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Virtual Reality – Setting the Record Straight One Post at …

Posted: December 2, 2016 at 12:30 pm

Weve just updated the VMware TCO Comparison Calculator to help customers see the true Total Cost of Ownership differences between VMware and Microsoft. Its easy to use just enter the basic parameters for your virtual infrastructure or private cloud environment, such as the number of VMs, type of servers and storage, and the product edition or features you need. The calculator will generate a complete TCO analysis that includes all the necessary elements of capital and operational expenses.

We created the TCO Comparison Calculator after hearing from existing and prospective VMware customers who were being told that alternative solutions based on Hyper-V would be much less expensive, or even free. The calculator totals cost elements that our competition leaves out of their oversimplified comparisons, such as: the system administrator labor costs to operate the environment (the largest component of TCO and one that independent testing shows to be much lower for VMware); effects of VM density (where VMware has an advantage according to analysts like Gartner); 247 phone support; and the need for third-party software to fill feature gaps.

When all those cost elements are combined, the VMware TCO Comparison Calculator shows that VMware solutions, ranging from a small business virtual infrastructure built with vSphere Essentials to a full-featured large enterprise private cloud based on vCloud Suite Enterprise, have the lowest TCO often by substantial margins.

When we updated the calculator, we saw that the VMware TCO advantage increased for some important reasons.

Another important enhancement weve made to the calculator is local currency support. Users can select USD, AUD, EUR, GBP, or JPY and the calculator will apply VMware and Microsoft list prices from those geographies.

This example from the VMware TCO Comparison Calculator shows that the 3-year TCO for a 500-VM environment built with vSphere with Operations Management Enterprise Plus will be 33% less than a comparable solution based on Microsoft Windows Server Hyper-V and System Center.

Our customers in the trenches running enterprise virtual infrastructures often tell us they know VMware offers the best and most cost effective solution, but they need help making the case for selecting VMware with purchasing managers or CFOs that have heard from other vendors claiming to be less expensive. If you find yourself in a similar position, use the VMware TCO Comparison Calculator to arm yourself with solid proof that VMware provides the lowest total costs.

While the operating assumption is that the OpenStack framework works best on open source components such as KVM, a just completed study by Principled Technologies and commissioned by VMware showed otherwise. Tests showed remarkably higher performance and substantially reduced costs when using OpenStack with VMware technology including vSphere when compared to OpenStack with Red Hat components.

In the study, OpenStack services were used to provision and manage the test configurations. The study equipment was identical except when published recommendations mandated a change. The test results showed:

The study recognized two trends in enterprise computing:

VMware innovations are helping customers get enterprise-class performance when exploring the OpenStack framework as a platform for large-scale application deployment. Among these innovations, the study showed that VMware Virtual SAN played an important role in providing performance advantages. Among the most significant findings related to VMware Virtual SAN, the study noted:

For the following tables, please refer to the full study for the complete test methodology and equipment setup.

Figure 1: The amount of YCSB (Yahoo Cloud Serving Benchmark) OPS achieved by the two solutions. Higher numbers are better.

Figure 2: The amount of IOPS achieved by the two solutions. Higher numbers are better. The workload was 70/30 R/W mix, random, and 4K block size.

Cost Comparison

The study showed that running OpenStack on VMware components required less hardware. Using VMware vSphere with Virtual SAN also lowered software costs. In total the study showed the 3 year costs were 26 percent lower. Because each OpenStack deployment and environment is different and support engagements vary widely from installation to installation, the costs of implementing the OpenStack framework were not included for either the VMware or the Red Hat platform.

Figure 3: Projected three-year costs for the two solutions. Lower numbers are better.

The study concludes:

In our testing, the VMware vSphere with Virtual SAN solution performed better than the Red Hat Storage solution in both real world and raw performance testing by providing 53 percent more database OPS and 159 percent more IOPS. In addition, the vSphere with Virtual SAN solution can occupy less datacenter space, which can result in lower costs associated with density. A three-year cost projection for the two solutions showed that VMware vSphere with Virtual SAN could save your business up to 26 percent in hardware and software costs when compared to the Red Hat Storage solution we tested.

As an enterprise customer, you have choices when it comes to implementing an OpenStack framework. Your selections will impact the performance and overall cost of your scale out infrastructure. With this study, VMware has demonstrated significant performance gains and cost savings in an OpenStack environment.

Read the full study here.

Amazon recently launched a new version of their Total Cost of Ownerships (TCO) Calculator that compares VMware on-premises solutions to Amazon Web Services (AWS) offerings. Our many customers choose us as their infrastructure platform and stay with us because we provide the best value. The Amazon calculator tries to create a different perception by using biased and inaccurate assumptions.

Stacking the DeckObviously

Amazon claims their calculator provides an apples-to-apples comparison, but in reality, it doesnt come close to doing so. Their calculator contains biased assumptions regarding VMwares TCO, which inflate the costs of an on-premises cloud and underestimate the true costs of using a public cloud solution.

For instance, Amazons calculator:

Another Take on VMware vs. AWS TCO:VMwares Own TCO Calculations

We decided to take a look at how costs might look using our math. The following is a VMware version of the TCO comparison against AWS. It compares costs associated with running conventional workloads on AWS and VMware infrastructure.

Conventional Workloads TCO Comparison

In a separate VMware TCO comparison calculation for a 100 VM environment, VMware TCO is $394K compared to AWSs $487K over a four-year period. This represents a 21% cost savings when choosing VMware.

This comparison uses the following 100 VMs for AWS:

Note that for this sample environment, the calculations assumed licenses for vSphere with Operations Management (vSOM) Standard, which offer more features and functionality than that of AWS and contain the features a customer truly needs for this scale environment. There are also additional AWS fees for things such as: data transfer, IP addresses, service monitoring, CloudWatch, etc. which are not captured in this TCO, but are a necessary part of running an application on AWS.


Clearly the AWS TCO Calculator does not represent a fair, apples-to-apples portrayal of the costs of an on-premises solution. Amazons calculator is underestimating AWS costs and overstating VMware costs. The costs of AWS instances are not the only factor to consider when choosing where to host workloads. Designing for AWS requires developer teams to significantly redesign their applications to account for the limitations and the quality of AWS infrastructure. With VMware, you have access to cost-effective, highly automated, secure infrastructure with a level of control and quality that provides superior value to IT and business units.

With the addition of vCloud Hybrid Service (vCHS), VMware now offers customers a public cloud option with faster time to value and the ability to add or reduce capacity dynamically through the use of hybrid, off-premises data centers. The combination of on-premises vSphere or vCloud Suite infrastructure with cloud-based infrastructure hosted on vCloud Hybrid Services or a vCloud Powered partner clearly provides the best hybrid cloud experience. With infrastructure running on a common technology platform (vSphere) and integrations with existing tools like vCenter, vCenter Operations, and vCloud Automation Center, VMware customers get all the benefits of a true hybrid cloud.

