance and advocate for the therapeutic use of the substance. Huxley coined the term “phanerothyme,” from the Greek terms for “manifest” () and “spirit” (). In a letter to Osmond, he wrote:

To make this mundane world sublime, Take half a gram of phanerothyme

To which Osmond responded:

To fathom Hell or soar angelic, Just take a pinch of psychedelic[4]

It was on this term that Osmond eventually settled, because it was “clear, euphonious and uncontaminated by other associations.”[5] This mongrel spelling of the word ‘psychodelic’ was loathed by American ethnobotanist Richard Evans Schultes, but championed by Timothy Leary, who thought it sounded better.[6] Due to the expanded use of the term “psychedelic” in pop culture and a perceived incorrect verbal formulation, Carl A.P. Ruck, Jeremy Bigwood, Danny Staples, Jonathan Ott, and R. Gordon Wasson proposed the term “entheogen” to describe the religious or spiritual experience produced by such substances.[7]

Timothy Leary was a well-known proponent of the use of psychedelics, as was Aldous Huxley. However, both advanced widely different opinions on the broad use of psychedelics by state and civil society. Leary promulgated the idea of such substances as a panacea, while Huxley suggested that only the cultural and intellectual elite should partake of entheogens systematically.

In the mid-1960s the use of psychedelic drugs became widespread in modern Western culture, particularly in the United States and Britain. The movement is credited to Michael Hollingshead who arrived in America from London in 1965. He was sent to the U.S. by other members of the psychedelic movement to get their ideas exposure.[8] The Summer of Love of 1967 and the resultant popularization of the hippie culture to the mainstream popularized psychedelia in the minds of popular culture, where it remained dominant through the 1970s. Resurgences of the style are common in the modern era.

The impact of psychedelic drugs on western culture in the 1960s led to semantic drift in the use of the word “psychedelic”, and it is now frequently used to describe anything with abstract decoration of multiple bright colours, similar to those seen in drug-induced hallucinations. In objection to this new meaning, and to what some[who?] consider pejorative meanings of other synonyms such as “hallucinogen” and “psychotomimetic”, the term “entheogen” was proposed and is seeing increasing use. However, many consider the term “entheogen” best reserved for religious and spiritual usage, such as certain Native American churches do with the peyote sacrament, and “psychedelic” left to describe those who are using these drugs for recreation, psychotherapy, physical healing, or creative problem solving. In science, hallucinogen remains the standard term.[9]

Psychedelic artists use highly distorted visuals, cartoons, and bright colors and full spectrums to evoke a sense of altered consciousness. Many artists in the late 1960s and early 1970s attempted to illustrate the psychedelic experience in paintings, drawings, illustrations, and other forms of graphic design.

The counterculture folk music scene frequently used psychedelic designs on posters during the Summer of Love, leading to a popularization of the style. The work of Robert Crumb and others doing posters for hippie bands, such as Big Brother and the Holding Company, spawned interest in the artwork among their followers. Peter Max’s psychedelic poster designs helped popularize brightly colored spectrums widely, especially among college students.

One example of this experimentation is seen in Mati Klarwein’s painting Annunciation, which was used as the cover art for Santana’s Abraxas (1970). The cover of Pink Floyd’s album A Saucerful of Secrets (1968) is also of this type.

The Beatles’ album cover for The Magical Mystery Tour album has features common in psychedelic art, such as a wide color palette and surreal visuals.

Examples frequently recur in the modern era. The cover of Oasis’ album, Dig Out Your Soul (2008), has a psychedelic album cover, with a slightly muted color scheme.[10] In the modern era, computer graphics may be used to produce psychedelic effects for artwork.

The fashion for psychedelic drugs gave its name to the style of psychedelia, a term describing a category of rock music known as psychedelic rock, as well as visual art, fashion, and culture that is associated originally with the high 1960s, hippies, and the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, California.[11] It often used new recording techniques and effects while drawing on Eastern sources such as the ragas and drones of Indian music.

One of the first uses of the word in the music scene of this time was in the 1964 recording of “Hesitation Blues” by folk group the Holy Modal Rounders.[12] The term was introduced to rock music and popularized by the 13th Floor Elevators 1966 album The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators.[12] Psychedelia truly took off in 1967 with the Summer of Love and, although associated with San Francisco, the style soon spread across the US, and worldwide.[13]

The counterculture of the 1960s had a strong influence on the popular culture of the early 1970s. It later became linked to a style of electronic dance music, or rave music, commonly known as psychedelic trance.

A psychedelic festival is a gathering that promotes psychedelic music and art in an effort to unite participants in a communal psychedelic experience.[14] Psychedelic festivals have been described as “temporary communities reproduced via personal and collective acts of transgression…through the routine expenditure of excess energy, and through self-sacrifice in acts of abandonment involving ecstatic dancing often fuelled by chemical cocktails.”[14] These festivals often emphasize the ideals of peace, love, unity, and respect.[14] Notable psychedelic festivals include the biennial Boom Festival in Portugal,[14] as well as Nevada’s Burning Man[15] and California’s Symbiosis Gathering in the United States.[16]

In recent years there has been a resurgence in interest in psychedelic research and a growing number of conferences now take place across the globe.[citation needed] The psychedelic research charity Breaking Convention have hosted one of the worlds largest since 2011. A biennial conference in London, UK, Breaking Convention: a multidisciplinary conference on psychedelic consciousness[17] is a multidisciplinary conference on psychedelic consciousness. In the US MAPS held their first Psychedelic Science conference,[18] devoted specifically to research of psychedelics in scientific and medical fields, in 2013.

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Oceania (song) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Posted: August 30, 2016 at 11:08 pm

“Oceania” is a song recorded by Icelandic singer Bjrk for her sixth studio album Medlla. It was written and produced by Bjrk, with additional writing by Sjn and production by Mark Bell. The song was written by the singer specially for the 2004 Summer Olympics Opening Ceremony, after a request by the International Olympic Committee. “Oceania” was released as a promotional single in 2004, by One Little Indian Records. The song was written at the ocean’s point of view, from which the singer believes all life emerged, and details the human’s evolution, whilst accompanied by a choir. “Oceania” was generally well received by music critics, who believed it was the best track from Medlla, although some thought it was not the best choice for a promotional release.

The accompanying music video for the song, directed by Lynn Fox, features Bjrk as “Mother Oceania”, whilst being jewel-encrusted in dark watery depths, with a colourful sunset and swirling floral creatures above her. A remix of the song, featuring additional lyrics and vocals by Kelis on her point of view of the continents, was featured as a B-side to the “Who Is It” single. A piano version also appeared on the DVD single, and was assisted in its creation by Nico Muhly. The song was premiered during Bjrk’s performance on the Summer Olympics ceremony, and was later included on the setlist of the Volta Tour (200708). At the 47th Grammy Awards in 2005, it was nominated in the category of Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. Cover versions of “Oceania” were done six times, while it was sampled once.

The International Olympic Committee commissioned a song by Bjrk specially for the 2004 Summer Olympics opening ceremony. The singer revealed that the committee asked her to do a kind of “Ebony and Ivory” or “We Are the World” type of song, which are “smashing tunes” according to her, but she thought, “‘Maybe there’s another angle to this’. When I tried to write an Olympic lyric, though, it was full of sports socks and ribbons. I ended up pissing myself laughing”. Then, she called Sjn, an Icelandic poet who had previously collaborated with her on songs such as “Bachelorette” from her fourth studio album Homogenic (1997). When she said to him that they would need something “suitably epic” for the Olympics, the poet even took a short course about Greek mythology at Reykjavk University. “Oceania” was the last song recorded for Medlla.[1] Bjrk said about the song: “I am incredibly honoured to have been asked to write a song and sing it at the Olympics. The song is written from the point of view of the ocean that surrounds all the land and watches over the humans to see how they are doing after millions of years of evolution. It sees no borders, different races or religion which has always been at the core of these [games]”.[2]

During an interview with British radio station XFM, Bjrk explained its recording process, saying work on “Oceania” was kept being delayed because she wanted to do it especially for the Olympics. During the last day of mixing, she thought she needed “sirenes”, like in Greek mythology. She called up an English choir to record these sounds. The singer had done an arrangement for piano on the computer that was impossible for a piano to play, and she got them to sing it. Then, she also called up beatboxer Shlomo, who was recommended to her as “the new bright hope of the hip hop scene”. He went to record the next day and Bjrk asked him to do a techno tango beat, which he did. Recalling her work on the song until her last day of mixing, she commented, “That was the most fun part, in the end. Sometimes it’s good for you to work with a gun against your head and just go for it, because you can sometimes sit too long with ideas. Sometimes adrenaline is a good thing.”[3]

The song was written at the ocean’s point of view, detailing the human’s evolution.[4] According to Jason Killingsworth from Paste magazine, it calls listeners’ attention to “Mother Oceania” from which the singer believes all life emerged, whilst she sings: “You have done well for yourselves / Since you left my wet embrace / And crawled ashore []”. The song anchors the midsection of Medlla, “jubilantly punctuated with bubbling synth and propelled by the rolling, spitfire cadence of Rahzel’s beatbox”, according to the reviewer.[5] The last line from the song, “Your sweat is salty/ And I am why/ Your sweat is salty/ And I am why”, is about how “we were all little jellyfish or whatever before we made it on to land”, according to the singer.[1] Elthan Brown from New York magazine considered these lyrics as “frank sensuality”.[6] “Oceania” also features The London Choir.[7]Entertainment Weekly’s writer Chris Willman commented that “the computer-enhanced choir behind Bjrk [suggests] a cosmic harem of pleased dolphins. Here she imagines herself as the sea itself, proud of all the belegged creatures she’s spit out onto land over the last hundred million years. It’s the nearest evolutionists have come to having their own gospel tune”.[8]

A remix version of “Oceania” featuring additional lyrics and vocals by American singer Kelis was recorded. She explained they were set to perform on Fashion Rocks concert in London the previous year, and their dressing rooms were right next to each other. Bjrk had an album by Canadian singer Peaches that was skipping, then Kelis gave her the copy of the album she had. They started talking and eventually hung out and exchanged numbers after the show, and later Bjrk contacted Kelis to work together, which she agreed. Then, Kelis recorded her vocals at Electric Lady Studios in New York City,[9] and wrote her own words in the song, from the point of view of the continents.[10] Originally not intended to be commercially released, the remix leaked after being played on BBC Radio 1’s The Breezeblock, but was then included on the “Who Is It” single as a B-side. According to The Guardian, “it’s a brilliant fusing together of two distinct voices, Kelis handling the breathy first verse, as layers of her chopped-up vocals form the rhythm track, while Bjrk at first comes across as restrained, allowing Kelis’ ad-libs to soar before unleashing a song-stopping, wordless roar that heralds the song’s dramatic final coda”.[11]

A piano version also appeared on the DVD single, which was assisted in its creation by Nico Muhly. During an interview he stated, “When Bjrk asked me to play piano on Oceania, she sent me the music, and it was as complicated and layered as any piece of classical music I’ve played. I spent a few days figuring out how to make her vision of ‘dueling lounge-lizard pianists’ physically possible, and in the session, we ran through those quickly. Then, she experimented with different ways to space the progression of chords that runs through the piece – I suggested big, Brahmsy blocks – as well as the ending, for which we tried diaphanous, Debussy-like arpeggios”.[12] Bjrk decided to stick with the album’s vocal concept and use electronically tweaked choral voices. Before some last-minute polishing by Mark Bell, this version of “Oceania” was the last track to be worked for Medlla.[13]

“Oceania” received generally positive reviews from music critics. Jennifer Vineyard from MTV News called the song “one of those polarizing songs, with its Ethel Merman-like synchronized vocal sweeps that do suggest the aquatic, in a 1950s sort of way”.[14]Entertainment Weekly’s Chris Willman labeled the track as a “strikingly beautiful” song.[8] Alex Ross, reporter writing for The New Yorker stated that with “Oceania”, Bjrk “confirmed her status as the ultimate musical cosmopolitan”, acquainted with Karlheinz Stockhausen and the Wu-Tang Clan.[13] Matthew Gasteier from Prefix magazine called the track “the best song on the album”, whilst complimenting “its swooping chorus [which] recalls the migration of birds or the time-elapsed drifting of icebergs, a swirl of beauty and power crashing down onto and then rising above the mix. It culminates in the near screech that leads into the sexy-spooky coda”.[15] According to Andy Battaglia from The A.V. Club, in a positive review, “the electronic flourish strays from her organic vocal focus, but Bjrk summons the same kind of tingle with choral language” in the song, “which finds The London Choir reacting to what sounds like a thrilling slow-motion circus act”.[7]