Edit: An earlier version of this post claimed that the VMware TCO was over a three-year time period. The correct time horizon of the VMware TCO is four years. The post has been updated to reflect this change.

The release of VMwares vSphere Data Protection 5.5 (VDP) seems to have caused a stir in the virtual backup industry. It appears we have hit a soft spot with some of the other vendors offering backup solutions for vSphere and have seen some confusing messaging coming from our partners/competitors in this market. While were certainly proud of the technology partner ecosystem built around VMware solutions I would like to take this opportunity to set the record straight on vSphere Data Protection.

Well dive in to each of these a little bit to get to the truth about vSphere Data Protection.

Some vendors claim they require no agents to do vSphere backups, even for application aware backups of Exchange, MS SQL, and SharePoint, whereas VDP Advanced does require agents for these applications.

The fact of the matter is, the vast majority of VMs do not require agents because of the way our vSphere data protection APIs work. This is the case for VDP and every other vSphere certified backup solution. But, a proper application consistent backup of Exchange, MS SQL, SharePoint and other application does require an agent, even for vendors like Veeam. Need proof? Heres a quote from page 235 of the Veeam Backup & Replication Version 7.0 User Guide:

Call me crazy, but a runtime process injected on a VM via admin credentials to do indexing and other activities on behalf of another server is the very definition of an agent. The biggest difference between VDP and Veeams agent approach is that VDPs agents are a one-time install via wizard, whereas Veeams agents are installed and uninstalled each and every time a backup job runs.

And dont forget: our VDP Advanced agents also run on physical servers so you can backup your entire Exchange, SQL, or SharePoint environment with VDP Advanced.

First things first, it really doesnt matter which backup system you choose your backup files are useless without the backup servers. Further, if youve lost your backup infrastructure Id say the odds are good youve lost other critical parts of your infrastructure as well. In cases like this, perhaps backups arent the best option for getting up and running. You might want a disaster recovery solution like our Site Recovery Manager or vCloud Hybrid Service Disaster Recovery for this situation.

But what about smaller, localized issues? What if your backup server gets wiped out? First and foremost Id recommend you use a product that includes backup replication so you always have 2nd and 3rd copies of your backups, hopefully on-site and off-site. With VDP Advanced your backups could be replicated directly to another VDP Advanced virtual appliance so you could immediately restore from the 2nd appliance no additional configuration or setup needed. (Even if vCenter is down!)

So what happens if you have your backup files but your backup server is gone? Nothing! At least not until you re-install the backup server and database and maybe some proxies and repositories so that you can actually use those files, stealing precious minutes or hours from your recovery time objective.

Even if youre using our basic version of VDP, which is included with most versions of vSphere and which does not have built-in replication, keep in mind that everything you need to protect your backups the backup files, database, everything! is contained within a single VM. Simply copy the VM to secondary storage periodically to avoid a single point of failure.

VDP Advanced includes highly efficient, secure backup data replication across any link at no additional cost. How do we do it and why dont you see some special WAN accelerator configuration inside VDP Advanced? VDP Advanced is based on EMC Avamar and uses the same enterprise-class deduplication algorithm and replication engine as Avamar. What this means to you is VDP does all the required deduplication as soon as the backups are created, across all backups stored on the appliance. No additional steps are needed to further optimize the data for WAN transfers. Plus you get the added benefit of using less storage for the primary backups so you save money on your overall backup solution!

Instant Recovery is the hot marketing item in the backup world (its kind of a boring world). Strategies for restoring data quickly is a topic Id like to explore further in a more detailed article so we can look at how wed approach some common scenarios with VDP. For now I want to say this about instant recovery: the feature looks good in the brochure, but instant recovery techniques from nearly every vendor end up with VMs that are pinned to a single host, running from your backup storage, with IO shuttled through some sort of proxy VM. Add it all up and youre left with a significant performance and usability hit to the recovered VMs. If you later decide to move that VM from backup storage to production, it often requires multiple steps to move and rehydrate the VMDKs and then rebuild them from the delta disks that were written while the instant VM ran.

In contrast, VDP Advanced can utilize Changed Block Tracking to restore a VM directly on full production storage. This means only the blocks that have changed since the selected restore point will be restored. As a result, restore times can be dramatically reduced up to 6X versus traditional restore methods according to the VDP Advanced study performed by ESG Labs.

This myth is just plain wrong. VDP Advanced does include automated backup verification. And were not just talking about verifying a file checksum. A VDP backup verification job can be created to automatically restore and verify the full functionality of a VM on a scheduled basis, e.g., once per week. Results of the backup verification jobs are reported in the VDP Advanced user interface and email reports so that administrators have the utmost confidence that important VMs can definitely be restored when needed.

Weve designed VDP and VDP Advanced to offer a great value to our customers, who often struggle to setup a good backup system and cannot afford the high price of some of the enterprise backup solutions. We think VDP excels in many areas but especially with features like:

As I said at the start, were very proud of the ecosystem of partners weve built around vSphere, even those we compete with at times. While we at VMware focus on building products that are better together we realize that no single product will fit every customers needs and at the end of the day its you the customer who has to navigate the maze of features and jargon and figure out the solution thats best for you. I hope this article makes that task a little bit easier.

If youve had a chance to use the VMware TCO Comparison Calculator, you know that it factors in all the elements of a proper Total Cost of Ownership analysis to compare the true cost of building a virtual infrastructure on our vSphere and vSphere with Operations Management products to the cost of building a similar infrastructure on Microsofts Cloud OS their name for Windows Server Hyper-V and System Center. [VMware has an even more detailed ROI/TCO Calculator to show the financial savings of virtualization and private cloud vs. physical infrastructure.]

The results are eye-opening for many users who have seen the comparisons from our competitors that consider only the Windows operating system and virtualization software license costs. Including all the TCO elements shown above makes it very clear that the cost of virtualization software is just a small part of the overall TCO for a virtualized infrastructure.

Weve just updated the TCO Comparison Calculator with two important new features:

There are three key cost elements that work strongly in VMwares favor that show up in the calculator results:

A quick example from the VMware TCO Comparison Calculator shows just how much of an impact those VMware cost savings have. This example shows the two-year TCO for an infrastructure of 1,000 VMs on vSphere with Operations Management Enterprise Plus (our highest edition) vs. Microsoft Windows Server Hyper-V and System Center.

You can see that VMware delivers 30% lower TCO from its lower OpEx costs and features that preclude the need for third-party add-ons.

Heres an example showing that the two-year TCO for upgrading a 1000-VM vSphere Enterprise environment to our full-featured vCloud Suite Enterprise platform comes in 36% less than if that sameinfrastructure were migrated to Microsofts Cloud OS.

Whether youre new to virtualization and considering a greenfield server consolidation project or a long-time vSphere user weighing your options for a private cloud upgrade, give the VMware TCO Comparison Calculator a try youll see that you can get the best for less.