“Oceania” was “spoilt by some overenthusiastic vocal whoopings”, according to David Hooper from BBC Music.[16]The Guardian’s writer David Peschek said that when the singer sings in the song, “choral swoops [explodes] like fireworks behind her”.[17]AllMusic’s Heather Phares noted that the song, along with Medlla’s lead single “Who Is It”, “have an alien quality that is all the stranger considering that nearly all of their source material is human (except for the odd keyboard or two)”.[18] Dominique Leone of Pitchfork thought “Oceania” was hardly the most obvious choice for a promotional single release, despite its “bizarre, swooping soprano lines and cyclical chord progression outlined by a chorus of Wyatt vocal samples”.[19] Jeremy D. Larson from Time magazine provided a mixed review to the song, stating that it was the best Olympic theme song, but during the Olympics performance, “when she sang ‘Every pearl is a lynx is a girl’ we think you could hear the world collectively sigh, ‘Where’s Celine Dion?'”.[4] In 2005, the song was nominated for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance at the 47th Grammy Awards but lost out to Norah Jones’ “Sunrise”.[20]

The accompanying music video for “Oceania” was directed by Lynn Fox, and was premiered on August 13, 2004 through Bjrk’s official site.[21] According to Lynn Fox, Bjrk gave the team the initial sketch of the track in January 2004. Whilst they were doing scribbles for it, they had several phone conversations with the singer and emailed her images to keep her up to date with the progress of the work. For “Oceania”, initial animations took six weeks, then had couple of days preparing for the shoot in Iceland and a few more days after to put all the shots together.[22] Like in the song, in the music video Bjrk is depicted as “Mother Oceania”. The video opens with the surface of a body of water appearing yellowish and bright. Camera pans down to darker, deeper waters. Bjrk appears out of the dark background, singing and covered with sparkling jewels. As the second verse begins, images of sea anemones, representing the continents (her children) are thrown from Bjrk’s hands.[23]

During the third verse they swim around and away from their mother, carried by the currents, which move in time with the song. In the bridge section, new sea flowers, with brilliant colors, emerge from the background, in contrast to the muted and darker colors of previous scenes. As the fifth verse continues, the camera pans back up to the much lighter surface, not seen since the beginning of the video. All sorts of marine life are swimming about the surface. Shortly after the sixth verse begins, Bjork is shown in deep, dark water. Several seconds later, the lighter surface of the water is shown without her. When she begins to sing “Your sweat is salty”, a somewhat rapid alternation of images ensues: the light surface is shown for one second, followed by Bjrk singing in the deep water; these scenes alternate until she stops singing during the coda. Bjrk’s vocal repetition ceases at the same time the visual alternation stops. The surface scene recedes, and Bjrk in the deep water comes to the fore, slowing. At the end of the video, she stands and smiles.[23]

At the 2004 Summer Olympics Opening Ceremony, where Bjrk premiered the song, she wore a very large dress which unfolded during her performance of “Oceania” to eventually occupy the entire stadium, and showed a map of the world in sign of union.[4] Additionally, Bjrk wore “bluish-purple glittery eye shadow across her lids. Her dark hair dangled in tiny twists that framed her pixieish, freckled face”.[24] Immediately after the performance at the Olympics opening ceremony, the song was downloaded more than 11,000 times on the iTunes Store.[25] Jake Coyle from Today commented that her dress was “reminiscent in its uniqueness to the infamous swan dress she wore to the Oscars in 2001”.[26] According to Jeremy D. Larson from Time, if it weren’t for the fireworks at the end of the song, he was legitimately unsure if people in the audience would have cheered.[4] Dominique Leone of Pitchfork was surprised by the committee’s choice of bringing Bjrk to perform at the ceremony, and stated: “They could have had anyone– say, a reassuring Celine Dion or a physically ideal Beyonc– but they chose a prickly, decidedly uncomfortable Icelandic woman. On aesthetic grounds, I can’t argue with their choice, but I continue to wonder about Bjrk’s significance”.[19] “Oceania” was also performed during the Volta Tour (200708).[27]

The song was sampled by E-40 in the track “Spend the Night” featuring Laroo, The DB’z, Droop-E and B-Slimm on his 2010 Revenue Retrievin’: Night Shift album.[28] SPIRITWO and singer Yael Claire covered “Oceania” with a Middle Eastern theme for the 2012 London Olympic games.[29] Aspirant singer Srbuhi Hovhannisyan also covered the song on The Voice of Armenia in 2014.[30] “Oceania” covers also appear on the albums by Beliss, Harmen Fraanje Quintet, Murphy’s Law and Serena Fortebraccio.[31]

Credits adapted from Medlla liner notes.[33]

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Xcalibur Magnetic Field Generator | Ascension Energy Program

Posted: August 29, 2016 at 7:42 am

The Xcalibur machine has been in development for the last 5 years and is the latest addition to the AscensionEnergyprogram now comprised of 5 separate technologies under one basic subscription price.The Xcalibur Magnetic field Generator is based on the Dotto Ring technology that was developed in the 1970?s by Giovanni Dotto as an Age Reversal Device. It mimics and amplifies the frequencies found in the Hunza valley in Northern Pakistan, where the inhabitants as opposed to the citizens live up to 150 years according to more legends. The original Dotto Ring was a big bulky Thermo-couple that generated a magnetic field with both heat and cold at the same time on a copper-nickel ring that would move vertically up and down. The magnetic field would increase the replication rate of cells and also re-grow the telomeres the aging clock of the bodies cells. The frequencies of 1.9Mhz-2.1Mhz, Dotto claims triggers DNA replication. Dan Winter claims that more Gravity=Life, charge compression through the heart chakra leads to an increase in life force energy. Christ would describe it as going the eye of the needle of zero point energy without the attachments to the physical plane. You are on this world but not of this world. Essentially, you live in overlapping realities at the same time. Magic is a function of living in the higher planes and being anchored in the lower planes at the same time. more 5D than 3D in attitude and actions. The process of moving through ascension is essentially accumulation of energy which could also be described as an increase in magnetism or the aura. The concept of the halo is a visible aura emitting from a person that has become holy or unified. Esoteric religion describes and teaches the use of Quantum mechanics, String theory and the Grand Unified Field theory application to become an ascended being, someone that moves out of time and becomes immortal beyond the effects of entropy. Age Reversal, I believe is a pre-cursor to becoming an ascended being. It will show up in the physical body as a sign of Youthing. If it is not, you are probably not as evolved as you think you are. The wage of sin is death after-all, which is simply a dissolution of the physical body and a failure to alchemize or fire the DNA coding.This machine produces a magnetic field over 10x as strong as the planetary magnetic field. My hypothesis is that the garden of eden had magnetic anomalies that were much stronger that is currently available and was the main reason for the average lifespan of over 1000 years reported in the bible. The garden of Eden was a heavier gravitational environment. Nuclear radiation has degraded our DNA through unhealthy mutations. Essentially genetics is a function of consciousness, higher evolved beings have longer DNA strands. There are functions within the junk DNA, that when fired with magnetic charge are rearranged and will lead to much extended lifespans. My contention is that this can be achieved in this lifetime with the use of Bridge technologies such as theXcalibur Magnetic Field Generator.