There is much rhetoric these days about cloud wars. Beyond the rhetoric, the hype is there for a reason: the value of hybrid cloud environments is becoming real, and the market opportunity even more real. We are proud to serve our customers as a leading provider of virtualization software and cloud infrastructure. And were equally proud of what our customers are achieving with VMware as a partner.

You can take a break from the hype cycle by checking out the rest of the blog post by Bogomil Balkansky,Sr. Vice President, CloudInfrastructure Platform here.

With the announcement of vSphere with Operation Management this week, it is truly exciting to not only see the advancements of management being tied so closely to the vSphere platform, but also bring our customers closer to the vision of the Software Defined Data Center. As we see both the vSphere platform mature along with our customers use of it, we also see an evolution of VMware operations management accelerating and leveraging the value of the platform in our customers environments.

This new offering signifies a number a key aspects in the evolution of virtualization and cloud management:

First, our customers have experienced and expressed the need for accurate and automated solutions to proactively manage performance and capacity and vCenter Operations Manager, as part of vSphere with Operations Management, has delivered. Leveraging a foundation of patented self-learning analytics, vCenter Operations Manager delivers the most comprehensive, scalable and automated management solution for vSphere. Utilizing the vSphere health model, vSphere with Operations Management further extrapolates and presents data for managing performance and capacity more effectively than any other current or promised solutions.

We invested in vCenter Operations to support our large infrastructure of 500 VMs and 40 hosts. It has enabled us to predict capacity needs and to easily locate any performance issues.

Eric Krejci , Systems Specialist, EPFL

Second, vSphere with Operations Management leverages true automated operations for vSphere environments. This VMware innovation reduces the administrative overhead and inaccuracies from tools using static thresholds (manual thresholds set for individual metrics) while analyzing all (not just a handful) of relevant vSphere performance metrics to ensure there are no performance or capacity blind spots. Furthermore, to automatically correlate and expose the bottlenecks (with associated metrics) along with best practice remediation, vSphere with Operations Management ensures accurate management alignment that supports and further leverages our customers investment in VMware.

Advanced analytics easily identifies and shows root-cause to problem areas

Finally, vSphere with Operations Management raises the bar by redefining what operations management needs to be in todays dynamic infrastructure. Cloud customers simply were not finding effective solutions from their traditional, legacy IT management frameworks, or even 3rd party tools that are built on the same premise. Even when considering other hypervisor / cloud products, the management ecosystem is at the heart of truly enabling the platform. VMware vSphere with Operations Management clearly demonstrates the next step in simplicity of both cost and value through reliable, proven and innovative technology.

Going to VMware Partner Exchange 2013? Be sure to check out these sessions on VMware management and the competition: MGMT1238, MGMT1369 & CI1523.

Twitter: @benscheerer

The idea of introducing multiple hypervisors into your data center and managing them seamlessly from a single tool might sound appealing, but in reality, products claiming that ability today cant deliver on that promise. You introduced virtual infrastructure to simplify operational tasks for your IT staff, so why would you want to handicap them with a management approach that adds costs and complexity? A study recently completed by the Edison Group and commissioned by VMware shows that is exactly what you will be doing if you introduce Microsoft System Center 2012 Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM) with the hopes of using it to manage VMware vSphere hosts.

Microsoft touts SCVMM as a heterogeneous management tool with the ability to manage VMware vSphere and Citrix XenServer hosts in addition to those running Hyper-V. IT managers might find Microsofts claims that they can, easily and efficiently manage applications and services across multiple hypervisors, enticing. The suggestion by Microsoft is clear: dont worry about complicating the jobs of your system administrators by introducing Hyper-V into a VMware environment because SCVMM provides a do-everything single-pane-of-glass control panel. Are their claims true? Can Microsoft SCVMM really let you operate a multi-hypervisor data center without the cost penalties that come with staffing, training for, and operating across the isolated islands of management that would otherwise exist?

To find the truth behind Microsofts promises, we asked Edison Group to test VMware vSphere in their labs using both vCenter and the vSphere Client and Microsoft SCVMM 2012 to complete a set of 11 typical management tasks. Edisons analysts used their Comparative Management Cost Study methodology to measure the labor costs and administrative complexity of each task. The tasks Edison Group studied were those that any vSphere administrator performs on a regular basis, such as provisioning new vSphere hosts, deploying VMs, monitoring system health and performance, configuring virtual networks, etc.

Higher costs and complexity when managing vSphere with SCVMM 2012

The results were clear and conclusive managing VMware vSphere is much more efficient using vCenter than when attempting to manage it with Microsoft SCVMM 2012. To complete the 11 typical management tasks Edison Group tested took 36% less time and required 41% fewer steps using vCenter and the vSphere client compared to SCVMM 2012.

Figure 1 Managing vSphere using vCenter takes 36% less administrator time than with SCVMM 2012

Figure 2 vCenter management of vSphere requires 41% fewer steps than SCVMM 2012

Jack of some trades, master of none

Its not hard to understand why vCenter and the vSphere Client make life so much easier for vSphere administrators. As my colleague Randy Curry wrote, Microsoft SCVMM 2012 just doesnt do a very good job of enabling vSphere management. SCVMMs incomplete or missing support for even basic tasks forces administrators to constantly jump over to the vSphere Client to get any real work done. Microsoft was apparently more interested in being able to check the box for multi-hypervisor management when they built SCVMM 2012 than they were in providing a truly usable vSphere management tool. As Edison Group said in their report (available here or here):

Managing hypervisors using tools that are not specifically optimized to control all aspects of their operations risks impairing reliability, elegance, and ease of management, with potential adverse impact on the bottom line. Creating a truly successful solution requires deep integration and expertise in development.

Adding different hypervisors? Proceed with caution.

Multi-hypervisor IT shops are a trend that may be growing, but dont expect a simple single-pane-of-glass management experience if you bring in a different hypervisor. The testing by Edison Group clearly shows that management costs and complexity will be substantially higher if you attempt to use a partially implemented heterogeneous management tool like Microsoft SCVMM 2012 to manage a vSphere infrastructure. We at VMware realize that operating a 100% vSphere environment is not always possible and weve recently introduced our own multi-hypervisor management features with vCenter Multi-Hypervisor Manager and vCloud Automation Center to accommodate those cases. Rather than positioning those solutions as enablers of permanent multi-hypervisor environments, were offering them to help our customers manage heterogeneous pools of infrastructure until they can migrate their workloads to a VMware platform where they can benefit from our exclusive software-defined datacenter capabilities.

If youre weighing possible benefits of introducing a second hypervisor, you may want to take the advice of Gartners Chris Wolf and stick to a single hypervisor unless you want maintain and pay for separate islands of management:

Multi-hypervisor has serious tradeoffs if its the end goal for the production server workloads in your data center. Additional hypervisors for one-off siloed initiatives is often practical, but becoming less standardized in your data centers is anything but efficient.

Chris Wolf repeated that message at a session on heterogeneous virtualization we attended at the recent Gartner Data Center Conference. In fact, he stated there that no Gartner clients have succeeded in adopting a single-pane-of-glass multi-hypervisor approach. Thats refreshingly frank advice that should be heeded by anyone lured by Microsofts promises of multiple hypervisor nirvana.

Microsoft has published a blog article claiming that VMwares Cost-Per-Application Calculator admits VMwares costs are higher.

VMwares Cost-Per-Application calculator is designed to rebut Microsoft claims that Hyper-V is five to ten times cheaper.It shows that the acquisition cost with even VMwares highest edition vSphere Enterprise Plus is at parity with Microsoft and actually beats Microsoft for most configurations. For example, the blog shows a comparison result from the VMware calculator using servers that have 64GB RAM. A comparison using servers with 128GB RAM, the more common configuration, shows that the total cost with VMware is at parity with Microsoft.

Read more:

Virtual Reality – Setting the Record Straight One Post at …

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THE NEW UTOPIA – Libertarian

Posted: September 20, 2016 at 7:18 pm

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Tailored Access Operations – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Posted: September 11, 2016 at 5:22 pm

The Office of Tailored Access Operations (TAO) is a cyber-warfare intelligence-gathering unit of the National Security Agency (NSA). It has been active since at least circa 1998.[1][2] TAO identifies, monitors, infiltrates, and gathers intelligence on computer systems being used by entities foreign to the United States.[3][4][5][6] The NSA terms these activities “computer network exploitation”.

TAO is reportedly “now the largest and arguably the most important component of the NSA’s huge Signals Intelligence Directorate (SID)[7] (SIGINT), consisting of more than 1,000 military and civilian computer hackers, intelligence analysts, targeting specialists, computer hardware and software designers, and electrical engineers.”[1]

A document leaked by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden describing the unit’s work says[not in citation given] TAO has software templates allowing it to break into commonly used hardware, including routers, switches, and firewalls from multiple product vendor lines”.[8] According to The Washington Post, TAO engineers prefer to tap networks rather than isolated computers, because there are typically many devices on a single network.[8]

TAO’s headquarters are termed the Remote Operations Center (ROC) and are based at the NSA headquarters at Fort Meade, Maryland. TAO also has expanded to NSA Hawaii (Wahiawa, Oahu), NSA Georgia (Fort Gordon, Georgia), NSA Texas (San Antonio, Texas), and NSA Colorado (Buckley Air Force Base, Denver).[1]

Since 2013, the head of TAO is Rob Joyce, a 25-plus year employee who previously worked in the NSA’s Information Assurance Directorate (IAD). In January 2016, Joyce had a rare public appearance when he gave a presentation at the Usenixs Enigma conference. [9]

In the Remote Operations Center, 600 employees gather information from around the world.[10][11] Their motto is “Your data is our data, your equipment is our equipment – anytime, any place, by any legal means.”

Details[citation needed] on a program titled QUANTUMSQUIRREL indicate NSA ability to masquerade as any routable IPv4 or IPv6 host. This enables an NSA computer to generate false geological location and personal identification credentials when accessing the Internet utilizing QUANTUMSQUIRREL.[15]

The NSA ANT catalog is a 50-page classified document listing technology available to the United States National Security Agency (NSA) Tailored Access Operations (TAO) by the Advanced Network Technology (ANT) Division to aid in cyber surveillance. Most devices are described as already operational and available to US nationals and members of the Five Eyes alliance. According to Der Spiegel, which released the catalog to the public on December 30, 2013, “The list reads like a mail-order catalog, one from which other NSA employees can order technologies from the ANT division for tapping their targets’ data.” The document was created in 2008.[16] Security researcher Jacob Appelbaum gave a speech at the Chaos Communications Congress in Hamburg, Germany, in which he detailed techniques that the simultaneously published Der Spiegel article he coauthored disclosed from the catalog.[16]

The TAO has developed an attack suite they call QUANTUM. It relies on a compromised router that duplicates internet traffic, typically HTTP requests, so that they go both to the intended target and to an NSA site (indirectly). The NSA site runs FOXACID software which sends back exploits that load in the background in the target web browser before the intended destination has had a chance to respond (it’s unclear if the compromised router facilitates this race on the return trip). Prior to the development of this technology, FOXACID software made spear-phishing attacks the NSA referred to as spam. If the browser is exploitable, further permanent “implants” (rootkits etc.) are deployed in the target computer, e.g. OLYMPUSFIRE for Windows, which give complete remote access to the infected machine.[17] This type of attack is part of the man-in-the-middle attack family, though more specifically it is called man-on-the-side attack. It is difficult to pull off without controlling some of the Internet backbone.[18]

There are numerous services that FOXACID can exploit this way. The names of some FOXACID modules are given below:[19]

By collaboration with the British Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) (MUSCULAR), Google services could be attacked too, including Gmail.[20]

Finding machines that are exploitable and worth attacking is done using analytic databases such as XKeyscore.[21] A specific method of finding vulnerable machines is interception of Windows Error Reporting traffic, which is logged into XKeyscore.[22]

QUANTUM attacks launched from NSA sites can be too slow for some combinations of targets and services as they essentially try to exploit a race condition, i.e. the NSA server is trying to beat the legitimate server with its response.[23] As of mid-2011, the NSA was prototyping a capability codenamed QFIRE, which involved embedding their exploit-dispensing servers in virtual machines (running on VMware ESX) hosted closer to the target, in the so-called Special Collection Sites (SCS) network worldwide. The goal of QFIRE was to lower the latency of the spoofed response, thus increasing the probability of success.[24][25][26]

COMMENDEER [sic] is used to commandeer (i.e. compromise) untargeted computer systems. The software is used as a part of QUANTUMNATION, which also includes the software vulnerability scanner VALIDATOR. The tool was first described at the 2014 Chaos Communication Congress by Jacob Appelbaum, who characterized it as tyrannical.[27][28][29]

QUANTUMCOOKIE is a more complex form of attack which can be used against Tor users.[30]

According to a 2013 article in Foreign Policy, “TAO has become increasingly accomplished at its mission, thanks in part to the high-level cooperation it secretly receives from the ‘big three’ American telecom companies (AT&T, Verizon and Sprint), most of the large US-based Internet service providers, and many of the top computer security software manufactures and consulting companies.”[36] A 2012 TAO budget document claims that these companies, on TAO’s behest, “insert vulnerabilities into commercial encryption systems, IT systems, networks and endpoint communications devices used by targets”.[36] A number of US companies, including Cisco and Dell, have subsequently made public statements denying that they insert such back doors into their products.[37]Microsoft provides advance warning to the NSA of vulnerabilities it knows about, before fixes or information about these vulnerabilities is available to the public; this enables TAO to execute so-called zero-day attacks.[38] A Microsoft official who declined to be identified in the press confirmed that this is indeed the case, but said that Microsoft can’t be held responsible for how the NSA uses this advance information.[39]

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Tailored Access Operations – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Colonization Home Page

Posted: September 6, 2016 at 8:08 am

The Continental Congress – Founding Fathers:

Lost New York runs using HTML TADS Interpreter 3 LOSTNY.zip (353Kbytes) WinZip File, by Neil deMause. “As a bored tourist in the Big Apple, you discover a time-travel device that lets you witness first-hand the development of the city in four centuries. A well-researched period piece with good wry descriptive prose, rather sad in many places about the passing of old landmarks and the ruthlessness of modernity. Good explorability, although towards the end trekking about and waiting for trains can get to be a chore. The puzzles are mostly (but not entirely) straightforward, but careful examination of scenery is required to obtain equipment. The geography is representative rather than exhaustive – walking north from 14th Street, for example, takes you to 23rd Street.”