The Readers Digest is that Gravity=Life. More gravity=More Life or Negative Entropy or Anti-aging. Dotto studied an area in Northern Pakistan called the Hunza valley where the average lifespan was over 120 years old. Most people attribute the longevity of the Hunzas to the food and the water found in that particular area. Dotto discounted this as the reason for the long lifespans. Dotto said the region contained magnetic anomalies not found anywhere else in the world. The Hunza valley has a unique juxtaposition of a mountainous glacier area next to a hot valley. Dotto states that it is the thermal unbalance of the region that creates a magnetic field stronger than the surrounding area.

The originalDotto Ring is a Thermo-couple that creates a hot and cold magnetic field equivalent to 5X the field strenght of the Hunza valley. According to the legend, Dotto reversed peoples age over 20 years. The premise is that the device created magnetic induction or energy transfer directly into the DNA. The DNA is a spiraling coil like a caduceus, as you age the coil shortens and tightens as a function of conservation of energy. The DNA bases are proteins that hold magnetic charge like a battery. The proteins convert the magnetic energy into electrical energy to run the processes of the cells. This is known as pre-natal chi by the Chinese. The Chinese system believes you have a limited amount of pre-natal Chi and that once it is exhausted you die.

The RNA is on both ends of a DNA base, as the cells replicate pieces of the RNA are lost. The RNA strands shorten until they are too short to communicate to the DNA to split.

This essentially is also death from a western scientific point of view. In addition as the DNA coil shortens and tightens electrical impedance increases. Electricity is harder to run through the DNA coil. The replication process slows down as impedance increases. As you age you notice, you do not have as much energy and you need to sleep more. The feeling that people are growing younger around you and that you are growing older is another function of loss of energy within your genetics. The Bible has stories of people living for close to 1000 years old. We live for approximately 120, why the difference?

On Wed afternoon, June 15th, 2011; 30 minutes before the full lunar eclipse, I heard a knock on the door and a clump outside the door as boxes were being dumped on the floor. It was like a scene out of the matrix, the Xcalibur machine had arrived

The Xcalibur Magnetic Field Generator has more flexibility than the original Dotto Ring and is much smaller and more portable.This is the second generation device, the first one I had briefly in the summer of 2007 for six months. That device could only be run for about 15 minutes at a time before it would over-heat. Even with the limitations of the original device, I noticed during that brief period that both my eye color and hair color changed from hazel to blue and auburn to a brighter red.

The Xcalibur Magnetic Field generator has three settings, the Dotto Ring frequencies 1.9-2.1Mhz, the Schumann resonance 7.83hz which is the planetary field and a external music subliminal function, where there is a microphone that will pick up either external music or a IPOD or a MP3 player. The Music/Subliminal function then converts the music into a magnetic field. Russian studies have shown that DNA can be re-programmed with common language. This is the best device on the market that I am aware of for DNA activation and can be used re-motely as a radionics device. I have added it to the Ascensionenergyprogram.com and it is being included in the price of a general subscription. You could say it is a sum total of all my experiences over the last 21 years, starting with my relationship to Preston Nichols of the Montauk Project fame. The few experiences that people have had with the machine so far are a sense of timelessness and a return to innocence. There is a feeling that life is again unlimited in potential similar to one had in youth. The Xcalibur magnetic field generator is the beginning of a new world and is the latest addition to the AscensionEnergyProgram.

Click link for a brief video on theXcalibur Magnetic Field Generator Age Reversal Subliminal

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Offshore Fishing Charters in Florida

Posted: August 25, 2016 at 4:34 pm

Saltwater Fishing Charters by Lagooner Fishing Guides

Thursday August 25, 2016

Canaveral Florida host some of the best charter Captains in the world and Lagooner Fishing Guide Captain Richard Bradley is right in amongst them. If the weather’s nice and the seas are fair you’ll experience the Atlantic Ocean on Florida’s East Coast offering awesome King Mackerel action, seasonal mahi mahi or dorado, cobia, sailfish, grouper, snapper and tripletail like the ones displayed above this summer. There are days when the fish are biting so hard that you literally can’t cast a second rod because the first one’s already hooked up and running around the boat at breakneck speeds!

“Fishing offshore near Cape Canaveral between Daytona Beach and Fort Pierce, Florida has so much variety for anglers.” Explains Captain Richard Bradley “If you are vacationing in Orlando or near it’s theme parks Disney, Universal Studios, you’ll not want to miss a day of action on the water catching fish and soaking up Florida’s sunshine.”

Picking an offshore fishing destination is easy in Central Florida as Port Canaveral is absolutely the best bet with the large variety of fish and habitat. Choosing a Charter Fishing Captain is just as easy too… Captain Richard Bradley has over 40 years fishing experience out of Port Canaveral and Cocoa Beach area and is well qualified and full time. “If you’re choosing a Charter Captain, look for a full time, licensed and insured Captain” explains Captain Gina. “We see so many part time illegal fishing guides in our area that have no clue about how to take care of their customers and make a difference in a fishing day. Safety and success are our main concern and it’s not just about making a boat payment or extra money for us, it’s about making a lively hood and doing it RIGHT.” Our website reflects what we believe so take a look around and you’ll see quality in everything we do.

Offshore of Cocoa Beach and Port Canaveral’s beaches are countless reefs, rocks, ridges and wrecks for the fishing enthusiast to explore. Hiring an experienced and knowledgeable local fishing guide offers the best opportunity for anglers to hookup with many of the local species of saltwater fish like the powerful Jack Crevelle or aerobatic tarpon. Venturing further offshore offers anglers deeper water species like Snapper, Grouper, Sailfish and Dolphin. Simply ask your Charter Fishing Captain what’s biting and follow his lead to the best bite in Central Florida’s offshore waters.

Hello, I’m Captain Gina Bradley from East Central Florida in Cocoa Beach. My husband, Captain Richard takes me offshore fishing all summer long for hard fighting and reel striping action that really makes for a wonderful day for this outdoors girl.