New York City, New York State – one of the Great Cities of the World. Site of Interest: (1) The Battery Park, (2) The Brooklyn Bridge, (3) Central Park, (4) Empire State Building and Grand Central Station, (5) Wall Street, (6) Pennsylvania Station, going to Carolina, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Long Island, and New Jersey.

Other attractions include the Statue of Liberty [built 1886] (on Liberty Island), Ellis Island [1892-1954] (were European Immigrants came in), the United Nations Building (in the Upper East Side, next to Queens Borough Bridge), and lots of Museums. And New Style Taxis, Hotels, Bloomingdale’s Department Store, Staten Island Ferry, and JFK Airport on Long Island. ‘the El’ or Subway Train Network has several branches including the Hudson Line, Harlem Line, New Haven Line, New Canaan Branch, and Danbury Branch.

As an aside, it is known Randolph and Mortimer from the Trading Place’s Movie live by the Hudson River, in the West Bronx Borough. New York City is also home to Marvel Comics: Superman, Spiderman, Johnny Voltaire etc…

The name Ledgard is of Norman French origin, Anglicized during one of our numerous Wars with France ending with the Napoleonic Wars. It means ‘Keeper of the Keep’ – their Job was to raise and lower the Drawbridge and Portcullis which protected the entrance to the Castle. A Portcullis is on the 1 Pence Coin.

William I (the Conquer – as Duke of Normandy) was the First King in the British Royal Family. In 1066 at the Battle of Hastings (in East Sussex) he beat the Anglo-Saxon King Harold II. Who had just repelled the Viking King Harold Harade at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, Fulford near York; and force marched his men to Southern England.

King William was Crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066. And the Normans soon built a network of Motte and Bailey Wooden Castles up and down the Country. Founding Newport SE Wales, and Newcastle as frontier Towns. The Tower of London in East London on the Thames was built as a Royal Castle for the King and his entourage. Later Castles were rebuilt in Stone, as were new Cathedrals and Monasteries.

I had a friend called Sleigh (a Norman Foot Soldier) who worked as a High Level Computer Programmer for battery monitoring equipment which a two PIC Microcontrollers on each battery. One read the battery Ampage, the other Rx and Tx signals down a fibre optic loop to a Psion Computer that reported if the battery was faulty. He likes going the caf and is from East London, and a bit of a Geezer. He says there aren’t any houses for local people to move in to to start a family in London.

My Brother Jonathan looks a lot like the TV personality Frasier, and seems to have 1/3 Norman Blood which makes his strong and confident, while being decent and compassionate, re-emerging from a Ancestor way back when buried in the DNA.

My Genome, by David Magnus Ledgard:

Peoples who have excelled in the Fields of Invention, Culture, and Manufacturing:

Southern Italy is Poor because it is too hot to work much, except on the land. They grow the Olive in Southern Italy, and Greece, for Olive Oil to cook with, or make healthy ‘Butter’ Margarine. Italy also makes Beef, Milk (for Cheese), Tomatoes (without Greenhouse) and Wheat (for Spaghetti), and Garlic. Also Italy is fond of Coffee e.g. Cappuccino, Mocha (half Chocolate), or Latte. There used to be a lot of Lemons grown in Sicily once, but it’s Population is greater now.

There are also two other important jobs:

What are WizKids??? WizKids are young people who know about Computers, programme them, enjoy programming them, and make something Fun or Useful. Like Bill Gates of Microsoft Fame who programmed MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System [5.25 Inch Disk]), and Windows 95 / 98. With some help. When Men were Men, and Programmers were Programmers listings used to come with ribbon feed, and you could look right done the listing as each page was connected to the other.

You may have noticed there have been a lot of Intel Microprocessor types coming out lately. Here is a list of some of the IBM Clone PC (Personnel Computer) Chipsets by Intel:

Currently there are 10 Million Computers with a Base Unit, Keyboard, Mouse, and Monitor of type Pentium IV, and Core Multi-processors in Warehouses in the East, and the United States of America. As Computers use a lot of Rare Metals it seems a waste that they aren’t used, or sold at a knock down price. There have been endless Laptops made which have very little Software on them. Just film websites, and office programmes. There seems to be a desperate shortage of Software, and 2D and Strategy Computer Games. FEW NEW COMPUTERS are being sold because people might forget their passwords stored in “cookies”, and they have to copy all files across – either by going to the Computer Shop, or using the Read/Write CD-ROM (Compact Disk ROM). Remember you can order a Proper Computer with Big Screen and Keyboard from DELL off the internet with a Base Unit. Don’t Forget to Buy a Manual from amazon.co.uk for example in e.g. BASIC Programming.

The well known and liked Micro-Computers the Commodore 64, and BBC Micro where 8-bit (1-byte) Computers. This meant they could have Colour 0-255. 16-bit (2-byte, or Word) Computers like the very popular Commodore Amiga could have richer Colour 0-65536. 32-bit (4-byte, or Longword) Windows PC Computers could have xxRRGGBB ($00-$FF) Red-Green-Blue Colour. Which can make Red (xxFF0000) for example or any mix of Colours. The Nintendo 64 has 64-bit (8-byte, or Octbyte) i.e.. 4 x 16 lines on it’s custom built chip. No 128-bit Computer ever seems to have been made as it is ‘inconceivable and ‘near infinitely complex’.

Networks of Transputer Computer Chips can be connected together to make a super-computer with Parallel Processing. Used to make Computer Graphics and Films like ‘toystory’.

The Microprocessor I learned consisted of a ALU (Arithmetic and Logic Unit), RAM (Read Only Memory), and Control Unit (which processed Op-codes, the Accumulator, and the Status Register). The BASIC programme itself could be stored in ROM (Read Only Memory), now most of it is on the Hard Disk Drive. The 3.5″ floppy disk has fallen out of use, as did the 5.25″ drive before it.