You really can’t go wrong on Florida’s east coast during the summer. The temperatures on the ocean are cooler than inshore and the fishing is fabulous and fast paced on most days. Captain Richard is an expert and knows how to put his anglers on the fish and you’ll enjoy his enthusiasm and love for the outdoors.

Call me today and set up your offshore fishing trip in Central Florida Today!

Captain Gina Bradley Lagooner Booking Agent / 321-868-4953

It’s Summer….! Offshore fishing in the summer in this part of Florida can be the most fun a family or serious anglers can have. Whether you’re looking to sightfish for cobia or live bait for king mackerel and other offshore game fish, it’s usually calm and hot in the summer months out of Port Canaveral. Typically summer fishing tends to slow down in the mid summer in the lagoons and gets really good offshore so it’s a great time to change the scene and head out to the deep blue abyss for some hard fighting action.

Reviewed by Captain Richard Bradley on Last modified: January 19 2016 19:26:13.

Published by: Captain Richard Bradley of Lagooner Fishing Guides

Lagooner Fishing Guides Cocoa Beach’s premier saltwater fishing guide with over 25 years of charter fishing experience in his native waters. Telephone: 321-868-4953 Website: http://www.lagooner.com

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Upcoming Events Welcome the Golden Rule to Poulsbo …

Posted: August 16, 2016 at 4:33 pm

Tuesday June 28, 2016, 7:00 pm 9:00pm

Kitsap Regional Library, Poulsbo Branch, 700 NE Lincoln Rd, Poulsbo, WA 98370

In 1958 a crew of Quaker peace activists attempted to sail the Golden Rule to the Marshall Islands to interfere with US nuclear bomb testing. This bold nonviolent direct action inspired a worldwide movement leading to the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963.

After five years of restoration by Veterans For Peace and many friends, the Golden Rule is once again sailing for a nuclear-free world and a peaceful, sustainable future!

Come hear the story of the Golden Rule, how she was rescued from a watery grave in Humboldt Bay in Northern California and lovingly restored by Veterans For Peace, Quakers and others, her voyage to San Diego in 2015 and her voyage around the Pacific Northwest this year.

Hank and Claire, folksingers in the Pete Seeger tradition will provide music, and Retired Navy Captain (and former nuclear submarine commander) Tom Rogers willintroduce the program on behalf of Ground Zero Center for Nonviolent Action.

Click here to view or download a printable poster/flier for the event.

NOTE: The Golden Rule will arrive at the Port of Poulsbo Marina on June 27th, and will be available to tour and take people sailing on both June 27th and 28th.

Event sponsored by:Ground Zero Center for Nonviolent Action

For more information, call 206-499-1220 or 206-992-6364

The Golden Rule will be visiting much of the Pacific Northwest throughout the Summer.Click here to learn more about The Golden Rule project. The Golden Rule is also on Facebook.

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‘Ascension’: What Syfy Did Better Than Most TV Networks

Posted: July 25, 2016 at 3:55 pm

NOTE: It goes without saying but, still, the following post contains MAJOR SPOILERS for Ascension.

In the age of social media spoilers and remixed versions of old properties, its hard to be surprised by anything on television anymore. Sure, sometimes we find ourselves enthralled by the journey of characters such as Walter White, Jax Teller, Hannibal Lecter and Daenerys Targaryen, and that submission to journey is what can lead to surprises that include dragons and the moral complexities of letting a drug addict choke on her own vomit but its rare in todays small screen to see anything that grabs hold of us from the beginning and never lets go, like the early days of The Shieldor24.

Enter Ascension. For the uninitiated:Ascensionfollows the citizens aboard the U.S.S. Ascension, a massive spacecraft launched by the Kennedy administration in the 60s, in hopes of achieving a 100-year mission of reaching a new planet that would allow humanity to live on, should the Cold War ever turnhot. However, as the ship left the solar system, it remained stuck in the ways of the 60s, thus leading to whats essentially been sold to the viewing public as Mad Menin space. But things arent as simple as Syfys marketing would have us believe. As it turns out, the truth behind the new series is far more interesting than originally suspected, as the show actually focuses on a massive science experiment launched in the 1960s that tricked people into believing they were in space when in fact they never went anywhere.For the last 50 years, thatsociety unknowingly lived on a vessel that never left earth, and every movement and decision made inside the ship has been tracked from the outside via video streams.

During the months of marketing that led to the premiere of the series, Syfy could have spilled the beans in order to attract a wider audience because, truthfully, the pitch of Mad Menin space is rather dull and sounds more like something theSouth Parkmanatees would have thought of. However, had the network made that reveal prior to the series premiere, no one would have tuned in because the conversation would have shifted to something along the lines of, itsMad Menin space meetsThe Matrix. In marketing theres no winning, so instead, Syfy didnt even bother trying.

Considering its response to a simple 1.8 million viewers for the first episode (which isnt low for Syfy, but hardly the 3.5 millionWarehouse 13 once saw in the summer, no less), the networks expectation for viewership was always low. It knew the marketing strategy it went with was never going to be the most ideal for the sake of gaining viewers, but it was going to be the ideal for making the ones who tune in come back for episode two. After that, everyone knew the social media audience would do the rest of the heavy lifting.

Thats the beauty ofAscension, it held off on ruiningthe best thing it had going, and the show was made better for it. On first watch,Ascensionis a fairly standard series. Its got somewhat well-constructed world, with characters that feel like people we may want to see more of. But during the first three-quarters of the premiere, the whole thing feels like another case of series premise being put over character. However, the moment everything comes to light and the big reveal is made, the entire series changes.

In one moment, we go from watching a science fiction series to watching a psychological thriller, and thats glorious. Like the series it promoted, the marketing was a complete lie, and theres something to truly admire about that in 2014. When networks these days are so focused on attracting viewers by any means necessary, we all need to step back and celebrate when one chooses to go against the grain. By holding off on the big moment until it actually occurred in context, the audience was able to forgive the series for whatever faults the rest of the episode may have had, and invest intuning in for the next phase of the mission (the series only dipped by 27% in overall viewership between nights one and two). This is what we need more of on television, and its interesting to think it took Syfy, of all networks, to show us that.

Ascension aired December 15 17 on Syfy. You can check out a preview below:

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Psychological Egoism – Philosophy Home Page

Posted: July 10, 2016 at 5:57 pm

Abstract: Psychological egoism, the view that people act solely in their own interest, is defined and shown not to be a meaningful ethical philosophy.