Example Op-codes (also known as Mnemonics by some people – written perfectly by some very clever and thoughtful Computer Scientists) include:

Variables are required to Run a Computer Programme:

There is also a Status Register with Flags like Division by Zero Error (if this happens the computer crashes); Carry (if two 8-bit numbers are added they might go one to make a 9-bit number – this is stored in the Carry Bit); Branch (Equal, or NOT Equal – for the IF/THEN/ELSE Statement).

A letter can be stored as an 8-bit Number (0-255) in ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange): 0-31 are control codes like 7 for the BELL sound, or 13 for Carriage Return; 32 is Space; 48-57 is 0-9; 65-89 is A-Z; 97-116 is a-z (+32, or twiddle bit 6 to TRUE). C is good at bit twiddling.

As an interesting point of Mathematics and Physics it is said that 1/0 (one divided by 0) has no meaning or is infinite!!!!!

ROM’s (Read Only Memory):

The BASIC Programming Language [Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language] was designed by Dartmouth Naval College New England.

What Happened to the Old COMPUTER MANUAL? It used to tell you how to do all types of things on a Computer. The Electronic One is hardly ever Read. It was the Computer Programmers BIBLE. For BASIC, Pascal, Windows 95…

There are two famous BASIC programmes for Beginners, or Quick BASIC if you use labels and not line numbers, it compiles as it runs i.e. a run-time language:

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Colonization Home Page

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AI file extension – Open, view and convert .ai files

Posted: August 30, 2016 at 11:03 pm

The ai file extension is associated with Adobe Illustrator the well known vector graphics editor for the Macintosh and Windows platforms.

AI file format is a widely used format for the exchange of 2D objects. Basic files in this format are simple to write, but files created by applications implementing the full AI specification can be quite large and complex and may be too slow to render.

Simple *.ai files are easy to construct, and a program can create files that can be read by any AI reader or can be printed on any PostScript printer software. Reading AI files is another matter entirely. Certain operations may be very difficult for a rendering application to implement or simulate. In light of this, developers often choose not to render the image from the PostScript-subset line data in the file. However almost all of the image can usually be reconstructed using simple operations.implementation of the PostScript language.

The *.ai files consist of a series of ASCII lines, which may be comments, data, commands, or combinations of commands and data. This data is based on the PDF language specification and older versions of Adobe Illustrator used format which is variant of Adobe Encapsulated PostScirpt (EPS) format.

If The EPS is a slightly limited subset of full PostScript, then Adobe Illustrator AI format is a strictly limited, highly simplified subset of EPS. While EPS can contain virtually any PS command that’s not on the verboten list and can include elaborate program flow logic that determines what gets printed when, an AI file is limited to a much smaller number of drawing commands and it contains no programming logic at all. For all practical purposes, each unit of “code” in an AI file represents a drawing object. The program importing the AI reads each object in sequence, start to finish, no detours, no logical side-trips.

MIME: application/postscript

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AI file extension – Open, view and convert .ai files

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Technology Jobs – Monster.com

Posted: August 27, 2016 at 7:13 pm

Job Posting ID: 258903 Contract: Contract to Hire Our client is dedicated to ensuring the integrity of the financial market and protecting investors. With over a dozen various Best Places to Work awards, our client has proved that a position with them is more than a just a job. They are currently looking for a [insert title here] now to join their award winning team. Job Summary: The Staff D…

Job ID: 258952 Contract Length: 6+ months – Contract to Hire Our client is looking for a Development and Automation Engineer for a contract to hire role in Cincinnati, Ohio. What You’ll Do: Work with a cross functional team to: Leverage industry standard tooling to automate all manual tasks pertaining to infrastructure provisioning, in support of self-service and API-driven provisioning Imple…

You must respond to ***** to be considered. Object CTalk Inc. is a systems integration company that provides mission, operational and IT enterprise support to the U.S. government. We design, integrate, maintain, and upgrade systems for national defense, intelligence and other high-priority government missions. Object CTalk values a diverse workforce and is an equal opportunity affirmati…

Real Title: Senior Mobile Web Architect W2 ONLY! NO C2C! NO H1B!! Location: Piscataway, NJ Job Description: W2 ONLY! NO C2C! NO H1B!! Primary Skill Requirement: Mobile Web/App development, MicroServices, Springboot, NoSQL Responsibilities: W2 ONLY! NO C2C! NO H1B!! Highly experienced Mobile Web/App Sr.Developer/Architect with hands-on experience creating RESTful web services that are high…

SAP Project Manager/Business Analyst (WM) Duration: 8+ month contract (possible extensions) Location: Greenville, SC Pay rate: W2/Hourly About the Job Our client, an innovative automotive manufacturing company, is looking for talented individuals for an opportunity in the Greenville, South Carolina area. This position is a long term contract position with the possibility of multi-year extensi…

Title: CSI/Telematics Developer Location: Orlando, FL. Duration: 6 month contract Compensation: Competitive Work Requirements: Technologies Utilized/Skills required: ? MongoDB/MySQL ? Java6 & 8 ? Eclipse ? Maven ? JBoss AS/WildFly ? Redis ? ActiveMQ ? Apache/Nginx – Environment: Windows, Linux, JBoss Overview: TekPartners has some of the most sought after Information Technology pos…

You must respond to ***** to be considered. Object CTalk Inc. is a systems integration company that provides mission, operational and IT enterprise support to the U.S. government. We design, integrate, maintain, and upgrade systems for national defense, intelligence and other high-priority government missions. Object CTalk values a diverse workforce and is an equal opportunity affirmati…

You must respond to ***** to be considered. Object CTalk Inc. is a systems integration company that provides mission, operational and IT enterprise support to the U.S. government. We design, integrate, maintain, and upgrade systems for national defense, intelligence and other high-priority government missions. Object CTalk values a diverse workforce and is an equal opportunity affirmati…

Job Description Job #: 677754 Position: Knowledge Manager Client: Leading Government Integrator Location: Ft. Meade, MD Citizenship: US Citizen Compensation: Competitive based on experience Clearance: Active TS/SCI Responsibilities: Works with high ranking government officials to create effective 7 minute drills, and improve or enhance current processes Works with high ranking officials …

Job Description Job #: 677659 Our client is hiring a Technical Writer to join their team in San Antonio, TX! If interested, please submit you resume to Emma at *****! Technical Writer San Antonio, TX Technical Writer Minimum Requirements: Proven ability to write and edit technical documents Three years experience writing, preparing, compiling and maintaining complex do…

Job Description Job #: 686131 Agile Development Methodology Coach Job Role: Delivery daily Agile Coaching and Mentorship to Agile teams, so that development teams are productive in 4-6 weeks. Minimum Requirements: Bachelor’s degree in a technical or management discipline with five to ten (5 -10) years of Agile experience as an agile team member, scrum master, product owner or Agile coach. P…