I. The distinction between psychological egoism and ethical egoism reflects the contrast of “is” verses “ought,” “fact” verses “value,” or “descriptive” verses “prescriptive.”

II. By way of clarification of relevant terms, James Rachels, among others, points out common confusion concerning selfishness and self-interest.

III. The Refutation of Psychological Egoism: arguments to the conclusion that the generalization everyone acts from the motive of self-interest is false.

IV.Interestingly enough, the same objections can be raised against the view termed, “psychological altruism”: all persons act from the motive of helping others, and all actions are done from other-regarding motives. (Psychological altruism is a view advanced only from the position of a “devil’s advocate.”)

V. As a final note, it should be mentioned that psychological egoism can’t be saved by psychoanalytic theory. I.e., Freud’s notion of the unconscious raises the possibility that we have unconscious desires and can act against our conscious inclinations. If it is argued that we always unconsciously seek our self-interest, then this view is untestable and circular as well.

Consider the following passage from Freud’s Interpretations of Dreams*:

“A contradiction to my theory of dream produced by another of my women patients (the cleverest of all my dreamers) was resolved more simply, but upon the same pattern: namely that the nonfulfillment of one wish meant the fulfillment of another. One day I had been explaining to her that dreams are fulfillments of wishes. Next day she brought me a dream in which she was traveling down with her mother-in-law to the place in the country where they were to spend their holidays together. Now I knew that she had violently rebelled against the idea of spending the summer near her mother-in-law and that a few days earlier she had successfully avoided the propinquity she dreaded by engaging rooms in a far distant resort. And now her dream had undone the solution she had wished for; was not this the sharpest contradiction of my theory that in dreams wishes are fulfilled? No doubt; and it was only necessary to follow the dreams logical consequence in order to arrive at its interpretation. The dream showed that I was wrong. Thus it was her wish that I might be wrong, and her dream showed that wish fulfilled (italics original)”

*Sigmund Freud, The Interpretations of Dreams (New York: Avon, 1966), 185.

Recommended Sources

“We Are Not Always Selfish”: (this site) A classic discussion of the many facets of ethical egoism in notes on James Rachel’s work.

Altruism “in-built” in humans: BBC report of discovery of altruistic behavior in infants summarized from the journal Science.

“Studies Show Chimps to Be Collaborative.”: A summary of an article from Science News describing research indicating that chimpanzees cooperate without the expectation of reward.

“Egoism”: Explanation of egoism and altruism with a brief summary of refutations and defenses excerpted from Richard Kraut’s “Egoism” in the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Ethical Egoism: (this site) The various forms of ethical egoism are defined. Standard objections to ethical egoism are evaluated, and the conclusion is drawn that ethical egoism is incomplete.

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Coconut Oil: Germ Warfare! | Underground Wellness

Posted: July 5, 2016 at 11:50 pm

by Sean Croxton

It happened!

There is one particular day I look forward to each year and it went down yesterday.

I woke up, strolled to the kitchen, and found my jar of coconut oil smiling at me.

It was so beautiful, like a butterfly emerging from its cocoon to take its first flight. Like a wayward child coming home again.

It happened.

The coconut oil was liquid.

Summer is here.

Not only is the oil of all oils heart-healthy. Not only does it make your skin look dead sexy. Not only does it fight the bugs that attack your body, as we will discuss today.

Coconut oil makes one heck of a weather forecaster, too.

Yesterday brought blue skies with a high of 81 degrees in San Diego. And I didnt need the weather girl to tell me that.

The coconut oil told me.

And best of all, I can drink it from the jar now. I take my coconut oil to the head! Spoons are for wussies.

Anyway, just thought Id share in my summer excitement before dropping some knowledge bombs on you about coconut oil and your immunity. If youre on the East Coast, youve got something to look forward to in the coming weeks. Leave your jar on the counter and tweet me when your butterfly hatches!

**********************************

Tonight, its on like Donkey Kong. Bruce Fife, author of The Coconut Oil Miracle is on the UW Radio Show. Certain to be another hot one. My coconut oil told me so.

Dont miss it! 5pm PT/8pm ET

A major topic Bruce and I will be covering is the use of coconut oil as a means of fighting nasty bugs like bacteria, viruses, parasites, and yeast. One thing that dawned on me while reading his book is the well-known fact that traveling to tropical climates puts those of us from more moderate temperatures at risk of coming home with a bad case of the gut bugs.

Working with clients, one of the red flags I would see quite often was digestive dysfunction originating during or after a trip to some island paradise. For many, a stool test revealed a parasitic infection that likely lingered for years, even decades.

But what about the natives who have actually lived in these literal breeding grounds for microbes and critters for generations? Why dont they have an epidemic of digestive challenges and parasitic infection?

Its the coconut oil, baby.

When you really think about it, its quite the coincidence that God, Mother Nature, or the aliens (whoever you believe put us here) just so happened to supply one of the most antibacterial, antiviral, anti-parasitic foods on Earth to a people living in a place where such microbes flourish. Even Weston Price was amazed by the low incidence of malaria in tropical people.

Amazingly, science has yet to explain a genetic explanation for such resistance. Why not?

Because its the coconut oil, baby!

Duh!

When we feel a cold coming on, most of us should be reaching for the kitchen cabinet before the medicine cabinet. Actually, we should be taking our coconut oil to the head every day or at least using it for cooking as a means of preventing all types of nasty infections.

In last weeks blog, I typed about the medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) coconut oil consists of. These MCFAs, which include caprylic acid, capric acid, mystiric acid, and lauric acid, are quite sparse in our food supply. Not only are these fats burned immediately for fuel (as discussed last time), but they also possess incredible antimicrobial properties, with lauric acid having the greatest antiviral activity.

As you know, medical doctor are notorious for prescribing antibiotics for viral infections. This brings about two problems. The first problem is the ever-growing development of superbugs, which are antibiotic resistant (but maybe not MCFA-resistant). And of course, the second problem is the fact that antibiotics do not kill viruses!

But coconut oil and its MCFAs can.

Bacteria and viruses are typically coated with a lipid (fat) membrane (rhinovirus is an exception), which encloses their DNA and other cellular materials. This membrane is very fluid, flexible, and mobile, allowing it to squeeze its way in and out of tight spots.

Due to the fact that the fats making up this membrane are very similar to MCFAs, the medium-chain fatty acids from coconut can sneak past security and become absorbed into the membrane, where they weaken it, split it open, and kill it by pretty much ripping its insides out.

Coconut oil has a violent streak.