Job Description Job #: 686992 UI Producer (Creative Producer/UI Producer/User Experience Architect) Work experience:Jr Level (IT099)- Minimum 4 years experience Mid Level (IT100)- Minimum 6 years experience Senior Level (IT101)- Minimum 8 years experience Lead Level (IT102)- Minimum 10+ years experience Job Summary: Facilitates the creation of user experiences by partnering with stakehold…

Job Description Job #: 680247 Apex Systems Inc. in Las Vegas is looking for a Digital Integration Analyst who is interested in taking on a new and exciting job! If you have a desire to learn new processes, systems, and grow with this organization please send us your resume. We’re excited to tell you more about these new career opportunities! General Requirements: Responsible for managing and p…

Job Description Job #: 688798 Apex Systems, the nation’s 2nd largest IT staffing firm, has an immediate opportunity for an Administrative Systems Analyst in San Antonio, TX for our Fortune 500 client! If interested in this opportunity, please send an updated resume to Katie at ***** Administrative Systems Analyst responsible for leading, managing and facilitating activities…

Job Description Job #: 665786 **Currently seeking highly motivated and experienced ** Apex Systems, the 2nd largest IT staffing company, is seeking a with a focus on insurance services. In addition, there will be appropriate salary compensation as well as additional perks such as: technical training, certification, career development, benefits, weekly pay, and growth potential. **Interested an…

Job Description Job #: 681024 Service Desk Level 2 Analyst Shift Schedule: Monday- Friday 3:00 pm- 12:00 amLocation: Oaks, PA Apex Systems, the 2nd largest IT staffing company in the nation is seeking a Service Desk Level 2 Analyst for a well know financial management client in Oaks, PA. For immediate consideration please send your most updated resume to Technical Recruiter, Jayme Polito, at …

Job Description Job #: 673159 Editorial Operations Specialist Apex Systems, the nations 2nd largest IT Staffing organization, has an immediate opportunity for a Editorial Operations Specialist to work for our client who is one of the worlds largest and most admired companies. If youre looking for an organization that focuses on innovation, social responsibility, and quality, then this is the…

Job Description Job #: 688651 Desktop Engineer Wilmington, DE Apex Systems, the second largest IT staffing company in the nation, is seeking a Desktop Engineer for a financial management client in Wilmington, DE. If you or anyone you know is interested in this role please, email Technical Recruiter, Jayme Polito, at jpolito@apexsystemsinc,com or call 215-591-9065.Job Purpose: This role will p…

Job Description Job #: 673369 Role: Scrum Master / IT PM Industry: Healthcare IT Location: Eden Prairie, MN Terms: Contract-to-Hire Salary: Competitive Scrum Master The Scrum Master will be responsible for leading the agile transformation at the team level and for the successful execution of one or more teams to support the delivery of strategic technology products. They will provide leade…

Job Description Job #: 673330 Field Design Engineer Apex Systems, the nations 2nd largest IT Staffing organization, has an immediate opportunity for a Field Design Engineer to work for our client who is one of the worlds largest and most admired companies. If youre looking for an organization that focuses on innovation, social responsibility, and quality, then this is the place for you. Pay …

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Technology Jobs – Monster.com

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Downloads – Singularity Viewer

Posted: August 25, 2016 at 4:31 pm

Please pay attention to the following vital information before using Singularity Viewer.

Singularity Viewer only supports SSE2 compliant CPUs. All computers manufactured 2004 and later should have one.

Warning: RLVa is enabled by default, which permits your attachments to take more extensive control of the avatar than default behavior of other viewers. Foreign, rezzed in-world, non-worn objects can only take control of your avatar if actively permitted by corresponding scripted attachments you wear. Please refer to documentation of your RLV-enabled attachments for details, if you have any.

Singularity Viewer 1.8.7(6861) Setup

Compatible with 64-bit version of Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 and newer. Known limitation is the lack of support for the Quicktime plugin which means that certain types of parcel media will not play. Streaming music and shared media (MoaP) are not affected and are fully functional.

Compatible with OS X 10.6 and newer, Intel CPU.

Make sure you have 32-bit versions of gstreamer-plugins-base, gstreamer-plugins-ugly and libuuid1 installed. The package has been built on DebianSqueezeand should work on a variety of distributions.

For voice to work, minimal support for running 32-bit binaries is necessary. libasound_module_pcm_pulse.so may be needed. Possible package names: lib32asound2-plugins (squeeze), alsa-plugins-pulseaudio.i686 (fedora),libasound2-plugins:i386 (debian/ubuntu).

If you receive “The following media plugin has failed: media_plugin_webkit” you may need to install the package containing libpangox-1.0.so.0for your distribution (could bepangox-compat).

To add all the skins, extract this package into the viewer install directory, that’s usually C:Programs FilesSingularity on Windows, /Applications/Singularity.app/Contents/Resources/ on Mac, and wherever you extracted the tarball to on Linux. Just merge the extracted skins directory with the existing skins directory, there should be no conflicts.

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Downloads – Singularity Viewer

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Cyberpunk Games – Giant Bomb

Posted: July 31, 2016 at 5:51 am

A role-playing game by CD Projekt RED based on the pen and paper RPG known as Cyberpunk.

An upcoming cyberpunk RPG from the makers of Serpent in the Staglands

Following up two years after Deus Ex: Human Revolution, Mankind Divided sees Adam Jensen working to thwart a terrorist organization bent on promoting human augmentation. It serves as a prequel to Deus Ex, the first entry in the series.

A sci-fi RPG set during the ‘War of Water’ on Mars.

An enhanced re-release of Flying Wild Hog’s cyberpunk shooter. The Redux version includes new weapons, abilities, and remixed level designs not seen in the original release alongside graphical improvements.

A stylish sci-fi team-based first-person shooter from Blizzard in which players can choose from over 20 “action figure”-esque Heroes, each with their own unique weapons and abilities.

A top-down, cyperpunk shooter from 10tons.

An episodic neo-cyberpunk thriller about former deep-space miner Clara who has to uncover a mystery with her hacking skills and make some tough decisions to find out what happened.

Aerannis is a mission-based stealth action game set in a world of conspiracy and full of action and assassinations.

A real-time, class-based strategy game, set in a cyberpunk open world.

A new Shadowrun CRPG by Harebrained Schemes partially funded through Kickstarter.

A visual novel developed and published by 5pb. Taking place during the first six episodes of the anime series, featuring an original story starring a new male and female protagonist.

Technobabylon is a cyberpunk point-and-click adventure game by Technocrat and Wadjet Eye. The game is set in 2087, in a world of surveillance, drugs and artificial intelligence.

A political thriller stealth game from David Pittman and Minor Key Games. Coming early 2015 for Windows, Mac, and Linux.

A spy and espionage themed turn-based tactics game from Klei Entertainment.

Dex is a sidescrolling cyberpunk action/stealth-RPG funded through Kickstarter. Inspired by classic cyperpunk novels, the game lets players explore the hand-drawn city of Harbor Prime.