So gangsta.

The most intriguing part of this germ warfare is that the MCFAs are selective. Friendly fire isnt a problem. In the case of bacteria, we possess both good and bad bacteria in our guts. The MCFAs actually single out the bad guys and leave the good guys alone.

Its really amazing stuff.

Published research shows that the MCFAs from coconut oil can kill bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites that cause the following illnesses. This is just a short list. More can be found on page 77 of The Coconut Oil Miracle. Of course, MCFAs are no panacea. But they deserve far more attention in the prevention and treatment of many diseases and conditions. Then again, you cant patent coconut oil and sell if for outlandish prices. So dont expect Big Pharma to run any ads for it any time soon.

Bacterial Infections Throat and sinus infections Urinary tract infections Dental cavities and gum disease Helicobacter Pylori Gastric ulcers Ear infections Food poisoning

Viral Infections Influenza Measles Herpes Chronic fatigue syndrome AIDS and HIV

Fungal Infections Ringworm Athletes foot Candidiasis Toenail fungus

Parasite Infections Giardia

I can go on and on about the benefits of coconut oil. But Im out of time today. Gotta edit Episode 3 of the Underground Wellness Show (guest: Mark Sisson).

Dont forget to tune in to tonights UW Radio show and find out how much coconut oil you should be consuming and MORE!

Its at 5pm PT/8pm ET. Dial 347-237-5608 to ask Bruce your burning coconut questions. Or tweet me at @ugwellness.

UPDATE: Listen to the show with Dr. Fife below!

Peace.

Sean Author, The Dark Side of Fat Loss

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Golden Rule Plumbing Heating & Cooling

Posted: June 29, 2016 at 6:37 pm

Plumbing Services

Whether your drainpipes have become clogged, or your water heater is leaking water, make sure that you have a reliable Des Moines plumber at your beck and call. We offer comprehensive plumbing repair, installation, replacement, and maintenance services that can keep your home free of water damage and bountifully supplied with hot and cold water. We want you to have a reliable plumbing system, and we have the quality workmanship and technical expertise to make sure that this is the case. Thousands of customers in Des Moines choose Golden Rule for their plumbing needs, and wed love an opportunity to earn your business.

Staying warm during the winter is as simple as having a reliable heater in the home. At Golden Rule Plumbing, Heating & Cooling, we provide comprehensive heating service in the Des Moines area, including installation, replacement, repair, and maintenance. We service all brands of equipment, and we can make sure that your furnace, boiler, heat pump, radiant heat, hybrid heating system, geothermal, or ductless mini split is professionally installed and serviced.

At Golden Rule Plumbing, Heating & Cooling, we also offer excellent air conditioning service in Des Moines, IA. Our service technicians can help with everything frominstallation and replacement to repair and maintenance. We not only install and service central air conditioners, which are probably the most common, but also heat pumps, ductless mini splits and geothermal systems. Having a great cooling system is essential to the comfort of your home in the summer.

One of our specialties is geothermal. This type of heating and cooling system delivers yearround comfort to your home while cutting down on energy consumption significantly. It is a great way not only to be more selfsufficient, but also to reduce your energy bill and to utilize a renewable resource. It involves the installation of underground piping as well as conventional HVAC components such as the heat pump and ductwork. You can depend on us for professional geothermal service throughout Des Moines.

A leak or clog at home is often a minor inconvenience. But when it occurs at your place of business or at the commercial property that you manage, it directly affects your livelihood. We can take care of your commercial plumbing and commercial HVAC services in Des Moines, IA, whether its the installation of a comprehensive new rooftop heating and cooling unit or the replacement of your existing water heater with a new tankless model, Golden Rule Plumbing, Heating & Cooling can help. Call us today.

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William Wilberforce: biography and bibliography

Posted: June 21, 2016 at 6:34 am

Biography William Wilberforce is perhaps the best known of the abolitionists. He came from a prosperous merchant family of Kingston-upon-Hull, a North Sea port which saw little in the way of slave trading. (His birthplace is now preserved as the Wilberforce House Museum.) At twenty-one, the youngest age at which one could be so elected, he was returned to Parliament for his native town. Four years later he was again returned to Parliament, this time for the county seat of Yorkshire which was large and populous, and which therefore required an expensive election contest. The advantage was that the election, being genuinely democratic, conferred a greater legitimacy to the two Members which that county returned to Parliament. Wilberforce’s early years in Parliament were not untypical for a young back-bencher. He was noted for his eloquence and charm, attributes no doubt enhanced by his considerable wealth, but he did not involve himself at first with any great cause. A sudden conversion to evangelical Christianity in 1785 changed that and from then onwards he approached politics from a position of strict Christian morality. In 1786 he carried through the House of Commons a bill for amending criminal law which failed to pass the Lords, a pattern which was to be repeated during his abolitionist career. The following year he founded the Proclamation Society which had as its aim the suppression of vice and the reformation of public manners. Later in 1787 he became, at the suggestion of the Prime Minister, William Pitt the Younger, the parliamentary leader of the abolition movement, although he did not officially join the Abolition Society until 1794.

The story of Pitt’s conversation with Wilberforce under an old tree near Croydon has passed into the mythology of the anti-slavery movement. The result was that Wilberforce returned to London having promised to look over the evidence which Thomas Clarkson had amassed against the trade. As he did so he clearly become genuinely horrified and resolved to give the abolition movement his support. Working closely with Clarkson, he presented evidence to a committee of the Privy Council during 1788. This episode did not go as planned. Some of the key witnesses against the trade, apparently bribed or intimidated, changed their story and testified in favour. In the country at large abolitionist sentiment was growing rapidly. While the king’s illness and the Regency Bill crisis no doubt supplanted the slave trade as the chief topic of political conversation in the winter of 1788-9, by the spring the king had recovered and abolition was once more at the top of the agenda. It was under these circumstances that Wilberforce prepared to present his Abolition Bill before the House of Commons. This speech, the most important of Wilberforce’s life to that point, was praised in the newspapers as being one of the most eloquent ever to have been heard in the house. Indeed, The Star reported that ‘the gallery of the House of Commons on Tuesday was crowded with Liverpool Merchants; who hung their heads in sorrow – for the African occupation of bolts and chains is no more’.