Shadowrun Chronicles: Boston Lockdown is a tactical role playing game that was funded using Kickstarter, formerly known as Shadowrun Online.

StarCrawlers is an RPG similar to classic dungeon crawlers but in a futuristic, sci-fi setting.

The episodic sequel to Dreamfall: The Longest Journey.

A standalone version of Shadowrun Returns’s expansion, Shadowrun: Dragonfall, with new quests and areas, and improved combat and UI. Also includes a game editor that allows players to create their own SR adventures and share with others

Read Only Memories is a cyberpunk adventure game focused on the dark side of technology in the year 2064.

A third-person open-world game from Ubisoft, set in a dark alternate version of the US where corporations track and catalog all online behavior over a vast data network. A vigilante group called the Watch_Dogs hacks into this data, using it to hunt criminals.

Strider Hiryu must assassinate Grandmaster Meio in this action-adventure game from Double Helix and Capcom.

An indie cyberpunk themed taxi driving game.

The Director’s Cut of Deus Ex: Human Revolution features redone boss battles, improved graphics, A.I. and combat, and all DLC released for the original game. The Wii U version makes use of the controller’s screen to allow new features like map notes.

Shadowrun Returns is a turn-based RPG created by Harebrained Schemes.

An RPG Maker game about Kanye West.

Developed by Dontnod Entertainment, Remember Me is a futuristic game set in Neo-Paris. The protagonist Nilin is up against a tyrant company Memorize with the technology to manipulate peoples memory to their will. It is up to Nilin and her friends to fight against Memorize to break the bind it has on society.

Inspired by the sci-fi action movies of the 1980s, Far Cry 3: Blood Dragon is a standalone expansion to 2012’s Far Cry 3, switching a modern tropical setting with the neon-covered retro-future of 2007.

A visual novel, intended as a spin-off to Steins Gate. It was written by Naotaka Hayashi once again, as a collaboration with Zero Escape writer Kotaro Uchikoshi.

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Warlike Flyboys – Ww3 – Download Plane Simulator …

Posted: June 16, 2016 at 5:50 pm

Try your skills and join epic battles in the great game Warlike Flyboys – WW3! Aerial wars take place right here and right now! Have you got any ideas about what the third world war may look like? Huge and contemporary weapons and great aviation forces are waiting for their hour of triumph! Take your pilot’s seat without hesitation and raise your iron machine constructed for destruction high into the skies. All the airplanes are extremely powerful and furious, so dont let them stay still not even for a second and get ready for massive attacks! Look through your tasks in the ravishing game Flyboys – WW3 and dont stop while destroying enemies bases. Warlike Flyboys – WW3 like any other serious simulator of its genre includes all well-known standards like non-stop action and explding the enemies bases. That’s why you should be careful and choose your vehicle – some big plane to control, fly and fight. Firstly, you may realize what air forces should be chosen: is your airplane belonging to Sabres or the USA? Have you chosen your destiny? Lets start and have fun!

3D game with easy controls

High-quality graphics, music and effects

Some chances for training

25 planes and 3 levels of difficulty

Download Plane Simulator – Absolutely FREE

Windows 98/ME/2000/2003/XP

DirectX 9

Pentium III processor and higher

256 Mb RAM

50 Mb hard drive space

32 Mb 3D video card

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Warlike Flyboys – Ww3 – Download Plane Simulator …

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Minerva Reef Directions | Island Cruising Association

Posted: June 12, 2016 at 8:24 pm

Minerva sailing directions South Pacific voyagers, particularly those bound from Tonga or Fiji for largely cyclone-free New Zealand, should keep North and South Minerva Reef in mind for a possible storm refuge, rest stop, adventure destination, or at the very least as a potential hazard to navigation. These two atolls also represent an opportunity to see tropical Indo-Pacific sea life in a nearly undisturbed condition. Weather windows The best times to visit the Minervas are either northbound during the late Southern Hemisphere fall near the end of May/ early June or southbound during the late spring in October. Arriving too early (northbound) or too late (southbound) invites exposure to severe weather conditions. Depart New Zealand for the voyage north right behind an outgoing low, not in the middle of a high, and embark from the Minervas southward just as the leading edge of a preferably mild high reaches the area.

Information sources British Admiralty Chart 985, Mi nerva Reefs.: accurately depicts both atolls and includes a close-up of the pass into South Minerva useful for orientation. Approximate CPSentrance coordinates, for use in good light in conjunction with the chart and a lookout only, are 230 37.36 S, 178056.11 W (North Minerva) and 23 56.55 S, 179007.60 W (South Minerva). Sailing Directions Planning Guide for the South Pacific Ocean (Publication 122) also contains useful data for a visit to the Minervas. General layout North Minerva Reef is nearly circular, with an approximate diameter of 3.5 nm. Using a proper lookout, one can move around inside the atoll in order to anchor in the greatest protection for the prevailing wind. South Minerva Reef consists of two roughly circular rings of reef joined in the middle, like a number 8 tilted slightly in a northeast-southwest orientation. Only the two-milediameter eastern lagoon is accessible to larger vessels, and anchoring in Herald Bight, outside the pass, is tenable for wind directions lacking a northerly component. Like North Minerva, movement throughout this eastern lagoon for optimal anchoring is possible with a vigilant lookout. We noted a narrow pass on the northern rim of the western lagoon not shown on the chart, potentially navigable for centerboarders and dinghies. Good holding ground is prevalent inside both Minervas, and both feature slightly

bumpy conditions at higher tides in normal weather conditions. Gear A fully stocked medical kit, manuals, and training; good longdistance communication capability, such as single-sideband or ham radio or an Inmarsat transceiver; and survival fishing and watermaking equipment are all critical for a trip to the Minervas. Fishing and diving gear will greatly enhance your pleasure and dinner menu. Specifically, bring medium to heavy trolling gear for offshore fishing, 10- and 20-poundclass spinning rods for lagoon fishing, wetsuits for diving and snorkeling in the cool water, thick dive boots or other protective footwear for reef walking, and a Hawaiian sling and lobster snare. Jurisdiction The Minerva Reefs were ceded to Tonga in 1972 and ratified by the South Pacific Forum the same year. In 2010 Fiji disputed the Tongan ownership and placed gunboats at North Minerva to try and force their claim. The claim is currently under dispute.

Obviously,you will have either cleared customs out of Tonga or not yet checked in when you visit. The Minervas, however, have been long considered a stopover between countries, certainly in severe weather or for vessel repairs. Nevertheless, go easy on the seafood harvest, never taking more than you can consume in a short time, and do not disturb giant clams, sea turtles, or other threatened creatures. A visit from a Tongan patrol boat should not, under these conditions, be cause for concern.

This entry was posted on Monday, April 25th, 2011 at 2:19 pm and is filed under Cruising Guide, Resources. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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Minerva Reef Directions | Island Cruising Association

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