The newspaper was premature in sounding the death knell of the slave trade. After the 1789 speech parliamentary delaying tactics came into play. Further evidence was requested and heard over the summer months and then, on 23 June 1789, the matter was adjourned until the next session. Wilberforce left town, holidaying at Buxton with Hannah More, confident that the next session would see a resolution of the debate and abolition of the trade. It did not and by January 1790 the question was deemed to be taking up so much parliamentary time that consideration of the evidence was moved upstairs (as parliamentary jargon has it) to a Select Committee. Evidence in favour of the trade was heard until April, followed by evidence against. In June Pitt called an early general election. Wilberforce was safely returned as a Member for Yorkshire, but parliamentary business was disrupted. Despite being behind schedule, Wilberforce continued to work for an abolition which it appeared the country wanted. News of the slave rebellion in Dominica reached Britain in February 1791 and hardened attitudes against abolition, but Wilberforce pressed on. After almost two years of delay the debate finally resumed and Wilberforce again addressed the Commons on 18 April 1791.

When, on the following night, the House divided on the question of abolition fewer than half of its Members remained to vote. Because of this or not, the Abolition Bill fell with a majority of 75 against abolishing the slave trade. Wilberforce and the other members of the Abolition Committee returned to the task of drumming up support for abolition both from Members of Parliament and from ordinary people. More petitions were collected, further meetings held, extra pamphlets published, and a boycott of sugar was organised. The campaign was not helped by news of the revolutions in France and Haiti. Perhaps sensing that a hardening of attitudes was becoming increasingly likely Wilberforce again brought the question of abolition before the House and, almost a year after the previous defeat, on 2 April 1792, once more found himself addressing the House of Commons. Every account we have of this speech shows that it was an intense and lengthy emotional harangue. Public feeling was outraged and, on this occasion, so was the feeling of the House. But not quite enough. Henry Dundas suggested an amendment to the Abolition Bill: the introduction of the word ‘gradual’. The bill passed as amended, by 230 votes to 85, and gradual abolition became law, the final date for slave trading to remain legal being later fixed at 1796. But this gave the ‘West India Interest’ – the slave traders’ lobby – room to manoeuvre. Once again parliamentary delaying tactics came into play, further evidence was demanded, and it became clear that gradual abolition was to mean no abolition.

This event marked a turning point in the fortunes of the abolition camapign. Partly because of a hardening of attitudes caused by the outbreak of war with France, and partly because of determined resistance from the West-India Interest there was a collapse in public enthusiasm for the cause. Some abolitionists withdrew from the campaign entirely. Wilberforce did not, but his speeches fell on ever deafer ears. Although Wilberforce reintroduced the Abolition Bill almost every year in the 1790s, little progress was made even though Wilberforce remained optimistic for the long-term success of the cause. He directed some of his efforts into other arenas, largely evangelical or philanthropic, and was instrumental in setting up organisations such as The Bible Society and The Society for Bettering the Condition of the Poor. In 1797 he published a book, A Practical view of the Prevailing Religious System of Professed Christians, a work of popular theology with a strong evangelical hue which sold well on publication and throughout the nineteenth century. On 30 May 1797, after a short romance, he married Barbara Ann Spooner.

If the first two years of the new century were particularly bleak ones for the abolition movement, the situation was rapidly reversed in 1804. The association of abolitionism with Jacobinism dispersed as Napoleon’s hostility to emancipation became known. Members of Parliament, especially the many new Irish members, increasingly tended toward abolition. The Abolition Society reformed with a mixture of experienced older members and new blood. Wilberforce assumed his old role of parliamentary leader, and introduced the Abolition Bill before parliament. The Bill fell in 1804 and 1805, but gave the abolitionists an opportunity to sound out support. In 1806, Wilberforce published an influential tract advocating abolition and, in June that year, resolutions supporting abolition were passed in parliament. A public campaign once again promoted the cause, and the new Whig government was in favour as well. In January 1807, the Abolition Bill was once again introduced, this time attracting very considerable support, and, on 23 February 1807, almost fifteen years after Dundas had effectively wrecked abolition with his gradualist amendment, Parliament voted overwhelmingly in favour of abolition of the slave trade. During the debate the then Solicitor-General, Sir Samuel Romilly, spoke against the trade. His speech concluded with a long and emotional tribute to Wilberforce in which he contrasted the peaceful happiness of Wilberforce in his bed with the tortured sleeplessness of the guilty Napoleon Bonaparte. In the words of Romilly’s biographer;

The Abolition Act received the Royal Assent (became law) on 25 March 1807 but, although the trade in slaves had become illegal in British ships, slavery remained a reality in British colonies. Wilberforce himself was privately convinced that the institution of slavery should be entirely abolished, but understood that there was little political will for emancipation. Already recognised as an elder statesman in his 50s, Wilberforce received a steady throng of visitors and supplicants, and he became involved in many of the political questions of the day. He supported Catholic Emancipation and the Corn Laws. His health was poor, however, and in 1812 he resigned the large and arduous seat of Yorkshire for the pocket borough of Bramber. In the same year he started work on the Slave Registration Bill, which he saw as necessary to ensure compliance with the Abolition Act. If slaves were registered, he argued, it could be proved whether or not they had been recently transported from Africa. The Prime Minister, Spencer Perceval, supported the Bill, but was assassinated shortly after. Thereafter, Wilberforce’s efforts met with increasing resistance from the government. In 1815, with the government again blocking progress, Wilberforce publically declared that as they would not support him, he felt himself no longer bound by their line on emancipation. From this time on, Wilberforce campaigned openly for an end to the institution of slavery.

Wilberforce’s health, never good, was deteriorating. Although now free to speak his mind on emancipation, he was never able to campaign with the same vigour that he had done for abolition of the trade. However, he continued to attack slavery both at public meetings and in the House of Commons. In 1823, he published another pamphlet attacking slavery. This pamphlet was connected with the foundation of The Anti-Slavery Society which led the campaign to emancipate all slaves in British colonies. Leadership of the parliamentary campaign, however, was passed from Wilberforce to Thomas Fowell Buxton. In 1825, Wilberforce resigned from the House of Commons. He enjoyed a quiet retirement at Mill Hill, just north of London, although he suffered some financial difficulties. His last public appearance was at a meeting of the Anti-Slavery Society in 1830, at which, at Thomas Clarkson’s suggestion, he took the chair. In parliament, the Emancipation Bill gathered support and received its final commons reading on 26 July 1833. Slavery would be abolished, but the planters would be heavily compensated. ‘Thank God’, said Wilberforce, ‘that I have lived to witness a day in which England is willing to give twenty millions sterling for the Abolition of Slavery’. Three days later, on 29 July 1833, he died. He is buried in Westminster Abbey.

Brycchan Carey 2000-2002

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